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Senator PROxMIRE. Do you have any other benchmark of comparison? There are other comparable buildings of the same size as the Senate and the House. Can we compare the commercial building cost of maintenance to find out if it is out of line or maybe even more economical here?

Mr. Roof. We have never attempted a comparison on that basis.


Senator PROxMIRE. I have always found Mr. Caraway an extremely cooperative and competent person but I have gotten the impression sometimes there are excessive personnel in the Senate, especially in the cleaning operations and maybe that is an unfair impression. I just wonder if there is any way we can get a comparison so we can know where we stand on this.


Mr. CARAway. I do not know about comparisons, but we have 100 charwomen and you can depend on quite a few of them being out every night. Each person is supposed to clean 13 rooms. Some of them do not show up and then they have to double up. I am not satisfied with our cleaning over here. I get too many complaints but with respect to the charwomen you cannot depend on all of them and if you fire them and hire some others you have the same situation, so you have to depend on 15 or 20 being out almost every night, either sick or on annual leave, or they just don’t show up. Senator PROxMIRE. Is this not pretty much the same all over town? Senator MoMRONEY. General Service Administration should have some figures on absenteeism and it could probably give you the number of rooms that the charwomen are supposed to take care of and other comparable statistics. I think it would be a good idea to get a comparison. Senator PRoxMIRE. That figure may be perfectly proper but $2.5 million seems an awful lot to pay. Mr. CARAway. We clean each building every night. Senator PROxMIRE. It would be helpful for us to know. Maybe we can make a judgment that we don't have to have it done every night. Mr. CARAway. I would get more complaints than I could handle. Senator MoWRoNEY. Let's not get the Capitol any dirtier than it is. We are fussing all the time now in hearings about the lack of neatness in o: opio Grounds and the Capitol automobiles and things of that kind.


Senator PROxMIRE. I am not arguing for a dirtier Capitol, but I am arguing for information on which we can decide whether or not to spend this $2.4 million. I think if we can get information so we can compare the cost here with the cost of maintaining the other buildings, Government or private, it would be helpful, and apparently no such information is now available.

Mr. CARAway. I do not think you can get a fair comparison between these buildings and any buildings because our people want service and they get service. I think they get very good service. Downtown, when you ask for something, you might get it today and you might get it tomorrow or you might get it a week from now. We try to take care of all of our requests as soon as possible. If we do not, we hear about it.

Senator PROxMIRE. I am prejudiced. I believe that Senators should be given every consideration.

Mr. CARAway. That is the way we feel, too.

Senator PROXMIRE. At the same time, I want to know how high it comes. The $2.4 million is rather high. If we can save several hundred thousand dollars by following policies followed in other o of the Government, the Senate may wish to take some stand on this.


Senator MoWRONEY. If the Senator will look on page 65 of the breakdowns, we do find a considerable number of bits of information. I believe this was put in the record earlier. I think at this point it should be put in the record, pages 65, 66, 67, 68, and 69. The furniture repairs, incidentally, are on page 70, and come to $7,500, and general annual repairs to $23,000. The old building is an old building, and you have a considerable amount of repair work that has to go on. Also, page 71, annual painting charge of $30,000, including the laundry at $10,000. Page 72, page 73. If you will notice on page 74, “Equipment” appropriation for 1965 was $80,300, and it is reduced to $59,000. We will print that in the record. And replacement of firehose nozzles we have already developed that—down to the replacement of firehoses. Senator PROxMIRE. Looking over this material, it seems to me that this is expensive, but it is relatively minor compared to the total amount of $2.4 million. Senator MoWRONEY. I would like to get more in this. I am skipping the items we have already discussed. Page 77, 78, and a tabulation and itemization of this amount on page 79. I believe that will complete that, and I think we will have it available that way for the public to see the breakdown and complete description of this $2.4 million. (The information referred to follows:)


This appropriation provides for the structural, mechanical, and domestic care of the two Senate office buildings, the operation of the mechanical equipment, and maintenance of the subway transportation system. The old building contains approximately 425 office and committee rooms, together with storage rooms, shops, electrical transformer station, and subway, and is 56 years old, having been occupied March 5, 1909. The new building contains approximately 500 offices and committee rooms, together with storage rooms, shops, cafeteria, auditorium, and telephone exchange, and was accepted for beneficial Occupancy October 15, 1958.

A regular force of 373 employees is required for 1966 for the care of these 2 buildings and their mechanical equipment, which includes such items as the extensive air-conditioning and refrigeration systems; 26 high-speed elevators, and 2 lifts; electric fixtures and wiring; legislative bell and buzzer systems; plumbing and piping; and subway systems.

The force required, covering 3 shifts daily, is made up, for 1966, of 48 mechanics in the general shops; 17 engineers, 10 attendants in the heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning departments; 48 operators for the elevators; 3 mechanics and 9 subway car operators: 96 general laborers, 1 matron, 8 restroom attendants, 100 charwomen, and 5 char-force inspectors; 1 superintendent, and 20 clerical and other assistants; 2 nurses and 5 aids.

The Architect performs his duties in connection with the old building under authority of the act of June 8, 1942 (56 Stat. 343), and in connection with the new building under authority of the act of June 25, 1948 (62 Stat. 1029).


The following table shows a comparison of the cost of full-time and temporary employment and other objects of expense for the fiscal years 1964, 1965, and 1966. The savings realized in 1964 are also indicated in the table:

Actual 1964 Estimate 1965 Estimate 1966
Number of Man- Cost Number of Man- Cost Number of Man- Cost 1965
positions years positions years positions years
Personnel compensation:

Full-time employment--------------------------- 268 268 $1.631,497 268 268 $1.714, 200 268 268 || $1,785,000 |---------...--
Part-time charwomen---------------------------- 105 105 311, 705 105 105 320, 500 105 105 320, 500 ------------
Temporary---------------------------------------|------------|------------ 17, 267 ------------|------------ 15,000 ------------|------------ 15,000 |----- -------
Total, personnel compensation----------------- 373 373 1, 960,469 373 373 2,049, 700 373 373 2, 120, 500 373
Other objects of expenditures-------------------------|------------|------------ 447, 361 |------------|------------ 552.953 ||------------|------------ 348.200 ------------
Total obligations-------------------------------|------------|------------ 2,407.830 ------------|------------ 2.602,653 |------------|------------ 2,468,700 ||------------
Savings-----------------------------------------------|------------|------------ 152.837 ------------|------------|------------|------------|------------------------|------------
Unobligated balance carried forward------------------|------------|------------ 10,316 ------------|------------|------------|------------|------------|------------|------------
Unobligated balance brought forward----------------|------------|------------ (-)10,683 |------------|------------ (-)10, 316 ||------------|------------|------------|------------
Total appropriation or estimate-----------------|------------|------------ 2. 560,300 |------------|------------ 12,439.500 ------------|------------ 2,468,700 ||------------
Reappropriation--------------------------------------|------------|------------|------------|------------|------------ 152,837 ------------|------------|------------|------------


Personnel compensation, increased from $2,074,700 to $2,120,500

The total for “Personnel compensation” for 1965, including $50,000 pay Supplemental in H. Doc. 98, is $2,074,700 and covers the salaries of 373 employees, of which 268 are full-time employees and 105 are part-time charwomen. Of the present total of 373 employees, 23 are compensated under the Classification Act of 1949, as amended; 287 at prevailing wage rates under Public Law 763, 83d Congress; and 63 under title V of the Federal Employees Pay Act of 1945, as amended. For 1966, $2,120,500 is requested for the salaries of 373 employees—an increase of $45,800 over the amount for 1965, explained as follows: Under the provisions of Public Law 763, 83d Congress, 287 laborers and mechanics on the Senate Office Buildings' roll are at present compensated on a wage-board, prevailing-rate basis. Public Law 763 provides that the compensation of such employees shall be fixed and adjusted from time to time as nearly as is consistent with the public interest in accordance with prevailing rates. An increase of $35,131 is requested for 1966 to meet on a full-year basis the cost of increased wage rates established for these wage-board positions as a result of a general survey of Government and industrial employees' wages in the Washington metropolitan area, conducted during the past year. The new rates went into effiect December 6, 1964, pursuant to the provisions of Public Law 85–872, 85th Congress. This increase is necessary in order that the Senate Office Buildings' wage-board employees may be compensated on a full-year basis in the fiscal year 1966 in accordance with present prevailing rates. An increase of $7,749 is requested for 1966 to meet the cost of within-grade promotions and other changes authorized by Public Law 763 under the wageboard system, for the employees compensated under that act. An increase of $2,920 is requested for 1966 to meet the cost of within-grade promotions and other changes under the Classification Act of 1949, as amended, for the employees compensated under that act.

Payment to employees' health benefits fund, $19,500, no change

This is the same as allowed for 1965 and is required to cover the cost of Government contribution to employees’ health benefits fund required by Public Law 86–382, 86th Congress, Federal Employees’ Health Benefits Act of 1959, approved September 28, 1959, and effective July 1, 1960.

Payment to employees’ life insuranee fund, $4,800, no change

This is the same as allowed for 1965 and is to cover the cost of Government's payment to employees' life insurance fund required by Public Law 598, 83d Congress, Federal Employees' Group Life Insurance Act of 1954.

Contribution to retirement fund, increased from $99,500 to $108,500

For 1965, $99,500 was allowed. For 1966, $108,500 is requested—an increase of $9,000. The amount requested is to cover the cost of Government contribution to retirement fund required by Public Law 854, 84th Congress, Title IV, Civil Service Retirement Act Amendments of 1956. The additional cost results from increase in basic pay rates.

Uniform allowances, $200, no change

This is the same as allowed for 1965 and is for the cost of uniforms authorized by the act of September 1, 1954, as amended (5 U.S.C. 2131).

Elevator repairs and improvements, $5,000, no change

The regular annual amount of $5,000, the same as allowed for 1965, provides for repair, maintenance, and upkeep of the 14 elevators and 1 lift in the Old Senate Office Building, and the 10 elevators and 1 lift in the New Senate Office Building. The amount provides for such items as cable, repair parts, lubricants, oil, grease, tools, and cleaning fluids.

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