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the ninth hour. And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud 46 voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani ? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? Some of them that stood 47 there, when they heard that, said, This man calleth for Elias. And straightway one of them ran, and took a spunge, and filled it 48 with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink. The 49 rest said, Let be, let us see whether Elias will come to save him. Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the 50
Darkness.] I clothe the heavens with black- his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall ness, and I make sackcloth their covering. prosper in his hand. Is. liii. 10. Is it noIs. l. 3. And it shall come to pass in that thing to you, all ye that pass by? Behold, day, saith the Lord God, that I will cause the and see if there be any sorrow like unto my sun to go down at noon, and I will darken sorrow, which is done unto me, wherewith the the earth in the clear day. Am. viii. 9. And Lord hath afflicted me in the day of his fierce the fourth angel sounded; and the third part anger. Lam. i. 12. of the sun was smitten, and the third part of 47 This man calleth for Elias.] See chap. the moon, and the third part of the stars, so as xi. 14. And some of them that stood by, the third part of them was darkened, and the when they heard it, said, Behold, he calleth day shone not for a third part of it, and the Elias. And one ran, and filled a spunge full night likewise. Re. viii. 12. And he opened of vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke to drink, saying, Let alone, let us see whether out of the pit, as the smoke of a great furnace; Elias will come to take him down. Mar. xv. and the sun and the air were darkened by 35, 36. reason of the smoke of the pit. Re. ix. 2. 48 Gave him to drink.] They gave me
46 Jesus cried with a loud voice.] And at also gall for meat, and in my thirst they gave the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, me vinegar to drink. Ps. Ixix. 21. And the saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani ? which is, soldiers also mocked him, coming to him and being interpreted, My God, my God, why offering him vinegar. Lu, xxiii. 36. Now hast thou forsaken me ? Mar. xv. 34. And there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he filled a spunge with vinegar, and put it upon said, Father, into thy hands I commend my hyssop, and put it to his mouth. When Jesus, spirit; and having said thus he gave up the therefore, had received the vinegar, he said, It ghost. Lu. xxiii. 46. After this, Jesus is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave knowing that all things were now accom- up the ghost. John xix. 29, 30. plished, that the Scripture might be fulfilled 49 See verse 43. saith, I thirst. Now there was set a vessel full 50 When he had cried again.] And Jesus of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vine- cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost. gar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his Mar. xv. 37. And when Jesus had cried with mouth. When Jesus, therefore, had received the a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I vinegar, he said, It is finished : and he bowed commend my spirit ; and having said thus, he his head, and gave up the ghost. John xix. gave up the ghost. Lu. xxiii. 46. When 28, 29, 30. So also Christ glorified not him- Jesus, therefore, had received the vinegar, he self to be made an bigh priest. Who in the said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, days of his flesh, when he had offered up and gave up the ghost. John xix. 30. prayers and supplications, with strong crying Yielded up the ghost.] See chap. xx. 28. and tears, unto him that was able to save him I am poured out like water, and all my bones from death, and was heard in that he feared; are out of joint. My heart is like wax, it is melted though he were a Son, yet learned he obe in the midst of my bowels. My strength is dried dience by the things which he suffered. He. up like a potsherd, and my tongue cleaveth to 4, 5. 7, 8.
my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani ?) My God, dust of death. Ps. xxii. 14, 15. And he made my God, why hast thou forsaken me? why his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in art thou so far from helping me, and from the his death. Because he had done no violence, words of my roaring ? Ps. xxii. 1. They neither was any deceit in his mouth, yet it that lay wait for my soul take counsel to- pleased the Lord to bruise him; he hath put gether, saying, God hath forsaken him: per- him to grief. When thou shalt make his soul secute and take him, for there is none to an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he deliver him. Ps. lxxi. 11. It pleased the shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord to bruise him ; he hath put him to grief; Lord shall prosper in his hand. Therefore when thou shalt make his soul an offering for will I divide him a portion with the great, and sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong he shall divide the spoil with the strong ; be
51 ghost. And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain
from the top to the bottom ; and the earth did quake, and the
cause he hath poured out his soul unto death; he sprinkle of the blood with his finger and he was numbered with the transgressors, seven times. Then shall he kill the goat of and he bare the sin of many, and made inter- the sin offering that is for the people, and cession for the transgressors. Is. liii. 9-12. bring his blood within the vail, and do with I am the good shepherd : the good shepherd that blood as he did with the blood of the giveth his life for the sheep. John X. 11. bullock, and sprinkle it upon the mercy-seat, Forasinuch then as the children are partakers and before the mercy-seat. Le. xvi. 2. 12of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise 15. “He" (" of the seed of Aaron" that hatka took part of the same; that through death he a blemish) shall not go in unto the vail, nor might destroy him that had the power of come nigh unto the altar, because he hath a death, that is, the devil. He. ii. 14. How blemish; that he profane not my sanctuaries: much more (than the blood of bulls and goats) for I the Lord do sanctify them. Le. xxi. shall the blood of Christ, who through the 23. And he made the vail of blue, and eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to purple, and crimson, and fine linen, and God, purge your conscience from dead works wrought cherubims thereon. 2 Ch. iii. 14. to serve the living God ? He. ix. 14.
And be the Lord of hosts) will destroy in 51 The veil of the temple was rent.] And this mountain the face of the covering cast thou shalt make a vail of blue, and purple, over all people, and the vail that is spread and scarlet, and fine twined linen of cunning over all nations. Is. xxv. 7. And the veil work : with cherubims shall it be made : and of the temple was rent in twain from the top thou shalt hang it upon four pillars of shittim to the bottom. Mar. xv. 38. And the sun wood overlaid with gold ; their hooks shall be was darkened, and the veil of the temple was of gold, upon the four sockets of silver. And rent in the midst. Lu. xxiii. 45. But now thou shalt hang up the vail under the taches, in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far that thou mayest bring in thither, within the off are made nigh by the blood of Christ; vail, the ark of the testimony. And the vail for he is our peace, who hath made both one, shall divide unto you between the holy place and hath broken down the middle wall of and the most holy. And thou shalt put the partition between us; having abolished in his mercy seat upon the ark of the testimony, in flesh the enmity, even the law of comthe most holy place. And thou shalt set the mandments contained in ordinances; for to table without the vail, and the candlestick make in himself of twain one new man, so over against the table, on the side of the making peace. And that he might reconcile tabernacle toward the south : and thou shalt both unto God in one body by the cross, put the table on the north side. And thou having slain the enmity thereby; and came shalt make an hanging for the door of the and preached peace to you which were afar tent, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine off, and to them that were nigh; for through twined linen, wrought with needlework. And him we both have access by one Spirit anto thou shalt make for the hanging five pillars the Father. Ep. ii. 13-18. God confirmed of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold, it by an oath, that we might have a strong and their hooks shall be of gold ; and thou consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay shalt cast five sockets of brass for them. Ex. hold upon the hope set before us : which xxvi. 31-37. And he brought the ark into hope we have as an anchor of the soul, both the tabernacle, and set up the vail of the sure and stedfast; and which entereth into that covering, and covered the ark of the testimony, within the veil. He. vi. 17, 18, 19. Having as the Lord commanded Moses. Ec. xl. 21. therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the And the Lord said unto Moses, Speak unto holiest by the blood of Jesus, by a new and Aaron thy brother, that he come not at all living way, which he hath consecrated for us, times into the holy place within the vail through the veil, that is to say, his flesh; and before the mercy-seat, which is upon the ark, having an High Priest over the house of God; that he die not ; for I will appear in the cloud let us draw near with a true heart, in full upon the mercy-seat. And he shall take a assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled censer full of burning coals of fire from off the from an evil conscience, and our bodies altar before the Lord, and his hands full of washed with pure water. He. x. 19-22. sweet incense beaten small, and bring it And the earth did quake.] And behold, within the vail : and he shall put the incense there was a great earthquake, for the angel upon the fire before the Lord, that the cloud of the Lord descended from heaven, and came of the incense may cover the mercy-seat that and rolled back the stone from the door (of is upon the testimony, that he die not. And the sepulchre), and sat upon it. Mat. xxviii. he shall take of the blood of the bullock, and 2. Then (when in my distress I called upon sprinkle it with his finger upon the mercy- the Lord) the earth shook and trembled; the seat eastward ; and before the mercy-seat shall foundations also of the hills moved and were
rocks rent; And the graves were opened ; and many bodies of the 52 saints which slept arose, And came out of the graves after his resurrec- 53 tion, and wentinto the holy city, and appeared unto many. Now when 54
shaken, because he was wroth. Ps. xviii. 7. faces; and the rebuke of his people shall he Then the channels of waters were seen, and take away from off all the earth; for the the foundations of the world were discovered Lord hath spoken it. Is. xxv. 8. Thy dead at thy rebuke, O Lord, at the blast of the men shall live, together with my dead body breath of thy nostrils. Ps. xviii. 15. For shall they arise. Awake and sing, ye that behold, the Lord cometh forth out of his dwell in dust; for thy dew is as the dew of place, and will come down, and tread upon herbs, and the earth shall cast out the dead. the high places of the earth. And the Is. xxvi. 19. I will ransom “them" ("the mountains shall be molten under him, and Jews") from the power of the grave; I will the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the redeem them from death. O death, I will be fire, and as the waters that are poured down thy plagues; O grave, I will be thy destruca steep place. Mi. i. 3, 4. The Lord is slow tion : repentance shall be hid from mine eyes. to anger, and great in power, and will not at Ho. xiii. 14. Verily, verily, I say unto you, all acquit the wicked. The Lord hath his The hour is coming, and now is, when the way in the whirlwind and in the storm, and dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God, the clouds are the dust of his feet. He re- and they that hear shall live ; for as the buketh the sea, and maketh it dry, and drieth Father hath life in himself, so hath he given up all the rivers ; Bashan languisheth, and to the Son to have life in himself, and hath Carmel; and the flower of Lebanon languisheth. given him authority to execute judgment also, The mountains quake at him, and the hills because he is the Son of man. Marvel not melt, and the earth is burnt at his presence, at this; for the hour is coming in the which yea, the world, and all that dwell therein. Nah. all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, i. 3, 4, 5. The mountains saw thee, and they and shall come forth; they that have done trembled: the overflowing of the water passed good, unto the resurrection of life ; and they by : the deep uttered his voice, and lifted up that have done evil, unto the resurrection of his hands on high. The sun and moon stood damnation. John v. 25-29. But now is still in their habitation; at the light of thine Christ risen from the dead, and become the arrows they went, and at the shining of thy first fruits of them that slept. 1 Co. xv. 20. glittering spear. Thou didst march through Slept arose. And many of them that sleep the land in indignation, thou didst thresh in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to the heathen in anger: thou wentest forth for everlasting life, and some to shame and everthe salvation of thy people, even for salvation lasting contempt. Da. xii. 2. For “this with thine anointed. Thou woundedst the cause" (" the eating and drinking irrevehead out of the house of the wicked, by dis. rently”) many are weak and sickly among covering the foundation unto the neck. Ha. you, and many sleep. I Co. xi. 30. Behold, iii. 10-13. See that ye refuse not him that I shew you a mystery ; We shall not all sleep, speaketh; for if they escaped not who refused but we shall all be changed. 1 Co. xv. 51. him that spake on earth, much more shall not For if we believe that Jesus died and rose we escape, if we turn away from him that again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus speaketh from heaven. Whose voise then will God bring with him. I The. iv. 14. shook the earth : but now he hath promised, God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth obtain salvation, by our Lord Jesus Christ, only, but also heaven. And this word, Yet once who died for us, that, whether we wake or more, signifieth the removing of those things sleep, we should live together with him. that are shaken, as of things that are made, 1 The. v. 9, 10. that those things which cannot be shaken 5 3 Holy city.] Then the devil taketh may remain. He. xii. 25, 26, 27. And the him (Jesus) up into the holy city, and setteth same hour was there a great earthquake, and him on a pinnacle of the temple. Mat. iv, 5. the tenth part of the city fell; and in the And the rulers of the people dwelt at Jeruearthquake were slain of men seven thousand : salem. The rest of the people also cast lots, and the remnant were affrighted, and gave to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the glory to the God of heaven. And the temple holy city, and nine parts to dwell in other of God was opened in heaven, and there was cities. Ne. xi. l. They call themselves of seen in his temple the ark of his testament; the holy city, and stay themselves upon the and there were lightnings, and voices, and God of Israel; The Lord of hosts is his name. thunderings, and an earthquake, and great Is. xlviii. 2. Seventy weeks are determined hail. Re. xi. 13. 19.
upon thy people, and upon thy holy city, to 52 Many bodies of the saints.] He (Christ) finish the transgression, and to make an end will swallow up death in victory, and the of sins, &c. Da. ix. 24. The court which is Lord God will wipe away tears from off all without the teinple leave out (said the angel
the centurion, and they that were with him, watching Jesus, saw the
earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly, 55 saying, Truly this was the Son of God. And many women were
there beholding afar off, which followed Jesus from Galilee, minis56 tering unto him: Among which was Mary Magdalene, and Mary
who ordered John to measure the temple of for a light (when he heard the earthquake), and God), and measure it not; for it is given unto the sprang in, and came trembling, and fell down be Gentiles, and the holy city shall they tread fore Paul and Silas, and brought them out, and under foot forty and two months. Re. xi. 2. said, Sirs, what must I do to be saved ! de And I, John, saw the holy city, new Jeru. xvi. 29, 30. And the same hour was there salem, coming down from God out of heaven, a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. city fell, and in the earthquake were slain of Re. xxi. 2. And if any man shall take away men seven thousand : and the remnant were from the words of the book of this prophecy, affrighted, and gave glory to the God of God shall take away his part out of the book heaven. Re. xi. 13. of life, and out of the holy city, and from the Truly this was the Son of God.] See rerse things which are written in this book. Re. xl. 43. Then said they all (the chief priests xxii. 19.
and the Scribes), Art thou the Son of God! 54 The centurion, &c.] See verse 36, and And he said unto them, Ye say that I am. chap. viii. 5. And as they went about to kill Lu. xxii. 70. The Jews answered * him him (Paul), tidings came unto the chief captain (“ Pilate," who said, I find no fault in kis), of the band, that all Jerusalem was in an We have a law, and by our law he ought to uproar: who immediately took soldiers and die, because he made himself the Son of God. centurions, and ran down unto them; and John xix. 7. Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, when they saw the chief captain and the called to be an apostle, separated unto the soldiers, they left beating of Paul. Ac. xxi. Gospel of God, concerning his Son Jesus 31, 32. And when it was determined that Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed we should sail into Italy, they delivered Paul of David according to the flesh : and declared and certain other prisoners unto one named to be the Son of God with power, according Julius, a centurion of Augustus' band. Ac. to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection xxvii. 1.
from the dead. Ro. i. 1, 3, 4. Saw the earthquake.) And when the cen. 55 Many women were there.] And there turion which stood over against him saw followed “him" (" Jesus") a great company that he (Jesus) so cried out, and gave up the of people, and of women, which also bewailed ghost, he said, Truly this man was the Son and lamented him. But Jesus, turning unto of God. Mar. xv. 39. Now when the cen- them said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not turion saw what was done, he glorified God, for me, but weep for yourselves and for your saying, Certainly this was a righteous man, children. And all the people that came And all the people that came together to that together to that sight, beholding the things sight, beholding the things which were done, which were done, smote their breasts, and smote their breasts, and returned. And all returned. And all his acquaintances, and the his acquaintances, and the women that followed women that followed him from Galilee, stood him from Galilee, stood afar off beholding afar off beholding these things. Lu. xxij. these things. Lu. xxiii. 47, 48, 49.
27, 28. 48, 49. Now there stood by the cross Feared greatly.) And he (king Ahaziah) of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, sent again a captain of the third fifty with Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Maghis fifty. And the third captain of fifty went dalene. When Jesus therefore saw his mother, up, and came and fell on his knees before and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, Elijah, and besought him, and said unto he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy him, () man of God, I pray thee, let my life, Son! Then saith he to the disciple, Behold and the life of these fifty thy servants, be thy mother! And from that hour the disciple precious in thy sight. Behold, there came took her unto his own home. Johar xix. 25, fire down from heaven, and burnt up the 26, 27. two captains of the former fifties with Ministering unto him.] And certain women, their fifties : therefore let my life now be which had been healed of evil spirits and precious in thy sight. 2 Ki. i. 13, 14. Now, infirmities, Mary called Magdalene, out of when they heard “this" (" that God had whom went seven devils, and Joanna the made that same Jesus, whom they had crucified, wife of Chuza, Herod's steward, and Susanna, both Lord and Christ"), they were pricked and many others (were with him), which in their heart, and said unto Peter, and to ministered to him of their substance. Ls. the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, viii. 2, 3. what shall we do? Ac. ii. 37. Then “he" 56 Mary Magdalene.] See verse 61. In (* the keeper of the prison at Philippi") called the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn
the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee's chil. dren. When the even was come, there came a rich man of 57 Arimathea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus' disciple : He went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Then Pilate 58
toward the first day of the week, came Mary What wilt thou ? She saith unto him, Grant Magdalene, and the other Mary, to see the that these my two sons may sit, the one on sepulchre. Mat. xxviii. 1. There were also thy right hand, and the other on the left, in women looking on afar off, among whom thy kingdom, Mat. xx. 20, 21. was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of 57 There came a rich man, &c.] And now James the less and of Joses, and Salome, (who when the evening was come (because it was also when he was in Galilee followed him, the preparation, that is, the day before the and ministered unto him,) and many other sabbath), Joseph of Arimathea, an honourable women which came up with him unto Jeru- counsellor, which also waited for the kingdom salem. Mar. xv. 40, 41. And when the of God, came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary and craved the body of Jesus. Mar. xv. 42, the mother of James, and Salome, had brought 43. And behold there was a man named sweet spices, that they might come and anoint Joseph, a counsellor, and he was a good man, him. Now when Jesus was risen, early the and a just: (the same had not consented to first day of the week, he appeared first to the counsel and deed of them); he was of Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast Arimathea, a city of the Jews; who also himseven devils. Mar. xvi. 1. 9. It was Mary self waited for the kingdom of God. Lu. Magdelene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother xxiii. 50. 51. And after “this" (" the solof James, and other women that were with dier's piercing the side of Jesus with a spear," them, which told these things unto the &c.) Joseph of Arimathea, (being a disciple of apostles (respecting Christ's resurrection). Lu. Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews,) bexxiv. 10. The first day of the week cometh sought Pilate that he might take away the Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, body of Jesus ; and Pilate gave him leave. unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken He came therefore, and took the body of away from the sepulchre. Mary Magdalene Jesus. And there came also Nicodemus, (soon after) came and told the disciples that which at the first came to Jesus by night, she had seen the Lord, and that he had spoken and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, these things unto her (saying, I ascend unto my about an hundred pound weight. Then took Father and your Father, and to my God and they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen your God). John xx. 1. 18. See chap. clothes with the spices, as the manner of the xxviii. 1.
Jews is to bury. Now in the place where he Mary, the mother of James.] And Mary was crucified there was a garden, and in the Magdalene, and Mary the mother of Joses, garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never beheld where he (Jesus) was laid. Mar. xv. 47. man yet laid. There laid they Jesus, therefore, When the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, because of the Jews' preparation day, for and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, the sepulchre was nigh at hand. John xix. had brought sweet spices, that they might 38–42. come and anoint him. Mar. xvi. 1. Now Arimathea.] Now there was a certain man there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, of Ramathaim-zophim, of Mount Ephraim, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of and his name was Elkanah, the son of JeroCleophas, and Mary Magdalene. John xix. 25. ham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the
James and Joses.] is not this the car son of Zuph, an Ephrathite. 1 Sa. i. l. penter's son said the people of Christ's own And his (Samuel's) return was to Ramah, for country)? Is not his mother called Mary ? there was his house : and there he judged and his brethren, James, and Joses, and Israel; and there he built an altar unto the Simon, and Judas ? Mat. xii. 55. There Lord. 1 Sa. vii. 17. were also women looking on afar off, among 58 And begged the body of Jesus.] Pilate whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the marvelled if he (Jesus) were already dead, mother of James the less and of Joses, and calling unto him the centurion, he asked and Salome. Mar. xv. 40. And when the him whether he had been any while dead. sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary And when he knew it of the centurion he the mother of James, and Salome, had brought gave the body to Joseph. And he bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint fine linen, and took him down, and wrapped him. Mar. xvi. I.
him in the linen, and laid him in a sepulchre And the mother of Zebedee's children.] Then which was hewn out of a rock, and rolled a (as Jesus was going up to Jerusalem) came to stone unto the door of the sepulchre. Mar. him the mother of Zebedee's children with XV, 44, 45, 46. This man (Joseph of Arimaher sons, worshipping him, and desiring a thea) went unto Pilate, and begged the body certain thing of him. And he said unto her, of Jesus. And he took it down, and wrapped