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CHAPTER XXVII.

1 WHEN the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of 2 the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death : And when they had bound him, they led him away, and delivered

CHAP. XXVII.-1 The morning was come.] said, Why did the heathen rage, and the And it was told the Gazites, saying, Samson people imagine vain things! The kings of is come hither. And they compassed him in, the earth stood up, and the rulers were and laid wait for him all night in the gate gathered together against the Lord, and of the city, and were quiet all the night, against his Christ. For of a truth, against saying, In the morning, when it is day, we thy holy child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, shall kill him. Ju. xvi. 2. Saul also sent both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the messengers unto David's house, to watch him, Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were and to slay him in the morning. And Michal, gathered together; for to do whatsoever thy David's wife, told him, saying, If thou save hand and thy counsel determined before to be not thy life to-night, to-morrow thou shalt be done. Ac. iv. 24-28. slain. 1 Sa. xix. 11. They (the wicked) 2 Bound him.] And they (Abrahan and sleep not except they have done mischief; Isaac) came to the place which God had told and their sleep is taken away, unless they him (Abraham) of. And Abraham built an cause some to fall; for they eat the bread of altar there, and laid the wood in order, and wickedness, and drink the wine of violence : bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the but the path of the just is as the shining altar upon the wood. Ge. xxi. 9. Then ligbt, that shineth more and more unto the the band and the captain and officers of the perfect day. Pr. iv. 16, 17, 18. Woe to Jews took Jesus, and bound him. Now Annas them that devise iniquity, and work evil upon had sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high their beds! When the morning is light they priest. John xviii. 12. 24. And Saul went practise it, because it is in the power of their unto the high priest, and desired of him hand. Mi. ii. 1. And as soon as it was letters to Damascus to the synagogues, that day, the elders of the people, and the chief if he found any of this way, whether they priests, and the Scribes, came together, and were men or women, he might bring them led him into their council. Lu. xxii. 66. bound unto Jerusalem. Ac. ix. 1, 2. And Go (said the angel to the apostles who were when Herod would have brought “ him" imprisoned), and speak in the temple to the (Peter") forth, the same night Peter was people all the words of this life. And when sleeping between two soldiers bound with they heard that, they entered into the temple two chains, and the keepers before the door early in the morning, and taught. Ac. v. kept the prison. Ac. xii. 6. Then (sien 20, 21.

they went about to kill Paul, and all JerusAll the chief priests and elders, &c.] See salem was in an uproar) the chief captain Mat. xxiii. 13; xxvi. 3, 4. And straight- came near, and took him, and commanded way in the morning the chief priests held a him to be bound with two chains; and deconsultation with the elders and Scribes and manded who he was, and what he had done. the whole council, and bound Jesus, and Ac. xxi. 33. And as they bound him with carried him away, and delivered him to Pilate. thongs Paul said unto the centurion that Mar. xv. 1. And the whole multitude of stood by, Is it lawful for you to scourge a them arose and led him unto Pilate; and man that is a Roman, and uncondemned? they began to accuse him, saying, We found Then straightway they departed from him this fellow perverting the nation, and for- which should have examined him; and the bidding to give tribute to Cesar, saying, That chief captain also was afraid, after he knew he himself is Christ, a king. L. xxiii. 1, 2. that he was a Roman, and because he had Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the bound him. Ac. xxii. 25. 29. But after two hall of judgment, and it was early; and they years Porcius Festus came into Felix' room: themselves went not into the judgment hall, and Felix, willing to shew the Jews a pleasure, lest they should be defiled ; but that they left Paul bound. Ac. xxiv, 27. For this might eat the passover. John xviii. 28. And cause (said Paul) have I called for you, to when “they" (" the company of the disciples") see "you" ("the chief of the Jews"), and to heard “that" (" what the chief priests and speak with you ; because that for the hope elders had said unto them"), they lifted up of Israel I am bound with this chain. 46 their voices with one accord, and said, Lord, xxviii. 20. Remember that Jesus Christ, of thou art God, which hast made heaven, and the seed of David, was raised from the dead, earth, and the sea, and all that in them is, according to my gospel, wherein | suffer who by the mouth of thy servant David hast trouble as an evil doer, even unto bonds; bat

him to Pontius Pilate the governor. Then Judas, which had 3 betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, Saying, I have sinned in that I have betrayed 4 the innocent blood. And they said, What is that to us? see thou

the word of God is not bound. 2 Ti. ii. 8, 9. 4 I have sinned, &c.] And they (Joseph's Remember them that are in bonds, as bound brethren) said one to another, We are verily with them; and them which suffer adversity, guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw as being yourselves also in the body. He. the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, xiii. 3.

and we would not hear. Therefore is this And delivered him to Pontius Pilate.] See distress come upon us. And Reuben answered chap. xx. 19. For he (the Son of man) shall them, saying, Spake I not unto you, saying, be delivered unto the Gentiles (said Jesus), Do not sin against the child ; and ye would and shall be mocked, and spitefully entreated, not hear? therefore behold also his blood is and spitted on. And they shall scourge him, required. Ge. xlii. 21, 22. And Pharaoh and put him to death, and the third day sent and called for Moses and Aaron, and said he shall rise again. Lu. xviii. 32, 33. And unto them, I have sinned this time; the Lord they watched him, and sent forth spies which is righteous, and I and my people are wicked. should feign themselves just men, that they Er. ix. 27. Then Pharaoh called for Moses might take hold of his words, that so they and Aaron in haste, and he said, I have sinned might deliver him unto the power and au- against the Lord your God, and against you. thority of the governor. Lu. xx. 20.

Now therefore forgive, I pray thee (said Pha3 Judas, which had betrayed him.] See raoh), my sin only this once, and intreat the chap. xxvi. 14, 15, 16. 46-50.

Lord your God, that he may take away from Repented himself.] The triumphing of the me this death only. Ex. x. 16, 17. And he wicked is short, and the joy of the hypocrite called for Moses and Aaron by night, and but for a moment. Though he spare it, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among forsake it not, but keep it still within his my people, both ye and the children of Israel, mouth, yet his meat in his bowels is turned, and go serve the Lord, as ye have said. Ex. it is the gall of asps within him. He hath xii. 31. And Saul said unto Sainuel, I have swallowed down riches, and he shall vomit sinned; for I have transgressed the commandthem up again. God shall cast them out of ment of the Lord, and thy words, because I his belly : he shall suck the poison of asps; feared the people, and obeyed their voice. the viper's tongue shall slay him. He shall Then he said, I have sinned; yet honour me not see the rivers, the floods, the brooks of now, I pray thee, before the elders of my honey and butter. That which he laboured people, and before Israel, and turn again with for shall he restore, and shall not swallow it me, that I may worship the Lord thy God. down; according to his substance shall the 1 Sa. xv. 24. 30. It came to pass, when Ahab restitution be, and he shall not rejoice therein. heard those words (the judgments denounced Because he hath oppressed and forsaken the by Elijah), that he rent his clothes, and put poor, surely he shall not save of that which sackcloth upon his flesh, and fasted, and lay he desired; there shall none of his meat be in sackcloth, and went softly. 1 Ki. xxi. 27. left. In the fulness of his sufficiency he shall Now we kuow that what things soever the be in straits: every hand of the wicked shall law saith, it saith to them who are under the come upon him. When he is about to fill his law, that every mouth may be stopped, and belly, God shall cast the fury of his wrath all the world may become guilty before God. upon him, and shall rain it upon him while Ro. iii. 19. he is eating. He shall flee from the iron The innocent blood.] See verses 19. 23, 24. weapon, and the bow of steel shall strike him 54. Surely at the commandment of the Lord through. It is drawn, and cometh out of the came “this(the ruin of Jehoiakim") upon body, yea, the glittering sword cometh out of Judah, to remove them out of his sight, for his gall; terrors are upon him. The heaven the sins of Manasseh, according to all that he shall reveal his iniquity, and the earth shall did ; and also for the innocent blood that he rise up against him. The increase of his shed (for he filled Jerusalem with innocent house shall depart, and his goods shall flow blood), which the Lord would not pardon. away in the day of his wrath. This is the 2 Ki. xxiv. 3, 4. Know ye for certain (said portion of a wicked man from God, and the Jeremiah), that if ye put me to death, ye shall heritage appointed unto him by God. Job surely bring innocent blood upon yourselves, XX. 5. 15-29. Godly sorrow worketh re- and upon this city, and upon the inhabitants pentance to salvation, not to be repented of; thereof. Je. xxvi. 15. We beseech thee, O but the sorrow of the world worketh death. Lord (said the men who were in the ship with 2 Co. vii. 10.

Jonah), let us not perish for this man's life,

5 to that. And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and 6 departed, and went and hanged himself. And the chief priests

and lay not upon us innocent blood; for thou, done to him as he spake by me ; for the Lord O Lord, hast done as it pleased thee. Jon. i. hath rent the kingdom out of thine hand, and 14. And he (Pilate) said unto them the given it to thy neighbour, even to David : third time, Why? what evil hath he (Christ) because thou obeyedst not the voice of the done? I have found no cause of death in Lord, nor executedst his fierce wrath upon him. “We" (said the penitent thief") re. Amalek, therefore hath the Lord done this ceive the due reward of our deeds, but this thing unto thee this day. Moreover, the man hath done nothing amiss. Now when Lord will also deliver Israel with thee into the centurion saw what was done (at the cru- the hand of the Philistines. Then Saul fell cifi.rion of Jesus), he glorified God, saying, straightway all along on the earth, and was Certainly this was a righteous man. Lu. sore afraid, because of the words of Samuel: xxiii. 22. 41. 47. We have a law (said the. and there was no strength in him, for he had Jews), and by our law he ought to die, be- eaten no bread all the day nor all the night. cause he made himself the Son of God. John 1 Sa. xxviii. 16-20. But ye are forgers of xix. 7. And although they found no cause lies, ye are all physicians of no value. Job of death in him, yet desired they Pilate that xiii. 4. Shall vain words have an end (said he should be slain. Ac. xiii. 28. For such Job, reproving his friends)? or what emboldan High Priest became us, who is holy, harm- eneth thee that thou answerest? Job xvi. 3. less, undefiled, separate from sinners, and But Abraham said (to the rich man, being made higher than the heavens. He. vii. 26. in torments), Son, remember that thou in thy Ye know that ye were not redeemed with life-time receivedst thy good things, and likecorruptible things, as silver and gold, from wise Lazarus evil things; but now he is comyour vain conversation, received by tradition forted, and thou art tormented. And beside from your fathers; but with the precious all this, between us and you there is a great blood of Christ, as of a Lamb without blemish gulf fixed, so that they which would pass and without spot. 1 Pe. i. 18, 19.

from hence to you cannot, neither can they What is that to us ? &c.] See verse 25. pass to us that would come from thence. Lu. If it were a matter of wrong or wicked lewd- xvi. 25, 26. ness (for which they brought Paul to the judg- 5 And departed, and went and hanged hipment), O ye Jews (said Gallio, the deputy of self.] Then “he" (" Abimelech," who had Achaia), reason would that I should bear with been wounded by a piece of a mill-stone, thrown you ; but if it be a question of words and by a woman from the tower of Thebez) called names, and of your law, look ye to it; for I hastily unto the young man his armour-bearer, will be no judge of such matters. And he and said unto him, Draw thy sword and slay drave them from the judgment-seat. Then me, that men say not of me, A woman slew all the Greeks took Sosthenes, the chief ruler him. And his young man thrust him through, of the synagogue, and beat him before the and he died. Ju. ix. 54. Then said Sanl judgment-seat; and Gallio cared for none of (his army being lost, and his sons slain) unto these things. Ac. xviii. 14--17. Now the his armour-bearer, Draw thy sword, and Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter thrust me through therewith, lest these untimes some shall depart from the faith, speak- circumcised (the Philistines) come and thrust ing lies in hypocrisy, having their conscience me through and abuse me. But his armourseared with a hot iron. 1 Ti. iv. 1, 2. They bearer would not, for he was sore afraid. profess that they know God, but in works Therefore Saul took a sword, and fell upon it. they deny him, being abominable, and dis- And when his armour-bearer saw that Saul obedient, and unto every good work reprobate. was dead, he fell likewise upon his sword, Ti. i. 16. We should love one another; not and died with him. 1 Sa. xxxi. 4, 5. And as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and when Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not slew his brother. And wherefore slew he followed (of pursuing after David), he sadhim? Because his own works were evil, and dled his ass, and arose and gat him hotne to his brother's righteous. 1 John iii. 11, 12. his house, to his city, and put his household And they that dwell upon the earth shall in order, and hanged himself, and died, and rejoice over "them(the two witnesses), was buried in the sepulchre of his father. 2 and make merry, and shall send gifts one to Sa. xvii. 23. And it came to pass, when another; because these two prophets torment. Zimri saw that the city of Tirzah) was ed them that dwelt on the earth. Re. xi. 10. taken, that he went into the palace of the

See thou to that.] Then said Samuel (to king's house, and burnt the king's house over Saul), Wherefore then dost thou ask of me him with fire, and died. I ki. xvi. 18. (to make known unto thee what thou shalt do), Then said his wife unto "him" ("Job"), Dost seeing the Lord is departed from thee, and is thou still retain thine integrity? Curse God, become thine enemy? And the Lord hath and die. Job ii. 9. My soul chooseth stran

ne silver plehecause ithem the po The field

took the silver pieces, and said, It is not lawful for to put them into the treasury, because it is the price of blood. And they took 7 counsel, and bought with them the potter's field, to bury strangers in. Wherefore that field was called, The field of blood, unto this 8 day. Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the 9 prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued, whom they of the children of Israel did value; And gave them for the potter's field, as the Lord 10 appointed me. And Jesus stood before the governor: and the 11

gling and death rather than life. Job vii. 15. De. xxxiv. 6. And Joshua set up twelve Thou, O God, shalt bring “them" ("the stones in the midst of Jordan, in the place wicked") down into the pit of destruction : where the feet of the priests which bare the bloody and deceitful men shall not live out ark of the covenant stood ; and they are there half their days: but I will trust in thee. Ps. unto this day. Jos. iv. 9. And the man ly. 23. Now this man (Judas) purchased a (who shewed the entrance to the city of Bethel field with the reward of iniquity; and falling to the house of Joseph) went into the land of headlong, he burst asunder in the midst, and the Hittites, and built a city, and called the all his bowels gushed out. And it was known name thereof Luz, which is the name thereof to all the dwellers at Jerusalem, insomuch as unto this day. Ju. i. 26. And they drew that field is called in their proper tongue, out the staves of the ark, that the ends of the Aceldama ; that is to say, The field of blood. staves were seen from the ark before the Ac. i. 18, 19.

oracle, but they were not seen without. And 6 It is not lawful, &c.] Ye blind guides, there it is unto this day. 2 Chr. v. 9. which strain at a gnat and swallow a camel. 9 And they took the thirty pieces.] And I Mat. xxiii. 24. And the Scribes and Pha- said unto them, If ye think good, give me my risees watched him, whether he would heal price; and if not, forbear. So they weighed on the sabbath day, that they might find an for my price thirty pieces of silver. And the accusation against him. But he knew their Lord said unto me, Cast it unto the potter: thoughts, and said to the man which had the a goodly price that I was prized at of them. withered hand, Rise up, and stand forth in And I took the thirty pieces of silver, and cast the midst. And he arose and stood forth. them to the potter in the house of the Lord. Then said Jesus unto them, I will ask you Zec. xi, 12, 13. one thing; Is it lawful on the sabbath days to Thirty pieces.] What will ye give me (said do good, or to do evil? to save life, or to Judas Iscariot), and I will deliver him unto destroy it? Lu. vi. 7, 8, 9. Then led they you? And they covenanted with him for (the chief priests and Pharisees) Jesus from thirty pieces of silver. Mat. xxvi. 15. If Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment; and it the ox shall push a man-servant, or maidwas early. And they themselves went not servant, he shall give unto their master thirty into the judgment-hall, lest they should be shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned. defiled; but that they might eat the passover. Ex. xxi. 32. Speak unto the children of John xviii. 28.

Israel, and say unto them, When a man shall To put them into the treasury.] Thou shalt make a singular vow, the persons shall be for not bring the hire of a whore or the price of the Lord by thy estimation. And thy estia dog into the house of the Lord thy God for mation shall be of the male from twenty years any vow; for even both these are abomination old even unto sixty years old, even thy estiunto the Lord thy God. De. xxiii. 18. mation shall be fifty shekels of silver, after For I the Lord love judgment; I hate rob- the shekel of the sanctuary; and if it be a bery for burnt-offering. Is. Ixi. 8.

female, then thy estimation shall be thirty 8 That field was called, &c.] And "it" shekels; and if it be from five years old even (" the fate of Judas'') was known unto all the unto twenty years old, then thy estimation dwellers at Jerusalem, insomuch as that field shall be, of the male five shekels of silver, is called in their proper tongue, Aceldama; and for the female ten shekels; and if it be that is to say, The field of blood. Ac. i. 19. from a month old even unto five years old,

Unto this day.) So “they" ("the soldiers then thy estimation shall be, of the male five who watched the sepulchre of Jesus") took the shekels of silver, and for the female thy estimoney, and did as they were taught (having mation shall be three shekels of silver; and said that his disciples came by night, and stole if it be from sixty years old and above, if it him away while they slept). And this saying be a male, then thy estimation shall be fifteen is commonly reported among the Jews until shekels, and for the female ten shekels. Le. this day. Mat. xxviii. 15. No man knoweth xxvii. 2--7. of “his" (* Moses'") sepulchre unto this day. || Jesus stood before the governor.] And

· governor asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? 12 And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest. And when he was ac13 cused of the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing. Then

said Pilate unto him, Hearest thou not how many things they 14 witness against thee? And he answered him to never a word; 15 insomuch that the governor marvelled greatly. Now at that feast

the governor was wont to release unto the people a prisoner, 16 whom they would. And they had then a notable prisoner, called

ye shall be brought before governors and kings thou nothing? what is it which these witness for my sake, for a testimony against them and against thee? But Jesus held his peace. the Gentiles. It is enough for the disciple Mat. xxvi. 62, 63. Thine own nation said that he be as his master, and the servant as Pilate) and the chief priests have delivered his lord. If they have called the master of thee unto me; what hast thou donet Jalan the house Beelzebub, how much more shall xviii. 35. The chief captain commanded him they call them of his household ? Mat, X. 18. (Paul) to be brought into the castle, and bade 25. And Pilate asked him, Art thou the that he should be examined by scourging. King of the Jews? And he answering, said that he might know wherefore they cried so unto him, Thou sayest it. Mar. xv. 2. And against him. Ac. xxii. 24. Pilate asked him, saying, Art thou the King 1 4 Marvelled greatly.] I am as a wonder of the Jews? And he answered him, and unto many, but thou art my strong refuge. said, Thou sayest it. Lu. xxiii. 3. Then Ps. lxxi. 7. Behold, I and the children whom Pilate entered into the judgment-hall again, the Lord hath given me are for signs and for and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou wonders in Israel from the Lord of hosts, the King of the Jews ? Jesus answered him, which dwelleth in Mount Zion. Is. viii. 1& Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or did others Hear now, O Josbua, the high priest, thou and tell it thee of me? Pilate answered, Am I a thy fellows, that sit before thee: for they are Jew? Thine own nation and the chief priests men wondered at; for, behold, I will bring have delivered thee unto me: what hast thou forth my servant the Branch. Ze. iii. 8. We done? Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of are made a spectacle unto the world, and to this world ; if my kingdom were of this world, angels and to men. 1 Co. iv. 9. then would my servants fight, that I should not 15 Feast the governor was wont, &c.] And be delivered to the Jews. But now is my king- (the chief priests) consulted that they might dom not from hence. John xviii. 33–36. take Jesus by subtilty, and kill him. But they

Thou sayest.] See Mat. xxvi. 25. 64. I said, Not on the feast-day, lest there be an give thee charge in the sight of God, who uproar among the people. Mat. xxvi. 4, á quickeneth all things, and before Christ Jesus, Now at that feast he released unto them one who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good prisoner, whomsoever they desired. And the confession. 1 Ti. vi. 13.

multitude, crying aloud, began to desire kis 12 He was accused, &c.] See verse 14, and to do as he had ever done unto them. Mar. chap. xxvi. 62, 63. Thus I was as a man xv. 6, 7, 8. I will therefore chastise him that heareth not, and in whose mouth are no (said Pilate), and release him, (for of necessity reproofs. For in thee, O Lord, do I hope; he must release one unto them at the feast.) thou wilt hear, O Lord my God. Ps. xxxviii. Lu, xxiii. 16, 17. Pilate saith unto " him" 14, 15. And the chief priests accused him (Jesus"), what is truth? And when he had of many things; but he answered nothing. said this, he went out again unto the Jews, And Pilate asked him again, saying, An- and saith unto them, I find in him no fapit at swerest thou nothing? Behold how many all. But ye have a custom, that I should things they witness against thee. But Jesus release unto you one at the passover. Will yet answered nothing; so that Pilate mar- ye, therefore, that I release unto you the king velled. Mar. xv. 3, 4, 5. The place of the of the Jews ? John xviii. 38, 39. After two Scripture which “he" ("the Ethiopian Eu- years Porcius Festus came into Felix' room: nuch," whom Philip ran to meet as he sat in and Felix, willing to shew the Jews a pleasure, his chariot) read was this: He was led as a left Paul bound. Ac. xxiv. 27. Festus, willsheep to the slaughter; and like a lamb dumb ing to do the Jews a pleasure, answered Paul before his shearer, so opened he not his mouth. and said, Wilt thou go up to Jerusalem, and Ac. viii. 32. When he was reviled, (he) re- there be judged of these things before me! viled not again; when he suffered, he threat. Ac. xxv. 9. ened not; but-committed himself to him that 16 A notable prisoner.] And there was one judgeth righteously. 1 Pe. ii. 23.

named Barabbas, which lay bound with them 13 Hearest thou not, &c.] And the high that had made insurrection with him, who had priest arose, and said unto him, Answerest committed murder in the insurrection. Mar.

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