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for my meat ; and in my thirst they gave me one that is in bitterness for his first-born, vinegar to drink. Ps. lxix. 1-21. The Zec. xii. 10. Awake, O sword, against my Lord God hath opened mine ear, and I was shepherd, and against the man that is my not rebellious, neither turned away back. I fellow, saith the Lord of hosts: smite the shepgave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks herd, and the sheep shall be scattered ; and I to them that plucked off the hair : I hid not will turn mine hand upon the little ones. my face from shame and spitting. Is. I. 5, 6. Zec. xiii. 7. It is written of the Son of man, Who hath believed our report? and to whom that he must suffer many things, and be set at is the arm of the Lord revealed ? For he nought. Mar. ix. 12. O fools, and slow of shall grow up before him as a tender plant, heart to believe all that the prophets have and as a root out of a dry ground : he hath no spoken. Ought not Christ to have suffered form or comeliness; and when we shall see these things, and to enter into his glory! him, there is no beauty that we should desire Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ him. He is despised and rejected of men; a to suffer. Lu. xxiv. 25, 26. 46. “ They" man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: ("the soldiers") said therefore among themand we hid as it were our faces from him; he selves, Let us not rend "it" (" Jesus' coat"), was despised, and we esteemed him not but cast lots for it whose it shall be. That Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried the Scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, They parted my garments among them, and smitten of God, and afflicted. But he was for my vesture they did cast lots. These wounded for our transgressions, he was things that they brake not Jesus' legs) were bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement done, that the Scripture should be fulfilled, of our peace was upon him; and with his A bone of him shall not be broken. And stripes we are healed. All we like sheep again another Seripture saith, They shall look have gone astray; we have turned every on him whom they pierced. John xix. 24. one to his own way; and the Lord hath 28. 36, 37. Men and brethren, children of laid on him the iniquity of us all. He the stock of Abraham, and whosoever among was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he you feareth God, to you is the word of this salopened not his mouth; he is brought as a vation sent. For they that dwell at Jerusalem, lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before and their rulers, because they knew him not, her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his nor yet the voices of the prophets which are month. He was taken from prison and from read every sabbath-day, they have fulfilled judgment: and who shall declare his genera- them in condemning him. And though they tion for he was cut off out of the land of the found no cause of death in him, yet desired living: for the transgression of my people was they Pilate that he should be slain. And he stricken. And he made his grave with the when they had fulfilled all that was written of wicked, and with the rich in his death ; be- him, they took him down from the tree, and cause he had done no violence, neither was laid him in a sepulchre. Ac. xiji. 26-29. any deceit in his mouth. Yet it pleased the Paul, as his manner was, went in unto them, Lord to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: and three sabbath-days reasoned with them when thou shalt make his soul an offering for out of the Scriptures; opening and alleging sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his that Christ must needs have suffered, and days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall pros- risen again from the dead; and that this Jesus per in his hand. He shall see of the travail whom I preach unto you is Christ. Ac. xvii. of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his 1, 2, 3. Having, therefore, obtained help of knowledge shall my righteous servant justify God, I continue unto this day, witnessing many; for he shall bear their iniquities. both to small and great, saying none other Therefore will I divide him a portion with the things than those which the prophets and Moses great, and he shall divide the spoil with the did say should come, that Christ should strong; because he hath poured out his soul suffer, and that he should be the first that unto death: and he was numbered with the should rise from the dead, and should shew transgressors : and he bare the sin of many, light unto the people, and to the Gentiles. and made intercession for the transgressors. Ac. xxvi. 22, 23. And when they (the Jews Is. liii. throughout. And after threescore and at Rome) had appointed " him" (" Paul") a two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for day, there came many to him into his lodging; himself; and the people of the prince that shall to whom he expounded and testified the come shall destroy the city, and the sanc- kingdom of God, persuading them concerning tuary; and the end thereof shall be with a Jesus both out of the law of Moses, and out of flood, and unto the end of the war desolations the prophets, from morning till evening. Ac. are determined. Da. ix. 26. And I will Xxviii. 23. I delivered unto you first of all pour upon the house of David, and upon the that which I also received, how that Christ inhabitants of Jerusalem the spirit of grace, and died for our sins according to the Scriptures. of supplications : and they shall look upon me 1 Co. xv. 3. Of which salvation the prophets whom they have pierced, and they shall have inquired and searched diligently, who mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only prophesied of the grace that should come unto son; and shall be in bitterness for him, as you; searching what, or what manner of
· unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! it had been 25 good for that man if he had not been born. Then Judas, which
betrayed him, answered and said, Master, is it I? He said unto 26 him, Thou hast said. And as they were eating, Jesus took
time, the Spirit of Christ which was in them needy man, that he might even slay the did signify, when it testified beforehand the broken of heart. As he loved cursing, so let sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should it come unto him. As he delighted not in follow. I Pe. i. 10, 11.
blessing, so let it be far from him. As be Written of him.] And truly the Son of clothed himself with cursing like as with his man goeth as it was determined; but woe garment, so let it come into his bowels like unto that man by whom he is betrayed. Lu. water, and like oil into his bones. Let it be xxii. 22. Him, being delivered by the de- unto him as the garment which covereth him, terminate counsel and foreknowledge of God, and for a girdle wherewith he is girded conti. ye have taken, and by wicked hands have nually. Let this be the reward of mine adcrucified and slain. Ac. ii. 23. Of a truth, versaries from the Lord, and of them that against thy holy child Jesus whom thou hast speak evil against my soul. But do thou for anointed, both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with me, O God the Lord, for thy name's sake: the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were because thy mercy is good, deliver thou me. gathered together against the Lord, and Ps. cix. 6—21. Woe to that man by whom against his Chirst, for to do whatsoever thy the Son of man is betrayed; good were it for hand and thy counsel determined before to be that man if he had never been born. Me. done. Ac. iv. 27, 28.
xiv, 21. While I was with them in the world · But woe unto that man, &c.] Woe unto (said Jesus of his disciples), I kept them in the world because of offences, for it must needs thy name: those that thou gavest me I have be that offences come; but woe to that man kept, and none of them is lost, but the son of by whom the offence cometh. Mat. xviii. 7. perdition, that the Scripture might be fulfilled. Then Judas, which had betrayed him, when John xvii. 12. Men and brethren (said Pelet he saw that he was condemned, repented him- after Christ's ascension), this Scripture must self, and brought again the thirty pieces of needs have been fulfilled which the Holy Ghos silver to the chief priests and elders, saying, I by the mouth of David spake before concere have sinned in that I have betrayed the inno- ing Judas, which was guide to them that took cent blood. And they said, What is that to Jesus ; for he was numbered with us, and had us; see thou to that. And he cast down the obtained part of this ministry. Now this than pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, purchased a field with the reward of iniquity, and went and hanged himself. Mat. xxvii. and falling headlong, he burst asunder io the 3, 4, 5. Let death seize upon them, and let midst, and all his bowels gushed out. And it them go down quick into hell; for wickedness was known unto all the dwellers at Jerusaler, is in their dwellings, and among them. But insomuch as that field is called in their thou, O God, shalt bring them down into the proper tongue, Aceldama, that is to say, The pit of destruction ; bloody and deceitful men field of blood. For it is written in the beek shall not live out half their days. Ps. Iv. of Psalms, Let his habitation be desolate, and 15. 23. Set thou a wicked man over “him” let no man dwell therein; and his bishoprick (" David's enemy''), and let Satan stand at his let another take. Ac. i. 16–20. right hand. When he shall be judged, let 25 Judas, which betrayed him.) But be him be condemned: and let his prayer be- (Gehazi) went in, and stood before his master: come sin. Let his days be few; and let an- and Elisha said unto him, Whence extend other take his office. Let his children be thou, Gehazi ? and he said, Thy servant went fatherless, and his wife a widow. Let his no whither. 2 Ki. v. 25. Such is the way of children be continually vagabonds, and beg: let the adulterous woman; she eateth, and wipeta them seek their bread also out of their desolate her mouth, and saith, I have done no wickedplaces. Let the extortioner catch all that he ness. Pr. xxx. 20. hath; and let the stranger spoil his labour. Thou hast said. See verse 64. And Jesus Let there be none to extend mercy unto him: stood before the governor, and the gorernor neither let there be any to favour his father asked him, saying, Art thou the king of the less children. Let his posterity be cut off ; Jews ? And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest and in the generation following let their name Mat. xxvii. 11. Art thou a king then said be blotted out. Let the iniquity of his fathers Pilate)? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that! be remembered with the Lord; and let notam a king; to this end was I born, and for the sin of his mother be blotted out. Let this cause came I into the world, that I shold them be before the Lord continually, that he bear witness unto the truth. Johr xviii. 37 may cut off the memory of them from the 26 As they were eating. ] And as they did earth. Because that he remembered not to Jesus took bread, and blessed, and brake.com shew mercy, but persecuted the poor and and gave to them, and said, Take, eat; thus
bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples; . and said, Take, eat; this is my body. And he took the cup, and 27 gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it;
is my body. Mar. xiv. 22. And he took Wherefore, whosoever shall eat this bread, bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave and drink this cup of the Lord unworthily, onto them, saying, This is my body which is shall be guilty of the body and blood of the given for you ; this do in remembrance of me. Lord. But let a man examine himself, and Lu. xxij. 19.
so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that Jesus took bread.] And it came to pass, as cup. For he that eateth and drinketh unhe sat at meat with them, he took bread, and worthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to blessed it, and brake, and gave to them. Lu. himself, not discerning the Lord's body. 1. xxiv. 30. For I have received of the Lord Co. xi. 26--29. that which also I delivered unto you. That This is my body.) Then take of “them" the Lord Jesus the same night in which he (the "prophet's hairs," under the type of which was betrayed, took bread, and when he had is shewed God's judgment upon Jerusalem) given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat, again, and cast them into the midst of the this is my body which is broken for you; this fire, and burn them in the fire, for thereof do in remembrance of me. After the same shall a fire come forth into all the house of manner also he took the cup when he had Israel. Thus saith the Lord God, This is supped, saying, This cup is the New Testa- Jerusalem ; I have set it in the midst of the ment in my blood. This do ye, as oft as ye nations and countries, that are round about drink it, in remembrance of me. For as often her. Ez. v. 4, 5. And he took bread, and as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto do shew the Lord's death till he come. 1 Co. them, saying, This is my body. Lu. xxii. 19. xi. 23–26.
Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye. Blessed it.] And when he had taken the should be ignorant, how that all our fathers five loaves and the two fishes, he looked up to did eat the same spiritual meat ; and did all heaven, and blessed, and brake the loaves, drink the same spiritual drink (for they drank, and gave them to his disciples to set before of that spiritual rock that followed them, them; and the two fishes divided he among and that rock was Christ). The cup of blessthem all. Mar. vi. 41.
ing which we bless, is it not the communion, And brake it. And they, continuing daily of the blood of Christ? the bread which we with one accord in the temple, and breaking break, is it not the communion of the body of bread from house to house, did eat their meat Christ? I Co. X. 1. 4. 16. “ Which things". with gladness, and singleness of heart. Ac. ii. (“the types of Agar and Sara") are an alle 46. And upon the first day of the week, gory; for these are the two covenants, the when the disciples came together to break one from the Mount Sinai, which gendereth to bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to bondage, which is Agar. For this Agar is depart on the morrow, and continued his Mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jeruspeech until midnight. Ac. xx, 7. The cup salem which now is, and is in bondage with of blessing which we bless, is it not the com- her children. Ga. iv. 24, 25. munion of the blood of Christ? The bread 27 He took the cup.] And he took the which we break, is it not the communion of cup, and when he bad given thanks, he gave the body of Christ? for we being many, are it to them, and they all drank of it. And he one bread, and one body, for we are all par- said unto them, This is my blood of the New takers of that one bread.' 1 Co. x. 16, 17. Testament, which is shed for many. Mar.
Take, eat. The bread of God is he which xiv. 23, 24. Likewise also (he took) the cup cometh down from heaven, and giveth life after supper, saying, This cup is the New unto the world. Then said they unto him, Testament in my blood, which is shed for you. Lord, evermore give us this bread. And Jesus Lu. xxii. 20. said unto them, I am the bread of life; he Drink ye all of it.] I will take the cup that cometh to me shall never hunger; and of salvation, and call upon the name of the he that believeth on me shall never thirst. Lord. Ps. cxvi. 13. 1 (Christ) am come Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that be- into my garden, my sister, my spouse (the lieveth on me hath everlasting life. He that church); I have gathered my myrrh with my. eateth me, even he shall live by me. This is spice : I have eaten my honeycomb with that bread which came down from heaven. my honey; I have drunk my wine with my Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are milk. Eat, o friends : drink, yea, drink dead; he that eateth of this bread shall live abundantly, 0 beloved. Ca. v. 1. The roof for ever. John vi. 33, 34, 35. 47. 57, 58. As of thy mouth (said Christ to his church, shall. often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, be) like the best wine for my beloved, that ye do shew the Lord's death till he come.goeth down sweetly, causing the lips of those
28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many
that are asleep to speak. Ca. vii. 9. And the book and all the people, saying, This 4 in this mountain shall the Lord of hosts the blood of the testament which God hath make unto all people a feast of fat things, a enjoined unto you. Moreover, he sprinkled feast of wines on the lees, of fat things full of with blood both the tabernacle, and all the marrow, of wines on the lees well refined. Is. vessels of the ministry. And almost all things xxv. 6. Ho! every one that thirsteth, come are by the law purged with blood, and ye to the waters; and he that hath no money, without shedding of blood is no remission, come ye, buy and eat : yea, come buy wine He. ix. 14-22. In burnt offerings, and and milk, without money and without price, sacrifices for sin, thou hast had no pleasure, Is. lv. ). The cup of blessing which we Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the bless, is it not the communion of the blood book it is written of me) to do thy will, O of Christ ? 1 Co. x. 16. Let a man examine God. Above when he said, Sacrifice and himself, and so let him eat of that bread and offering and burnt offerings and offering for drink of that cup. I Co. xi. 28.
sin, thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure 28 My blood of the New Testament.] And therein ; which are offered by the law; then Moses took half of the blood of the oven said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. which were sacrificed as peace offerings), and He taketh away the first, that he may establish put it in basons, and half of the blood he the second. By the which will we are sanctisprinkled on the altar. And he took the book fied through the offering of the body of Jesus of the covenant, and read in the audience of Christ, once for all. And every priest standeth the people; and they said, All that the Lord daily ministering, and offering oftentimes the hath said will we do, and be obedient. And same sacrifices, which can never take away Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on sins : but this man, after he had offered one the people, and said, Behold, the blood of the sacrifice for sins, for ever sat down on the right covenant which the Lord hath made with hand of God; from henceforth expecting till you concerning all these words. Ex. xxiv. his enemies be made his footstool. For by one 6, 7, 8. The life of the flesh is in the blood ; offering he hath perfected for ever them that and I have given it to you upon the altar, to are sanctified. He. x. 6–14. Now the God make an atonement for your souls; for it is of peace, that brought again from the dead the blood that maketh an atonement for the our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the soul. Le. xvii. 11. Behold, the days come, sheep, through the blood of the everlasting saith the Lord, that I will make a new cove- covenant make you perfect in every good nant with the house of Israel, and with the work to do his will. He, xiii. 20. house of Judah. Je. xxxi, 31. As for thee Shed for many.) The Son of man caax also (daughter of Zion, saith the Lord), by not to be ministered unto, but to minister, the blood of thy covenant I have sent forth and to give his life a ransom for many. Na thy prisoners out of the pit wherein is no XX. 28. But not as the offence, so also is the water. Zec. ix. ll. This is my blood of free gift ; for if through the offence of one the new testament, which is shed for many, many be dead, much more the grace of God Mar. xiv. 24. This cup is the new testa- and the gift by grace which is by one mas, ment in my blood which is shed for you. Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many; for Lu. xxii. 20. This cup is the new testa as by one man's disobedience many were ment in my blood. 1 Co. xi. 25. How much made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall more than by the blood of calves and of goats) many be made righteous. Ro. v. 15. 19. shall the blood of Christ, who through the whom (Christ) we have redemption through eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to his blood, the forgiveness of sins according God, purge your conscience from dead works to the riches of his grace. Ep. i. 7. to serve the living God? And for this cause whom we have redemption through his bloom he is the mediator of the new testament, even the forgiveness of sins. And (haring that by means of death, for the redemption made peace through the blood of his cross of the transgressions that were under the by hinu to reconcile all things unto himsell first testament, they which are called might by him, I say, whether they be things receive the promise of eternal inheritance : earth, or things in heaven. Cal. i. 14.2 for where a testament is, there must also, of Almost all things are by the law purged with necessity, be the death of the testator. For a blood, and without shedding of blood is 10 testament is of force after men are dead; remission. So Christ was once offered otherwise it is of no strength at all while the bear the sins of many; and unto them the testator liveth ; whereupon neither the first look for him shall he appear the second time testament was dedicated without blood; for without sin unto salvation. He ix. ** when Moses had spoken every precept to all And he is the propitiation for our sins, and not the people according to the law, he took the for ours only, but also for the sins of the who blood of calves and of goats, with water and world. I John ii. 2. After this I behel scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both and lo, a great multitude which no man coule
for the remission of sins. But I say unto you, I will not drink 29 henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father's kingdom. And when they had 30
number, of all nations, and kindreds, and and neighbours, saying, Rejoice with me, for people, and tongues, stood before the throne, I have found my sheep which was lost. Bring and before the Lamb, clothed with white hither the fatted calf (said the father of the robes, and palms in their hands. And (one prodigal), and kill it, and let us eat and be of the elders) said to me, These are they merry; for this my son was dead and is alive which came out of great tribulation, and have again: he was lost and is found. And they washed their robes, and made them white in began to be merry. Now his elder son was the blood of the Lamb. Re. vii. 9. 14. in the field, and as he came and drew nigh
29 I will not drink henceforth, &c.] Thou to the house, he heard musick and dancing. hast put gladness in my heart more than in It was meet that we should make merry and the time that their corn and their wine in- be glad (said the father), for this thy brother creased. Ps. iv. 7. Bless the Lord, O my was dead and is alive again ; and was lost soul, who satisfieth thy mouth with good and is found. Lu. xv. 5, 6. 23, 24, 25. 32. things, so that thy youth is renewed like the These things have I spoken unto you, that eagle's. Ps. ciii. 1.5. They (the sinful Jews) my joy might remain in you, and that your shall not drink wine with a song. Strong joy might be full. John xv. 11. Ye now, drink shall be bitter to them that drink it. therefore, have sorrow (said Jesus to his disThe city of confusion is broken down : every ciples); but I will see you again, and your house is shut up, that no man may come in. heart shall rejoice, and your joy no man There is a crying for wine in the streets : all taketh from you. John xvi. 22. And now joy is darkened ; the mirth of the land is come I to thee; and these things I speak in gone. Is. xxiv. 9, 10, 11. Verily I say the world, that they might have my joy unto you, I will drink no more of the fruit fulfilled in themselves. John xvii. 13. “ Him of the vine until that day that I drink it (" Christ") God raised up the third day (said new in the kingdom of God. Mar. xiv. 25. Peter), and shewed him openly; not to all With desire I have desired to eat this pass- the people, but unto witnesses chosen before of over with you before I suffer; for I say unto God, even to us, who did eat and drink with you, I will not any more eat thereof until it him after he rose from the dead. Ac. X. 40, 41. be fulfilled in the kingdom of God. And he Let us run with patience the race that is set took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take before us, looking unto Jesus, the author and this, and divide it among yourselves; for I finisher of our faith, who for the joy that was say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of set before him endured the cross, despising the vine until the kingdom of God shall come. the shame, and is set down at the right hand Lu. xxii. 15-18.
of the throne of God. He. xii. 1, 2. And when Until that day when I drink it new, &c.] "he" (" the Lamb”) had taken the book (which Where two or three are gathered together in was written within and on the back side), my name, there am I in the midst of them. the four beasts, and four and twenty elders Mat. xviii. 20. Lo, I am with you alway, fell down before the Lamb, having every one ten unto the end of the world, Amen. Mat. of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, xxviii. 20. “ He" (" the Lord'') hath put a which are the prayers of saints. And they new song in my mouth, even praise unto our sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy God: many shall see it and fear, and shall to take the book, and to open the (seven) rust in the Lord. Ps. xl. 3. I have drunk seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast my wine with milk; eat, o friends, drink, redeemed us to God by thy blood, out of rea, drink abundantly, o beloved. Ca. v. I. every kindred, and tongue, and people, and * He" (“ Christ') shall see of the travail of nation, and hast made us unto our God kings
is soul, and shall be satisfied; by his know- and priests, and we shall reign on the earth. edge shall my righteous servant justify many; Re. v. 8, 9, 10. And “they" (" the harpers or he shall bear their iniquities. Is. liii. 11. harping with their harps") sung as it were a l'he Lord thy God in the midst of thee is new song, before the throne, and before the nighty: he will save, he will rejoice over four beasts, and the elders, and no man could hee with joy, he will rest in his love, he will learn that song but the hundred and forty by over thee with singing. Zep. iii. 17. and four thousand which were redeemed from Por how great is his goodness, and how great the earth. Re. xiv. 3. $ his beauty ; corn shall make the young With you in my Father's kingdom.] Then nen cheerful, and new wine the maids. Zec. shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the I. 17. And when he (who hath lost one kingdom of their Father. Mat. xii. 43. Verily heep of an hundred) hath found it, he layeth I say unto you, There be some standing here 1 on his shoulders rejoicing; and when he which shall not taste of death, till they see omneth home, he calleth together his friends the Son of man coming in his kingdom. Mat.