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these, ye did it not to me. And these shall go away into ever- 46 lasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.
AND it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings, 1 he said unto his disciples, Ye know that after two days is the 2 feast of the passover, and the Son of man is betrayed to be cruci
46 Everlasting punishment.] See verse 41. Lord. Ro. vi. 23. And this is the promise that Many of them that sleep in the dust of the he hath promised us, even eternal life. 1 John earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, ii. 25. And this is the record, that God hath and some to shame and everlasting contempt. given to us eternal life; and this life is in his Da. xii. 2. Beside all this (said Abraham to Son. He that hath the Son hath life ; and the rich man in the parable), between us and he that hath not the Son of God hath not you there is a great gulf fixed; so that they life. I John v. 11, 12. Keep yourselves in which would pass from hence to you cannot; the love of God, looking for the mercy of our neither can they pass to us that would come Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life. Jude 21. from thence. Lu. xvi. 26. The hour is coming in the which all that are in the graves 1 When Jesus had finished all these sayings.] shall hear his voice, and shall come forth; And it came to pass, that when Jesus had they that have done good unto the resurrec- finished these sayings, he departed from Gation of life, and they that have done evil unto lilee. Mat. xix. 1. the resurrection of damnation. John v. 28, 2 Know that after two days. After two * 29. But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the days was the feast of the passover, and of unabominable, and murderers, and whore-mon- leavened bread; and the chief priests and the gers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all Scribes sought how they might take him by liars, shall have their part in the lake which craft, and put him to death. But they said, burneth with fire and brimstone, which is the Not on the feast day, lest there be an uproar second death. Re. xxi. 8.
of the people. Mar. xiv. 1, 2. Now the feast The righteous into life eternal.] Then shall of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the righteous shine forth as the sun in the the passover; and the chief priests and Scribes kingdom of their Father. Mat. xiii. 43. sought how they might kill him ; for they Thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither feared the people. And "he" (" Jesus") said wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see cor- unto "them" (" the disciples"), With desire ruption. Thou wilt shew me the path of life; I have desired to eat this passover with you in thy presence is fulness of joy, at thy right before I suffer. Lu. xxii. 1, 2. 15. Now behand there are pleasures for evermore. Ps. fore the feast of the passover, when Jesus xvi. 10, 11. As Moses lifted up the serpent knew that his hour was come, that he should in the wilderness, even so must the Son of depart out of this world unto the Father, man be lifted up; that whosoever believeth in having loved his own, which were in the him should not perish, but have everlasting world, he loved them unto the end. John life. For God sent not his Son into the xiii. 1. "world to condemn the world, but that the The feast of the passover.] And thus shall world through him might be saved. He that ye eat "it" (" the passover"), with your loins believeth on the Son hath everlasting life; girded, your shoes on your feet, and your and he that believeth not the Son shall not staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in see life, but the wrath of God abideth on him. haste; it is the Lord's passover. For I will John iii. 15, 16. 36. My sheep hear my voice, pass through the land of Egypt this night, and I know them, and they follow me. And and will smite all the first-born in the land of I give unto them eternal life, and they shall Egypt, both man and beast; and against all never perish, neither shall any pluck them the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment : out of my hand. John X. 27, 28. To them I am the Lord. And the blood shall be to who by patient continuance in well-doing seek you for a token upon the houses where ye glory, honour, and immortality (God will are; and when I see the blood I will pass tender), eternal life. Ro. ii. 7. Where sin over you, and the plague shall not be upon abounded grace did much more abound; that you to destroy you, when I smite the land of as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might Egypt. And this day shall be unto you for a grace reign through righteousness unto eternal memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the life, by Jesus Christ our Lord. Ro. v. 20, 21. Lord throughout your generations : ye shall For the wages of sin is death ; but the gift of keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever. Er. God is eternal life, through Jesus Christ our xii. 11-14. Thou shalt not offer the blood VOL. II.
(3 fied. Then assembled together the chief priests, and the Scribes,
and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, *4 who was called Caiaphas, And consulted that they might take
of my sacrifice with leaven, neither shall the that contend with me. Shall evil be recomsacrifice of the feast of the passover be left pensed for good ? for they have digged a pit unto the morning. Ex. xxxiv. 25. And the for my soul. Remember that I stood before Jews' passover was at hand, and Jesus went thee to speak good for them, and to turn away up to Jerusalem. John ii. 13. And the Jews' thy wrath from them. Je. xviii. 18, 19, 20, passover was nigh at hand; and many went Then gathered the chief priests and the Phaout of the country up to Jerusalem before the risees a council, and said, What do we! For passover to purify themselves. John xi. 55. this man doeth many miracles. Then from Then Jesus, six days before the passover, that day forth "they' ("the chief priests and came to Bethany, where Lazarus-was, which Pharisees") took counsel together for to put had been dead, whom he raised from the him to death. Now both the chief priests dead. John xii. 1.
and the Pharisees had given a commandment, • Betrayed to be crucified.] See verses 24, that if any man knew where he were, he 25. chap. xvi. 21. I have sinned (said Judas), should shew it, that they might take him. in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. John xi. 47. 53. 57. Lord, thou art God Mat. xxvii. 4. And supper being ended, (the (said the assembly of the church), which hast Devil having now put into the heart of Judas made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him,) Jesus that in them is: who by the mouth of thy riseth from supper, &c. John xiii. 2. 4. servant David hast said, Why did the heathen And Judas also, which betrayed him, knew rage, and the people imagine vain things! the place the garden of Gethsemane); for The kings of the earth stood up, and the Jesus oft-times resorted thither with his dis- rulers were gathered together, against the ciples. John xviii. 2. See chap. xvii. 12. Lord, and against his Christ. For of a truth,
3 Assembled together the chief priests, &c.] against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou hast And when the chief priests and Pharisees had anointed, both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with heard his parables, they perceived that he the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were spake of them. But when they sought to lay gathered together, for to do whatsoever thy hands on him, they feared the multitude, be- hand and thy counsel determined before to be cause they took him for a prophet. Mat. xxi. done. Ac. iv. 24–28. See xxviii. 12. 45, 46. Why do the heathen rage, and the The palace of the high priest.] See verse people imagine a vain thing? The kings of 58. If ye shall not hearken unto me to halthe earth set themselves, and the rulers take low the sabbath-day, and not to bear a burden, counsel together, against the Lord and against even entering in at the gates of Jerusalem on his anointed. Ps. ii. 1, 2. They gather the sabbath-day; then will I kindle a fire in themselves together, they hide themselves, the gates thereof, and it shall devour the they mark my steps when they wait for my palaces of Jerusalem, and it shall not be soul. Ps. lvi. 6. Hide me from the secret quenched. Je. xvii. 27. And Peter followed counsel of the wicked, who bend their bows him (Jesus) afar off, even into the palace of that they may shoot in secret at the perfect; the high priest, and he sat with the servants, suddenly do they shoot at him, and fear not: and warmed himself at the fire. Mar. xix. they encourage themselves in an evil matter, 54. See xxvii. I. they commune of laying snares privily. Shall Caiaphas.] See verse 57. And one of the throne of iniquity have fellowship with them named Caiaphas being the high priest thee which frameth mischief by a law? They that same year, said unto "them" (the skich gather themselves together against the soul of priests and Pharisees"), ve know nothing it the righteous, and condemn the innocent all ; nor consider that it is expedient for Us blood. Ps. xciv. 20, 21. But I was like a that one man should die for the people, and lamb or an ox that is brought to the slaughter; that the whole nation perish not. John IL and I knew not that they had devised devices 49, 50. Now Caiaphas was he which gave against me, saying, Let us destroy the tree counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that with the fruit thereof; and let us cut him off one man should die for the people. And from the land of the living, that his name may Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did anbe no more remembered. Je. xi. 19. Then other disciple. That disciple was known into said they, Come, and let us devise devices the high priest, and went in with Jesus into against Jeremiah: for the law shall not perish the palace of the high priest. (Now Annas from the priest, nor counsel from the wise, nor had sent him (Jesus) bound unto Caiaphas the the word from the prophet: come, and let us high priest). John xviii. 13, 14. 24. Anda smite him with the tongue, and let us not came to pass on the morrow, that their rulers, give heed to any of his words. Give heed to elders, and Scribes, and Annas the high priest, me, O Lord, and hearken to the voice of them and Caiaphas, and John, and Alexander, and
Jesus by subtilty, and kill him. But they said, Not on the feast-day, 5 lest there be an uproar among the people. Now when Jesus was in 6 Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, There came unto him 7 a woman having an alabaster-box of very precious ointment, and
as many as were of the kindred of the high went not into the judgment-hall, lest they priest, were gathered together at Jerusalem. should be defiled, but that they might eat the de. iv. 5, 6.
passover. John xviij. 28. Of a truth against 4 Consulted that they might take.] See thy holy child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, verse 3.
both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the GenBy subtilty] Ye serpents, ye generation tiles, and the people of Israel, were gathered of vipers (said Jesus to the Scribes and Pha- together, for to do whatsoever thy hand and risees), how can ye escape the damnation of thy counsel determined before to be done. hell ? Mat. xxiii. 33. Now the serpent was Ac. iv. 27, 28. more subtile than any beast of the field which Lest there be an uproar, &c.] And when the Lord God had made; and he said unto he (Herod) would have put "him" (" John the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not the Baptist") to death, he feared the multieat of every tree of the garden? Ge. iii. 1. tude, because they counted him as a prophet. The people (of Israel) grew and multiplied in Mat. xiv. 5. If we shall "say" (" that the Egypt, till another king arose which knew baptism of John is") of men (said the chief not Joseph. The same dealt subtilely with priests and elders), we fear the people, for all our kindred, and evil-entreated our fathers, hold John as a prophet. Mat. xxi. 26. But $0 that they cast out their young children, and if we say, of men, all the people will to the end they might not live. Ac. vii. stone us; for they be persuaded that John 17, 18, 19, O full of all subtilty and all miswas a prophet. Lu. xx. 6. chief (said Paul to Elymas the sorcerer, who 6 In Bethany] And "he" ("Jesus") left was also called Bar-jesus), thou child of the them, and went out of the city into Bethany, Devil, thou enemy of all righteousness, wilt and he lodged there. Mat. xxi. 17. And on thou not cease to pervert the right ways of the the morrow, when they were come from Lord. Ac. xiii. 10. I fear, lest by any Bethany, he was hungry. Mar. xi. 12. Then means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through Jesus, six days before the passover, came to his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted Bethany where Lazarus was which had been from the simplicity that is in Christ. 2 Co. dead, whom he raised from the dead. John xi. 3.
xii. 1. 5 Not on the feast day.] Surely the wrath Simon the leper.] And being in Bethany, of man shall praise thee: the remainder of in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at wrath shalt thou restrain. Ps. lxxvi. 10. meat, there came a woman, having an alabaster There are many devices in a man's heart; box of ointment of spikenard, very precious; nevertheless the counsel of the Lord, that and she brake the box, and poured it on his shall stand. Pr. xix. 21. There is no wis- head. Mar. xiv. 3. dom, nor understanding, nor counsel against 7 Came unto him a woman.] « There" the Lord. Pr. xxi. 30. I am God, and there (" at Bethany'') they made him (Jesus) a is none like me; declaring the end from the supper, and Martha served: but Lazarus was beginning, and from ancient times the things one of them that sat at the table with him. that are not yet done, saying, My counsel Then took Mary a pound of ointment of shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure. spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet Is. xlvi. 10. Who is he that saith, and it of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair; cometh to pass, when the Lord commandeth it and the house was filled with the odour of the not. La. iii. 37. The chief priests and the ointment. John xii. 2, 3. Scribes sought how they might take him by Very precious ointment. Take thou also craft, and put him to death. But they said, unto thee (said the Lord to Moses) principal Not on the feast day, lest there be an uproar spices, of pure myrrh five hundred shekels, of the people. And the first day of unleavened and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two bread, when they killed the passover, his dis. hundred and fifty shekels, and of sweet calamus, ciples said unto him, Where wilt thou that we two hundred and fifty shekels, and of cassia five go and prepare that thou mayest eat the hundred shekels, after the shekel of the sancpassover? All ye shall be offended because of tuary, and of oil-olive an hin : and thou shalt me this night (said Jesus), for it is written, I make it an oil of holy ointment, an ointment will smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be compound after the art of the apothecary: it scattered. Mar. xiv. 2. 12. 27. Then came the shall be an holy anointing oil. And thou shalt day of unleavened bread when the passover anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, must be killed. Lu. xxii. 7. Then led they that they may minister unto me. Whosoever Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judg- compoundeth any like it, or whosoever putteth ment; and it was early; and they themselves any of it upon a stranger, shall even be cut off
8 poured it on his head, as he sat at meat. But when his disciples
saw it, they had indignation, saying, To what purpose is this 9 waste? For this ointment might have been sold for much, and
from his people. Ex. xxx. 23, 24, 25. 30. 33. the children of Israel), therefore ye say, Let "11" (" to dwell together in unity'), is like the us go and do sacrifice to the Lord. Bt. T. precious ointment upon the head, that ran down 17. Hear this, o ye that swallow up the upon the beard, even Aaron's beard, and went needy, even to make the poor of the land to down to the skirts of his garments. Ps. fail, saying, When will the new-moon be gone, cxxxiii. 2. Let thy garments be always white, that we may sell corn ? and the sabbath, and let thy head lack no ointment. Ec. ix. that we may set forth wheat ? making the 8. Dead flies cause the ointment of the apo- ephah small, and the shekel great, and falsify thecary to send forth a stinking savour ; 50 ing the balance by deceit? Am. vij. 4. á. doth a little folly him that is in reputation for Thus speaketh the Lord of hosts, saying, This wisdom and honour. Ec. x. 1. Because of people say, The time is not come, the time the savour of thy (the church's) good oint- that the Lord's house should be built. Then ments, thy name is as ointment poured forth; came the word of the Lord by Haggai the therefore do the virgins love thee. While the prophet, saying, Is it time for you, O ye, to king sitteth at his table my (the church's) dwell in your ceiled houses, and this house spikenard sendeth forth the smell thereof. lie waste? Hag. i. 2,3, 4. Ye offer polluted Can. i. 3. 12. Thou (Jerusalem) wentest to bread upon mine altar; and ye say, Wherein the king with ointment, and didst increase thy have we polluted thee? In that ye say, perfumes, and didst send thy messengers far The table of the Lord is contemptible. And off, and didst debase thyself (by idolatry), if ye offer the blind for sacrifice, is it not even unto hell. Is. lvii. 9. And behold, a evil? And if ye offer the lame, and sick, is it woman in the city (of Nain), which was a not evil? Offer it now unto thy gorerior; sinner, when she knew that Jesus was at meat will he be pleased with thee, or accept thy in the Pharisee's house, brought an alabaster person? saith the Lord of hosts. And now, I box of ointment, and stood at his feet behind pray you, beseech God that he will be grahim weeping, and began to wash his feet with cious unto us ; this hath been by your means: tears, and did wipe them with the hairs of her will he regard your persons ? saith the Lord head, and kissed his feet, and anointed them of hosts. Who is there even among you that with the ointment. My head with oil thou would shut the doors for nought? Neither do didst not anoint (said Jesus to the Pharisee), ye kindle fire on mine altar for nought. I but this woman hath anointed my feet with have no pleasure in you, saith the Lord of ointment. Lu. vii. 37, 38. 46.
hosts, neither will I accept an offering at your 8 They had indignation.] And Eliab“his" hand. Ye said also, Behold, what a weari(“ David's ") elder brother heard when he ness is it; and ye have snuffed at it, saith the spake unto the “men” (“who brought the Lord of hosts. And ye brought that wide challenge of Goliath"), and Eliab's anger was was torn, and the lame, and the sick; thus kindled against David, and he said, Why ye brought an offering : should I accept this camest thou down hither ? and with whom of your hand ? saith the Lord. Mal. L. hast thou left those few sheep in the wilder- 7-10. 13. ness? I know thy pride, and the naughti- 9 For this ointment, &c.] And Achan anness of thine heart, for thou art come down swered Joshua, and said, Indeed I have sinnet that thou mightest see the battle. And David against the Lord God of Israel, and thus and said, What have I now done? Is there not a thus have I done : When I saw among the cause? 1 Sa. xvii. 28, 29. Again, I consi- spoils a goodly Babylonish garment, and two dered all travail, and every right work, that hundred shekels of silver, and a wedge of gold for this a man is envied of his neighbour : of fifty shekels' weight, then I coveted them this is also vanity and vexation of spirit. Ec. and took them : and behold, they are hid m iv. 4. And there were some that had indig- the earth in the midst of my tent, and the nation within themselves, and said, Why was silver under it. Jos. vii. 20, 21. But Saul this waste of the ointment made ? Mar. xiv. and the people spared Agag, and the best of 4. Then saith one of his disciples, Judas the sheep, and of the oxen, and of the film Iscariot, Simon's son, which should betray lings, and of the lambs, and all that was good, him, Why was not this ointment sold for three and would not utterly destroy them; but hundred pence, and given to the poor? This every thing that was vile and refuse, that they he said, not that he cared for the poor, but destroyed, utterly. The people took of the because he was a thief, and had the bag, spoil (said Saul), sheep and oxen, the chief and bare what was put therein. John xii. the things which should have been utterly 4, 5, 6.
destroyed, to sacrifice unto the Lord thy God To what purpose is this waste.] Ye are in Gilgal. Sa. xv. 9. 21. But Gehant, idle, ye are idle (said Pharaoh to the officers of servant of Elisha, the man of God, said, DE
given to the poor. When Jesus understood it, he said uuto them, 10 Why trouble ye the woman? for she hath wrought a good work' upon me. For ye have the poor always with you; but me ye 11
hold, my master bath spared Naaman this good works, which God hath before ordained, Syrian, in not receiving at his hands that that we should walk in them. Ep. ii. 10. which he brought; but as the Lord liveth I We do not cease to pray for you, that ye will run after him, and take somewhat of him. might walk worthy of the Lord, unto all 2 Ki. v. 20. “It” (“ the ointment") might pleasing, being fruitful in every good work, have been sold for more than three hundred and increasing in the knowledge of God. pence, and have been given to the poor; and Col. i. 10. Now, our Lord Jesus Christ himthey murmured against “her” (“ who anointed self, and God even our Father, which hath Jesus' feet"). Mar. xiv. 5. Why was not loved us, and hath given us everlasting conso this ointment sold for three hundred pence, lation and good hope through grace, comand given to the poor? This he said, not fort your hearts, and stablish you in every that he cared for the poor, but because he was good word and work. 2 The. ii. 16, 17. a thief, and had the bag, and bare what was This is a true saying, If a man desire the office put therein, John xii. 5, 6. These shall ut- of a bishop he desireth a good work. 1 T'i terly perish in their own corruption, which iii. I. Let not a widow be taken in the num. have forsaken the right way, and are gone ber under threescore years old, having been astray, following the way of Balaam, the son of the wife of one man, well reported of for Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteous good works. 1 Ti. v. 9, 10. If a man thereness. 2 Pe. ii. 15.
fore purge himself from “these" ("vessels to 10 Why trouble ye the woman ?] Will ye dishonour"), he shall be a vessel unto honour, speak wickedly for God ? and talk deceitfully sanctified and meet for the master's use, and for him? Job xiii. 7. Why trouble ye her? prepared unto every good work. 2 Ti. ii. 21. she hath wrought a good work on me. Mar. They profess that they know God; but in xiv. 6. And “he” (“Jesius") turned to the works they deny him, being abominable, and woman (who had anointed his feet), and said disobedient, and unto every good work reprounto Simon (the leper), Seest thou this bate. Tit. i. 16. The grace of God that woman? I entered into thine house, thou bringeth salvation hath appeared unto all gavest me no water for my feet: but she hath men, teaching us, that denying ungodliness washed my feet with tears, and wiped them and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, with the hairs of her head. Thou gavest me righteously, and godly in this present world e no kiss : but this woman since the time I came looking for that blessed hope, and the gloin hath not ceased to kiss my feet. My head rious appearing of the great God, and our with oil thou didst not anoint: but this woman Saviour Jesus Christ, who gave himself for hath anointed my feet with ointment. Where- us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, forel say unto thee, Her sins, which are many, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, are forgiven, for she loved much: but to whom zealous of good works. Tit. ii. 11-14. Put little is forgiven, the same loveth little. And them in mind to be subject to principalities he said unto her, Thy sins are forgiven. And and powers, to obey magistrates, to be they that sat at meat with him began to say ready to every good work. This is a faithful within themselves, Who is this that forgiveth saying, and these things I will that thou sins also ? And he said to the woman, Thy affirm constantly, that they which have bem faith hath saved thee; go in peace. Lu. vii. lieved in God might be careful to maintain 44–50. There be some that trouble you, good works. And let our's also learn to mainand would pervert the Gospel of Christ. Ga tain good works for necessary uses, that they 1; 7. I would they were even cut off which be not unfruitful. Tit. iii. 1. 8.14. Now the trouble you. Ga. v. 12. From henceforth God of peace make you perfect in every good let no man trouble me; for I bear in my body work, to do his will, working in you that the marks of the Lord Jesus. Ga. vi. 17. which is well pleasing in his sight, through
A good work upon me. Then I told Jesus Christ. To whom be glory for ever " them" (" the Jews") of the hand of my God and ever. Amen. He. xiii. 20, 21. Abstain (said Nehemiah), which was good upon me; from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul, as also the king's (Artaxerres') words, that having your conversation honest among the de had spoken unto me. And they said. Let Gentiles, that whereas they speak against you us rise and build : so they strengthened their as evil-doers, they may by your good works, hands for this good work. Ne. ii. 18. God is which they shall behold, glorify God in the able to make all grace abound toward you; day of visitation. 1 Pe. ii. 11, 12. that ye, always having all sufficiency in all 11 Ye have the poor always.] Come, ye things, may abound to every good work. 2 blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom Co, ix. 8. We are all « his" ("* God's") prepared for you from the foundation of the Workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto world. For I was an hungred, and ye gave