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all uncleanness. Even so ye also outwardly appear righteous 28 unto men, but within ye are full of hypocrisy and iniquity. Woe 29 unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye build the tombs of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres of the righteous, And say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not 30 hare been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets. Wherefore ye be witnesses unto yourselves, that ye are the chil- 31
28 Ye also outwardly appear righteous.] Men and brethren (said Peter on the day of See verse 5. The Lord said unto Samuel, Pentecost), let me freely speak unto you of Look not on his (Eliab's) countenance, or on the patriarch David, that he is both dead and the height of his stature; because I have buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this refused him: for the Lord seeth not as man day. Ac. ii. 29. seeth, for man looketh on the outward ap- 30 The blood of the prophets. See verse pearance, but the Lord looketh on the heart. 34, 35. And the husbandmen took his (the I Sa. xvi. 7. Behold, thou desireth truth in householder which planted a vineyard) serthe inward parts; and in the hidden part vants, and beat one, and killed another, and thou shalt make me to know wisdom. Ps. li. stoned another. Again he sent other servants 6. The heart is deceitful above all things, more than the first ; and they did unto them and desperately wicked, who can know it? likewise. Mat. xxi. 35, 36. And the Lord I the Lord search the heart, I try the reins, God of their fathers sent to them (the Jews) even to give every man according to his ways, by his messengers, rising up betimes, and and according to the fruit of his doing. Je. sending, because he had compassion on his Ivii. 9, 10. Ye are they (said Jesus to the people, and on his dwelling-place. 2 Ch. Pharisees) which justify yourselves before xxxvi. 15. In vain have I smitten your men, but God knoweth your hearts. For children, they received no correction ; your that which is highly esteemed among men is own sword hath devoured your prophets like abomination in the sight of God. Lu. xvi. a destroying lion. Je. ii. 30. 15. The word of God is quick and powerful, 31 Witnesses unto yourselves.) And Joshua and sharper than any two-edged sword, pierc- said unto the people, Ye are witnesses against ing even to the dividing asunder of soul and yourselves, that ye have chosen you the Lord spirit, and of the joints and marrow; and is to serve him. And they said, We are wita discerner of the thoughts and intents of the nesses. Jos. xxiv. 22. Thy mouth uttereth heart. Neither is there any creature that is thine iniquity (said Eliphaz, reproving Job of not manifest in his sight; but all things are impiety), and thou choosest the tongue of the naked, and opened unto the eyes of him with crafty. Thine own mouth condemneth thee, whom we have to do. He. iv. 12, 13.
and not I: yea, thine own lips testify against But within ye are full of hypocrisy.) O thee. Job xv. 5, 6. So they (the wicked) generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, shall make their own tongue to fall upon speak good things ? Por out of the abundance themselves : all that see them shall flee away. of the heart the mouth speaketh. A good Ps. Ixiv. 8. Out of thine own mouth will I man, out of the good treasure of the heart judge thee, thou wicked servant (said the bringeth forth good things; and an evil man, nobleman in the parable); thou knewest that out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil I was an austere man, taking up that I laid things. Mat. xii. 34, 35. For out of the not down, and reaping that I did not sow; heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adul- wherefore then gavest not thou my money teries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blas- into the bank, that at my coming I might phemies. These are the things which defile have required mine own with usury. Lu. a man, but to eat with unwashen hands xix. 22, 23. defileth not a man. Mat. xv. 19, 20. From That ye are the children.] Ye stiff-necked, within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, always resist the Holy Ghost; as your fathers thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, las- did, so do ye. Which of the prophets have civiousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, not your fathers persecuted ? And they have foolishness: all these evil things come from slain them which shewed before of the coming within, and defile the man. Mar. vii. 21, of the Just One ; of whom ye have been now 22, 23.
the betrayers and murderers. Ac. vii. 51, 52. 29 Ye build the tombs of the prophets.] Ye also have suffered like things of your Woe unto you! for ye build the sepulchres own countrymen, even as they have of the of the prophets, and your fathers killed them. Jews; who both killed the Lord Jesus, and Truly ye bear witness that ye allow the deeds their own prophets, and have persecuted us : of your fathers, for they indeed killed them, and they please not God, and are contrary to and ye build their sepulchres. Lu. xi. 47, 48. all men. Forbidding us to speak to the 32 dren of them which killed the prophets. Fill ye up then the 33 measure of your fathers. Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, 34 how can ye escape the damnation of hell? Wherefore, behold,
I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and Scribes; and some
Gentiles, that they might be saved, to fill up of the sorceress, the seed of the adulterer, and their sins alway, for the wrath is come upon the whore. Against whom do ye sport yourthem to the uttermost. 1 Th. ii. 15, 16. selves ? against whom make ye a wide mouth,
32 The measure of your fathers.] In the and draw out the tongue? Are ye not chilfourth generation (said the Lord to Abram) dren of transgression, a seed of falsehood! " they" (" Abram's seed") shall come hither Is. lvii. 3, 4. O generation of vipers (said again, for the iniquity of the Amonites is not the Baptist), who hath warned you to fee yet full. Ge. xv. 16. Behold, ye are risen from the wrath to come ? Lu. iii. 7. Ye up in your father's stead, an increase of sinful are of your father the devil, and the lusts of men, to augment yet the fierce anger of the your father ye will do: he was a murderer Lord toward Israel, NŲ. xxxii. 14. Then from the beginning, and abode not in the the angel that talked with me went forth, and truth, because there is no truth in him. When said unto me, Lift up now thine eyes, and see he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: what is this that goeth forth. And I said, for he is a liar, and the father of it. Julen viii. What is it? and he said, This is an ephah 44. I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent that goeth forth. He said, moreover, This is beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your their resemblance through all the earth. And, minds should be corrupted from the simplicity behold, there was lifted up a talent of lead: that is in Christ. 2 Co. xi. 3. And the and this is a woman that sitteth in the midst dragon was cast out, that old serpent, caled of the ephah. And he said, This is wicked the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the ness. And he cast it into the midst of the whole world. Re. xii. 9. ephah ; and he cast the weight of lead upon How can ye escape the damnation, &c.] See the mouth thereof. Then lifted I up mine verse 14. How shall we escape, if we neglet eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came out so great salvation, which at first began to be two women, and the wind was in their wings; spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unta for they had wings like the wings of a stork : us by them that heard him. He ii. 3. He and they lifted up the ephah between the earth that despised Moses' law, died without mercy, and the heaven. Then said I to the angel under two or three witnesses. Of how much that talked with me, Whither do these bear sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall be be the ephah? And he said unto me, To build thought worthy who hath trodden under fodt it an house in the land of Shinar ; and it shall the Son of God, and hath counted the blood be established, and set there upon her own of the covenant wherewith he was sanctified base. Zec. v. 5-11.
an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto 33 Serpents.] When he saw many of the the Spirit of grace. He. X. 28, 29. See thuur Pharisees and Sadducees come to his (John's) ye refuse not him that speaketh; for if they baptism, he said unto them, O generation of escaped not who refused him that spake on vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the earth, much more shall not we escape, if we wrath to come ? Mat. iii. 7. O generation turn away from him that speaketh from heavens of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good He. xii. 25. things ? for out of the abundance of the heart 34 I send unto you, &c. Behold, I send the mouth speaketh. Mat. xii. 34. When you (his apostles) forth as sheep in the mids the time of the fruit drew near, he (the house- of wolves; be ye therefore wise as serpents, holder in the parable) sent his servants to the and harmless as doves. Mat. x. 16. Go ve husbandmen, that they might receive the therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them fruits of it. And the husbandmen took his in the name of the Father, and of the Soll, servants, and beat one, and killed another, and of the Holy Ghost; teaching them to and stoned another. Mat. xxi. 34, 35. I observe all things whatsoever I have comwill put enmity between thee (the serpent) manded you. And lo I am with you alway, and the woman, and between thy seed and even unto the end of the world. Amen. her seed: it shall bruise thy head, and thou Mat. xxviii. 19, 20. Therefore also, said the shalt bruise his heel. Ge. ii. 15. The wisdom of God, I will send them prophes wicked are estranged from the womb; they and apostles, and some of them they shall slay go astray as soon as they are born, speaking and persecute. Lu. xi. 49, Peace brune lies. Their poison is like the poison of a you said Jesus to his disciples); as my Father serpent; they are like the deaf adder that hath sent me, even so send I you. John It stoppeth her ear, which will not hearken to 21. Ye shall receive power (said Jesus to kas the voice of charmers, charming never so disciples) after that the Holy Ghost is comin wisely. Ps. lviii. 3, 4, 5. Draw near hither upon you. And ye shall be witnesses unita (said the Lord to the idolatrous Jews), ye sons me, both in Jerusalem and in all Judea, and
of them ye shall kill and crucify; and some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute them from city to city :
in Samaria, and unto the uttermost parts of he buildeth thereupon. 1 Co. iii. 10. (This the earth. Ac. i. 8. Wherefore I give you mystery among the Gentiles is) Christ in you, to understand, that no man speaking by the the hope of glory; whom we preach, warning Spirit of God calleth Jesus accursed ; and that every man in all wisdom, that we may present no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but every man perfect in Christ Jesus. Col. i. by the Holy Ghost. Now there are diver- 27, 28. sities of gifts, but the same Spirit ; and there S cribes.] Every Scribe which is instructed are differences of administrations, but the unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a same Lord; and there are diversities of man that is an householder, which bringeth operations, but it is the same God which forth out of his treasure things new and old. worketh all in all. But the manifestation of Mat. xiii. 52. the Spirit is given to every man to profit of them ye shall kill and crucify.] See withal. For to one is given, by the Spirit, chap. x. 16, 17. Ye stiff-necked, and uncirthe word of wisdom; to another the word of cumcised in heart and ears, ye do always knowledge, by the same Spirit ; to another resist the Holy Ghost; as your fathers did so faith, by the same Spirit; to another the gifts do ye. Which of the prophets have not your of healing, by the same Spirit; to another the fathers persecuted ? And they have slain working of miracles; to another prophecy; to them (said Stephen) which shewed before of another discerning of spirits ; to another divers the coming of the Just One, of whom ye have kinds of tongues; to another the interpreta- been now the betrayers and murderers. And tion of tongues. But all these worketh the (they) cast him (Stephen) out of the city, and self-same Spirit, dividing to every man seve- stoned him; and the witnesses laid down their rally as he will. 1 Co. xii. 3-11. Where- clothes at a young man's feet, whose name fore he saith, When he ascended up on high, was Saul. And they stoned Stephen, calling he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my men; (he that descended is the same also spirit. Ac. vii. 51, 52. 58, 59. And Saul that ascended up far above all heavens, that yet breathing out threatenings and slaughter he might fill all things.) And he gave some against the disciples of the Lord, went unto apostles, and some prophets, and some evan- the high priest, and desired of him letters to gelists, and some pastors and teachers ; for Damascus to the synagogues, that if he found the perfecting of the saints for the work of any of this way, whether they were men or the ministry; for the edifying of the body of women, he might bring them bound unto Christ. Ep. iv. 8-12.
Jerusalem. Ac. ix. 1, 2. And he (Herod, Prophets.] And in those days (while Bar- the king) killed James the brother of John nabas was preaching at Antioch) came pro- with the sword. Ac. xii. 2. And there came phets from Jerusalem unto Antioch. Ac. xi. thither (to Lystra) certain Jews from Antioch 27. Now there were in the church that was and Iconium, who persuaded the people, and at Antioch certain prophets and teachers; as having stoned Paul drew him out of the city, Barnabas, and Simeon that was called Niger, supposing he had been dead. Ac. xiv. 19. and Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen, which And when the blood of thy martyr Stephen had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch, was shed (said Saul to Jesus), I also was and Saul. Ac. xiii. 1. And Judas and Silas, standing by and consenting unto his death, being prophets also themselves, exhorted the and kept the raiment of them that slew him. brethren with many words, and confirmed Ac. xxii. 20. Ye, brethren, became followers theni, Ac. xv. 32. And they that dwell of the churches of God, which in Judea are upon the earth shall rejoice over "them" in Christ Jesus: for ye also have suffered like (" the two witnesses lying unburied"), and things of your own countrymen, even as they make merry; and shall send gifts one to have of the Jews, who both killed the Lord another, because these two prophets tor- Jesus and their own prophets, and have permented them that dwelt on the earth. Re. secuted us; and they please not God, and are xi. 10.
contrary to all men, forbidding us to speak to And wise men.] The fruit of the righteous the Gentiles that they might be saved, to fill is as a tree of life; and he that winneth souls up their sins alway; for the wrath is come is wise. Pr. xi. 30. Howbeit, we speak upon them to the uttermost. 1 The. ii. 14, wisdom among them that are perfect; yet not 15, 16. They (many of the ancient believers) the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes were stoned, they were sawn asunder, were of this world, that come to nought. I Co. ii. tempted, were slain with the sword; they 6. According to the grace of God, which is wandered about in sheep-skins and goatgiven unto me, as a wise master-builder I skins, being destitute, afflicted, tormented. have laid the foundation, and another buildeth He. xi. 37. thereon. But let every man take heed how
35 That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the
earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacha:
rias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the 36 altar. Verily I say unto you, All these things shall come upon
35 Upon you may come, &c.] Surely (said which he obtained witness that he was rights God to Noah and his sons) your blood of your eous, God testifying of his gifts, and by it he lives will I require; at the hand of every beast being dead yet speaketh. He. xi. 4. Yesure will I require it, and at the hand of man; at not come unto the mount that might be the hand of every man's brother will I re- touched, &c., but ye are come unto Mount quire the life of man. Whoso sheddeth man's Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the blood, by man shall his blood be shed; for in heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable the image of God made he man. Ge. ix. 5, 6. company of angels; and to Jesus the Mediator Ye shall not pollute the land wherein ye are ; of the New Covenant, and to the blood of for blood it defileth the land, and the land sprinkling, that speaketh better things than cannot be cleansed of the blood that is shed that of Abel. He. xii. 18. 22. 24. This is therein, but by the blood of him that shed it. the message that ye heard from the beginning, Nu. xxxv. 33. Our hands (the elders of the that we should love one another; not as Cain, city that are next unto the slain man shall say) who was of that wicked one, and slew his have not shed this blood, neither have our brother. And wherefore slew he him! Beeyes seen it. Be merciful, O Lord, unto thy cause his own works were evil, and his bro people Israel, whom thou hast redeemed, and ther's righteous. 1 John iii. 11, 12. lay not innocent blood unto thy people of Unto the blood of Zacharias.] The Spirit Israel's charge. De. xxi. 7, 8. Moreover, of God came upon Zechariah the son of de Manasseh shed innocent blood very much, till hoiada the priest, which stood above the pese he had filled Jerusalem from one end to ple, and said unto them, Thus saith God: another. 2 Ki. xxi. 16. In vain have I Why transgress ye the commandinents of the smitten your children; they received no cor- Lord, that ye cannot prosper! Because ye rection : your own sword hath devoured your have forsaken the Lord, he hath also forprophets like a destroying lion. O genera- saken you. And they conspired against him, tion, see ye the word of the Lord; in thy and stoned him with stones at the comskirts is found the blood of the souls of the mandment of the king, in the court of the poor innocents; I have not found it by secret house of the Lord. Thus Joash the king search, but upon all these. Je. ii. 30. 34. remembered not the kindness which Jehoiada Know ye for certain, that if ye put me to his father had done to him, but slew his sot death, ye shall surely bring innocent blood and when he died, he said, The Lord look upon yourselves (said Jeremiah), and upon upon it, and require it. 2 Chr. xxiv. 20, 21, this city, and upon the inhabitants thereof; 22. In the eighth month, in the second year for of a truth the Lord hath sent me unto you of Darius, came the word of the Lord uato to speak all these words in your ear. And Zechariah, the son Baracbiah, the son of Iddo they fetched forth Urijah out of Egypt, and the prophet. Zec. i. 1. That the blood of brought him unto Jehoiakim the king, who all the prophets which was shed from the slew him with the sword, and cast his dead foundation of the world may be required of body into the graves of the common people. this generation. Lu, xi. 51. Je. xxvi, 15. 23. The kings of the earth, 36 Au these things.] Verily I say unto and all the inhabitants of the world, would you, this generation shall not pass till all these not have believed that the adversary and the things be fulfilled. Matt. xxiv. 34. The enemy should have entered into the gates of word of the Lord came unto me, saying, Son Jerusalem. For the sins of her prophets, and of man, what is that proverb that ye have in the iniquities of her priests, that have shed the land of Israel, saying, The days are pro, the blood of the just in the midst of her, they longed, and every vision faileth? Tell themi have wandered as blind men in the streets, therefore, Thus saith the Lord God; I will they have polluted themselves with blood, so make this proverb to cease, and they shall no that men could not touch their garments. more use it as a proverb in Israel. But say Lam. iv, 12, 13, 14. In “her” (“ Babylon") unto them, The days are at hand, and the was found the blood of prophets, and of saints, effect of every vision; for there shall be bu and of all that were slain upon the earth. more any vain vision nor flattering divination Re. xviii. 24.
within the house of Israel. For I am the The blood of righteous Abel.) And Cain Lord: I will speak, and the word that I shall talked with Abel his brother; and it came to speak shall come to pass; it shall be no more pass, when they were in the field, that Cain prolonged : for in your days, O rebellious rose up against Abel his brother, and slew house, will I say the word, and will perform him. Ge. iv. 8. By faith Abel offered unto it, saith the Lord God. Again the wonder God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by the Lord came to me, saying, Son of mat,
this generation. O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the 37 prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often
behold, they of the house of Israel say, The and him they killed, and many others; beatvision that he seeth is for many days to come, ing some, and killing some. Having yet and he prophesieth of the times that are far therefore one son, his well-beloved, he sent off; therefore say unto them, Thus saith the him also last unto them, saying, They will Lord God, There shall none of my words be reverence my son. Mar. xii. 3—6. Again prolonged any more; but the word which I he sent another servant, and they beat him have spoken shall be done, saith the Lord also, and entreated him shamefully, and sent God. Ex. xii. 21-28. Verily I say unto him away empty. And again he sent a third, you, that this generation shall not pass till and they wounded him also, and cast him out, all these things be done. Heaven and earth Then said the lord of the vineyard, What shall shall pass away, but my words shall not pass I do? I will send my beloved son; it may away. Mar. xiii. 30, 31. Verily I say unto be they will reverence him when they see you, this generation shall not pass away till him. But when the husbandmen saw him, all be fulfilled. Heaven and earth shall pass they reasoned among themselves, saying, This 3way, but my words shall not pass away. is the heir; come, let us kill him, that the L. xxi. 32, 33.
inheritance may be ours. Lu. xx. 11-14. 37 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem.] O Jerusalem, And when they" (" the two witnesses”) shall wash thine heart from wickedness, that thou have finished their testimony, the beast that mayest be saved. How long shall thy vain ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make thoughts lodge within thee? Je. iv. 14. Be war against them, and shall overcome them, thou instructed, o Jerusalem, lest my soul and kill them. Re. xi. 7. And I saw the depart from thee; lest I make thee desolate, woman drunken with the blood of the saints, a land not inhabited. Je. vi. 8. O Jerusalem, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus. Jerusalem, which killest the prophets, and Re. xvii. 6. stonest them that are sent unto thee, how H ow often would I have gathered, &c.] often would I have gathered thy children And the Lord God of their fathers sent to together, as á hen doth gather her brood them by his messengers, rising up betimes, under her wings, and ye would not ? Lu. and sending; because he had compassion on xiii. 34. " Their" dead bodies (“ of the two his people, and on his dwelling place; but uitnesses that shall prophesy") shall lie in the “they" ("the Jews") mocked the messengers street of the great city, which spiritually is of God, and despised his words, and misused called Sodom, and Egypt, where also our his prophets, until the wrath of the Lord Lord was crucified. Re. xi. 8.
arose against his people, till there was no Tkou that killest the prophets.] See verses remedy. 2 Ch. xxvi. 15, 16. Hear, O my 30. 34, 35. Rejoice and be exceeding glad people, and I will testify unto thee, O Israel. (said Jesus to his disciples), for great is your If thou wilt hearken unto me, there shall no reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the strange God be in thee, neither shalt thou prophets which were before you. Mat. v. 12. worship any strange god. I am the Lord thy And the remnant took his servants (the king's God, which brought thee out of the land of servants who made a marriage for his son), Egypt; open thy mouth wide, and I will and entreated them spitefully, and slew them. fill it. But my people would not hearken to Mat. xxii. 6. Nevertheless “they" ("the my voice, and Israel would none of me. Ps. Jeras") were disobedient, and rebelled against lxxxvi. 8-11. Thus saith the Lord, Stand thee, and cast thy law behind their backs, ye in the ways, and see and ask for the old and slew thy prophets which testified against paths, where is the good way, and walk them to turn them to thee; and they wrought therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls. great provocations; therefore thou deliveredst But they said, We will not walk therein ; them into the hand of their enemies, who also I set watchmen over you, saying, Hearken vexed them; and in the time of their trouble, to the sound of the trumpet ; but they said, when they cried unto thee, thou heardest them We will not hearken. Je. vi. 16, 17. I from heaven, and according to thy manifold earnestly protested unto your fathers in the mercies, thou gavest them saviours, who saved day that I brought them out of the land of them out of the hand of their enemies. Ne. Egypt, even unto this day, rising early, and II. 26, 27. And “they” (“the husbandmen protesting, saying, Obey my voice; yet they in the parable") caught "him" (the "servant" obeyed not, nor inclined their ear, but walked sent to receive of the fruit of the vineyard), every one in the imagination of their evil and beat him, and sent him away empty. heart; therefore will I bring upon them all And again he sent unto them another servant; the words of this covenant, which I commanded and at him they cast stones, and wounded them to dobut they did them not. Je. xi. him in the head, and sent him away shame. 7. 8. The word of the Lord hath come unto Fully handled. And again he sent another; me (said Jeremiah), and I have spoken unta.