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CHAPTER XXI.

| And when they drew nigh unto Jerusalem, and were come to

Bethphage, unto the mount of Olives, then sent Jesus two dis2 ciples, Saying unto them, Go into the village over against you,

and straightway ye shall find an ass tied, and a colt with her: 3 loose them, and bring them unto me. And if any man say ought

unto you, ye shall say, The Lord hath need of them; and straight

CHAP. XXI.—1 When they drew nigh, &c.] will send him hither. Mar. xi. 2, 3. Go .ye And when they came nigh to Jerusalem, unto into the city, and there shall meet you a man Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount of bearing a pitcher of water, follow him; and Olives, he sendeth forth two of his disciples. wheresoever he shall go in, say ye to the good Mar. xi. 1. And when he had “ thus" spoken, man of the house, The Master saith, Where is (" the parable of the nobleman who left his the guest chamber, where I shall eat the Pass money with his servants") he went before, as- over with my disciples ? And he will shew cending up to Jerusalem. And it came to you a large upper room, furnished and prepass when he was come nigh to Bethphage pared, there make ready for us. And his disand Bethany in the mount, called the mount ciples went forth and came into the city, and of Olives, he sent two of his disciples. Lu. found as he had said unto them : and they xix. 28, 29.

made ready the Passover. Mar. xiv. 13-16. The mount of Olives.] And as he sat upon Go ye into the village over against you, in the the mount of Olives, the disciples came unto which at your entering you shall find a colt him privately, saying, Tell us when shall tied, whereon yet never man sat; loose him these things (the coming of the Son of man, &c.) and bring him hither. And if any man ask be? Mat. xxiv. 3. And when they had you, Why do ye loose him ? thus shall ye sung an hymn (after the institution of the say unto him, Because the Lord hath need of Lord's Supper), they went out into the mount him. And they that were sent went their way, of Olives. Mat. xxvi. 30. And his feet shall and found even as he had said unto them. stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, L. xix. 30, 31, 32. His (Jesus) mother which is before Jerusalem on the east, and saith unto the servants (at the marriage en the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst Cana of Galilee), Whatsoever he saith unto thereof, toward the east and toward the west, you do it. And there were set there six waterand there shall be a very great valley; and pots of stone, after the manner of the purifyhalf of the mountain shall remove toward the ing of the Jews, containing two or three firkins north, and half of it toward the south. Zec. a piece. Jesus saith unto them, Fill the waterxiv. 4. And when he was come nigh, even pots with water; and they filled them up to now at the descent of the mount of Olives, the brim. And he saith unto them, Draw out the whole multitude of disciples began to now, and bear to the governor of the feast. rejoice, and praise God with a loud voice for And they bare it. John ii. 5-8. all the mighty works that they had seen. 3 The Lord hath need of them. Who ar ! Lu. xix. 37. And in the day-time he was (said David), and what is my people, that we teaching in the temple; and at night he went should be able to offer so willingly after this out and abode in the mount that is called the sort ? for all things come of thee, and of think mount of Olives. Lu. xxi. 37. Jesus went own have we given thee; for we are strangers unto the mount of Olives. John viii. 1. Then before thee, and sojourners, as were all our (when a cloud had received Jesus out of the fathers. Our days on the earth are as & 4 postles' sight) returned they unto Jerusalem shadow, and there is none abiding O Lord from the mount called Olivet, which is from Je- our God, all this store that we have prepared rusalem a sabbath-day's journey. Ac. i. 12. to build thee an house for thine holy name

2 Gointo the village, &c.] Go into the cometh of thine hand, and is all thine own.. city to such a man (said Jesus before the last 1 Ch. xxix. 14, 15, 16. The earth is the Supper), and say unto him, The Master saith, Lord's and the fulness thereof, the world and My time is at hand, I will keep the Passover they that dwell therein. Ps. xxiv. 1. Every at thy house with my disciples. Mat. xxvi. beast of the forest is mine (saith God), and the 18. Go your way into the village, over against cattle upon a thousand hills; I know all the you, and as soon as ye be entered into it, ye fowls of the mountains, and the wild beasts of shall find a colt, tied, whereon never man sat; the field are mine. Ps. 1. 10, 11. The silver loose him and bring him. And if any man say is mine and the gold is mine, saith the Lord unto you, Why do ye this? say ye that the of hosts; the glory of this latter house shall Lord hath need of him, and straightway he be greater than of the former, saith the Lord

way he will send them. All this was done, that it might be 4 fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, Tell ye the 5 daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and

of hosts, and in this place will I give peace, the Scripture should be fulfilled, A bone saith the Lord of hosts. Hag. ii. 8, 9. The of him shall not be broken. And again anFather loveth the Son, and hath given all other Scripture saith, They shall look on him things into his hand. John iii. 35. Glorify whom they pierced. John xix. 36, 37. Zec. thy Soo (said Jesus to the Father), that thy xii. 10. Ex. xii. 46. Nu. ix. 12. Son also may glorify thee, as thou hast given Saying.] Rejoice greatly, o daughter of him power over all flesh, that he should give Zion; shout, o daughter of Jerusalem : beeternal life to as many as thou hast given him. hold, thy King cometh unto thee : he is just, John xvii. 1, 2. God that made the world, and having salvation ; lowly, and riding upon and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass. Zec. of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples ix. 9. Fear not, daughter of Zion: behold, made with hands, neither is worshipped with thy King cometh, sitting on an ass's colt. men's hands, as though he needed any thing, John xii. 15. seeing he giveth to all, life, and breath, and 5 The daughter of Sion, &c.] That I may all things. Ac. xvii. 24, 25. For ye know shew forth all thy praise in the gates of the the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that daughter of Zion (have mercy upon me, O Lord): though he was rich, yet for your sakes hre I will rejoice in thy salvation. Ps. ix. 14. became poor, that ye through his poverty Cry out and shout, thou inhabitant of Zion ; might be rich. 2 Co. viii. 9.

for great is the Holy One of Israel in the And straightway he will send them.) And midst of thee. Is. xii. 6. O Zion, that bringSaul also went home to Gibeah, and there est good tidings, get thee up into the high went with him a band of men whose hearts mountain. O Jerusalem, that bringest good God had touched (to choose him king). I Sa. tidings, lift up thy voice with strength; lift it * 26. Arise (said the word of the Lord to up, be not afraid ; say unto the cities of Judah, Elijah), get thee to Zarephath, which belongeth Behold your God! Is. xl. 9. Behold, the to Zidon, and dwell there. Behold, I have Lord hath proclaimed unto the end of the world, commanded a widow woman there to sustain Say ye to the daughter of Zion, Behold, thy thee. 1 Ki. xvii. 9. In the first year of salvation cometh ; behold, his reward is with Cyrus, King of Persia, the Lord stirred up him, and his work before him. Is. Ixii. 11. the spirit of Cyrus, king of Persia, that he Sing O daughter of Zion; shout, O Israel ; made a proclamation, saying, he (God) hath be glad and rejoice with all the heart, o charged me to build him an house in Jeru- daughter of Jerusalem. The Lord hath taken salem, which is in Judah. Tben rose up the away thy judgments, he hath cast out thine chief of the fathers of Judah and Benjamin, enemy: the King of Israel, even the Lord, is and the priests and the Levites, with all them in the midst of thee: thou shalt not see evil whose spirit God had raised, to go up to any more. Zep. iii. 14, 15. They (the disciples) build the house of the Lord which is in Jeru- went their way, and found the colt tied by the salem. Ezr. i. l. 5. Blessed be the Lord door without in a place where two ways met; God of our Fathers, which hath put such a and they loose him. And certain of them ling as this in the king's heart, to beautify that stood there said unto them, What do ye, the house of the Lord which is in Jerusa- loosing the colt? And they said unto them lem. Ezr. vii. 27. Moreover, brethren, we do even as Jesus had commanded ; and they let you to wit of the grace of God bestowed on the them go. And they brought the colt to Jesus, churches of Macedonia, how that in a 'great and cast their garments on him; and he sat trial of affliction, the abundance of their joy upon him. And many spread their garments and their deep poverty abounded unto the in the way; and others cut down branches off hehes of their liberality. 2 Co. viii. ], 2. the trees, and strawed them in the way. And Thanks be to God, which put the same earnest they that went before, and they that followed, care into the heart of Titus for you. 2 Co. cried, saying, Hosanna ! Blessed is he that viii. 16. Every good gift and every perfect cometh in the naine of the Lord. Blessed be gitt is from above, and cometh down from the kingdom of our father David, that cometh the Father of lights, with whom is no va- in the name of the Lord : Hosanna in the riableness, neither shadow of turning. Ja. highest. Mar. xi. 4-10. i. 17.

Thy King cometh unto thee.] See chap. ii. 2. 4 This was done.) See chap. i. 22. All this 6. The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, Was done (Christ being betrayed, &c.) that the nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gatherThen all the disciples forsook him, and fled. ing of the people be. Ge. xlix. 10. Out of Mat. xxvi. 56. These things were done Jacob shall come he that shall have dominion, (the soldiers not breaking Jesus' legs) that and shall destroy him that remaineth of the

6 sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass. And the dis

city. Nu. xxiv. 19. I will declare the de- God (of his stock), and my servant David a prince cree: the Lord hath said unto me, Thou art among them: I the Lord have spoken it my Son; this day have I begotten thee. Ask Ex. xxxiv. 24. David my servant shall be of me and I shall give thee the heathen for king over them, and they all shall have one thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of shepherd : they shall also walk in my judg. the earth for thy possession. Thou shalt ments, and observe my statutes, and do them break them with a rod of iron ; thou shalt Ez. xxxvii. 24. In the days of these kings dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel. (shadowed in Nebuchadnezzar's dream) shall Be wise now, therefore, o ye kings : be the God of heaven set up a kingdom which instructed, ye judges of the earth. Serve shall never be destroyed : and the kingdom the Lord with fear, and rejoice with trem shall not be left to other people, but it shall bling. Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and break in pieces and consume all these kingye perish from the way, when his wrath is doms: and it shall stand for ever. Foraskindled but a little. Blessed are all they that much as thou sawest (said Daniel) that the put their trust in him. Ps. ii. 7--12. My stone was cut out of the mountain without heart is inditing of a good matter, I speak of hands, and that it brake in pieces, the iron, the things which I have made touching the the brass, the clay, the silver, and the gold; king. Thou art fairer than the children of the great God hath made known unto the king men ; grace is poured into thy lips : therefore what shall come to pass hereafter : and the God hath blessed thee for ever. Gird thy sword dream is certain, and the interpretation thereof upon thy thigh, 0 thou most mighty, with sure. Da. ii. 44, 45. I saw in the night thy glory and thy majesty. And in thy ma visions (said Daniel), and behold, one like the jesty ride prosperously; and thy right hand Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, shall teach thee terrible things. Thy throne, and came to the Ancient of days, and they O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of brought him near before him. And there was thy kingdom is a right sceptre. Thou lovest given him dominion, and glory, and a kingrighteousness, and hatest wickedness: there- dom, that all people, nations, and languages, fore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with should serve him : his dominion is an everthe oil of gladness above thy fellows. I will lasting dominion, which shall not pass away; make thy name to be remembered in all gene- and his kingdom that which shall not be rations; therefore shall the people praise thee destroyed. Da. vii. 13, 14. Thou, Beth-lefor ever. Ps. xlv. 1-4. 6, 7. 17. Give the hem Ephratah, though thou be little among king thy judgments, O God, and thy righte- the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall ousness unto the king's son. He shall judge he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in thy people with righteousness, and thy poor Israel; whose goings forth have been from with judgment. In his days shall the righteous of old, from everlasting. Mi. v. 2 Thus flourish. He shall have dominion also from speaketh the Lord of hosts, saying, Behold, sea to sea : all kings shall fall down before the man whose name is the Branch; and he him, all nations shall serve him. He shall shall grow up out of his place, and he shall spare the poor and needy, and shall save the build the temple of the Lord : even be shall souls of the needy. He shall redeem their build the temple of the Lord ; and he shall soul from deceit and violence : and precious bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon his shall their blood be in his sight. His name throne : and he shall be a priest upon his shall endure for ever: his name shall be con throne: and the counsel of peace shall be betinued as long as the sun, and men shall be tween them both. Zec. vi. 12, 13. Pilate blessed in him; all nations shall call him saith unto “ them" ("the Jews"), Shall I blessed: and let the whole earth be filled crucify your king ? The chief priest anwith his glory; Amen, and Amen. Ps. lxxii. swered, We have no king but Cesar. And 1-19. The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit Pilate wrote a title and put it on the cross: thou on my right hand, until I make thine and the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH, enemies thy footstool. The Lord shall send THE KING OF THE JEWS. Then said the the rod of thy strength out of Zion ; rule thou chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not in the midst of thine enemies. Thy people the King of the Jews; but that he said, I am shall be willing in the day of thy power, in King of the Jews. Pilate answered, What I have the beauties of holiness from the womb of written I have written. Jokn xix. 15--22. the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth. Meek.] See chap. ii. 29; xii. 19, 20, Lat The Lord hath sworn and will not repent, nothing be done through strife, or vain-glory: Thou art a priest for ever after the order of but in lowliness of mind let each esteem Melchizedek. Ps. cx. 1-4. In his days (of the other better than themselves. Look not every righteous Branch) Judah shall be saved, and man on his own things, but every man also Israel shall dwell safely : and this is his name on the things of others. Phi. ii. 3, 4. whereby he shall be called, the Lord our Righte- Sitting upon an ass. But * he." (

A Y ousness. Jer. xxiji, 6. I the Lord will be their king," said the Lord to the Israelites by Mome)

ciples went, and did as Jesus commanded them, And brought the 7 ass, and the colt, and put on them their clothes, and they set him . thereon. And a very great multitude spread their garments in the s way; others cut down branches from the trees, and strawed them in the way. And the multitudes that went before, and that fol- 9 lowed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David : Blessed iss

shall not multiply horses to himself, nor cause (said Jesus), If ye do whatsoever I command the people to return to Egypt to the end that you. John xv. 14. he should multiply horses : forasmuch as the 7 Brought the ass.] And they brought Lord hath said unto you, Ye shall hence- the colt to Jesus, and cast their garments on forth return no more that way. De. xvii. 16. him; and he sat upon him. Mar. xi. 7. And * Speak, ye” (“ governors of Israel”) that they brought him to Jesus ; and they cast ride on white asses; ye that sit in judg- their garments upon the colt; and they set ment, and walk by the way. Ju. v. 10. Jesus thereon. Lu. xix. 35. And "he" (" Abdon" who judged Israel) had Put on them their clothes. Then (when forty sons, and thirty nephews, that rode they heard that Jehu was anointed king) they on three score and ten ass-colts. Ju. xii. 14. hasted, and took every man his garment, and And the king (David) said unto Ziba (the put it under him on the top of the stairs, and servant of Mephibosheth), What meanest thou blew with trumpets, saying, Jehu is king. by these two asses saddled, and upon them 2 Ki. ix. 13. bread, raisins, summer-fruits, and wine)? And 8 Others cut down branches, &c.] Ye shall Ziba said, The asses be for the king's house- take you on the first day (of the feast of taberhold to ride on, &c. &c. 2 Sa. xvi. 2. The nacles) the boughs of goodly trees, branches king (David) also said unto them (Zadok the of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah and willows of the brook : and ye shall rejoice the Son of Jehoiada), Take with you the ser before the Lord your God seven days. Le. vants of your Lord, and cause Solomon, my xxiii. 40. Much people that were come to son, to ride upon mine own mule; and bring the feast, when they heard that Jesus was him down to Gihon. 1 Ki. i. 33. And they coming to Jerusalem ; took branches of palm brought every man his present (to Solomon), trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and gar- Hosanna ! blessed is the King of Israel that ments, and armour, and spices, horses, and cometh in the name of the Lord. John xii. mules, a rate year by year: and Solomon 13. gathered together chariots and horsemen. 9 Hosanna to the Son of David. See verse 1 Ki. x. 25, 26. I will have mercy upon the 15. This is the day which the Lord hath House of Judah, and will save them by the made; we will rejoice and be glad in it. Save Lord their God; and will not save them by now, I beseech thee, O Lord; O Lord, I bebow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, seech thee, send now prosperity. Blessed be nor by horsemen. Ho. i. 7. It shall come he that cometh in the name of the Lord; to pass, in that day, saith the Lord, That we have blessed you out of the house of the I will cut off thy horses out of the midst Lord. Ps. cxviii. 24, 25, 26. And they that of thee ; and I will destroy thy chariots. went before (Jesus), and they that followed, Mi. v. 10. I will cut off the chariot from cried, saying, Hosanna; blessed is he that - Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem. Zec. cometh in the name of the Lord. Blessed be ix. 10.

the kingdom of our father David, that cometh 6 And did as Jesus commanded.] Thus in the name of the Lord ; Hosanna in the did Noah, according to all that God com- highest. Mar. xi. 9, 10. manded him; so did he. Ge. vi. 22. So Blessed is he that cometh, &c.] I say unto Abram departed, as the Lord had spoken unto you (said Jesus to the people of Jerusalem), Ye him (to go to a strange land from Haran). shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall say, Ge. xii. 4. And Moses did look upon all the Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the work (of the tabernacle), and, behold, they Lord. Mat. xxiii. 39. And when he was had done it as the Lord had commanded; come nigh, even now at the descent of the even so had they done it: and Moses blessed mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the them. Ex. xxxix. 43. Thus did Moses ac- disciples began to rejoice, and praise God with cording to all that the Lord commanded him; a loud voice, for all the mighty works that so did he. Ex. xl. 16. It repenteth me (said they had seen ; saying, Blessed be the King God), That I have set up Saul to be king; for that cometh in the name of the Lord; peace he is turned back from following me, and hath in heaven, and glory in the highest. Lu. xix. not performed my commandments. And it 37, 38. Much people that were come to the grieved Samuel : and he cried unto the Lord feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming all night. 1 Sa. xv. 11. Ye are my friends to Jerusalem, took branches of palm-trees, VOL. II.

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he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest. 10 And when he was come into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, 11 saying, Who is this? And the multitude said, This is Jesus the 12 prophet of Nazareth of Galilee. And Jesus went into the temple

and went forth to meet him, and cried, Ho- art thou, Lord (said Saul)? And the Lord sanna! blessed is the King of Israel that said, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest. Ac. cometh in the name of the Lord. And Jesus, ix. 5. when he had found a young ass, sat thereon: 11 This is Jesus the prophet, &c.] See as it is written, Fear not, daughter of Zion; chap. xvi. 13, 14. The Lord thy God will behold, thy King cometh, sitting on an ass's raise up unto thee a prophet from the midst colt, John xii. 12-15.

of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto In the highest.] Glory to God in the him ye shall hearken. And the Lord said highest, and on earth peace, good will toward unto me (said Moses), They have well spoken men. Lu. ii. 14.

that which they have spoken; I will raise 10 Au the city was moved.] See chap. ii. 3. them up a prophet from among their brethren, So “they two" (Naomi and Ruth") went like unto thee, and will put my words into until they came to Bethlehem : and it came his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all to pass when they were come to Bethlehem, that I command him. And it shall come to that all the city was moved about them; and pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto they said, Is this Naomi? Ru, i. 19. And my words which he shall speak in my name, Samuel did that which the Lord spake, and I will require it of him. De. xvii. 15–18. came to Bethlehem (seeking the house of And there came a fear on all (when he raised Jesse); and the elders of the town trembled to life the widow's son at Nain), and they at his coming, and said, Comest thou peace- glorified God, saying, That a great prophet ably? 1. Sa. xvi. 4. These things (which is risen up among us; and that God hath were written by Zechariah, saying, Behold visited his people. Lu. vii. 16. Many of the thy King cometh sitting on an ass's colt) un- people, when they heard "this saying " ("skal derstood not his disciples at the first; but, flow rivers of living water"), said, Of a truth, when Jesus was glorified, then remembered this is the prophet. John vii. 40. They say they that these things were written of him, unto the blind man again (whom Jesus healed). and that they had done these things unto him. What sayest thou of him, that he hath opened The people, therefore, that was with him, thine eyes? He said, He is a propbet. when he called Lazarus out of his grave, and John ix. 17. For Moses truly said unto the raised him from the dead, bare record. For fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God this cause the people also met him; for that raise up unto you, of your brethren, like unto they heard that he had done this miracle. me; him shall ye hear in all things whatso The Pharisees, therefore, said among them- ever he shall say unto you. And it shall selves, Perceive ye how ye prevail nothing? come to pass, that every soul which will not Behold the world is gone after him. John xii. hear that prophet, shall be destroyed from 16-19.

among the people. Ac. ii. 22, 23. This is Who is this?] Who is this that cometh that Moses which said unto the children of out of the wilderness like pillars of smoke, Israel, A prophet shall the Lord your God perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with raise up unto you, of your brethren, like unte all powders of the merchant ? Can. üi. 6. me; him shall ye hear. Ac. vii. 37 Who is this that cometh from Edom with Of Nazareth of Galilee.] See chap. ii. 23 dyed garments from Bozrah? this that is We have found him (said Philip to Nathanael) glorious in his apparel, travelling in the great- of whom Moses in the law and the prophets ness of his strength ? I that speak in righte, did write, Jesus of Nazareth, the Son of Joseph ousness, mighty to save. Is. Ixiii. 1. And And Nathanael said unto him, Can there any the Scribes and the Pharisees began to reason, good thing come out of Nazareth ? Philip saying, Who is this which speaketh blasphe- saith unto him, Come and see, Jesus sam mies? Who can forgive sins but God alone? Nathanael coming to him, and saith of history Lu. y. 21. And they that sat at meat with Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is do him began to say, within themselves, Who is guile. John i. 45, 46, 47. Those men, when this that forgiveth sins also? Lu. vii. 49. they had seen the miracle that Jesus did Herod said, John have I beheaded : but who (feeding five thousand with five loaves and 180 is this of whom I hear such things ? And he fishes), said, This is of a truth that prophet desired to see him. Lu. ix. 9. Tell us (said that should come into the world. Joka vi. 14. the chief priests and Scribes), by what autho- 12 Went into the temple of God.] Bebold rity doest thou these things ? or who is he I will send my messenger, and he shall pre that gave thee this authority. Lu. XX. 2. pare the way before me: and the Lord whoon What sign shewest thou unto us, seeing that ye seek shall suddenly come to his temple, thou doest these things ? John ii. 18. Who even the messenger of the covenant whom ye

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