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an housholder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure things new and old. And it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished 53 these parables, he departed thence. And when he was come into 54 his own country, he taught them in their synagogue, insomuch
the pillar and ground of the truth. And known unto me the mystery, as I wrote afore without controversy great is the mystery of in few words, whereby, when ye read, ye godliness. God was manifest in the flesh, may understand my knowledge in the mystery justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached of Christ. Unto me, who am less than the unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, least of all saints, is this grace given; that received up into glory. 1 Ti. iii. 6. 15, 16. I should preach among the Gentiles the unAll Scripture is given by inspiration of God, searchable riches of Christ. Ep. iii. 4.8. . and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for T hings new and old.] The mandrakes give correction, for instruction in righteousness; a smell, and at our gates are all manner of that the man of God may be perfect, throughly pleasant fruits, new and old, which I have furnished unto all good works. 2 Ti. iii. 16, laid up for thee, O my "beloved" (saith the 17., A bishop must be blameless; holding church to “ Christ"). Can. vii. 13. A new fast the faithful word, as he hath been taught; commandment I give unto you, that ye love that he may be able by sound doctrine, both one another; as I have loved you, that ye also to exhort and to convince the gainsayers. love one another. John xiii. 34. Brethren, Tit. i. 9. Young men likewise exhort to be I write no new commandment unto you, but sober-minded ; in all things shewing thyself a an old commandment, which ye had from the pattern of good works: in doctrine shewing beginning. Again, a new commandment I uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity. Tit. ii. 6,7. write unto you, which thing is true in him
Which bringeth forth out of his treasure, &c.] and in you; because the darkness is past, and See chap. xii. 35. The fruit of the righteous the true light now shineth. John ii. 7, 8. is a tree of life, and he that winneth souls is 53 He departed thence.] With many such wise. Pr. xi. 30. The lips of the wise dis- parables spake he the word unto them, as they perse knowledge ; but the heart of the foolish were able to hear it ; but without a parable doeth not so. Pr. xv. 7. He that handleth spake he not unto them; but when they were a matter wisely shall find good: and whoso alone, he expounded all things to his disciples. trusteth in the Lord happy is he. Pr. xvi. 20. And the same day, when the even was come, The words of a man's mouth are as deep he saith unto them, Let us pass over unto the waters; and the well-spring of wisdom as a other side. Mar. iv. 33, 34, 35. flowing brook. Pr. xviii. 4. Bow down thine 54 When he was come into his own country.] ear, and hear the words of the wise, and See chap. ii. 23. And he (Jesus) went out apply thine heart unto my knowledge. For from thence, and came into his own country, it is a pleasant thing if thou keep “them" ("the and his disciples follow him. And when the words of the wise") within thee; they shall sabbath-day was come, he began to teach in withal be fitted in thy lips. Pr. xxii. 17, 18. the synagogue: and many hearing him were Because the preacher was wise, he still taught astonished, saying, from whence hath this the people knowledge; yea, he gave good man these things ? And what wisdom is this heed, and sought out, and set in order many which is given unto him, that even such proverbs. The preacher sought to find out mighty works are wrought by his hands? acceptable words, and that which was written Mar. vi, 1, 2. And he (Jesus) came to Nawas upright, even words of truth. The words zareth, where he had been brought up, and as of the wise are as goads, and as nails, fastened his custom was, he went into the synagogue by the masters of assemblies, which are given on the sabbath-day, and stood up for to read from one shepherd. Ec. xi. 9, 10, 11. We (the people wonder at his gracious words, but, preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the being offended, go about to kill him). But he, Lord, and ourselves your servants for Jesus' passing through the midst of them, went his sake; for God, who commanded the light to way. Lu. iv. 16. 30. He came unto his shine out of darkness, hath shined in our own, and his own received him not. John hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of i. 11. the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ; He taught them in their synagogue.] I but we have this treasure in earthen vessels, will declare thy name unto my brethren: in that the excellency of the power may be of the midst of the congregation will I praise God, and not of us. 2 Co. iv. 5, 6, 7. We thee. Ps. xxii. 22. I have preached rightebeseech you that ye receive not the grace of ousness in the great congregation ; lo, I have God in vain; in all things approving our not refrained my lips, O Lord, thou knowest selves as the ministers of God; as sorrowful, I have not hid thy righteousness within my yet alway rejoicing; as poor, yet making heart; I have declared thy faithfulness and many rich ; as having nothing, yet possessing thy salvation; I have not concealed thy all things. 2 Co. vi. 1. 10. He (Jesus) made loving-kindness and thy truth from the great
that they were astonished, and said, Whence hath this man this 55 wisdom, and these mighty works? Is not this the carpenter's
son? Is not his mother called Mary and his brethren, James, 56 and Joses, and Simon, and Judas? And his sisters, are they not
congregation. Ps. xl. 9, 10. Then (when witness, and wondered at the gracious words the Jews spake against those things which were which proceeded out of his mouth; and they spoken by Paul) Paul and Barnabas waxed said, Is not this Joseph's son? Lu. iv. 22 bold, and said, It was necessary that the word Philip findeth Nathanael, and saith unto him, of God should first have been spoken to you ; We have found him, of whom Moses in the but seeing ye put it from you, and judge law and the prophets did write; Jesus of yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, Nazareth, the son of Joseph. And Nathanael we turn to the Gentiles. Ac. xiii. 46. It said unto him, Can there any good thing came to pass that, after three days, Paul called come out of Nazareth ? John i. 45, 46. Is the chief of the Jews together, and when they not this Jesus (said the Jews, murmuring were come together, he said unto them, among themselves) the son of Joseph, whose Though I have committed nothing against the father and mother we know? How is it, people, or customs of our fathers, yet was I then, that he saith, I came down from hea. delivered prisoner from Jerusalem into the ven? John vi. 42. Others said (when there hands of the Romans. (He continued to was a division among the people), This is the preach, and some believed the things which were Christ! But some said, Shall Christ come spoken, and some believed not, he concluded out of Galilee? Hath not the Scriptures said, with,) Be it known therefore unto you, that That Christ cometh of the seed of David, and the salvation of God is sent unto the Gentiles, out of the town of Bethlehem, where David and that they will hear it. And when he had was ? John vii. 41, 42. We know (said the said these words the Jews departed, and had Jews to the man that was born blind, selaou great reasoning among themselves. Ac. xxviii. Jesus healed,) that God spake unto Moses; ** 17. 28, 29.
for this fellow, we know not from whence he They were astonished.] The Jews mar is. John ix. 29. velled (that Jesus went up into the temple and Is not his mother called Mary?] See chap taught), saying, How knoweth this man i. 18-20. The angel Gabriel was sent from letters, having never learned ? Jesus an- God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, swered them and said, My doctrine is not to a virgin espoused to a man whose name mine, but his that sent me. John vii. 15, 16. was Joseph, of the house of David ; and the When they (the Jews) saw the boldness of virgin's name was Mary. Lu. i. 26, 27, Peter and John, and perceived that they were Joseph went up from Galilee to be taxed with unlearned and ignorant men, they marvelled, Mary his espoused wife, being great with and they took knowledge of them, that they child. And so it was, that while they were had been with Jesus. Ac. iv. 13.
there, the days were accomplished that she 55 The carpenter's son. I am a worm should be delivered ; and she brought forth and no man; a reproach of men, and despised her first-born son, and wrapped him in swad. of the people. Ps. xxii. 6. Thus saith the dling clothes, and laid him in a manger, beLord, the Redeemer of Israel, and his Holy cause there was no room for them in the inn. One, to him whom man despiseth ; to him Lu. ii. 5, 6, 7. whom the nation abhorreth ; to a servant of And his brethren, James, and Joses, &c.] rulers, Kings shall see and arise ; princes also See chap. xii. 46. 48. Many women were shall worship, because of the Lord that is there (at the crucifixion of Jesus) beholding: faithful, and the Holy One of Israel, and he among which was Mary Magdalene, and shall choose thee. Is. xlix. 7. He (Christ) Mary, the mother of James, and Joses; and hath no form nor comeliness; and when we the mother of Zebedee's children. Mat. xxvii. shall see him, there is no beauty that we 55, 56. There were women looking on afar should desire him. He is despised and re- off; among whom was Mary Magdalene, and jected of men; a man of sorrows and ac- Mary, the mother of James the less, and of quainted with grief; and we hid, as it were, Joses, and Salome. And Mary Magdalene, our faces from him; he was despised and we and Mary, the mother of Joses, beheld where esteemed him not. Is. liii. 2, 3. Is not this he was laid. Mar. xv. 40. 47. And when the carpenter (said his own countrymen)? the the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had and of Juda, and Simon ? And are not his bought sweet spices, that they might come sisters here with us? And they were offended and anoint him. Mar. xvi. 1. It was Mary at him. Mar. vi. 3. Jesus himself began to Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother be about thirty years of age, being (as was of James, and other women that were with supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the them, which told these things (of Christ's te son of Heli. Lu. iii. 23. And all bare him surrection) unto the apostles. LX. xxiv. 10,
all with us? Whence then hath this man all these things? And they were offended in him. But Jesus said unto them, 57 A prophet is not without honour, save in his own country, and in his own house. And he did not many mighty works there because 58 of their unbelief.
Now there stood by the cross of Jesus, his And they have slain them which shewed mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the before of the coming of the Just One, of whom wife of Cleophas. and Mary Magdalene. ve have been now the betravers and mur. Johnı xix. 25. Other of the apostles (said derers. Ac. vii. 37-39. 51, 52. Paul) I saw none, save James the Lord's 58 He did not many mighty works there.] brother. Ga. i. 19.
He could there (in Nazareth) do no mighty 57 They were offended in him.] See chap. work, save that he laid his hands upon a few xi. 6. and com. also verse 55, and com. Blessed sick folk and healed them.' And he maris ke said Jesus) whosoever shall not be velled because of their unbelief. Mar. vi. 5, 6. offended in me. Lu. vii. 23. We preach I tell you of a truth (said Jesus) many widows Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumbling- were in Israel in the days of Elias, when the block, and unto the Greeks foolishness; and heaven was shut up three years and six unto them which are called, both Jews and months, when great famine was throughout Greeks, Christ the power of God and the all the land. But unto none of them was wisdom of God. Because the foolishness of Elias sent, save unto Sarepta, a city of Sidon, God is wiser than men ; for ye see your call- unto a woman that was a widow. And many ing, brethren, how that not many wise men lepers were in Israel in the time of Eliseus after the flesh, not many mighty, not many the prophet; and none of them was cleansed noble, are called; but God hath chosen the saving Naaman the Syrian. And all they in foolish things of the world to confound the the synagogue, when they heard these things, wise; and God hath chosen the weak things were filled with wrath, and rose up and thrust of the world to confound the things which him out of the city, and led him unto the are mighty; and base things of the world, brow of the hill whereon their city was built, and things which are not, to bring to nought that they might cast him down headlong. things that are. 1 Co. i. 23-28.
Lu. iv. 25—29. Because of unbelief “they'! A prophet is not without honour, &c.] King (" the branches of the wild olive") were broken Herod heard of him (Jesus, for his name was off; and thou (the Gentile) standest by faith. spread abroad), and he said, That John the Be not high-minded, but fear. Ro. xi. 20. Baptist was risen from the dead, and there. Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of fore mighty works do shew forth themselves you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing in him. Mar. vi. 14. Verily I say unto from the living God; but exhort one another yon (said Jesus), No prophet is accepted in daily, while it is called to-day, lest any of you his own country. Lu. iv. 24. Jesus himself be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin; testified, that a prophet hath no honour in for we are made partakers of Christ if we his own country. John iv. 44. Moses truly hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast said unto the fathers (said Peter), A prophet unto the end. While it is said, To-day, if ye shall the Lord your God raise up unto you will hear his voice, harden not your hearts as of your brethren like unto me, him shall ye in the provocation ; for some, when they had heat in all things whatsoever he shall say heard, did provoke : howbeit, not all that unto you. And it shall come to pass, that came out of Egypt by Moses. But with Every soul which will not hear that prophet whom was he grieved forty years ? Was it shall be destroyed from among the people. not with them that had sinned, whose car. Ac. iii. 22, 23. This is that Moses (said casses fell in the wilderness? And to whom Stephen) which said unto the children of sware he that they should not enter into his Israel, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise rest, but to them that believed not? So we up unto you of your brethren like unto me, him see that they could not enter in because of shall ye hear; this is he that was in the unbelief. He. ii. 12-19. Seeing, therechurch in the wilderness with the angel which fore, it remaineth that some must enter spake to him in the Mount Sina, and with therein, and they to whom it was first our fathers, who received the lively oracles preached entered not in because of unbelief. to give unto us, to whom our fathers would (Again he limiteth a certain day, saying in not obey, but thrust him from them, and in David, To-day, after so long a time, as it is their hearts turned back again into Egypt. said, To-day, if ye will hear his voice, harden le stiff-necked, and uncircumcised in heart not your hearts: for, if Jesus had given them and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost; rest, then would he not afterward have spoken as your fathers did, so do ye : which of the of another day; there remaineth therefore a prophets have not your fathers persecuted ? rest to the people of God. For he that is
· CHAPTER XIV.
1 At that time Herod the tetrarch heard of the fame of Jesus, 2 And said unto his servants, This is John the Baptist; he is risen
from the dead; and therefore mighty works do shew forth them. 3 selves in him. For Herod had laid hold on John, and bound him,
and put him in prison for Herodias' sake, his brother Philip's 4 wife. For John said unto him, It is not lawful for thee to have
entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from examined him before you, have found no fault his own works, as God did from his.) Let us in this man, touching those things whereof ye labour, therefore, to enter into that rest, lest accuse him. No nor yet Herod : for 1 sent any man fall after the same example of un- you to him: and lo, nothing worthy of death belief. He. iv. 6-11.
is done unto him. Lib. xxiii. 8-15. Of a
truth, against thy holy child Jesus, whom CHAP. XIV.- Herod.] King Herod thou hast anointed, both Herod and Pontius beard of him (Jesus); (for his name was Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people of spread abroad :) and he said, That John the Israel, were gathered together, for to do Baptist was risen from the dead, and therefore whatsoever thy hand and thy counsel determighty works do shew forth themselves in mined before to be done. dc. iv. 27, 28. . him. Others said, That it is Elias. And Tetrarch.] Now in the fifteenth year of others said, That it is a prophet, or as one of the reign of Tiberius Cesar, Pontius Pilate the prophets. But when Herod heard thereof, being governor of Judea, and Herod being he said, It is John whom I beheaded; he is tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip risen from the dead. Mar. vi. 14, 15, 16, tetrarch of Iturea, and of the region of TraTake heed (said Jesus), beware of the leaven chonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene, of the Pharisees, and of the leaven of Herod. the word of God came to Johd. Lu. jži. 1. Mar. viii. 15. Now Herod the tetrarch 2 This is John the Baptist.] See chap. xi. heard of all that was done by him : and he ll. and com. Some say (answered his diswas perplexed, because that it was said of some, ciples to Jesus) that thou art John the Bap That John was risen from the dead ; and of tist, some Elias, and others, Jeremias, or one some, That Elias had appeared ; and of others, of the prophets. Mat. xvi. 14. Whom da That one of the old prophets was risen again. men say that I am ? (said Jesus to his dis And Herod said, John have I beheaded; but ciples). And they answered, John the Bap who is this of whom I hear such things ? tist; but some say, Elias; and others, one of And he desired to see him. Lu. ix. 7, 8, 9. the prophets. Mar. viii. 28. Many resorted The same day there came certain of the Pha- unto him (Jesus), and said, John did no risees, saying unto him, Get thee out, and miracle ; but all things that John spake of depart hence: for Herod will kill thee. And this man were true. John X. 41. he said unto them, Go ye, and tell that fox, 3 Herod had laid hold on John.] See chap. Behold, I cast out devils; and I do cures iv. 12. Herod the tetrarch, being reproved to-day, and to-morrow; and the third day by “him" (" John") for Herodias his brother I shall be perfected. Lu. xiii. 31, 32. When Philip's wife, and for all the evils which Herod saw Jesus, he was exceeding glad : for Herod had done, added yet this above all, he was desirous to see him of a long season; that he shut up John in prison. Lu. iii. 19, because he had heard many things of him, 20. John was baptizing in Ænon near to and he hoped to have seen some miracle done Salem, because there was much water there : by him. Then he questioned with him in and they came and were baptized, for John many words; but he answered him nothing. was not yet cast into prison. John iii. 23, 24. And the chief priests and Scribes stood and His brother Philip's wife.] See verse l. vehemently accused him. And Herod, with 4 It is not lawful, &c.] Thou shalt not his men of war, set him at nought, and uncover the nakedness of thy brother's wife: mocked him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous it is thy brother's nakedness. Le. xviii. 16. robe, and sent him again to Pilate. And the If brethren dwell together, and one of them die, same day Pilate and Herod were made friends and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not together; for before they were at enmity be- marry without unto a stranger; her husband's tween themselves. And Pilate, when he had brother shall go in unto her, and take her to called together the chief priests, and the him to wife, and perform the duty of an hus rulers, and the people, said unto them, Ye band's brother unto her. And it shall be have brought this man unto me as one that that the first-born which she beareth shall perverteth the people; and, behold, I, having succeed in the name of his brother which is
her. And when he would have put him to death, he feared the 5 multitude, because they counted him as a prophet. But when 6 Herod's birth-day was kept, the daughter of Herodias danced
dead, that his name be not put out of Israel. the people, lest they should have been stoned.) De. xxv. 5, 6. And Nathan said to David, Ac. v. 26. Thou art the man ; thou hast killed Uriah Because they counted him as a prophet.] We the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his fear the people (said the chief priests and wife to be thy wife. 2 Sa. xii. 7. 9. Hast elders, if we say the baptism of John is of thou killed (said Elijah to Ahab), and also men), for all hold John as a prophet. John taken possession (of Naboth's vineyard)? Thus came unto you said Jesus) in the way of saith the Lord, In the place where dogs righteousness, and ye believed him not; but licked the blood of Naboth, shall dogs lick the publicans and the harlots believed him, and thy blood, even thine. 1 Ki. xxi. 19. And ye, when ye had seen it, repented not after" they" (“fourscore priests of the Lord, that ward that ye might believe him. Mat. xxi. were valiant men") withstood Uzziah the 26. 32. The baptism of John (said Jesus), king, and said unto him, It appertaineth not was it from heaven, or of men ? answer me. to thee, Uzziah, to burn incense unto the Lord, And they reasoned with themselves, saying, but to the priests, the sons of Aaron, that are If we shall say, From heaven, he will say, Why consecrated to burn incense; go out of the then did ye not believe him? But if we shall sanctuary, for thou hast trespassed, neither say, Of men, they feared the people : for all men shall it be for thine honour from the Lord thy counted John, that he was a prophet indeed. God. Then Uzziah was wroth, and had a Mar, xi. 30, 31, 32. The baptism of John, censer in his hand to burn incense ; and while was it from heaven or of men ? And they he was wroth with the priests, the leprosy reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall eyen rose up in his forehead, before the priests say from heaven, he will say, Why then bein the house of the Lord from beside the lieved ye him not ? But and if we say, of incense altar. 2 Ch. xxvi. 18, 19. The men, all the people will stone us; for they wicked fee when no man pursueth ; but the be persuaded that John was a prophet. Lu. righteous are bold as a lion. Pr. xxviii. 1. xx. 4, 5, 6. Should not a people seek to the law and to 6 Birth-day was kept.] It came to pass the the testimonies ? if they speak not according third day, which was Pharaoh's birth-day, that to this word, it is because there is no light in he made a feast unto all his servants : and he them. Is. viii. 20. For John had said unto lifted up the head of the chief butler and of Herod, It is not lawful for thee to have thy the chief baker among his servants. Ge. xl. brother's wife. Mar. vi. 18. After certain 20. In those days, when king Ahasuerus sat days, when Felix came with his wife Drusilla, on the throne of his kingdom, in the third which was a Jewess, he sent for Paul, and year of his reign he made a feast unto all his heard him concerning the faith in Christ. princes, and his servants, many days, even And as he reasoned of righteousness, temper- an hundred and fourscore days (he shewed the ance, and judgment to come, Felix trembled, riches of his glorious kingdom). And when and answered, Go thy way for this time, these days were expired, the king made a when I have a convenient season I will call feast unto all the people that were present in for thee. Ac. xxiv. 24, 25.
Shushan the palace, both unto great and 5 When he would have put him to death, small, seven days. Also Vashti the queen &c.] Herodias had a quarrel against him made a feast for the women. Es. i. 2, 3. 5. 9. (John), and would have killed him, but she The king (Ahasuerus) made a great feast could not; for Herod feared John, knowing unto all his princes and servants, even Esther's that he was a just man, and an holy, and feast, and he made a release to the provinces, observed him, and when he heard him, he did and gave gifts according to the state of the many things, and heard him gladly. Mar. king. Es. ii. 18. Belshazzar the king made vi. 19, 20. The chief priests and the Scribes a great feast to a thousand of his lords, and sought how they might take (Jesus) and put drank wine before the thousand. They him to death. But they said, Not on the feast drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and day, lest there be an uproar of the people. of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of Mar. xiv. 1, 2. When they (the rulers of stone. Da. v. 1. 4. In the day of our king, the Jews) had further threatened them (Peter the princes (of Israel) have made him sick and John), they let them go, finding nothing with bottles of wine. He stretched out his how they might punish them, because of the hand with scorners, for they have made ready people, for all men glorified God for “that their heart like an oven, whiles they lie in which was done" (" the healing of the lame wait: their baker sleepeth all the night; in man"). Ac. iv. 21. Then went the captain the morning it burneth as a flaming fire. with the officers, and brought them (the Ho. vii. 5, 6. When a convenient day was apostles) without violence: (for they feared come, that Herod on his birth-day made a