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Explanation

The Code of Federal Regulations is a codification of t nent rules published in the Federal Register by the Exeo agencies of the Federal Government. The Code is divid represent broad areas subject to Federal regulation. Ea chapters which usually bear the name of the issuing ag further subdivided into parts covering specific regulatory

ISSUE DATES

Each volume of the Code is revised at least once ea issued on a quarterly basis approximately as follows:

Title 1 through Title 16..............
Title 17 through Title 27......
Title 28 through Title 41.........

Title 42 through Title 50...........
The appropriate revision date is printed on the cover of

this Code: CFR

LEGAL STATUS

The contents of the Federal Register are required to be U.S.C. 1507). The Code of Federal Regulations is prima text of the original documents (44 U.S.C. 1510).

HOW TO USE THE CODE OF FEDERAL REGUL

ite the regulations in S volume use title, at and

section mber. Thus, 28 CFR refers to title 28, part ection 1.

The Code of Federal Regulations is kept up to date by t the Federal Register. These two publications must be u: mine the latest version of any given rule.

To determine whether a Code volume has been amer date (in this case, July 1, 1991), consult the "List of C (LSA),” which is issued monthly, and the “Cumulative Li which appears in the Reader Aids section of the daily Fe two lists will identify the Federal Register page number ment of any given rule.

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Each volume of the Code contains amendments publish ister since the last revision of that volume of the Code. So regulations are referred to by volume number and page n Register and date of publication. Publication dates and eff ly not the same and care must be exercised by the use actual effective date. In instances where the effective date date for the Code a note has been inserted to reflect the In those instances where a regulation published in the Fec

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II).

date certain for expiration, an appropriate note will be inserted following the
text.

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What is incorporation by reference? Incorporation by reference was estab-

lished by statute and allows Federal agencies to meet the requirement to pub-

lish regulations in the Federal Register by referring to materials already pub-

lished elsewhere. For an incorporation to be valid, the Director of the Federal

Register must approve it. The legal effect of incorporation by reference is that

the material is treated as if it were published in full in the Federal Register (5

U.S.C. 552(a)). This material, like any other properly issued regulation, has the

force of law.

What is a proper incorporation by reference? The Director of the Federal

Register will approve an incorporation by reference only when the requirements

of 1 CFR part 51 are met. Some of the elements on which approval is based are:

(a) The incorporation will substantially reduce the volume of material pub-

lished in the Federal Register.

(b) The matter incorporated is in fact available to the extent necessary to

afford fairness and uniformity in the administrative process.

(c) The incorporating document is drafted and submitted for publication in

accordance with 1 CFR part 51.

Properly approved incorporations by reference in this volume are listed in the

Finding Aids at the end of this volume.

What if the material incorporated by reference cannot be found? If you have

any problem locating or obtaining a copy of material listed in the Finding Aids

of this volume as an approved incorporation by reference, please contact the

agency that issued the regulation containing that incorporation. If, after con-

tacting the agency, you find the material is not available, please notify the

Director of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administra-

tion, Washington DC 20408, or call (202) 523-4534.

IL ETA E F be inserted following the

SIBI PIE L 9-511) requires Federal agen

a numbe Fiz de in:ormation collection re12 En nisting merous OWB control numbers as

STS I CTE. These OMB numbers are Le accesseritaging or reporting require

II). A list of CFR titles, chapters, and parts and an alpha publishing in the CFR are also included in this volume.

An index to the text of "Title 3-The President” i volume.

The Federal Register Index is issued monthly in cumul is based on a consolidation of the “Contents" entries in th ter.

A List of CFR Sections Affected (LSA) is published r revision dates of the 50 CFR titles.

REPUBLICATION OF MATERIAL

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There are no restrictions on the republication of mat Code of Federal Regulations.

INQUIRIES AND SALES

*Se en Esion date stated on the cover E CILE ser man sed the text of provisions in

2N Set de appropriate numerical list of 20 rin 1, 1986, consult either the List

141962 1961-1972, or 1973-1985, published in Freerod beginning January 1, 1986, a "List of

Uusced as the end of each CFR volume.

For a summary, legal interpretation, or other explanatic this volume, contact the issuing agency. Inquiries concern and reference assistance with respect to the Code of Feder addressed to the Director, Office of the Federal Register, Records Administration, Washington, DC 20408 (telephon are handled exclusively by the Superintendent of Doc Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402 (telephone 202-783

MA

I REFERENCE

by reference? Incorporation by reference was estab*5 Federal agencies to meet the requirement to pubderal Register by referring to materials already pubincorporation to be valid, the Director of the Federal The legal effect of incorporation by reference is that if it were published in full in the Federal Register (5 ial, like any other properly issued regulation, has the

Office of

July 1, 1991.

poration by reference? The Director of the Federal corporation by reference only when the requirements Some of the elements on which approval is based are: ill substantially reduce the volume of material pub

ter.

ated is in fact available to the extent necessary to lity in the administrative process. cument is drafted and submitted for publication in : 51. orations by reference in this volume are listed in the his volume. rporated by reference cannot be found? If you have aining a copy of material listed in the Finding Aids ved incorporation by reference, please contact the lation containing that incorporation. If, after cond the material is not available, please notify the rister, National Archives and Records Administraor call (202) 523-4534.

BULAR GUIDES e of Federal Regulations is contained in a separate

January 1, entitled CFR INDEX AND FINDING AIDS. rallel Table of Statutory Authorities and Agency uiring Publication in the Federal Register (Table

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THIS TITLE

Title 28–JUDICIAL ADMINISTRATION is composed of one vol of this volume represent all current regulations codified by Justice, the Federal Prison Industries, Inc., the Bureau of Pi of Justice, the Offices of Independent Counsel, Department Office of Independent Counsel under this title of the CFR

For this volume, Linda L. Jones was Chief Editor. The Cod lations is published under the direction of Richard L. Clay Alomha S. Morris.

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