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The PRESIDENT. The order of the day is called Convention, and as the whole Church is represented for, and we must go to that.
in both of those bodies, it does not seem necessary Rev. Mr. ROGERS, of Texas. There are three to present to this latter any extended notice of the minutes left.
proceedings of the former. It is one of the auspiThe PRESIDENT. It will take a great deal more cious signs of life and light in the Church that the than three minutes. We have to take the vote by participation of her members in her missionary Dioceses and orders.
council is becoming so general and hearty; !t is to Mr. BURGWIN, of Pittsburgh. Not inless it is hoped that the time is not fa when legislation called for.
itself will pause for a day or more, and suspend its The PRESIDENT. To change the Prayer-Book ? deliberations or enactments in favor of a higher
Mr. BURGWIN, of Pittsburgh. This does not contemplation of the needs of the Church in that change the Prayer-Book. It only proposes to change which most intimately concerns both its vitality it.
and its growth. It would be well to refresh one's Rev. Dr. PARET, of Central Pennsylvania. faith when the disturbances, the jars, the causes of There are some members who wish to express their disquiet, the hindrances and clogs of the hour call views on this question a little more fully. There for interference by law, by looking away to the will be further debate on it if we insist on taking magnificent promise and opportunity of good prethe question now. ["Order of the Day.”]
sented to our view in the providence of God, as well
as to the attempt of the Church to respond to the MISSIONARY BISHOPS.
summons. The SECRETARY. The order of the day is a “The spread and increase of the kingdom of message from the House of Bishops nominating a Christ are apparent on every side. From the misMissionary Bishop to Shanghai, China, together sion that penetrates into lanes and alleys to that with the nominations sent down from the House of which overtakes the pioneer on the outskirts, or carBishops this morning.
ries its blessings into heathen wilds-all is cheeringAll persons having retired from the Chapel ex- save the lack of means. Both the laborer and his cept the Deputies and the Secretary and his Assist- bire are wanting. The harvestman to go wherever ants, the House proceeded with closed doors to con- his Lord shall bid him to gather in the sheaves, and sider the nominations for Missionary Bishops, sent the 'sending' of that harvestman fully furnished down from the House of Bishops.
and abetted on the part of the Church, there the The House remained in secret session till the usual
great needs are inadequately supplied. The slow inhour of adjournment, when it adjourned till to-mor- crease of the ministry is alarming, but still more row morning at nine o'clock.
disquieting is the inability of Committees to meet their obligations through a failure of gifts and of
the chief pastors of the fold to fill vacancies in their TWENTIETH DAY.
missionary appointments. THURSDAY, October 29.
“Your Committee entrusted to subcommittees of
their body to report, and reports them back as their The Convention assembled in St. John's Chapel at
own, and I now present to this House: 1st. The renine A. M.
port which relates to domestic missions. 2d. Tre Morning Prayer was said to the end of the Psalter
Indian Commission. 3d. Home missions to colored by Rev. Giles A. Easton, of California. The Lessons people. 4th. Foreign missions. 5th. The women's were read by Rev. Edwin M. Van Deusen, D.D., of
auxiliary to the Board." Central New York. The Cread and Prayers were
The Committee report the following resolutions : said by the Right Rev. William Croswell Doane, "Whereas, The Board of Missions is seriously conD.D., Bishop of Albany, who also pronounced the sidering a proposal to embrace the several departBenediction.
ments of Mission work in one large committee, to disThe minutes of yesterday's proceedings were read cuss all important subjects with the view of proand approved.
moting barmonious action, and then commit the PLACE OF MEETING.
several departments to subcommittees ; and whereA message (No. 58) from the House of Bishops an
as, a resolution has been adopted by the Board of
Missions referring this important subject to a large nounced that the House had concurred with Message
committee for consideration and report; No, 47 from the House of Deputies naming Boston as the place for the meeting of the next General Con
“Therefore, resolved, The House of Bishops convention,
curring, that in the event of the approval by the
Board of Missions, when the General Convention is SECRET SESSION.
not in session, of the plan referred to in the foregoOn motion of Mr. BIRDSALL, of California, it ing preamble, said Board is hereby authorized to
appoint eight additional members to their Standing “Ordered, That at two o'clock to-day the House Committees, making twenty-four in all to carry out go into secret session for the purpose of considering such plan as may be adopted by the Board of MisThe nominations of Missionary Bishops."
sions, and to report to the General Convention at
its next session such amendments of the ConstituBOARD OF MISSIONS.
tion as may be necessary to give the plan stability Rev. Dr. LEEDS, of Maryland. I present the and authority. report of the Committee on the Domestic and “ 2. Resolved (the House of Bishops concurring), Foreign Missionary Society. The Committee stand That the Constitution of the Domestic and Foreign ready to read by title or to read through the docu- Missionary Society of the Protestant Episcopal ment, just as the Convention wishes.
Church in the United States of America be amended The PRESIDENT. Perhaps it had better be read by changing, in the first line of Article XII., the by title, to save time.
word clergyman' to 'person'; by inserting, in the Mr. BLAIR, of Maryland. I move that the re- second line of the same Article, before the words port be read by its title.
‘until after,' the following words : 'except with the Rev. Dr. LEEDS, of Maryland:
express consent of the Board of Missions'; in line ** The Committee on the Domestic and Foreign by striking out 'person' and inserting 'Clerical Missionary Society beg leave to report :
Missionary and striking out the words a missionAs the meeting of the Board of Missions every ary'; and by adding, at the close of the whole Article, third year is held simultaneously with the General the following words : “Or of a Church in full con.
munion with this Church and connected therewith by their own Bishop, for they desire to have that in recognized official relations.'
perfect accord with the Church in this country. Article XII. will then read thus :
Under the Constitution as it stands, they cannot do
it. It is believed also that there is a great amount “ARTICLE XII.
of right spirit in Mexico that under the present con* No person shall be appointed a missionary by stitution our Missionary Board is restricted frim the Board, or by either of the Committees, except helping in the best way. There is no restriction in with the express consent of the Board of Missions,
the Church Missionary Society at all. They can kelp until after conference with the ecclesiastical author- it, but our Society is restricted. ity of the Diocese or Missionary District to which Again it has been usual to send out others than he belongs, nor shall any missionary be sent to offi- clergymen. The Foreign Committee bave taken ciate in any Diocese or Missionary District without the responsibility of doing it. There is no authority the consent of the ecclesiastical authority of the
in the Constitution for it. It was thought that so same, except when regularly called by an organ
large a body as the Board of Missions, especially as ized parish, in accordance with the Canons, both you put the restriction on them, that they can call Diocesan and general, and no clerical missionary for a vote by orders at any time, should have spec shall be appointed who is not at the time a minister ifically the authority to do what they have been of the Protestant Episcopal Church, of regular actually doing for years. They have sent women standing, or of a Church in full communion with
out, noble women. Those who were in Grace this Church and connected therewith by recognized
Church the other day understood that when they official relations.
were asked in the House of Bishops whether there “ Whereas, The Board of Missions is acting under was not some suitable person in China who could the authority of the General Convention, and should be elected to the Episcopate, it was said, “Yes, there in all important measures be controlled by its fun- is; but she is a woman, and not a man, and there damental principles; therefore,
fore we cannot elect her." What they want is "Resolved (the House of Bishops concurring),
simply authority to work. That Article 7 of the Constitution of the Domestic Rev. Mr. ROGERS, of Texas. I move the pasand Foreign Missionary Society be amended by in- sage of the resolution. serting the following words at the end of the first Rev. Mr. HENSHAW, of Rhode Island. I wish line of the second paragraph, after the word 'quo- to ask a question whether this does not give permis rum,': 'and in all questions, when required by three sion to the Board to employ a person who is not a members, the clerical and lay members of the Board minister of this Church ; that is to say, a minister of Missions shall vote separately, and their concur- of some of the denominations around us, if they wish rence shall be necessary to constitute a vote.' to do so? That is one point that I want brought out
** Whereas, The proposed increase in the Episco- here this morning. I understood the Bishop of Nipate for Domestic and Foreign Missions, and the obrara last night to state that it did. call for greater efficiency in missions to the Indian Mr. STEPHENS, of Tennessee. I think the quesand the colored races, evinces a large develop- tion put by the gentleman is a very importaut ment of missionary zeal and faith, and will require I attended the Missionary meeting last night, a liberal supply of men and money; therefore, and that question was put by the Bishop of Niobrara,
** Resolved, That each parish minister be request- and I understood him to admit that it would aued to disseminate information likely to develop an thorize the employment of dissenting Ministers intelligent zeal for missions, and also to form organ- from their own churches in any portion of the izations that each parish may become a missionary world where we choose to establish missions ; that training-school, and that contributions for missions it could be done in Hayti ; that it could be done in may be systematically collected."
Mexico, to the extent that disaffected Presbyters of Rev. Mr. HENSHAW, of Rhode Island. Let the Roman Catholic Church in Mexico-those were the resolutions go on the Calendar.
not his words, but that was the necessary inferMr. WELSH, of Pennsylvania. These are very ence-could be taken under the pay and into the important matters that require the action of the service of the Board of Missions of this Protestant House of Bishops. They require concurrence. piscopal Church. Now, I say that is a very rad
Rev. Mr. HENSHAW, of Rhode Island. There cal innovation upon the policy of this Church I is a very important resolution there that requires do not think we ought to subsidize disaffected Roconsideration.
man Catholic ministers, or pension them, or take Mr. WELSH, of Pennsylvania. If the Secretary them under our control or pay. If they are fit for will read the resolution separately, any one can lay ordination, or rather reception without ordination, over that is objected to. The House of Bishops all right. I do not think, though, that the General must act on them, or they will not become the Convention of this Church ought to undertake to law.
have an imperium in imperio in another man's DiThe Secretary read the first resolution.
ocese, or inside of the Church of somebody else. It Mr. WELSH, of Pennsylvania. This is merely struck me so last night, though I did not participate giving the Board of Missions, at its next meeting, in the debate. I thought it a very important enquiry authority to work out a plan by which it is thought how far this Church is to become the proselyter and the Missions of this Church will be brought into the innovator into other domains. barmony. There is no objection to it, I think.
Rev. Dr. BURGESS, of Massachusetts. It will Mr. RUGGLES, of New York. There is no be seen by this Article that while it would be possiamendment to the Constitution proposed here? ble to say that a person might be appointed a misMr. WELSH, of Pennsylvania. No, sir.
sionary by the Board who was a Presbyterian clerThe first resolution was agreed to.
gyman, yet he cannot be appointed until after conThe Secretary read the next resolution, propos- ference with the ecclesiastical authority of the Dioing a change in Article 12 of the Constitution of the cese or Missionary, District to which he belonga. Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society.
When we come to the point of the Clerical MissionMr. WELSH, of Pennsylania. Those who ne- ary, who is to act as such abroad, the whole matter glected their duty last night and did not go to the is guarded carefully. He must be a minister of this Board of Missions, will perhaps be ignorant as to Church, in regular standing, or else of a Church in this. The whole matter was fully discussed there. full communion with our Church. We learned that instead of appointing a Bishop for Mr. ATWATER, of Minnesota. Must not this go Hayti, they asked the Church in Hayti to elect on the Calendar if it excites discussion !
Rev. Mr. HENSHAW, of Rhode Island. I say ters of the Church in the United States, and partly that when a committee present a report or resolution by Presbyterians, and partly by Methodists. to this body or to the Board of Missions, or to any oth- Now I believe that what is under this matter-I er body by which they are appointed, it is supposed can see no other reason for this change-is that the that they understand its meaning. Last evening intended Episcopate for Mexico shall be an Episcothe Bishop of Niobrara, who presented those resolu- pate that will be ready to recognize workers from tions, was asked the question, and he answered it Methodists and from Presbyterians. I am glad to distinctly, “ Will not this change in the Constitution have them work there, but I am not willing that make it possible for the Board to appoint a mission- they should work in the harness of the Episcopal ary not of this Church, if this amendment to the Church until they come into it properly ; and, Constitution takes place ?” and his reply was, “It therefore, I object. will."
Rev. Dr. PARET, of Central Pennsylvania. I Mr. RUGGLES, of New York. As a member of wish to enter my protest, most earnestly, against the Board of Missions, I ask for only a moment in what I conceive to be the dangerous principle put which to remove the apprehension of the eminent forth by the Reverend Deputy from Maryland. Deputy from Tennessee that the proposed employ- Rev. Dr. LEEDS, of Maryland. I beg pardon. I ment of auxiliaries in foreign countries will work a thought it was an amendment to the Constitution. "radical revolution” in our missionary work. It I find I was mistaken, and I withdraw my suggeswill not and cannot be “radical," because it cannot tion. reach the great “root” of the Protestant Episcopal Rev. Dr. PARET, of Central Pennsylvania. Even Church, so deeply planted in our broad continent, although his argument is withdrawn, I must press and so well able to sustain any growth or expansion of tbe majestic branches reaching out to overshadow Mr. ATWATER, of Minnesota. I rise to a ques“all lands.” I believe that any well-disposed per- tion of order. It is manifest that this debate is sons of any sector tongue in foreign lands, that entirely out of order, unless the rules are suspended, should be selected after careful examination by our and as it is evidently to take up a large share of the Board of Missions, may be employed with peculiar i time, I move that this resolution go on the Caladvantage to extend in their own language the endar. world-encircling missionary work of the Church. Rev. Dr. PARET, of Central Pennsylvania. Has
Rev. Dr. LEEDS, of Maryland. It is my impres- not that point been decided in a former discussion in sion that no action can be matured and perfected this House, that when a matter has been brought until another General Convention, and in the mean fairly before the House, the question has been stated time this proposition will be opened to the whole and the debate commenced, it is then too late to Church. If it is discussed now, I fear it will occupy raise such a point of order ! I think it has been more too much time ; but I think there are ways of meet- than once so decided in the course of the session of ing some of the objections which have been put to this Convention. this House, that might satisfy most minds. How- The PRESIDENT. I do not recollect about that. ever, as these are not my resolutions, nor had I any- Rev. Dr. PARET, of Central Pennsylvania. thing to do in the furthering of them, I am perfectly Presuming that I am right, for the general sense of willing, and I hope the House will be perfectly will- the House seems to sustain me, the principle against ing, to let them go on the Journal for action at which I wish to protest is this, that this House another General Convention.
should ever on any matter of importance-and this Mr. WELSH, of Pennsylvania. These resolutions question is certainly one, and the question that is to come to us from the Board of Missions certified by come before us soon with regard to the alteration their Secretary as their request to us. If the House of the Rubrirs in the Prayer-Book is another-yield of Bishops concur, they become a law immediately. to the plea of letting a thing pass, that the next ConIf the House of Bishops do not concur, of course they ' vention may have it before it without our hinwill be null.
drance. The Constitution of the Board of Missions is very There are questions of alteration of the Constitudifferent from ours. It is a simple thing; and this tion, questions of alteration of the Prayer-Book, Board of Missions is composed of the working body which we are sent here to watch, and until they of our Church. I think they are entitled to about receive our definite approval in this Convention, and as much confidence as the General Convention. are formally proposed (which presumes the apThey are the most active and earnest men of our proval of this Convention) to the next, they canChurch. All they ask is now, as God's spirit has not be adopted. filled them, a little liberty to do that which we all Now, the plausible plea is urged in this and in desire to do, extend Christ's kingdom. They want another case, that we shall step aside from our duty; the field open to send missionaries, teachers, physi- that we shall prove false to our position as guarcians, and holy women.
dians and watchmen of the Church in this respect, Rev. Mr. ROGERS, of Texas. I believe that I and let the thing go by default; that when a propohave as inuch anxiety in regard to the progress of i sition to change the Prayer-Book or the Constitumissions as any man on this floor. I have also had tion of the Church is brought before us, we should as much anxiety in regard to Mexico as any man on say, “There are three years to discuss it; the Church this floor can have. But I see behind this--and I can consider it in that time, and that will leave the had no voice in the Board of Missions because I was way open." Sir, we are not here to leave the not there, I see behind this a matter that I believe way open. We are put here, if we see reason, to is a great error and a great wrong. To-day we are stop it, to put a bar in the way. I hope no action asked to put some missionaries in Mexico. I hope will be taken either in regard to points affecting it will be done. But we have already there a gen- the Constitution or points atfecting the Prayertleman of our Church who has begun work in Mex- Book, without the full and careful consideration of ico. I have in my possession a letter from a well- this Convention, that we shall not throw the matknown gentleman of my own Diocese, now in the ter over to the next Convention without our full city of Mexico, a candidate for orders, saying to me approval. that the work of the Episcopal Church in the city of Rev. Mr. BROWN, of Michigan. Had not the Mexico, and in Mexico generally, is going on partly Reverend Deputy from Rhode Island brought this under the Prayer-Book of the Episcopal Church, subject before the House, I was prepared to do so, partly under prayers made by each person in his own I was at the Board of Missions last night, and I parish or Church, partly carried on by the minis- voted against this resolution there ; and it was car
ried by a majority of only two or three, I believe. The motion was agreed to.
ORGANIZATION OF THE HOUSE. and whilst the answer was somewhat indefinite, it Mr. BURGWIN, of Pittsburgh, submitted the nevertheless, in my judgment, covered such a case following report : as has been represented to us by the Reverend “The Joint Committee of Conference, appointed to Deputy from Texas ; and in view of this, I believe consider the disagreement between the two Houses it is a subject which should be very carefully in regard to an amendment to Section 1, of Canon thought upon, and we should vote against this 1, Title III., proposed by the House of Deputies, amendment at once, in order that there may come respectfully report that they recommend the adopup again before us at the proper time such action as tion of the proposed amendment, with the alteramay be wished for by the Board of Missions in the tion of the words, "each House of the General Conproper way. The argument that fell from the Rev
vention,' to 'the House of Deputies,' as expressed erend Deputy from Central Pennsylvania is, I in the following resolution : think, most timely at this time.
" Resolved, That the following clause be added to Rev. Mr. DOUGLASS, of Delaware. I wish to Section 1, of Canon 1, of Title III., of the Digest: say one word in regard to Mexico. The great leader
“[4.] The Rules and Orders of the House of Dep in that reform movement is a friend of mine, and uties shall be in force in the ensuing General Con. I can entirely disabuse the minds of brethren here, vention until the organization thereof, and until both clerical and lay, of any idea of bringing up on
they be amended or repealed by the said House. the same platform Methodists and Presbyterians ; “By order of the Committee on the part of the but, at the same time, it must be recollected that
House of Bishops, the Mexicans are principally Roman Catholics; and
“J. WILLIAMS. if former Catholic
priests could be all under the con- “By order of the Committee on the part of the trol of our own Church, it would be desirable. I
House of Deputies, am somewhat acquainted with the work there. I
“WM. COOPER MEAD." am somewhat acquainted with the work that has The report was placed on the Calendar. been begun and somewhat carried on by our beloved
CHRISTIAN EDUCATION. brother in Mexico, who is in charge there, and I know that he loves the Church and has no
Rev. Mr. JOHNSON, of Connecticut, from the desire to bring outsiders up to the same platform,
Committee on Christian Education, submitted the though he would be very willing to have them
following report : assistants, just
The Committee on Christian Education respectfully missionary organization the services of lay
submit their report. In their efforts to make women and laymen. If we could, in some way or
their deliberations of some practical value to the other, extend the Episcopate there, I am sure he
Church, your Committee have met with several would be the last to throw any objection in the way.
difficulties: I think so from a conversation I have had with 1. Most of us are placed for the first time on him on this subject. I believe this is a great and
this Committee, which of all others requires continglorious work, that it is paralleled only by the
uance of service, if matured thought and counsel are old Reformation on the other side of the Atlantic ;
to be secured. and I think this subject, although it has been pre
2. The lamented death of the Rev. Dr. Jackson, sented to our attention at the last moment, is one
the late Chairman of this Committee, has deprived which should command our attention. I hope the
us of the material which he was collecting for a full Convention will not tie its hands, but will consider report on the present state of Church education, and this matter, and allow the members of this Conven- | your Committee deeply feel the loss of his large extion and the church generally in the interim to
perience and ripened judgment. Such new statisthink on it. No harm can be done by adopting this
tics as have been hastily brought together are insufresolution, and I do hope that all action will not be
ficient to enable us to perform the promise contained stifled.
in the report of 1871, viz., to “prepare a report based Rev. Dr. LEEDS, of Maryland. Mr. President,
on a wide induction of facts which may prove of I understand that the office of the first change is to
service in future consideration of the question." qualify the Committee to send ladies and physicians
3. Such suggestions as we would now make have who are now sent without any express authority of
been largely anticipated in the able reports which the Board, and the object of the second change is to
have preceded this, especially those presented to the qualify any clerical missionary to act in our foreign
General Conventions of 1865 and 1868. or other missionary jurisdictions, who shall be in
4. Besides, the subject, as at present entrusted to us, the first place one of our own clergy, or next a cler
without any precise limits, is comprehensive in the gyman of a Church in full communion with this extreme, and reaches in its various divisions to all Church, and in recognized official relations with it.
departments of the Church's work. We have It seems to me this is guard enough; but as that
thought it best, therefore, to confine ourselves to two does not seem to be clear to many in the House, I
or three points, which have to do with the present move respectiully that this article be referred back
needs of the Church and the present duty of Churchto the Board of Missions for further conference to
men. night, and it may be presented on the morrow in
I. OUR EXISTING INSTITUTIONS, another form to this House, and that the discussion There are numerous Church schools for boys and on the remaining resolutions be taken up at that girls started, chiefly by private enterprise, or the time.
energy of some Bishop, assisted by the munificence Rev. Mr. ROGERS, of Texas. I second the mo- of one or more of the laity. Most of them are withtion.
out endowment, and are dependent upon the characMr. WELSH, of Pennsylvania. Would it not be ter and exertions of those who have them in charge. better to refer the resolutions back to the Commit- They live by the day, on what is received for board tee of our House, and let them present it?
and tuition, and have no reserve funds for building Rev. Mr. LEEDS. I accept the amendment for purposes, repairs, increase of libraries, and other recommittment to the Committee.
educational equipments. The income of their teachThe PRESIDENT. The motion is to recommit ers is proportioned to the amount of patronage the resolutions to the Committee on the Foreign received. The number of free scholars is measured and Domestic Missionary Society.
by the ability rather than by the will or the wishes
of those who manage their affairs. There are no schools, academies,
and colleges which have no conendowed scholarships provided for the sons and nection with the Church. Their experience and daughters of the clergy, and other deserving youth, scholarship, if called to the same work under the or, at least, so few as to do little towards meeting higher auspices, would be of great value. There the demand. Nearly all these schools-even the might be also a far greater use of woman's help in most prosperous-are bindered in their work by this this field of labor. Many a cultivated woman would dependent condition. They are compelled, in the ma- give her time and talents to teaching if the way jority of instances, to practise the costly economy of were opened to her, and she called by th poverty. If those who are doing the work have any proper authorities to the work. The heads of true ideal of what Christian culture is, and what schools and colleges should be urged to keep this kind of education in the Church our times require, deficiency in mind, and to direct their efforts tothey must be painfully conscious how inadequate are ward providing well-trained men and women who the means at their disposal, to attain the desired re- will enter upon teaching with enthusiasm as their sults. It is plain that we cannot have forty or fifty mission for life. Etons or Rugbys. Great;endowments, a full supply But the great want will not be met until some of distinguished and experienced masters, suitable method of organization be adopted, such as brotherbuildings and appliances, the traditions of perma- hoods or sisterhoods, whose members make teaching nence, are not the growth of a day. We do their special work, and who therefore cultivate the not need, at present, to multiply, to any teaching faculty and acquire all the branches of usegreat extent, our schools of
the highest ful learning in order to do Christ's work for the grade. They are numerically almost sufficient, young, under the direction and at the call of their and no mistake can be greater than to divide and Bishops and Pastors. And while an organized work scatter our force. One thoroughly good school will seems to be the only one likely to meet our necessiaccomplish far more for Christian education than a ties, and while the religious motive is the only one dozen inferior ones. Your Committee believe that powerful enough to draw men and women to such the true policy of the Church is to concentrate our work for the best years of their lives, it should be energy, ability, and endowments upon the institu- borne in mind that the truths of the Gospel, tions which we have, and which already have se- and the Catholic faith, as this Church hath recured a measure of success, to increase their resources, ceived the same, have strength and vitality sufadd scholarships, provide them with all needful ap- ficient to furnish motive and method to such associapliances, and thus make them, so far as we can do tions without exaggerations or additions in doctrine it, strong and permanent. If the Church provides or practice-and without borrowing distinctive the best schools for training the young, though they dress, nomenclature, or usages, from the Church of be comparatively few, they will always be full to Rome. In some of the schools or colleges at presoverflowing, and the Church will be the gainerent belonging to us, such associations might be dethereby.
veloped-teaching orders-Brothers of the Christian There is need, however, especially in Dioceses Doctrine--Sisters of the Holy Childhood-composed where the Church is feeble, of a much larger pro- of men and women of sound judgment, moral force, vision for Christian Education which shall be within thorough education, patient and winning ways, who the reach of the great body of the people.
would ask for no higher work than to train the rious religious denominations, the Roman Catholic minds and mould the characters of the young in acin particular, have established cheap boarding cordance with the gracious teachings of the Church, schools in large numbers, which draw in the sons and with the sanction of, and in loyal submission and daughters of the less wealthy classes—that is, to, the authority of those who are rulers in the the large majority of the people, the classes which, in this land, supply our leading men in Church and State. For such schools we must depend principal
COLLEGIATE EDUCATION. ly upon endowments and scholarships at least in the In regard to collegiate education, we ask, Ought beginning, and they must be administered by per- the Church to provide this, or are our youth to pursons who have devoted their lives to the work not
sue their higher studies, liberal and scientific, in infor gain, but simply and solely to advance the inter- stitutions which are under no religious influence, or ests of the Kingdom of Christ in this world.
such as is adverse to Church principles? If it is
worth while to have our own colleges at all-if we II. SUPPLY OF TEACHERS.
hold that religion is the foundation of all knowledge One great difficulty in the way of providing then it is clear that there is a great failure of duty schools which can do the Church's work at a moder- among Churchmen. Noble work has been done and ate cost, arises from the very inadequate supply of is now going forward in the few colleges which we competent teachers, male and female, who make can call our own; but the popular current sets the teaching their calling with the true motive. Many other way, and there is a lack among ourselves of can be found who will undertake to impart instruc- cordial support of these institutions. This is tion for a high salary. Many young men fresh proved by the small number of undergradufrom college, without experience, are willing to ates which they contain, and the disproporteach a year or two in order that they may obtain tion between the endowments and other means of support while studying for a profession. resources of our colleges and the great work which But there are very few who consecrate their best they have in hand. It is not possible for a few years and their highest powers and their undivided earnest and able men to perform this work alone. energy to this service, meaning to teach earthly They need the hearty and consistent support of all things in such a spirit that those entrusted to their intelligent Churchmen. In nine Colleges belonging to care may be led toward heavenly things; who in or under the influence of the Church, the whole this work expect a bare support, looking for other number of undergraduates is only 543. In the recompense than the world can give. And yet these same number of Colleges other than Church Colleges, are the teachers the Church needs, men and women there are 418 Churchmen. In one New England Colof superior ability and culture who have learned in lege, under Congregational influence, there are 65 their daily toil to keep steadily in view the eternal Churchmen, and in a single University in the State results. How shall this want be supplied ? There of New York, which disclaims any theological bias, are one or two suggestions wbich your Committee there are 90. These facts are significant. If educawould make in answer to this question.
tion without the Gospel is unblest, and if the Church Many men and women are employed at present in is the true educator, the witness and keeper of all