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Senator HOLLINGS. I hope so, too.

For the national program, Dr. Mumford, of acquisitions and cataloging, you request an additional 24 personnel at a cost of $693,536. On page 19 of the House report is the statement:

This program has far exceeded what was envisioned by the authors in the basic legislation under which it was established. Serious questions have been raised about a number of the activities being conducted.

Apparently, the House gave you no part of the increase and warned you that they were initiating an indepth study and investigation of the entire program.

What is your comment on that, please, sir? Mr. MUMFORD. Under the Higher Education Act of 1965, Mr. Chairman, the Library of Congress received an obligation to acquire publications of value for scholarly research throughout the world. This program has been intended to carry that out, to acquire, catalog, and to make the catalog information available to other libraries. This was the purpose of that portion of the act. Questions were raised about the means, the mechanics, of doing this in the House. This is what the survey or study will address itself to.

Mr. WELSH. Mr. Chairman, we welcome this investigation. We think it is a very important and very valuable program. We are firmly convinced that an investigation will support the statement that it is a good program. We have, through this program, been able to increase our cataloging from 109,000 titles in 1965, the year prior to the beginning of the program, to 243,000 titles at the end of last fiscal year and this fiscal year we expect it will be 250,000 titles, an increase of 122 percent. Statements from the large research libraries of this country testify that 75 percent of their cataloging needs are now being met through this program. We expect the investigation will support the view that the program is of immeasurable value to the library community.

Mr. Chairman, the House did allow $291,882 of the $696,000. The $291,882 will enable us to maintain the present level of operations.

Senator HOLLINGS. So they didn't cut it back?

Mr. WELSH. No, sir; they did not. As a matter of fact, they increased it by $291,882.

Senator Hollings. Did you go into 18 additional countries this past year?

Mr. WELSH. No. There has been no program expansion since 1971 when the NPAC acquisitions program in Indonesia was expanded to include Malaysia, Singapore, and Brunei, thus making a total of 18 countries covered by NPAC regional acquisitions programs-plus the 24 countries covered by NPAC shared cataloging programs.


Senator Hollings. On the space, for which you are asking an increase of $293,000, I will insert into the record a table on page 124 of the justifications which shows your 10 different locations in the Washington metropolitan area. Last year you requested $100,000

which you said would take care of the additional square footage needed
until the availability of the Madison Memorial Building. But now you
are asking for an additional $293,000. How do you justify that

[The information follows:]

The Library currently occupies the locations listed below in addition to the two buildinge on Capitol Hill.

Estimated Rental
Estimated costs and Maintenance

Square Fiscal 1974 Cost Flocal 1974




[blocks in formation]

5. 215 Massachusetts Ave., N.E. Information Abstracting,

Catalog Publication Division



[blocks in formation]

9. Available to Library of Congress for related costs


10. Additional space required, fiscal 1974:
110 Indiana Avenue (committed by GSA)


Other Space ....


592,154 $1,592,555

Note: Locations numbered 1, 2, and 3 are Government-owned buildings and cost shown only reflects

maintenance costs.

SPACE REQUIREMENTS Mr. MUMFORD. I think the members of the committee are aware of how crowded the present two buildings on Capitol Hill are and the fact that we are located in a number of locations elsewhere. We have collections and staff in the District, Maryland, and Virginia. The additional space is required to get us through until the Madison Memorial Building is completed. The need for additional space has been accentuated by the requirements of the Legislative Reorganization Act for the Congressional Research Service. This is one of the important factors in the expansion of space.

Mr. Croxton, Director of our Administrative Department, can elaborate further on that.

Mr. CROXTON. May I just say that both the growth in the organization in terms of manpower and in terms of collection are forcing us outside of the major buildings here on Capitol Hill. For example, we have recently had to move the entire collection of bound newspapers over to Alexandria. This year we were able to obtain additional space at the navy yard, in building 159. This is storage space, primarily. We have had to expend money to prepare the space for a training office, we have had to move our procurement and stores activities to the navy yard in order to provide for expansion within our Capitol Hill buildings. We have obtained from the General Services Administration a commitment to a building at 110 Indiana Avenue, just down the hill. We feel that we will need an additional 25,000 square feet between now and the time we move into the Madison Building. The remaining money is requested in order to modify that space to meet the requirements of the Library.

MODIFICATION OF RENTAL SPACE Senator Cotton. When you talk about modifying space to meet the requirements of the Library, it means pending the completion of the Madison Memorial Building you get here and there some space and it means going in and putting in fireproof vaults and doing things to protect and preserve the valuable property of the Library. That means à rather substantial outlay which, when the Madison Building is completed, will, to some extent, be wasted. Am I right or wrong?

Mr. CROXTON. So far, sir, we have been able to avoid very expensive and extensive modifications such as the construction of vaults. Most of our modifications money has gone into partitioning, additional airconditioning, generally preparing space which is warehouse space in a form which could be used as office space.

Senator COTTON. Do you put people in there to work?
Mr. CROXTON. Yes, sir.

Senator Cotton. What physical property do you put in? In these temporary locations do you put any valuable manuscripts or rare books or matters that have to be very carefully protected?

Mr. CROXTON. We try not to move out of the major buildings any of the items which you would call treasures. The bound newspap rs to which I referred are very large items. They are bulky to handle and the tendency for them to walk away is pretty slight.

Senator COTTON. If they were destroyed by fire, you would have to replace them, though?

Mr. CROXTON. Yes, sir. That would be a real problem. We do have fire alarm systems and sprinkler systems that are in operation. Let me correct myself, please. Our entire Geography and Map Division with its incomparable cartographic collection was moved to Pickett Street in Alexandria, several years ago. It has rare material but it is in a modern building.

Senator Cotton. Thank you.

BOOK SHELVING Senator HOLLINGS. Dr. Mumford, on the matter of book shelving, your statement has $2,225,000 for the standard shelving. We had an indepth hearing, you will remember, about the new, modern, mobiletype shelving. Is that what we are talking about, still, or an improvement over it? Or is this regular shelving around on walls?

Mr. MUMFORD. The committee and the Congress last year allowed money for the compact shelving to which you are referring, I think. This present request is for standard shelving, but that also requires a fair amount of lead time in order to place orders to certain specifications and for production and installation.

Mr. Poole, who is in charge of that operation, is here and we will be glad to have him expand on that.

Senator HOLLINGS. I just was trying to get a general picture of the overall cost for shelving. Is that what we mean when we say $16 million for equipment?

Mr. Poole. The total cost for shelving is approximately $6 million, Mr. Chairman, divided into the $4 million approved last year for the compact shelving—i.e., the shelving which moves on a track and which enables us to use our floor space to much greater advantage—and the $2,180,000 we are requesting for what we call conventional shelving. The compact shelving is a very specialized kind which enables us to better use floor space. Conventional shelving is the kind of shelving which has aisles created in it. I have a picture with me, though I don't know if you want to take the time for it. This is the kind of shelving which is essentially the same as we have in the present buildings except that in the present buildings, this so-called conventional shelving holds the building up. It actually supports the floors above. The conventional shelving we are speaking of here is free-standing. It is movable but not mobile. It doesn't run on tracks. It is simple to erect. In the future we can disassemble and rearrange it as required. The Library requires two different types of shelving with long lead times.

Senator HOLLINGS. There are not three different kinds? I thought we handled the shelving problem last year when we expended $4 million. Now there is this additional $2 million. I wonder if next year you would come up with a rotary-type shelving?

FURNISHINGS FOR MADISON MEMORIAL BUILDING Mr. Poole. No, sir. This is all of the book shelving. Next year the request for additional funds will address itself to a large variety of other kinds of equipment and furnishings-office furniture, files, special equipment of all kinds, reading room furniture, the fire extin

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