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Sec. 214. Public lands development roads and trails

(a) Funds available for public lands development roads and trails shall be used to pay the cost of construction and improvement of such roads and trails.

(b) Funds available for public lands development roads and trails shall be available for adjacent vehicular parking areas and for sanitary, water, and fire control facilities.

(c) The Secretary shall approve the location, type, and design of all projects for public lands development roads and trails before any expenditures are made thereon and all construction thereof shall be under the general supervision of the Secretary.

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Chapter 3—GENERAL PROVISIONS

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Sec. 301. Freedom from tolls

Except as provided in section 129 of this title with respect to certain toll bridges and toll tunnels, all highways constructed under the provisions of this title shall be free from tolls of all kinds. Sec. 302. State highway department

(a) Any State desiring to avail itself of the provisions of this title shall have a State highway department which shall have adequate powers, and be suitably equipped and organized to discharge to the satisfaction of the Secretary the duties required by this title. Among other things, the organization shall include a secondary road unit.

(b) The State highway department may arrange with a county or group of counties for competent high way engineering personnel suitably organized and equipped to the satisfaction of the State highway department, to supervise construction and maintenance on a county-unit or group-unit basis, for the construction of projects on the Federal-aid secondary system, financed with secondary funds, and for the maintenance thereof. Sec. 303. Bureau organization

(a) The Bureau of Public Roads shall be in the Department of Commerce as a primary unit administered by the Federal Highway Administrator, appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Administrator shall perform such duties as the Secretary of Commerce may prescribe or as may be required by law. There shall be a Deputy Federal Highway Administrator, who shall be appointed by the Secretary and perform such duties as may be prescribed by the Federal Highway Administrator.61, 62

(b) The Secretary is authorized to employ such assistants, clerks, and other persons in the city of Washington and elsewhere, to be taken from the eligible lists of the Civil Service Commission, to rent buildings outside of the city of Washington, to purchase such supplies, material, equipment, office fixtures and apparatus, to advertise in the city of Washington for work to be performed in areas adjacent thereto,

80 Amended by sec. 6(b) of Public Law 87-866, Oct. 23, 1962 (76 Stat. 1145).
61 Amended by sec. 1 of Public Law 87–392, Oct. 4, 1961 (75 Stat. 822).
62 Amended by sec. 305(24) of Public Law 88–426, Aug. 14, 1964 (78 Stat. 400).

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and to incur, and authorize the incurring of, such travel and other expenses as he may deem necessary for carrying out the functions under this title.

(c) The Secretary is authorized to procure temporary services in accordance with the provisions of section 15 of the Act of August 2, 1946 (5 U.S.C. 55a), but at rates for individuals not in excess of $100

per diem.

Sec. 304. Participation by small business enterprises

It is declared to be in the national interest to encourage and develop the actual and potential capacity of small business and to utilize this important segment of our economy to the fullest practicable extent in construction of the Federal-aid highway systems, including the Interstate System. In order to carry out that intent and encourage full and free competition, the Secretary should assist, insofar as feasible, small business enterprises in obtaining contracts in connection with the prosecution of the highway program. Sec. 305. Archeological and paleontological salvage

Funds authorized to be appropriated to carry out this title to the extent approved as necessary by the highway department of any State, may be used for archeological and paleontological salvage in that State in compliance with the Act entitled "An Act for the preservation of American antiquities”, approved June 8, 1906 (34 Stat. 225), and State laws where applicable.63 Sec. 306. Mapping

In carrying out the provisions of this title, the Secretary may, wherever practicable, authorize the use of photogrammetric methods in mapping, and the utilization of commercial enterprise for such services. Sec. 307. Research and planning

(a) The Secretary is authorized in his discretion to engage in research on all phases of highway construction, modernization, development, design, maintenance, safety, financing, and traffic conditions, including the effect thereon of State laws and is authorized to test, develop, or assist in the testing and developing of any material, invention, patented article, or process. The Secretary may publish the results of such research. The Secretary may carry out the authority granted hereby, either independently, or in cooperation with any other branch of the Government, State agency, authority, association, institution, corporation (profit or nonprofit), or any other organization, or person.

or person. The funds required to carry out the provisions of this subsection shall be taken out of the administrative and research funds authorized by section 104 of this title and such funds as may be deposited in a special account with the Secretary of the Treasury for such purposes by any cooperating organization or person. The provisions of section 3709 of the Revised Statutes, as amended (41 U.S.C. 5), shall not be applicable to contracts or agreements made under the authority of this subsection.

(b) The Secretary shall include in the highway research program herein authorized studies of economic highway geometrics, structures,

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63 Amended by sec. 8(e) of Public Law 86–657, July 14, 1960 (74 Stat. 522).

and desirable weight and size standards for vehicles using the public highways and of the feasibility of uniformity in State regulations with respect to such standards and he shall report from time to time to the Committees on Public Works of the Senate and of the House of Representatives on the progress and findings with respect to such studies.

(c) (1) Not to exceed 11/2 per centum of the sums apportioned for each fiscal year prior to the fiscal year 1964 to any State under section 104 of this title shall be available for expenditure upon request of the State highway department, with the approval of the Secretary, with or without State funds, for engineering and economic surveys and investigations; for the planning of future highway programs and the financing thereof; for studies of the economy, safety, and convenience of highway usage and the desirable regulation and equitable taxation thereof; and for research and development, necessary in connection with the planning, design, construction, and maintenance of highways and highway systems, and the regulation and taxation of their use.64

(2) One and one-half per centum of the sums apportioned for each fiscal year beginning with the fiscal year 1964 to any State under section 104 of this title shall be available for expenditure by the State highway department only for the purposes enumerated in paragraph (1) of this subsection.

(3) In addition to the percentage provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, not to exceed one-half of one per centum of sums apportioned for each fiscal year beginning with the fiscal year 1964 under paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of section 104(b) of this title shall be available for expenditure upon request of the State highway department for the purposes enumerated in paragraph (1) of this subsection.

(4) Sums made available under paragraphs (2) and (3) of this subsection shall be matched by the State in accordance with section 120 of this title unless the Secretary determines that the interests of the Federal-aid highway program would be best served without such matching:65 Sec. 308. Cooperation with Federal and State agencies and for

eign countries (a) The Secretary is authorized to perform by contract or otherwise, authorized engineering or other services in connection with the survey, construction, maintenance, or improvement of highways for other Government agencies, cooperating foreign countries, and State cooperating agencies, and reimbursement for such services, which may include depreciation on engineering and roadbuilding equipment used, shall be credited to the appropriation concerned.

(b) Appropriations for the work of the Bureau of Public Roads shall be available for the expenses of warehouse maintenance and the procurement, care, and handling of supplies, materials, and equipment for distribution to projects under the supervision of the Bureau of Public roads, or for sale or distribution to other Government agencies, cooperating foreign countries, and State cooperating agencies, and the cost of such supplies and materials or the value of such equipment, including the cost of transportation and handling, may be reimbursed to current applicable appropriations.

64 Amended by sec. 6 of Public Law 88–157, Oct. 24, 1963 (77 Stat. 276). 65 Amended by sec. 11 of Public Law 87–866, Oct. 23, 1962 (76 Stat. 1145).

Sec. 309. Cooperation with other American Republics

The President is authorized to utilize the services of the Bureau of Public Roads in fulfilling the obligations of the United States under the Convention on the Pan-American Highway between the United States and Other American Republics (51 Stat. 152), cooperating with several governments, members of the Organization of American States, in connection with the survey and construction of the InterAmerican Highway, and for performing engineering service in the other American Republics for and upon the request of any agency or governmental corporation of the United States. To the extent anthorized in appropriation acts, administrative funds available in accordance with subsection (a) of section 104 of this title shall be available annually for the purpose of this section. Sec. 310. Civil defense

In order to assure that adequate consideration is given to civil defense aspects in the planning and construction of highways constructed or reconstructed with the aid of Federal funds, the Secretary of Commerce is authorized and directed to consult, from time to time, with the Federal Civil Defense Administrator relative to the civil defense aspects of highways so constructed or reconstructed. Sec. 311. Highway improvements strategically important to the

national defense Funds made available under subsection (a) of section 104 of this title may be used to pay the entire engineering costs of the surveys, plans, specifications, estimates, and supervision of construction of projects for such urgent improvements of highways strategically important from the standpoint of the national defense as may be undertaken on the order of the Secretary and as the result of request of the Secretary of Defense or such other official as the President may designate. With the consent of a State, funds made available under subsection (b) of section 104 of this title may be used to the extent deemed necessary and advisable by the Secretary to carry out the provisions of this section. Sec. 312. Detail of Army, Navy, and Air Force officers

The Secretary of Defense, upon request of the Secretary, is authorized to make temporary details to the Bureau of Public Roads of officers of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force, without additional compensation, for technical advice and for consultation regarding highway needs for the national defense. Travel and subsistence expenses of officers so detailed shall be paid from appropriations available to the Department of Commerce on the same basis as authorized by law and by regulations of the Department of Defense for such officers.

Sec. 313. Highway Safety Conference

The Secretary is authorized and directed to assist in carrying out the action program of the President on highway safety, and to cooperate with the State highway departments and other agencies in this program to advance the cause of safety on highways. Not to

exceed $150,000 out of the administrative funds made available in accordance with subsection (a) of section 104 of this title may be expended annually for the purposes of this section. Sec. 314. Relief of employees in hazardous work

The Secretary is authorized in an emergency to use appropriations to the Department of Commerce for carrying out the provisions of this title for medical supplies, services, and other assistance necessary for the immediate relief of employees of the Bureau of Public Roads engaged in hazardous work. Sec. 315. Rules, regulations, and recommendations

Except as provided in sections 204(d), 205 (a), 206(b), 207(b), and 208 (c) of this title, the Secretary is authorized to prescribe and promulgate all needful rules and regulations for the carrying out of the provisions of this title. The Secretary may make such recommendations to the Congress and State highway departments as he deems necessary for preserving and protecting the highways and insuring the safety of traffic thereon. Sec. 316. Consent by United States to conveyance of property

For the purposes of this title the consent of the United States is given to any railroad or canal company to convey to the State highway department of any State, or its nominee, any part of its right-ofway or other property in that State acquired by grant from the United States. Sec. 317. Appropriation for highway purposes of lands or inter

ests in lands owned by the United States (a) If the Secretary determines that any part of the lands or interests in lands owned by the United States is reasonably necessary for the right-of-way of any highway, or as a source of materials for the construction or maintenance of any such highway adjacent to such lands or interests in lands, the Secretary shall file with the Secretary of the Department supervising the administration of such lands or interests in lands a map showing the portion of such lands or interests in lands which it is desired to appropriate.

(b) If within a period of four months after such filing, the Secretary of such Department shall not have certified to the Secretary that the proposed appropriation of such land or material is contrary to the public interest or inconsistent with the purposes for which such land or materials have been reserved, or shall have agreed to the appropriation and transfer under conditions which he deems necessary for the adequate protection and utilization of the reserve, then such land and materials may be appropriated and transferred to the State highway department, or its nominee, for such purposes and subject to the conditions so specified.

(c) If at any time the need for any such lands or materials for such purposes shall no longer exist, notice of the fact shall be given by the State highway department to the Secretary and such lands or materials shall immediately revert to the control of the Secretary of the Department from which they had been appropriated.

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