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4.6.1a. Naisc 968 NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION ACT

AMENDMENTS OF 1968

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HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON SCIENCE

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE
UNITED STATES SENATE
NINETIETH CONGRESS
FIRST SESSION

ON
S. 2598 and H.R. 5404

TO AMEND THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION ACT OF 1950 TO MAKE CHANGES AND IMPROVEMENTS IN THE ORGANIZATION AND OPERATION OF THE FOUNDATION,

AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

AND FOR OTHEION OF THE POTS IN THE

NOVEMBER 15 AND 16, 1967

VERSITY

MAR 1968

a10105

Printed for the use of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1968

87-071 O

COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE

LISTER HILL, Alabama, Chairman WAYNE MORSE, Oregon

JACOB K. JAVITS, New York RALPH YARBOROUGH, Texas

WINSTON L. PROUTY, Vermont JOSEPH S. CLARK, Pennsylvania

PETER H. DOMINICK, Colorado JENNINGS RANDOLPH, West Virginia GEORGE MURPHY, California HARRISON A. WILLIAMS, JR., New Jersey PAUL J. FANNIN, Arizona CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island

ROBERT P. GRIFFIN, Michigan
EDWARD M. KENNEDY, Massachusetts
GAYLORD NELSON, Wisconsin
ROBERT F. KENNEDY, New York

STEWART E. MCCLURE, Chief Clerk
JOHN S. FORSYTHE, General Counsel
ROY H. MILLENSON, Minority Clerk

SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON SCIENCE

EDWARD M. KENNEDY, Massachusetts, Chairman CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island

ROBERT P. GRIFFIN, Michigan (11)

CONTENTS

Page

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102

S. 2598...

Departmental reports:

National Science Foundation.--

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare

H.R. 5404.-------

Departmental reports:

National Science Foundation.--

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare..

Bureau of the Budget --

CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF WITNESSES

NOVEMBER 15, 1967

Kennedy, Hon. Edward M., a U.S. Senator from the State of Massachu-

setts...
Hornig, Dr. Donald F., Director, Office of Science and Technology, Execu-

tive Office of the President...

Haworth, Dr. Leland J., Director of the National Science Foundation -----

Handler, Dr. Philip, Chairman, National Science Board. ------

Seitz, Dr. Frederick, President, National Academy of Sciences. -----------

Brooks, Dr. Harvey, Chairman, Committee on Science and Public Policy of

the National Academy of Sciences, and dean of engineering and applied

physics, Harvard University----

NOVEMBER 16, 1967

Daddario, Hon. Emilio 0., U.S. Representative from the State of Con-

necticut, accompanied by Philip Yeager, counsel; and Joseph Felton,

counsel; both of the House Committee on Space and Astronautics...

Harris, Hon. Fred R., a U.S. Senator from the State of Oklahoma .

Pell, Hon. Claiborne, a U.S. Senator from the State of Rhode Island.---

Pollack, Herman, Director of International Scientific and Technological

Affairs, U.S. Department of State. -----

STATEMENTS

Brooks, Dr. Harvey, Chairman, Committee on Science and Public Policy

of the National Academy of Sciences, and dean of engineering and

applied physics, Harvard University-------

Prepared statement.-----

Daddario, Hon. Emilio O., U.S. Representative from the State of Con-

necticut, accompanied by Philip Yeager, counsel; and Joseph Felton,

counsel; both of the House Committee on Space and Astronautics -------

Prepared statement....

Handler, Dr. Philip, Chairman, National Science Board. ---------

Prepared statement.-

Harris, Hon. Fred R., a U.S. Senator from the State of Oklahoma --

Haworth, Dr. Leland J., Director of the National Science Foundation.

Prepared statement.---

Hornig, Dr. Donald F., Director, Office of Science and Technology, Execu-

tive Office of the President...

Kennedy, Hon. Edward M., a U.S. Senator from the State of Massachu-

setts.---

Pell, Hon. Claiborne, a U.S. Senator from the State of Rhode Island. ----

Pollack, Herman, Director of International Scientific and Technological

Affairs, U.S. Department of State..

Seitz, Dr. Frederick, President, National Academy of Sciences...

Prepared statement.-----------

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ADDITIONAL INFORMATION Article:

Case for a National Social Science Foundation, The," by Senator

Fred R. Harris, from Science, August 4, 1967..
Commission on the Social Sciences, establishment of...
Communications from:

Handler, Dr. Philip, Chairman, National Science Board of the Na-
tional Science Foundation, to:
Prospective members of the Special Commission on the Social
Sciences, August 4, 1967.---

--
Senator Edward M. Kennedy, November 19, 1967...
Haworth, Leland J., Director, National Science Foundation, to Senator
Edward M. Kennedy:
November 29, 1968.--.

-------------
November 30, 1968.---
Hornig, Donald F., Director, Office of Science and Technology, to

Senator Edward M. Kennedy, December 12, 1968.----
Keeney, Barnaby C., Chairman, National Foundation on the Arts and

Humanities, to Senator Pell, December 14, 1967.-
Ohlke, C. C., Commission on the Social Sciences, to K. Dun Gifford,

legislative assistant, Office of Senator Kennedy of Massachusetts,

January 29, 1968, with attachment.. -
Revelle, Roger, director, Center for Population Studies, Harvard

University, Cambridge, Mass., to Senator Pell, November 15, 1967..
Wenk, Edward, Jr., executive secretary, National Council on Marine

Resources and Engineering Development, to Senator Edward M.

Kennedy, September 18, 1967-----
National Science Foundation:
Grants, contracts, and fellowships awarded, by State, fiscal year 1966.

a table.
House Report No. 1236, “The National Science Foundation. Its

Present and Future," February 1, 1966
International activities summary .-.

Obligations, by discipline, fiscal year 1966, a table....
Responses to questions submitted to National Science Foundation by
Senator Griffin.....

Supplemental...

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NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION ACT AMENDMENTS

OF 1968

WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 15, 1967

U.S. SENATE,
SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON SCIENCE
OF THE COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE,

Washington, D.C. The special subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 9:30 a.m., in room 4232, New Senate Office Building, Senator Edward M. Kennedy (chairman of the special subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Senators Kennedy of Massachusetts (presiding) and Pell.

Senator KENNEDY of Massachusetts. The subcommittee will come to order.

We begin today the first Senate hearings since 1950 devoted to a broad review of the National Science Foundation Act. I hope that the hearings will give us the base of information we in the Senate need if we are to streamline and modify the act to assure its continued participation in the forward march of American science.

For two consecutive years the House of Representatives has passed legislation amending the National Science Foundation Act. We have before us H.R. 5404 which passed the House last April 12. We also have before us S. 2598, which I introduced last month. It is different from the House bill, and I hope that these differences provoke discussions by our witnesses on the resolution of them.

I want to acknowledge at this point the appointment of this subcommittee by Chairman Lister Hill. He has a deep personal interest in this specific legislation, as he does in the general subject we are considering this morning. The membership includes Senator Claiborne Pell of Rhode Island and Senator Robert Griffin of Michigan, both of whom have shown a significant interest in the National Science Foundation, as well as the scientific community generally.

I order the text of the bills referred to printed in the record at this point along with departmental reports we receive. (The bills S. 2598 and H.R. 5404 and departmental reports follow:)

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