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The evidences of the truth of the Christian
2 Cor. iv. 3, 4. But if our gospel be hid, it is bid to them that are lost :
... minds of them which believe not, left the light of
the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, jould shine unto them.
The fourth sermon on this text.
Y Have been considering the evidence which those
who lived in our Saviour's time had of his divine
with which he was endued.
As to the resurrection of our Saviour, I have produced the testimonies for it, and have added some considerations that may give strength and advantage to that teftimony; and shall now proceed to take no. tice of the most considerable exceptions that may be made against it. And all the exceptions that can be brought against it, that are of any moment, and that I know of, are these ihree ; that tradition of the Jews, that he was stolen out of the grave; or that he was not really dead; or that his appearance was an illusion from evil spirits. The first of these is ancient, and was the inyention of the Jews, and denies the
integrity of the witnesses of his resurrection, making them deceivers : The two last suppose the fidelity of the witnesses, but say, they were deceived, either as to his death, or as to his appearance afterward : and these have been since invented by atheistical spirits. I shall briefly answer them, and first in general, I say these two things :
'1. That they who deny this, have this disadvantage, that they are to prove a negative, which is never capable of that evidence, which an affirmation is.
2. These exceptions look very like envy, for they do not concur to make up one strong objection a gainst the testimony of Christ's resurrection ; but each of them contradicts the other, and is inconsistcnt with them : For it the tradition of the Jews be true, that he was stolen out of the grave after that he was dead and buried, and that the story of his appearing to them was a forgery, then the two latter exceptions are false, and so of the rest ; so that these exceprions look very like the false witnesses that were suborned against Christ, that they do not agree to. gether. But to the objections themselves, I answer,
Firft, The tradition of the Jews ; that his body was stolen out of the sepulchre, and all that which is related afterwards of his appearing to his disciples, and conversing with them, and ascending into heaven, was a forgery and impofture.
Answ. 1. We have early notice given of this in the history of the gospel, Matth. xxviii. 11. that when the chief priests heard that his body was gone out of the grave, they consulted together, and his red the soldiers to say that the disciples came by night, and whilft they were asleep, stole him away. Observe what it was that the soldiers were to testify, that whilft they were asleep, the disciples came and stole away his body. Very credible persons, that were to give testimony of what they saw done, whilft they were asleep! A man had need be hired with a great sum to give such a testimony, so ridicu. lous : and it seems the Pharisees looked upon the governor as very simple, that would be so easily perLuaded of so unlikely a thing.
2. It should seem it was not believed by themselves ; for Josephus, a knowing and learned, man of that nation and religion, who lived immediately after that time, speaks positively in the 18th Book of his Antiquities, that " Christ was crucified, and « appeared to his disciples the third day, rising from " the dead;” and he speaks not a word of the for. gery, which had been much for the credit of his nation and religion.
3. If we compare the fidelity of the persons on both sides ; the witnesses of Christ's resurrection cannot be suspected of any worldly interest or design; but the Priests and Pharisees were concerned, both in reputation and intereft, to blast this miracle as much as they could ; because if it should be entertained, both their religion would be endangered, and they would be looked upon as murderers of him whose holiness and innocency was attested by such a miracle.
4. If this exception had been true, it had been easy to have discovered the impofture, and undeceived the people ; the gospel would have fallen and funk in a short time. Nothing but truth could have born up and prevailed against so much opposition. If this had been the work of men, and an impofture, it would have come to nought ; but it was truth, and of God, and therefore it could not be overthrown.
Secondly, That he was not dead when he was put into the grave, that he was but in a swoon or deliquium, and so might rise again without a miracle.
Answ. 1. We may reasonably suppose, that the malice of the Jews took care to kill him. Besides, the circumstances of the story do sufficiently evidence it. Upon the piercing of his side, water and blood came out ; which was an evidence that his heart was pierced. And after his body was exhausted of its blood, there could be no return to life again.
who, when they came to break his bones, spared him, because they saw that he was already dead.
2. If he was not dead, yet how should he rise again ? It was a pitiful securing of the grave, and a little great stone that was rolled upon it, if a weak and wounded, and spent man, after so much pain, and the expence of so much blood, could roll it away. - 3. Suppose he did rise, what became of him afterwards? How came we to have no particulars of what became of him? If those which the story gives us be true, that after forty days he was taken up into heaven, we need not doubt of his resurrection, for this is as miraculous as that.
Thirdly, The third and last exception is as un. reasonable as any, which grants that he did seem to appear to the disciples, but they were imposed upon : by the illusion of evil spirits.
Answ. 1. That which may be an evasion in any case, is to be admitted in no case. This exception supposeth as much evidence for his resurrection, as this or any other thing is capable of ; and yet would make it an illusion : but this denies all certainty ; for if we may be deceived when we have the greatest assurance of a thing that our senses can give us ; then we may not only question the resurrection of Christ, but every thing else.
2. If we believe the providence of God, we can. not think it to be so little vigilant, as that honest and well-meaning persons should be continually exposed to the insolence and cheats of evil spirits, and in a matter of the greatest concernment should be ever liable to be deceived, and cannot help it.
Having thus considered our Saviour's resurrection, and answered the objections against it, I proceed to those two miracles which followed his resurrection; namely, his ascension into heaven ; and his sending the Holy Ghost upon the Apostles and primitive Christians in such miraculous powers and gifts.
First, His ascension into heaven. And of this the disciples of our Saviour were also eye-witnesses. So St. Luke tells us, Acts i. 4. 9. And when they were assembled together, and Christ among them after his resurrection, and when he had given them in charge
what he would have them to do, as they looked on, he was taken up, and a cloud received him out of their fight. What more visible demonftration could there be, that this man was sent of God, than that after he had preached the doctrine which he came to de liver to the world, and confirmed it by so many miracles, and God has given so great an attestation to him, by raising him up from the dead; I say, what more visible demonstration that he came from God, than to see him taken up into heaven, after he had finished the work for which God sent him into the
Secondly, The fending of the Holy Ghost upon the Apostles and primitive Christians in such miraculous powers and gifts, whereby they were enabled to speak divers languages, in order to the more expedite publishing of the gospel to the world, to heal diseases, and to raise the dead, to foretel things to come, and (which was common with the Apostles and all Chri. ftians for some ages) they had a power of cafting our devils, by, adjuring them in the name of Christ, Now what could be a clearer evidence that he came from God, and was returned to him, than the conferring of sucia miraculous powers and gifts upon men, after he was ascended inco heaven, as a teftimony that he was invested in his royalty, having a power conferred upon him to dispenfe those gifts to men!
But of the ascension * of our Saviour, and the exco traordinary gifts of the Holy Ghost, t having upon other occasions discoursed at large, I shall need to add no more here ; only,before I conclude this head, I shall briefly mention the chief of those objections, which these miracles which were wrought by our Saviour, and on his behalf, are liable to, and endea.. vour to return a satisfactory answer to them. And there are two objections against his miracles in ge-neral. First, That he wrought them by the power of the Devil. Secondly, The other objection is taken from that?
. exe * Sermon 19.0 t Ser:.-197, 198, 1996 And Sår. 229, 23032316