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JUN 20 1955

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1869, by


In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Sonthern

District of New York.



his brethren, reciprocity of feeling, 30;

trapping rogues with other elephants,
Its FOSSIL REMAINS. To be found all

their conduct then, 29; the leaders not
over the frozen North, its ancient feeding- necessarily the finest of the family, 30.
ground, 16; a perfect animal found imbed- How THE ELEPHANT is TRAPPED AND
ded in ice, 17; numerous remains in En- TAMED.-Antiquity of the ivory trade,
gland and the United States, Germany Rome draws her supplies from Africa un-
the great field of discovery, 18.

til exhausted, 31 ; cruelty to animals,
ITS STRUCTURE. — Erroneous belief respect- number of elephants and other feræ sup-

ing the leg-joints, 19; dislike of the re- plied to Roman amphitheatres, cruel use
cumbent position, instance of one re- to which they were put, 33; what Bishop
maining on his feet after death, manner Heber saw at Jyepoor, in Central Hin-
of kneeling, mode of descending steep dostan, Bernier's account of an elephant-
declivities, 20; the proboscis, its structure fight in Ava, the excitement and the risk,
and uses, a disabled proboscis, when blind 34; recuperation of the ivory trade in
guided by its sense of touch, 21; the organ Africa, flesh of elephants as an article of
of smell, 23; how a calf imbibes nourish- food, difference of opinions thereon, 35 ;
ment, 22; the tusks, French name for the elephant in captivity, former luxu-
these, 23.

rious existence, the white elephant, Tach-
Its HABITAT. — Immense herds in Africa, ard's account, white a doubtful color, the

apparent scarcity of food for such num- King of Ava's elephants and his title, 36;
bers, but succulent nature and rapid re- their strength now utilized, 37 ; traps, de-
production of wild versus domestic food, scription of those used in Ceylon, 39; Sir
night the feeding-time, 24; Ceylon better Emerson Tennent's description of an ele-
grazing-ground than Africa, instance of phant-hunt, number of natives employed,
delicate feeding, acute sense of proximate time occupied, 40; how the elephants are
danger, getting over the ground, times for frightened and driven into the corral,
drinking, singular note of alarm, 25; how frantic efforts to escape, 41; decoy fe
and why it is made, quiet movements of males employed, how Siribeddi, thie fa-
the huge animals, the rush and roar when mous decoy, sets to work, 42; the despair
frightened or enraged, subsequent quie- and desperate struggles of the fettered
tude, all other animals give him place, captives, refuse food, 43; how they are
desertion of water-courses at his approach, watched at night, a Cingalese holiday,
Andersson's description of such a scene, the captives tickled by music, 44; rubbed
26; disinclination of elephants to fences, down while taught obedience by the points
rogues excepted, 27; the reputed age at- of a hendoo, treated to a bath, legs gen-
tained doubtful, duration probably the erally wounded, in three months made a
same as that of man, skeletons or car- useful servant, Panickeas, or professional
casses of the defunct from natural causes elephant catchers, 45; Major Skinner's
not found in Ceylon, but met with in Af- encounter with a large herd, the cunning
rica, the presumed cause for this, retire of a Panickea relieves him, 46; the way
to die in solitude, 28; family likeness in in which Panickeas secure their game,
herds, when alarmed, each herd follows spoils of the chase at Manaar, 47.
its own leaders, “caste" scrupulously ob- THE ELEPHANT AS USED IN WAR.-Alex-
served, treatment of outcasts, who gen- ander the Great and his elephants, their
erally become “rogues,” evil propensities dispersion and probable fate, Lord Ellen-
of the “rogue,” hostility to mankind and borough's modern experiment, 48; “Colo-


nel Jack,” his discipline and death, what of lion-hunting, Andersson's first expe-
became of the elephant battery, 49.

rience, 79; two more lessons, 83; Alge-
How HE IS HUNTED FOR HIS Ivory.-Ef. rine lions, their variety and their depre-

fects of the invention of gunpowder on the dations, 84; the Arab lion-trap, Jules
elephant's existence, 52; ancient mode of Gerard lays down the law for the “soli-
hunting, present native methods, spearing tary hunter,” 85; the mode of hunting
and hamstringing, instance of maternal among the Arabs, acute sense of hearing
care, 54; the bullet more merciful than possessed by the lion, how Arabs outwit
sword or spear; Gordon Cumming's no- him, 86; an Arab hunt and its accom-
tions of “Sport and Humanity,” 55; af- paniments, 87; havoc one lion can com-
fecting account of one of his “experi- mit, fonder of blood than of flesh, a vora-
ments,” where to plant a bullet, difference cious despoiler of herds, Gerard to the res-
of opinions, elephant-shooting not a dan-

he finds the lion, night encounter,
gerous sport in Ceylon, 56; the African the result 88–90; Gordon Cumming's ad-
elephant larger than any other, its enor- venture with a lion, 91 ; another fatal en-
mous ears, 56; some marvellous escapes counter, 92; Livingstone's narrow es-
from the long-bow, Lieut. Moodie's ad- cape, 93; two more escapes by Captain
venture, 57; serious results, female suc- Mundy and Dr. Livingstone, 96.
coring male friend, 58; Andersson's ter-
rible predicament at Kobis, 59; another

of Andersson's experiences, 61 ; Old She- Its numerous aliases, where found, physical
karry's adventure in Southern India, 63; description, 101 ; scene of its hunting ex-

Baldwin and his horse among a herd, 65. ploits, its vampire nature, havoc in a
SAGACITY OF THE ELEPHANT.—The cruel sheepfold, diverse opinions as to its char-

tailor and the elephant's revenge, how an acter, Josh. Springett's puma-hunt, 102;
old elephant recovered a shilling, 49; an puma's disinclination to encounter man,
elephant plans his own release from a pit, Sir Francis Head's testimony, 105; a
sagacious endurance under a tiger's claws, marvellous legend, Maldonata of Para-
50; how the tiger was served, what a guay and her puma friend, 106; attempt
youthful shekarry thought of an English- of an Arkansas hunter to capture a puma
man who would not attack a tiger with- alive, 108; the result, 110.
out the assistance of an elephant, 51.


Is man a descendant of the ape, 111; opin-
STRUCTURE OF THE Lion.—Intelligence of ions of Dr. Owen and Du Chaillu, the

carnivorous animals contrasted with that height of a gorilla, its color and hair,
of the herbivorous, 69; wonderful strength thickness of the hide, 112; general ap-
of the lion, 69; shape and use of the paws, pearance, manner of moving, 113; a goril.
the tongue and its want of discriminating la skeleton, faint resemblance to the hu-
taste, 70; teeth, eyes, and voice of the man form, 114; cranial capacity, its limit-
lion, 71; diversity of opinion as to the ed powers of intelligence, general igno-
lion's roar, 72.

rance regarding gorillas, 115; what Du
HABITAT OF THE LION.-Its generosity at Chaillu says they do not do and what they

least equal to that of man, a faithful hus- do, their food, how they crack nuts, 116;
band and affectionate parent, coupled to where they live, care for their young, not
a vixen, mortality of female young, the polygamists, not averse to a tight, partic-
reason for it, every year leap-year for the ularly with a black man, Du Chaillu's ac-
lioness, a leonine courtship, 73; a battle count of their preparations for an encoun-
royal for a fickle mate, 74; nocturnal hab- ter, the walk and run, 117; unamiability
its of the lion, Livingstone's contemptuous of young gorillas, their strength, Du
description of, the lion's family, the lion- Chaillu secures a baby, 118; its size and
ess's care for her young, 75 ; how they are appearance, 119; it is caged, but escapes,
educated, their youthful strength, the age difficulty in recapturing, it roars and fights
of maturity and decay, 76; the sad end manfully, is again caged, and low diet
of aged animals, lions not gregarious, how tried, with but partial success, 120; an-
they attack their prey, their discrimina- other attempt at escape, is chained up
tion of joints, 78.

and dies, another young one is caught,
How THE LION IS HUNTED.-Science rer- but dies on the third day, 121.

sus savage cunning, the perilous nature / How THE GORILLA IS HUNTED.-Difficul.

ties of gorilla-hunting, kill or be killed, fight and its results, 143; the best friend of
no second shot, 122 ; natives frequently the rhinoceros, how it acts the part of
killed or severely maimed, gorillas killed guardian, one slain in order to secure the
as easily as are men, natives fond of the prize, dissatisfaction at the result, rhinoc-
ineat, esteemed value of the brain, honor eroses generally shun man, a sad instance
to the brave, 123; Du Chaillu's love of to the contrary, 144; Mr. Oswell's expe-
science as well as sport, interesting ac- riences, 145; differences between the In-
count of his first gorilla-hunt, found in dian and the African rhinoceros, Bishop
thick jungle, shows no sign of fear, for- Heber's opinion, 146; an Indian rhinoceros
midable size and appearance, 124; roars, in England, meets with an accident, sup-
and is killed, inability of the gorilla to posed cause, fatal result, prefers shady re-
support himself on his hind legs, the busi- treats, indolent habits, age attained, Jav-
ness-like record of Du Chaillu's gorilla- anese rhinoceros, 147.
hunts, apparently not so terrible a busi- How THE RHINOCEROS IS HUNTED.- Why
ness after all, a very severe test, howev- the Bechuanas prefer a bow and poisoned
er, of man's courage, description of a fatal

arrows, their inefficacy, the kind of bullet
hunt, 126.

to be used; impervious nature of the
THE NSHIEGO-MBOUVE.-Differs from the head, small brain, 148; Andersson's thrill-

gorilla, 128; where and how it builds the ing experiences, 149 ; he takes an unex-
nest, a neat dwelling, nshiego not grega- pected ride on a wounded animal, Mr.
rious, ancient hermits, male and female Galton's story of a black rhinoceros, 152,
cat together, but occupy separate apart- Wm. C. Baldwin's successful hunts, 153;
ments, Du Chaillu's description of this the rhinoceros of Sumatra, 154.
ape, 130 ; he captures a baby, astonish-
ment at its white face, the mother killed,

the young one's grief, 131 ; tricks of young Similarity in structure of all the cat tribe,
Tommy Nshiego, takes to the bottle, and disposition of the tiger, 155 ; its handsome
becomes debauched, 133 ; his sickness and appearance and size, difficulty of discern-
death, 134.

ing the brute in its favorite resorts, the

faculty of reducing its apparent size, its

enormous strength, able to carry off a full-
Its position in the animal world as regards grown buffalo, instance of, 156 ; where

size and beauty, varieties of, 135; effects found, confined to Asia, usual number of
of a fatal shot, erroneous notions concern- progeny at a birth, size of a new-born
ing the hide, native mode of curing, sharp cub, average duration of life, affection of
knives, difference in habits and color of the tigress for her young denied by some
the various species, 136 : description of writers, inquisitiveness of young tigers,
one of the largest, the eyes and ears, what evidence in defense of maternal affection,
Andersson says about their sense of smell, hunting tactics of the tiger, 157; tigers
wonderfully rapid movements, the horns, and men contrasted in one particular, 158;
137; curious superstition regarding the an instance of extreme devotion to their
horn, scientific explanation, feats of young, a Hindoo proverb, 159; the au-
strength performed with it, rhinoceros dacity and devotion of a tigress saves her
horn compared with ivory, 138; rhinoc- own life, the buffalo not afraid of a tiger,
eros horn a detector of poison, its uses, “ united they stand,” oxen more timid,
size and appearance of rhinoceros at birth, often become prey to the tiger, how a vic-
139 ; reciprocity of affection, will fight for tim is treated, 160; what becomes of the

parents, marked by bites of wild dogs, scraps, 161 ; tigers are good swimmers, a
rhinoceros not great feeders, average quan- boat captured by one, scattering of the
tity of food for the black species, large sailors, favorite haunts, the fatal spring,
supply of water requisite, 140; how this shame at missing the mark, climbs on
is taken advantage of by the hunters, dif- roofs of huts, sometimes makes a false
ference of diet of the species, 141; the move, the result, 162.
heavier eater does not fatten, young rhi- How THE TIGER IS TRAPPED AND HUNT-
noceros not mean meat, the black species ED.-Various modes adopted by the herds-
fear nothing, instance of ferocity, lions and men to trap the tiger, the bamboo plat-
even elephants give them a wide berth, form, how it is constructed and used, 163;
142; fights between elephants and rhinoc- how tigers are sometimes poisoned, 164 ;
eroses, Andersson's account of a domestic terrible story of a thirst-maddened tiger



and an alligator, 165 ; native tiger-traps,
the spring-bow, and how it is worked, the

cage, 166"; the mouse-trap, bird-liming More dreaded than tigers by the natives,
tigers in Oude, 167 ; the gara, or live bait, its tree-climbing propensity, its extreme
some sects will not “inform” against ti- cunning, its thieving tactics, 197 ; how it
gers, the cairn of a man-eater” killed

entices the unwary deer, how it pursues
by “Old Shekarry" after he had eaten its prey, not fastidious as to diet, Mr. An-
forty persons, story of the death, 169; ad-

dersson nearly loses a favorite dog by a
venture of Lieut. Rice, 171; wonderful es- prowling leopard, 198; curious super-
cape of Mr. Elliott, 172; another adven- stition of the Cingalese concerning the
ture of Lieut. Rice, look out for the sec- leopard, the black leopard of Ceylon, leop-
ond, 174; a sportsman robbed of his game ards allured by the smell arising from
by a tiger, 175; a ship-captain in want of small-pox, the dread that the natives of
pea-fowl disturbs an amiable family, ti- Central Africa have of the leopard, re-
ger's tenacity of life, Lieut. Rice's expe- joicings on the death of a leopard, the
rience, 175; tiger-hunting on foot, how charms secured on the occasion, 200; Du
Europeans arrange it, 176; jealousy of Chaillu’s description of the sequel to a
Indian chiefs, how they manage their successful hunt, 201; leopard skins high-
hunts, 177; tiger preserves, tiger versus ly prized by the Cingalese, an ingenious
buffalo in Java, 178.

trap, man's dominion over wild beasts,
Major Skinner's experience, 202; a Cin-

galese leopard carries off a man, none of

the cat tribe can tolerate the gaze of man,
Identical with the behemoth of Scripture, Captain Drayson gives an illustration, the

anciently an inhabitant of Europe and cheetah, or hunting leopard, where found,
Asia, 179 ; where it is now found, a shy 203; how it hunts deer, the opinion of an
animal, the beauty of its present haunts, old Nimrod thereupon, 204 ; the genus,
Livingstone's account, Cumming meets size, and habits of the cheetah, 205.
with a large colony, 180; terror to farm- How THE LEOPARD IS HUNTED.—Hendrick,
ers, cautious proceedings before going a boar wounds a leopard, follows him into
ashore, Du Chaillu's opinion of the use of the brushwood, 206 ; leopard at bay, ter-
the tusks, 181; Broderip's remarks on its rible fight, leopard killed, but Hendrick
amphibious character, a traveller's opin- badly injured, 207; a night of agony, un-
ion of its disposition, the strength of the pleasant companion, is rescued, 208.
jaw, 182 ; dimensions of the hippopota-
mus, 183; the ugly mouth, remarkable

teeth, wonderful capacity of a youthful Smaller than a tiger, but more courageous,
stomach, position and shape of the nos- the Indian panther, his color, and where
trils, the eyes, Broderip's remarks con- found, fire-arms the best weapon, 209;
cerning them, the voice, 184; stupidity why spears are unsafe, the African pan-
denied, cunning avoidance of traps, what ther, a strange legend, Gerard's opinion of
Dr. Andrew Smith says about their sa- the panther at variance with that of Mr.
gacity, 185.

Blakesley, 210; the cunning spring-guns
How IT IS TRAPPED AND HUNTED.- of the Arabs, the pariah dogs of India par-

Strength and courage of wild animals as ticular dainties for leopard, how they are
compared with resources of reason, 186;

enticed from their shelters, two large grey-
hippopotami overmatched with the sav- hounds carried off by a panther, 211;
age, how the latter subdues the former, Lieut. Rice's testimony to their audacity,
the harpoon, how it is made, 187; the 212.
“ reed raft,” its disadvantages, how used, HOW THE PANTHER IS HUNTED.—The pan-
188 ; hunting with a raft, 189; another ther of India the most formidable, Captain
artifice of the Bayeye, 190; the javelin Henry Shakespeare's terrible fight with
"downfall," 191 ; the rifle divests hippo- two, 213; tenacity of life, its ferocity, 215;
potami-hunting of all danger, exploit of a a native barber attacked by a panther,
celebrated hunter, 192; one of Gordon 216; “where is he? don't you see,

he is
Cumming's marvellous adventures, 193 ; eating me!” 217; account of Messrs. Rice
Du Chaillu's testimony as to the num- and Little's brush with a panther while
bers of hippopotami, Baldwin's adventure, after tigers, Captain Shakespeare's manly

apology for hunting, 218; his opinion as

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