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Jones, who had endured much spiritual distress. They afterward corresponded by writing. Two or three soldiers in the garrison, being brought to a desire of salvation, met with Mr. Jones for social prayer, till the company returned to England in 1773. He joined the Independent Church at Chatham, where he was stationed for two years; and then, to his surprize and regret, he was appointed to return, with another company of artillery, to the same desolate spot where he had so lately served for eight years. Thus the Lord often accomplishes his gracious purposes, and fulfils our utmost desires, by means that appear to us not only unaccountable, but distressing. Mr. Jones had risen through the subordinate ranks of gunner, bombardier, and corporal; and his exemplary conduct, subsequent to his conversion, recommended him so strongly to his commanding officers, that he was intrusted with every charge compatible with his station. Upon his return to Newfoundland, he had at once to fill the posts of serjeant-major, quarter-master, pay-ınaster, and clerk to the company of artillery. Being thereby entitled to the occupation of a separate room, a pious serjeant of the coinpany and his family shared it with him; and they maintained social worship twice a day, and more publicly on the Lord's day evening, when many persons attended, both from the gar. rison and the town of St. John's. He read to them printed discourses, and six or seven persons joined in society with hiin.. They even obtained from the magistrates the use of the court house at the harbour, for their Lord's day evening worship, during the winter, which season the governor (who is usually an admiral) always spends in England. In the following spring, when the governor returned, this indulgence was withdrawn from them, through the influence of the clergyman at St. John's. On this gentleinan's ministry, although far from evangelical, they had steadily attended ; but they then determined upon meeting together each part of the Lord's day : and the town's people being at length excluded from Mr. Jones's room in the barracks, he met with thein, during the summer, in the open air, upon the neighbouring barren hills ; exhorting them from portions of Scripture, as he had begun to do while they met in the court house. This mode of assembling being impracticable in the winters, which are extremely cold, they deterinined, although destitute of pra.


perty, to attempt erecting a small place of worship; and having cut down soine slight trees in the woods, with which most of the island is covered, they raised their build.' ing, chiefly by the labour of their own hands, in the spring of 1777, on a spot of ground of which they had obtained a lease. A chamber belonging to one of their society had sheltered them during the winter, and they had worshipped in their new house a few weeks only, when the governor returned, and endeavoured, but at that time in vain, to deprive them of it. Mr. Jones continued preaching in it regularly till the next year, when the company of artillery was ordered to England, and he was under the necessity of leaving his little fock. They wrote, however, to him in England an earnest request that he would get his discharge from the military service, and come out the next year to reside with them as their minister. This was accomplished with some difficulty, during his stay at Plymouth, where the company was stationed ; and the rev. Christopher and Herbert Mends, Mr. Ashburner, and the late Mr. Rooker of Bridport, gave their approbation and instructions on the occasion, in which they were also joined by the late rev. Simon Reader, and four other respectable ministers in the neighbourhood.

Upon Mr. Jones's third and last arrival at St. John's, in July, 1779, he was only suffered to preach in the meeting house about a month, before the new governor, at the instigation of the clergyman already spoken of, by a strain of his authority, prohibited the farther use of it for worship, and restricted their meetings to Mr. Jones's private lodgings. He was thereby so much disheartened, that he would have returned to England, but for the entreaties of the little society, which then consisted of fifteen members. Their privileges were, however, restored to them the fole lowing year; the admiral having found that his conduct had attracted more notice and censure in the mother coun. try than he expected. From that period Mr. Jones regularly administered to them the ordinances of Christ, preached to them three times on the Lord's day, and every other sabbath a fourth tiine, at a place two miles distant. He also preached at St. John's one evening besides in the week, and inet them two other evenings for prayer and religious c011versation. The church, which was then regularly constituted, had an annual increase of twenty members for se


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veral following years; and, notwithstanding numerous los. ses, chiefly by the frequent removals of the soldiers, many of whoin were awakened under Mr. Jones's ministry, the communicants usually were froin seventy to eighty persons. Among these were a few officers in his majesty's service, and persons of some respectability in the town, but it was chiefly the poor to whom the Gospel was made powerful unto salvation.

The lease which they had procured of the ground on which they built, being for a short term, and their general circumstances having been so low, thai they had been able to discharge but a sınall part of the debt contracted on the account, Mr. Jones made an application to the rev. S. Greatheed, and some other religious characters in England, who personally knew hiin, for assistance to purchase some ground, and to erect a more commodious place of worship. Through the liberality of pious people in London, at Poole, and in various parts of the country, this was accomplished; and an adjoining teneinent, containing small apartments for Mr. Jones, and a vestry, was also provided The latter apartment was occupied by him as a school room; the in. habitants, of all religious persuasions, having so high a respect for his character, that they were eager to commit their children to his care. Mr. Jones soon found an assistant necessary, and was so happy as to meet with persons, in succession, well qualified and disposed to second his benevolent exertions. All the children, although many of their parents were Roman Catholics, attended family worship daily, learned the Asseinbly's Catechism, which at

stated times they repeated before the congregation; and , at different periods were publicly examined in branches of

cominon education, greatly to the satisfaction of the principal inhabitants, and to the credit of the cause of Christ.

When Mr. Jones obtained his dismission from the artillery, it was greatly against the inclination of his military patrons, who considered him as entitled by his past conduct io a lieutenancy of invalids, and engaged themselves to ob tain for him that promotion, if he would remain in the ser. vice. Esteeming the reproach of Christ, a greater honour, he persisted in his desire to withdraw; and with his discharge received the appointment of a very sınall pension, as usual, in such cases. With this trifling addition to the inadequate support that the congregation could raise for him, in a place where every article of provision, excepting fish, is enor


mously dear, he subsisted, destitute of almost every conve. nience, yet parting with the very necessaries of life to per. sons around him, who were more in want than himself. His zeal for the utility of the school induced him not only to remit to the poor the expence of instruction, but to give up what he received from others in order to support the assistant teacher. Hissituation, when made known to several pious and liberal persons in England, excited their syinpathy; so that beside their donations to the buildings, they generously contributed annually toward the comforts of his advancing years, which were doubtless by this help extended to a later period, and rendered more useful than they could otherwise have been. He was also frequently assisted in his efforts to promote the knowledge of Christ, by gifts of religious publications from the Book Society at London, which he diligently distributed, not merely among his ignorant neighbours, but to remote parts of Newfoundland, where the inhabitants were destitute of all other means of instruction, and eagerly sought for this advantage. It was only at Harbour Grace, and in its vicinity on the western side of Conception Bay, that a glimpse of Gospel light was discernible, except at John's, throughout a country nearly as large as Ireland. The fruits of Mr. Coughlan ́s labours remained in that spot; but the clergymen sent out as his successors, were no better than the greater part of the instruments employed by the Society for propagating the Gospel, and the place built by the inhabitants for public worship, unhappily fell into their hands. The spiritual help which the pious people received, has been partly from the English Methodist connexion, and partly from the voluntary labours of serious persons in business, who resided in Conception Bay. Some of the Methodist preachers extended their services to different parts of the north-east coast of the Island, where they planted a few societies, but could not continue with any of them long enough to lay a proper foundation for future usefulness. Mr. Jones, though himself a decided Calvinist in sentimnent, inaintained a friendly and useful intercourse with all who loved their common Lord; visited thein when possible, and when visited by them gladly admitted to his bouse, his communion, and bis pulpit, any of his brethren in Christ. At the same time, if there appeared danger that sentiments, which he regarded as erroneous, might take root among his people, he diligently opposed themn in an open and candid manner.

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A member of his church, named George Brace, who kept a fishing boat, and visiting several of the small harbours at some distance from St. John's, was stirred up, seven of eight years since, to atteinpt instructing and exhorting the poor ignorant inhabitants; and at one of these places, called Portugal Cove, on the east side of Conception Bay, about thirteen miles over la:d froin St. John's, the Lord remarkably blessed his endeavours to the conversion of sinners. This good man's concern for their souls induced hiin, after enduring the hardships of the fishery night and day through the week, to walk io Portugal Cove and back again every Lord's day, in order to instruct them in the Gospel. Obtaining also access to a place called Torbay, nine miles north of St. John's, he afterwards visited each small congregation in turn; and Mr. Jones, when he could have opportunity, went to administer the Lord's supper to those who afforded evidence of conversion, the difficulties of travelling along the paths through the woods, greatly iinpeding their intercourse. The fishing seasons, upon which Brace's support wholly depended, proving for some following years ruinous to most of the persons employed, the liberality of pious individuals, chiefly in London, was again exerted, to raise an annual subscription that inight liberate hiin from the labour and hazard of the fishery, and enable him to apply his whole time to the ministry, and to the gratuitous instruction of the poorest children at St. John's. Mr. Janes, whose compassion had been strongly excited by their wretched state, but whose time and atten. tion were already fully occupied, had the happiness in this manner to see a free school established, which, together with his own, afford the happiest prospect of effectual benefit to the rising generation. Both these institutions have been hitherto supported with increasing credit and utility.

The former part of Mr. Jones's ministry had been exposed to great trials, through the oppression of persons in authority, and the licentiousness of a disorderly rabble. The late excellent Adiniral Cainpbell, and some subsequent governors, extended to Mr. Jones their favour and protection, his well established character having recommended him to general esteem. As the violence of opposition 10 Mr. Jones's ministry subsided, other trials arose, the severest of which to his feelings was, the declension of some respectable members of his church, whose conduct obliged

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