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toth the Epistles to the Thessalonians ;" which, we suppose, were his sermons : for he was of opinion that it was a better way of teaching, to go through with a book, than to take here and there a text; and that it gave the people a more clear and lasting knowledge.
April 5, 1571, was a parliament, and consequently a convocation, when some who aimed at the reformation of the church upon the model of Geneva, to the exclusion of episcopacy in the government of it, having alarmed the church by their oppositions to the established religion, it was thought fit to obviate their attempts; and thereupon command was given by the archbishop, That all such of the lower house of convocation, who had not formerly subscribed unto the articles of religion agreed upon in the year 1562, should subscribe them now; or on their abso. lute refusal, or delay, be expelled the house : this occasioned a general and personal subscription of those articles. And it was also farther ordered, that the book of articles so approved, should be put into print, by the appointinent of the right reverend doctor John Jewel, then bishop of Sarum; which shews he was there, and in great esteem.
It was in some part of this year also, that he had his conference, and preached his last sermon at Paul's Cross, about the ceremonies and state of the church. But I cannot fix the precise time of either of them, or give any fur. ther account with whoin that conference was.
Being naturally of a spare and thin body, and thus reste lessly wearing it out with reading, writing, preaching, and travelling, he hastened his death, which took place before he was fifty years of age; of which he had a strong presentiment a considerable time before it happened, and wrote of it to several of his friends, but would by no means be persuaded to abate any thing of his former excessive la-' bours, saying, " A bishop should die preaching ;" having these words impressed upon his mind, “ Happy art thou, my servant, if, when I come, I find thee so doing.”
Though he ever governed his diocese with diligence, yet perceiving bis death approaching, he began a new and more severe visitation of it; correcting the vices of the clergy and laity inore sharply; enjoining thein in some places tasks of holy tracts to be learned by heart, confering orders more carefully, and preaching oftener. .. Having promised to preach at Lacock in Wiltshire, a K2
gentleman who inet him on the way, observing him to be unwell by his looks, advised him to return, assuring him it were better the people should want one sermon, than to be altogether deprived of such a preacher. But he would not be persuaded, but went thither and preached his last sermon from Gal. ch. v. “ Walk in the Spirit,” &c. which he did not finish without labour and difficulty.,
In the beginning of his sickness he made his will, and gave most of his estate to his servants, to scholars, and to the poor of Sarun. The Saturday following, having called all his household about him, he expounded the Lord's prayer, and then desired them to sing the seventy-first Psalm, which he sung with thein as well as he could ; sometimes interposing some words of particular application to himself; and in the end said, “ Lord, now let thy servant depart in peace. Break off all delays. Lord, receive my spirit,” &c. Then one standing by prayed with tears, that if the Lord pleased, he would restore him to his former healih : Jewel hearing him, seemed to be offended, and said, “I have not lived so, that I am ashamed to live longer; neither do I fear to die, because we have a merci. · ful Lord. A crown of righteousness is laid up for me.
Christ is my righteousness. Father, let thy will be done : thy will I say, and not mine, which is imperfect and depraved. This day, quickly, let me see the Lord Jesus.”
He died on Saturday, Sept. 21,, 1571, aged fifty, at Monketonfarly, when he had been a bishop almost twelve years; and was buried almost in the middle of the choir of his cathedral church. Ægidius Lawrence preached his fu. neral sermon. He was extremely bewailed by all men; and a great number of Latin, Greek, and Hebrew verses were made on this occasion by learned men, which were collected and printed by Mr. Lawrence Humfrey, regius professor of divinity at Oxford, at the end of his life written in Latin by the order of that university ; nor has his name been since mentioned by any inan, without such eulogies and commendations as befitted so great, so good, so learned, so laborious a prelate.
Bishop Jewel had naturally a strong memory, which he had greatly improved by art, so that he could exactly repeąt whatever he wrote after once reading. While the bell was ringing, he committed to his inemory a repetition sermon, and pronounced it without hesitation. He was a
constant preacher; and, in his own sermons,' his course was to write down only the heads, and meditate upon the rest, while the bell was ringing to church. Yet so firin was his memory, that he used to say, if he were to deliver a premeditated speech before a thousand auditors, shouting or tighting all the while, they would not put him out. Dir. Humfrey gives several examples of this, but we shall mention two only: John Hooper, bishop of Gloucester, who was burnt in the reign of queen Mary, once to try him, wrote about forty Welsh and Irish words ; Mr. Jewel going a little while aside, and recollecting them in his memory, and reading them twice or thrice over, said them by heart backward and forward exactly in the same order ibey were set down. And another time he did the same by ten lines of Erasmus's paraphrase in English, the words of which being read sometimes confusedly without order, and at other times in order by the lord keeper Bacon, Mr. Jewel thinking a while on them, presently repeated them again backward and forward, in their right order and in the wrong, just as they were read to him; and he taught his tutor Mr. Parkhurst the same art. Though his memory were so great and so improved, yet he would not entirely rely upon it, but entered down into common place books, whatever he thought he might afterwards have occasion to use; which, as the author of his life informs us, were many in number, and great in quantity, being a vast tres. sure of learning, and a rich repository of knowledge; but being drawn up in characters for brevity, they were so obscured, that they were not of use after his death, to any other person.
He was an excellent Grecian, and not uaacquainted with the Italian tongue; and as to the Latin, he wrote and spoke it with that elegance, politeness, purity, and flus ency, that it might very well be taken for lis mother tongue : and certainly he took the right course to be inaster of it, having made himself in his youth perfectly inaster of Horace, (upon whom he wrote a large commentary) Tully, and Erasmus, all whose voluminous and excellent works be read over, and imitated every day, especially during his continuance at Oxford ; and he then used to declaim extempore to himself in Latin in the woods and groves as he Falked. He was excellently read in all the Greek poets, Qrators, and historians, especially in the ecclesiastical his
torians; and, above all other, be loved Gregory Nazianzen, and quoted him on all occasions.
His learning was much iinproved by his exile, in which, besides his conversation with Peter Martyr and the other learned men at Strasburgh and Zurich, and his society with Mr. Sandys, afterwards archbishop of York, who was his bedfellow almost all the tiine they were in exile, his curiosity led hiin over the Alps into Italy, and he studied soine time in Padua, and by the acquaintance he contracted with Seignior Scipio, a great man, seems to have been very much esteemed there: 7
Although he came to a bishopriciniserably impoverished and wasted, yet he found means to exercise a prodigious liberality and hospitality. His great expence in the building a library for his cathedral church, inay be an instance, which his successor Dr. Gheast furnished with books, whose name is perpetuated, together with the memory of his predecessor by this inscription; " Hæc Bibliotheca extructa est sumptibus, R. P. ac D. D. JOHANNIS JEWELLI, quondam Saruin Episcopi ; instructa vero libris à R. in Christo P. D. Edinundo Gheast, olim ejusdem Ecclesiae Episcopo, quorum memoria in Benedictione erit. A. D. 1578."
His doors stood always open to the poor, and he would frequently send his charitable reliefs to prisoners, nor did he confine his bounty to the English only, but was liberal to foreigners, and especially to those of Zurich, and the friends of Peter Martyr.
i Perceiving the great want of learned men in his times, his greatest care was to have ever with him in his house half a dozen or more poor lads which he brought up in learning; and took much delight to hear them dispute points of gramınar learning in Latin at his table when lie was at his meal, improving them, and pleasing himself at the same time. And besides these, he maintained in the university several young students, allowing their yearly pensions ; and whenever they came to visit him, rarely dismissed them without liberal gratuities **
• Amoogst these was the fatricus Richard Hooker, his countryman, whose parents being poor, must have been bound apprentice to a tiadie, but for the bounty of this good bishop, who allowed his parents a yearly pension towards his.main:evance nearly seven years before
Beside the works abovementioned, bishop Jewel was author of a great many ofbers, in Lalin as well as in English.
JOLLIE, THOMAS, was born in 1631, and was 'edu, cated at Trinity College, Cambridge. His first stated preaching was at Althome in Lancashire, to which place he was unanimously invited by the parishioners. There be continued nearly thirteen years with great success. Before his ejectment he was seized by three troopers, accord, ing to a warrant from three deputy lieutenants, When he was brought before them, he was accused of many things, but nothing was proved. They then required hiin to take
he was fit for the university, and in '1567, appointed him to remove to Oxford, and there to attend Dr. Cole, then president of Corpus Christi College, who, according to his promise to the bishop, provided bin a tutor, and a clerk's place in that college; which, with a contribution from his uncle Mr. John Hooker, and the continued pension of his patron the bishop, gave him a comfortable subsistence; and in the last year of the bishop's life, Mr. Hooker making this his petron a visit at bis palace, the good bishop made him, and a companion he had with bim, dine at his own table with hiin, which Mr. Hooket boasted of with much joy and gratitude, when he saw his fnother and friends, whither he was then travelling on foot. The bi. shop when he parted with him, gave him good counsel and his blessing, but forgot to give him money, which when the bishop bethought hiunself of, he sent a servant to call him back again, and then told hiin," I sent for you, Ricbard, to lend you a horse which hatb carried me many a njile, and, I thank God, with much ease." And presently delivered into his hand a walking-stast, with which he professed he had travelled many parts of Germany; and then went on, and said, “ Richard, I do not give, but lend you my horse ; be sure you be honest and bring my horse back to me at your return this way to Oxford ; and I do now give you ten groats to bear your charges to Exeter; and bere are ten groats more which I charge you to deliver to your mother, and tell her, I send her a bishop's blessing with it, and beg the continuance of her prayers for me. And if you bring my borse back to me, I will give you tep more to carry you on foot to the college; and so God bless you, good Richard." It was not long after this, before this good bishop died, but before his death he had so effactually recommended Mr. Hooker to Edwyn Sandys. then bishop of London, and afterwards archbishop of York, that about a year after he put his son under the tutelage of Mr. Hooker, and was otherwise so liberal to him, tat he became one of the inost learned men of the age. Nor was Mr. Hooker ungrateful, but having occasion to mention his good benefactor on that occasion, he calls him, tishop Jewel, “the worthiest divine Christendom bath bred for the space of some bundreds of years.