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ainişters of father, M. His forn at Bom

MATHER, COTTON, D. D. He was born at Boston in New England, February 12, 1663. His father, Dr. Increase Mather, and his grandfather, Mr. Richard Mather, were both eminent ininişters of the Gospel in New England. His progress in human literature was great and speedy, but it was a much brighter part of his character, thai, like another young Timothy, he knew the Holy Scriptures from a child. He grew in wisdom and knowledge above inost of equal years, as appears by his early hatred of sin, and the solema transactions of his soul with God. He made remarks upon all authors in the course of his reading, by which ineans he was naturally led to study them tho. roughly, and to fix what he had so studied upon his memory, which appears to have been strong and retentive. His marriages were these : The first was with Mrs. Abigaid Philips, daughter of colonel Philips of Charles Town. She was his consort till 1702, when she died. His second marriage was in the year 1703, with a widow gentlewoman, Mrs. Elizabeth Hubbard, daughter of Dr. John Clark. They lived together in perfect harınony for ten years, she dying November 8, 1713. In his fifty-third year he married the widow of Mr. George (a worthy merchant) daughter of the learned Mr. Samuel Lee.' With her the Doctor was blessed to the end of his life. He had in all fifteen children, namely, nine by his first wife, and six by his second; but only two survived him ; a daughter by the first wife, and a son by the second. His method was excellent in the education of his children; but he laboured most to instruct them in religion: and it was his usual way, to pray for each of them separately and by name. He laid down special rules for his own government in conversation, which he stricly adhered to. He was so careful to redeem his time, that to prevent the tediousness of visits, he wrote over his study door in capital letters, “Be short.” In his account of one year, it appeared that he had preached seventy-two public sermons, besides many private ones; that not a day had passed without some contrivance to do good, and in which some part of his income had not been dealt qut to charitable and pious uses ; that, in that one year, he had composed and published fourteen books, and had kept sixty fasts, and twenty-two vigils. And yet, notwithstanding his amazing diligence in improving his time, his Diary abounds with censures upon himself. For instance,

at the end of one year he writes, “ Time so mispent, as to him render it unfit to be called life.” Another year he calls, “ A year of forfeited life.” On the review of another year he says, “ Another year of my sinning against my precious Redeemer. Alas! my unfruitfulness!” Another year he kao calls, “ A year whiled away in sin and sloth.” · He began to preach when he was about eighteen, and to was chosen co-pastor with his fatber before he was quite twenty years old. This will appear to have been early, and perhaps too early. Certainly it can be no rule for a those, who are not furnished with his uncommon attainen ments. It should be remembered, that, at this time, he was not only a master in the Latin, Greek, and Hebrew languages, but had gone through a course of other difficult and various learning. In his nineteenth year, he proceeded master of arts, and chose for his thesis, “ The Divine Authority of the Hebrew Points,” which he took upon hiin 10 defend, though afterwards, we are told, upon maturer reflection, be saw sufficient reason to change his opinion upon that matter.

In the first year of his ininistry he had reason to believe in he was made the instrument of converting at least thirty souls. It was constantly one of his first thoughts in a morning, What good may I do to day?" He resolved this general question into many particulars. His question for the Lord's day morning constantly was, “ What shall ļ do as a pastor of a church, for the good of the flock un. der my charge?" His question for Monday morning was, * What shall I do for the good of my own family?" In which he considered himself as a husband, a father, and a master. For Tuesday morning, “What good shall I do for my relations abroad ?” Sonelimes he changed his Tuesday morning meditation for another, namely, “ What good shall I do to my enemies? And how shall I overcome evil with good ?” For it was his laudable ambition to be able to say, “He did not know of any person in the world, who had done him any ill ottice, but he bad done him a good one for it. His question for Wednesday morning was, “ What shall I do for the churches of the Lord, and the more general interests of religion in the world?” His question for Thursday morning was, “ What good may! do in the several societies to which I am related ?" The question for Friday morning was, “ What special subjects

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of affliction, and objects of compassion, may I take under my particular care? And what shall I do for them!” And' annis Saturday morning question, relating more immediately atzo himself, was, “ What more have I to do for the interest SDF God in my own heart and life?” He was an illustrious

mitator of his glorious Pattern; and the whole aiin and ...abour of his life was to do good. His application, and the

geabours he went through, are almost incredible. He wrote oraind published three hundred and eighty-two books, reckon

ebeng essays and single sermons; and several of the books are Xurf considerable size. He had the honour of an epistolary Checa correspondence with several persons of eminent character Es its or piety and learning in other countries ; as the late lord s, and inhancellor King, the late reverend and celebrated Dr. Franck, ei ole tarofessor of divinity in the university of Hall in Saxony, i, be sand many others. The Dr. While he was expecting death, in a fit of sickness some Luok wiime before his last, he expected it not only without terror,

upen but with full assurance of hope. “Lord, said he, thou Det dis art with me, and dost enable me to sing in the dark valley

of the shadow of death. I perceive the signs of death upon 22872 a me; and aim I not affrighted ? No ; not at all. I will not a: nso dishonour my Saviour, as to be affrighted at any thing those that can befal me, while I am in his blessed bands." He s To some gentlemen who visited him, he said, “I hope Hsu shall not be found a fool, though here I lie and sing, - Wif" Soul, take thine ease ; thou hast goods laid up for many Bi che years ;" yea, for endless ages : but they are another sort of mup goods than those, which this vain world put off its idolaters famir With.” From the beginning of his last sickness, which a father was about six weeks before he died, he had the sentence of Food ideath in himself, as appears by a note he sent to one of his ca physicians; in which he told him, “My last enemy is meli, coine; I would say, my best friend.” When one of his

ier people asked him, whether he was desirous to die? he anambiswered, “ I dare not say that I am; nor yet, that I am in the shot. I would be entirely resigned to God.” When, at d den another time, he was mentioning some matters he had on as the carpet, and which he would willingly have lived to he lanish, he checked himself for harbouring any desire of life,

and said, “But if the God of my life hath ordered other. and wise, I desire to have no will of my own." When the physicians hinted to him, that his sickness was like to be VOL. III.--No. 64.

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unto death, he lifted up his hands and eyes to heaven, and said, “Thy will be done on earth, as it is in heaven.” And a few hours before he died, he said, “Now I have nothing more to do here: my will is entirely swallowed up in the will of God.” To a young minister, his nephew, he said, “My dear son, I bless you. I wish you all manner of blessings. May you be strong in the grace, with which our Lord Jesus Christ will furnish you. And may you be an instrument of displaying his beauties and glories to others. Let it be your ambition to bring forth much of that fruit, by which our heavenly Father is glorified. May you be fruitful in good works. You have been intimately acquainted with my poor manner of living : follow whatever you have seen in it, that is agreeable to the pattern of a glorious Christ. My dear son, I do with all possible af fection recommend you to the blessing of our dear Lord Jesus Christ. Take my hand, with my heart, full of blessings." To his own son he said, “You have been a dear and pleasant child to me, and I wish you as many blessings as you have done me services, which are very many. I wish and pray, that the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob may be yours; and that his blessing may rest upon you. I wish, that as you have a prospect of being serviceable in: the world, you may be considerable and great as the patriarch6 were, by introducing the further knowledge and enjoyment of Christ into the world. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen." Dr. Mather died February 13, 1727-8, aged sixty-five.. · He published (as we have observed) in his life time no fewer than three hundred and eighty-two books. Many of these indeed are but small, such as single Sermons, Essays, &c. but yet there are some ainong thein of considerable size, viz. 1. "Magnalia Christi Americana."-2. “ The Christian Philosopher."-3. “Ratio Disciplinæ Fratrum Nov-anglorum."-4. “Directions for a Candidate to the Ministry.”-5.“ The Life of his Father."'6.Psalterium Americanum."-And he left behind him in MS. among other Books, 7. “ Biblia Americana, or, Illustrations of the Sacred Scripture :" This work was proposed to be printed in three folio volumes; but, I helieve, it has never appeared.

MAUDUIT, JOHN, was son to Mr. Isaac Mauduit, a respectable merchant in the city of Exeter, and was edu.

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ations at Exquit it at the RePenshurst in

cated at Exeter College, Oxford. Mr. Wood, in his Fasti Oxonienses, mentions him as being senior Proctor of that university in the year 1649. He was ejected from Exeter College upon the visitation of the parliament, his name being crossed out of the buttery-book Oct. 20, 1648. He preached however publicly at Oxford before the lord general Fairfax, at whose desire the sermon was published. He afterwards had the sequestered living of Hammond at Penshurst in Kent. Being obliged to quit it at the Restoration, he went to his relations at Exeter, and preached occasionally about the country: probably more frequently at Ansty, in Devonshire, than at other places. He afterwards continued at Exeter till the Corporation Act drove him and other mi. nisters from thence. He then removed his family to St. Mary Outery, ten miles from Exeter, and frequently preached as he had opportunity at several places; freely giving his labours to those who were not able to maintain a minister. Upon the Indulgence in 1672, he licensed a meeting house, and preached in it as long as liberty for so doing was continued. On Saturday, March 4, 1674, he told his family that he should die on the Monday following; which accordingly he did, with full assurance of faith, triumphantly entering on another and happier life, after he had with holy longings expressed his joyful waiting for the Lord Jesus to receive his spirit. He was a man of an exemplary conversation, and of a very chearful disposition ; and for his learning and affability he was much respected by the gentry of his neighbourhood. His son died pastor of a congregation of Protestant Dissenters, in Southwark. He was the father of the late worthy Jasper Mauduit, esq. of Hackney, chairman of the committee of deputies for managing the affairs of the Dissenters; a zealous friend, and a distinguished ornament to the dissenting interest. It deserves to be mentioned here, that he always observed Bartholomew day with some special marks of veneration and grief.

He was author of, 1. “A Sermon at Oxford," mentioned abore.-2.“ A Warning Piece to amicted England," 1659. 3. “Letter to Gen. Monk on the Causes of the Ruin of GovernInents and Commonwealths.”

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ị MAURICE, HENRY, was the youngest son of Mr. Griffith Maurice, descended from a considerable family in

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