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began in his time; Doctor Hall, son of the famous bishop Hall of Norwich, preached the first sermon to them, as Mr. Manton did the second, from Psalm cii. 28. He was, several times, though not so often as some others, cailed to preach before the parliament, and received their order, in course, for printing his sermons; in all which his wisdom and judgement, in the suitableness of the subject to the circumstances of the times, and the prudent management of it to the best advantage, were very visible. Particularly after he had given his testimony, aniong the London ministers, against the death of the king, he was appointed to preach before the parliament; his text was Deut. xxxiii. 4, 5. “ Moses commanded us a law, even the inheritance of the congregation of Jacob; and he was a king in Jeshurun, when the heads of the people, and the tribes of Israel were gathered together.” When they were highly offended at this sermon, some of his friends advised him to withdraw; for some in the house talked of sending him to the Tower ; but he would uut leave his post, and their heat abated. His generous constancy of mind in resisting the current of popular humour declared his loyalty to his master.
Mr. Obadiah Sedgewick of St. Paul's Covent Garden, being grown old, several worthy persons were proposed to succeed him; yet could he not be prevailed with to resign, till Mr. Manton was mentioned ; and to that he readily yielded. The then earl, afterwards duke, of Bedford, was Mr. Manton's patron, who greatly esteemed him. Here he preached to a numerous congregation of persons of rank, with great success; of which number was often archbishop Usher, who used to say of him, “ That he was one of the best preachers in England--and that he was a voluminous preacher;" not that he was tedious for length, but he had the art of reducing the substance of volumes of divinity into a narrow compass. Mr. Charnock used to say of him, that he was “ the best collector of sense of the age.” About this time the Doctor was made one of the chaplains to the Protector, and appointed one of the committee to examine persons who were to be admitted to the ministry, or inducted into livings; as he was afterwards appointed one in 1659, by an act of that parliament, in which the secluded members were restored. And though this proved troublesome to him, considering VOL. III.--No. 63. Qq
his constant employment in preaching; yet he has been heard to say, “ That he very seldom absented himself from that service, that he might, according to his power, keep matters from running into extremes;" for there were many in those days, as well as in these, who were forward to run into the ministry, and had more zeal than knowledge; and perhaps sometimes men of worth were liable to be discouraged *.
He was in great reputation at the time of the restoration, and was very forward in 1660, to promote the king's restoration. He was one of the divines appointed to wait upon the king at Breda, and afterwards sworn one of the king's chaplains by the earl of Manchester, lord chamberlain, who truly honoured him. He was one of the Sa. voy commissioners, and very earnest in his endeavours to get the king's Declaration passed into a law; which would have gone a great way towards uniting the princi. pal parties in the nation, and laying the foundation of a lasting peace, and would have determined him in accepting the deanery of Rochester, that was then offered him.
In the interval between the restoration and his eject. ment, he was greatly esteemed by persons of the first quality at court. Sir John Barber used to tell him, that the king had a singular respect for him. Lord chancellor Hyde was always highly civil and obliging to him. He had free access to him upon all occasions, which he al. ways improved, not for himself, but for the service of others. Upon the Doctor refusing the deanery, he fell under Lord Clarendon's displeasure ; so fickle is the favour of the great; and he once accused him to the king, for dropping some treasonable expressions in a sermon. Tho king sent for him, and ordered him to bring his notes; which when he read, the king asked, “ Whether, upon
• An instance of this kind happened' respecting a grave and sobe man, who appeared before them, and was little taken notice of, but by himself: he seeing him stand, called for a chair, in respect to his age and appearance; at which some of the commissioners were displeased. This person appeared to be of a Christian and ingenuous temper; for, after the restoration, he was preferred to an lisb blshopric, perhaps an archbishopric; for he used to charge bisbop Worth, whose business often called him over to England, that on · his firt coming to London he should visit doctor Manton, give his service to him, and let him know, “ That if he was molested in his preaching in England, le should be welcome in Ireland, and have liberty to preacli in any part of his diocese undisturbed."
was delivering saiy be assure
his word, that was all that was delivered ?" and upon the Doctor's assurance that it was, the king said no more than, “ Doctor, I am satisfied, and you may be assured of my favour; but look to yourself, or else Hyde will be too hard for you."
In 1662, he was deprived of his benefice, and imprisoned for his nonconformity, and was many ways a sufferer ; yet kept up a considerable interest at court, and with men of note. The noble earl (afterwards duke) of Bedford, who had been his parishioner at Covent Garden, was his cordial friend till his death; so also was Lord Wharton, and many other persons of considerable quality. Mr. Baxter gives this character of him; “ Doctor Manton, says he, who lately lay six months in prison, is a man of great learning, judgement, and integrity; and an excellent, most laborious, unwearied preacher, and of moderate principles." He generally sat in the chair in the meetings of the dissenting ministers of the city, who found the want of his prudence, activity, and interest joined together, when the Lord was pleascd to call him from the world. His discourses were clear and convincing, so as to be effectual through grace, not only to raise a short commotion in the affections, but to make a lasting change in the life. His doctrine was the truth, according to godliness. He did not entertain his hearers with impertinent subtilties, empty notions, intricate disputes, &c. but preached as one, who had always before his eyes the glory of God and the salvation of men; both in respect to his matter and his expression, in which he had a singular talent. Dr. William Harriş relates the following anecdote of him while he was at Covent Garden. “Being to preach before the lord mayor, the court of aldermen, and the companies of the city, at St. Paul's, the Doctor chose a subject, in which he had an opportunity of displaying his judgement and learning. He was heard with admiration and applause by the more intelligent part of the audience. But as he was returning from dinner with the lord mayor in the evening, a poor man, following him, pulled him by the sleeve of his gown, and asked him if he were the gentleman that preached before the lord mayor. He an. swered, he was. Sir, says he, I came with hopes of getting some good to my soul; but I was greatly disappointed, for I could not understand a great deal of what you said ; you were quite above me. , The Doctor Qq2
replied, replied, with tears, “ Friend if I did not give you mon ; you have given me one; and by the grace of W I will never play the fool to preach before my lord mayl: in such a manner again."
te be In 1670, some indulgence being granted to dissentere Le the meetings were inuch attended. Soon after this indufice gence expired, the Doctor was taken prisoner on a Lord'e a day in the afternoon, just after he had done his sermonich and committed to the Gate House. This imprisonmenidu by the kind providence of God, was more favourable any ser commodious, than could have been thought, or than hi top enemies designed, or than he expected. The keeper open the prison at that time was Lady Broughton, who warg noted for her strictness and severity in her office; thoughter she carried it quite otherwise towards the Doctor. Thu to like Joseph (Gen. xxxix. 11, &c.)" he found favour in the sight of the keeper of the prison;" &c. In whatsoeves 50 company he was, he had courage, as became a faithful minister of Christ, to oppose sin, and upon proper occaces sion to reprove sinners. The duke of Lauderdale, whoit pretended to behave with great respect to him, in some company where the Doctor was present, conducted himself very indecently; the Doctor modestly reproved hims: When the indulgence was more fully fixed in 1672, the merchants, and other citizens of London set up a lecture at Pinner's Hall. Dr. Manton was one of the six first cho sen, and opened the lecture. He was much concerned at the little bickerings, which began there in his time: and when Mr. Baxter was censured by some for a discourse preached there, upon these words, " and ye will not come unto me, that ye may have life;" the Doctor, on his next turn, pretty sharply rebuked them for their rash mistakes and unbecoming reflections upon so worthy and useful a man. It was observed, that this reproof was managed with so much decency and wisdom, that (what is truly wonderful !) he was not by any reflected upon for his freedom in it. He has been heard to express his esteem of Mr. Baxter in the highest terms, He said, he thought him one of the most extraordinary men the Christian church had produced, since the apostle's days; and that he did not look upon himself as worthy to carry his books after him.
When he first began to grow ill in his health, he was,
give you much persuasion, prevailed with to spend some time = grace Noburn with Lord Wharton, for the benefit of the my lord but finding little good by it, he returned to Town on
beginning of the week, with a design to administer to di Lord's Supper the next Lord's day; of which he gave Lfter th ce to his people, but he did not live to accomplish it. mer one day before he took his bed, he was in his study; of ne bisch he took his solemn leave, with hands and eyes impried up to heaven, blessing God for the many comfortable favouri serious hours he had spent there ; and waiting in joy-ht, or hope of a state of clearer knowledge, and higher en
The liments of his God. At night he prayed with his family ton, der great iadisposition, desiring, “ If the Lord had no office: ther work for him to do in this world, he would take Docton to himself:” Which he expressed, with great seed faroeity of mind, and an unreserved resignation to the diIn wide good pleasure. At length finding his constitution me eaking, he resigned himself to God's wise disposal, and in orcang seized with a kind of lethargy, hy wliich he was udcreprived of his scnscs, tu the great grief and loss of his
him, iends who came to visit him. He died October 18,1677, onducted the fifty-seventh year of his age, and was buried in the reprobancel of the church of Stoke Newington; leaving be
in find him the reputation of as excellent a preacher, as this t up:ity or nation hath produced.
ŞI He was author of, 1.“ A practical Exposition on Isaiah liii." ch2.On the Epistle of James."~3.“ On the Epistle of Jude." . in 14. “ Smectymnuus Redivivus ; an Answer to an humble Remonne strance."-5. “ The Saint's Triumph over Death ; a Funeral and Sermon for Mr. Christopher Love."-6. “Four Sermons in the the Morning Exercise against Popery."'-7. “ Several before Pasem liament on public Occasions." After his Death, 8, “Twenty non Sermons on the Psalms, Acts, &c."-9.“ Eighteen on 2 These chi salonians ii, on the Growih and Fall of Antichrist."-10. “ A
practical Exposition on the Lord's Prayer," 8v0.-11. “ Several Discourses tending to promote Holiness,' 8v0.-12. “ Five Volumcs of Sermons” in folio.
MARLORATUS, was born in the dukedom of Lor. 1rain, in 1506. His parents died when he was very young:
and his relations, covering his estate, thrust him, at eight years of age, into a monastery of Augustine friers; which proved the means of his obtaining a good education. He