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a night or two after. He lost nearly five hundred pounds in goods and cattle. His chief adversary, justice Whaley, who then had an eşlate of fifteen hundred pounds a year, afterwards died in prison for debt at London. Some time before his death, he wrote a letter to Mr. James, acknow. ledging his great crime in being such an eneiny to him, and owning that the hand of God was justly upon him for it. Mr. James being destitute, fled to London, and after some time became pastor of a congregation in Wapping; where he died, in 1696, aged seventy. He published a funeral sermon for Dr. John Buckley, on Prov. xiv. 32.

· JAMES, THOMAS, a learned English critic and divine, was born about 1571, at Newport in the Isle of Wight, and being put to Winchester School, became a scholar upon the foundation, and thence, in his course, a fellow of New College, Oxford, in 1593. He cominenced master of arts in 1599, and the same year, having collated several manuscripts of the Philobiblion of Richard of Durham, he pub. lished it in quarto at Oxford, with an appendix of the Oxo ford manuscripts: he dedicated this piece to sir Thomas Bodley, apparently in the view of recommending himself to his librarian's place when he should have completed his design. In the interim, Mr. James proceeded in the same spirit to publish a catalogue of all the manuscripts in each college library in both universities, and in the coinpiling of it, having free access to the manuscripts in each college at Oxford, he perused then carefully, and, when he found any society careless of them, he borrowed and took away what he pleased, and put thein into the public library. These instances of his taste and turn to books, effectually procured him the designation of the founder to be the first keeper of the public library ; in which office he was confirmed by the university, in 1602. He filled this post with great applause, and commencing doctor in divinity in 1614, was proinoted to the subdeanery of Wells by the bishop of that see. About the same time, the archbishop of Canterbury also presented him to the rectory of Mongeham in Kent, together with other spiritual preferments. These favours were undeniably strong evidences of his distinguished merit, being conferred upon him without any application on his part. In 1620, he was made a justice of the peace, and the same year he resigned the library


keeper's place, and betook himself more intensely to his studies, and of what kind these were, we learn from hiinself: "I have of late (says he, in a letter dated May 23, 1624, to a friend,) given myself only to the reading of manuscripts, and in them I find so many and -90 pregnant testimonies, either fully for our religion, or against the papists, that it is to be wondered at.” And in another letter to archbishop Usher, the same year, he assures the primate he restored three hundred citations and rescued them from corruptions, in thirty quires of paper*. He had before written to his grace upon the saine subject, in a letter dated January 28, 1623, where having observed that in Sixtus Senensis, Alphonsus de Castro, and Antonius's Suminæ, there were about five hundred bastard brevities, and about a thousand places in the true authors which are corrupted; that he had diligently noted, and would shortly vindicate them out of the manuscripts, being yet only coirjectures of the learned, he proceeds to acquaint his grace, that be had gotten together the Power of the English divines, who would voluntarily join with bim in the search.

In the convocation held with the parliament-at Oxford, in 1625, of which he was a member, he moved to have proper cominissioners appointed to collate the inanuscripts of the fathers in all the libraries in England, with the popish editions, in order to detect the forgeries in these last. And this project not meeting with the desired encouragéinent, he was so thoroughly persuaded of the great advantage it would be both to the Protestant religion and learning, that, arduous as the task was, he'set about 'executing it hiinself, and had made a good progress in it, as appears from his works; and no doubt would have proceeded much farther towards coinpleting his design, had not he been prevented by his death, which happening in August, 1629, at his house in a suburb called Holywell in Oxford, he was interred in New College Chapel. .

Mr. Wood inforins us, that he left behind him the character of being the most industrious and indefatigable writer against the Papists that had been educated in Oxford since the Reformation; and in reality his designs were so much, and so well known to be for the public benefit of learning and the Church of England, that Camden, speaking of him

• These two letters are in the collection at the end of Parr's 'Life of Archbishop Usber, numb. 68. and 77.

in his life-time, says, “ He is a learned man and a true ld. ver of books, wholly dedicated to learning, who is now laboriously searching the libraries of England, and proposeth that for the public good which will be for the great benefit of England."

His numerous works were principally written in Latin, and being mostly of a controversial naiure, it may not be necessary to enumerate them.

JANEWAY, WILLIAM, was the eldest son of Mr. William Janeway, of Lilly, Herts; who, about 1644 removed to Aspeden, and afterwards became minister of Kelshall, where he died, leaving a widow and eleven children ; of whom William, John, James, and Abrahamn, were ministers, and all of thein (excepting John) were ejected. William was admitted at King's College, Cambridge, about 1650. He probably preached at Kelshall after his father's decease, as he resided there, and was a preacher in 1657; when his brother John finished his short, but holy life at his house. It does not appear that he had this rectory; if he had, he could have held it but a short time, for John Franklyn was presented to it Sept. 25, 1660.

JANEWAY, JAMES, brother to Mr. William Janeway, lived privately after leaving Christ Church College, Oxford ; and when the times allowed, he set up a meeting at Rotherhithe, near London, where he had a very numerous auditory, and a great reforination was wrought amongst many. But this so enraged the high party, that several of them threatened to shoot Mr. Janeway, which accordingly was attempted; for as he was once walking upon Rotherhithe Wall, a fellow fired at bin, and the bullet went through his hat; but did him no hurt. The soldiers pulled down the place in which he preached, which obliged his people to build another, which was required to be larger, to receive the hearers. Soon after it was built, a number of troopers came in, when Mr. Janeway was preaching, and Mr. Kentish * sat behind him in the pulpit; they got upon a bench, and cried out aloud, “ Down with him! down with him!” and at that instant the bench broke, and they all fell down. In the confusion which this occasioned,

• This, it is presumed, was Mr. Richard Kentish, who had been ejected from St. Katharine's, by the Tower. 16. jan. ... interes se . Mr.

me in, when on, after it was led to be


Mr. Janeway came out of the pulpit, and some of the peo.
ple having thrown a coloured coat over him, and put a white
hat on his head, he got out unobserved. But they seized
Mr. Kentish, and took him to the Marshalsea, where he
was soine time kept a prisoner. At another time, 'when
Mr. Janeway was preaching at a gardener's house, several
troopers came to seize him there ; but he threw himself on
the ground, and his friends, covered him with cabbage
leaves, by which he escaped again. He died March 16,
1674, and was succeeded by Mr. Rosewell. He was a man
of eminent piety, an affectionate preacher, and very use-
ful in his station. In his last illness his mind was under
á sort of a cloud, by'reflecting on his aptness to hurry over
private duties. However, Mr. Vincent in his funeral ser-
mon, says, “ It pleased God to dissipate the cloud, and
help him to discern the uprightness of bis heart with satis-
faction;" and that not long before he died, he said, “ he
could now as easily die as shut his eyes :" adding, “ Here
am I, longing to be silent in the dust, and to enjoy Christ
in glory.”

He was author of, i. • Heayen úpon Earth : or the Best
Friend in the Worst Times.”--2. “ The Life of his Brother, Mr.
Jobs Janeway."'-3. “ The Saint's Encouragement to Dili-
Gence."--4. "A Token for Children :" a Book well known.
5. “ The Murderer punished and pardoned; with the Life and
Death of T. Savage" and 6. “ Å Funeral Sermon for Mr. T.
Mousley, with a Narrative of his Life, &c." 2€ similas*

JANEWAY; ABRAHAM, younger brother to the former. He was a preacher in London before the plague, but being consuinptive, retired with his wife to his inother at Buntingford in Hertfordshire, where he was seized by justice Crouch, under a pretence of great friendship. But he made his escape to London, and died in 1665. His füneral sermon was preached by Mr. Vincent, September 18, who, among other things, says of him, that * He was a merciful man, and shewed great compassion to souls. He spent himself, and hastered his own death, to keep others from perishing everlastingly;”

orazmisli." JANE WAY N, was born at Lilly, in Hertfordshire, Oct. 27, 1633, and was brother to the three Mr. Janeway's abovementioned. He was initiated in the Latin · VOL. III.-No. 52.

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tongue by his father, and then sent to St. Paul's school, London, where he made a considerable progress in the Latin and Greek languages; and when about eleven years old, he took a great fancy to the study of arithmetic and the Hebrew tongue. In 1646, he was by Mr. Francis Rous, a Iearned gentleman, and provost of Eton College, chosen for one of the foundation of that school. At about seventeen he was chosen in King's College, Cambridge; and about eighteen God was pleased to shine upon his soul, and discover to hin that the saving knowledge of God, and a sense of an interest in his love, through Christ, was vastly preferable to every thing else. His heart being now opened, God was pleased to make the exemplary life and sacred discourse of a young man in the college, together with the preaching of two eininent divines, and Mr. Baxter's & Saint's Everlasting Rest,” of great use and singular ad. vantage to hiin. He was now so filled with divine con. templations, and tasted so much sweetness in the knowledge of Christ, that it was discernable in his very appearance ; for he now " counted every thing but as dross and dung, in comparison of the knowledge of Christ, and him crucified." The account of his life tells us, that he looked upon human learning as useless, if not fixed below Christ, and not improved for Christ; he looked upou wisdom as folly, and fearning as madness, and that which would make men more like the devil, more fit for his service, and also put a greater accent upon their misery in another world. When he arrived at the age of twenty, he was admitted a fellow of King's College, which did not a little forward his schemes for promoting the interest of Christ and the good of souls. He could and did speak in the language of St. Paul to all his breihren, whether related in a natural, civil, or religious sense: “Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for you all is, that you may be saved *.”

His We may read the language of his heart to them in the following extract;

"Give me leave to deal plainly, and to come close to you; for I love your souls so well, that I cannot bear the thoughts of the loss of them. Know that there is such a thing as the new birth; and except a man he born again, he cannot enter the kingdom of heaven. This pew birth hath its foundation laid in a sense of sin, and a godly sor row for i:, and a heart set against it; without the e there can be no salvation. Upon repentance and believing, comes justification ; after



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