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- Upon this sad news, Junius had, no heart to return to his country, but wrote a most affecting and affectionate letter to his inother, condoling with her upon their mutual loss, and at the samne tiine begging her to indulge no anxiety upon his account, because he was resolved to be no burden to her, but to trust in God's blessing upon his own industry for his future inaintenance and support. In this generous and tender resolution, he took upon hiin to assist in a school, under a minister of the Gospel at Geneva ; where, in the day time, he taught Latin, Greek, and Hebrew, and, for great part of the night, purslied his own proper studies in divinity and philosophy. But his feeble constitution could not endure a long continuance of such unremitted labours.

About this period, the head master of the school at Geneva died, and the chaplain of the hospital succeeded to him. The chaplainship was offered to Junius; but he declined it, partly lest it should hinder his studies, and partly because he did not wish to fix hinself for the present at Geneva. In 1565, however, he was made ininister of the Walloon church at Antwerp, which became a troublesome and dangerous situation to him. The Spaniards, who then possessed the Low Countries, were about to establish the inquisition, to which the principal people, of Brussels in particular, were very averse, and had a meeting to confer upon the best inode of preventing the execution of that diabolical tribunal. To this meeting Junius was called, and readily gave hisoassistance, both by his prayers and advice. His wisdom always inclined hiin to inoderation; and he opposed not only the inalicious attempts of the Papists, but the unbridled zeal of his Protestant friends, who were mitted a thousand outrages upou Protestants; upon which Denys Junius (Francis Junius's father) received a commission, as counsellor in the laws, froin the king, to enquire inio the authors of the sedition and punish them. Denys Junius went to Issoudon, accompanied only by three sheriff's officers, posting the rest in various places before he en. tered the city. His precautions, however, were of no use. The common people guessed the motive of his coming, and, scizing the gates, invested the commissioner's house, and entering by force, killed D. Junius, threw his body out of the window, dragged it through the streets, flung it to the dogs, and publicly forbade it burial. The king, out of iodignation at so horrid a murder, ordered the walls of Issoudon to be demolished; but the arret was changed, by the interest of some lords, beca::se the coin inissioner had been deemed a Lutheran for twenty four years.


sometimes disposed to go lengths, which neither religion por reason could justify. When he returned to Antwerp he published some “ Political Admonitions,” which gave great offence to the Papists. A reward was offered for the discovery and apprehension of the author; though, it seems, in this very paper, he had blamed the inteinperance and indiscretion of the Reformed, as well as condemned the violent proceedings of the Roman Catholics. By the style and manner, Junius was suspected to be the author, and very narrowly escaped from the designs of his enemies.

With all this love of moderation, and his earnest endea. vours to inculcate peace annong others, he could find none for himself. He was persecuted every where, and en. countered difficulties and dangers, which way soever he turned. But it pleased God wonderfully to preserve him, for his own glory and the good of souls. 'A rage of Reformation (as an affair of novelty) among the mob, not the sober zeal of true religion, over-ran the Low Countries about this time, and drave all before it. The outrageous multitudes brake into the churches, and swept away all the images, and paintings, and every “rag of the Whore of Babylon," before them. All this was done with the fury of madmen, instead of the orderly spirit of Christians. This conduct displeased Junius, who was concerned for the disgrace of the Protestant cause; and he, by opposing it, displeased many among the Reformed, who joined with the Papists themselves in persecuting him.

When Junius afterward returned to Antwerp, he found bimself excluded from the duties of his profession, by an ordinance of state, which enjoined, that, for the prevention of sedition, only two ministers should be allowed to preach there, and those two to be natives of the country, who should take an oath of allegiance to the prince. Jū. nins was an alien, and could not be naturalized if he would. From Antwerp he went to Limbourg, but found, like the great apostle, that, wherever he went, persecutions attended bim. He lost his library and all his goods by the removal. His labours here were attended with such success, that new dangers arose upon him on every side. In the inidst of which, he went on as long as he could with any degree of safety; but at last was obliged to fly, to preserve his life.

While he lived here, he was made an instrument of gracious relief to a poor widow, who had been for thirteen Vol, III.--No. 55.


years exercised with spiritual conflicts, alınost to desperation.' The Papists, inagining that she was possessed, plied her with exorcisms : her friends, believing her mad, lad on blows and bonds. She broke from her bonds, and took to the woods, avoiding the sigł:t of man, lest she should undergo a repetition of this sort of discipline. At length she was caught and brought to Junius, who soon discovered the cause of her disorder, which arose from the fear of perdition: and this fear sprang from the excessive attention and care she had been obliged to pay to her nine fatherless children, which had taken her off from all religious duties, and in particular from the mass, which she had once constantly frequented. Our divine, perceiving the disease, recurred to the Bible for a medicine, froin which he shewed her the vain pageantry, idolatry, and corruption of the papistical inass, and at the same time, after laying open the Gospel of salvation to her mind, shewed to her, that her honest industry in behalf of her children was far inore acceptable to God, being commanded of him, than ten thousand idle masses, which never were commanded. In short, he was enabled to quiet the woman's horrors, and to give that balm to her conscience, which soon dispelled all her melancholy, to the no sinall astonishment of those who had known her before.

The Anabaptists and Papists united to defeat that great work, which God enabled Junius to carry on at Limbourg. With the former, by his mild deportment and gentle conferences, he prevailed so much, as to thin their numbers, and malice, from the Papists. These raised all manner of false reports upon his person and doctrine; and some of them went so far, in folly as well as falsehood, as to aver, that he was really cloven-footed, and a monster rather than a man. With an effrontery, peculiar almost to that communion,

“ They lent this lye the confidence of truth." But their malice was as fierce, as their charge was false; and so fierce, that it became necessary for himn to reinove from Limbourg, which he did, by the advice of his friends, and retired to Heidelberg, where the elector palatine, I'rederick III. received him very graciously.

After some time, he inade a visit to his mother and samily in France ; and thence returning to Heidelberg, was


nelanchovn'herbes and a Junius o

ippointed minister of the church of Schoon. This was but”.

small congregation; and, in the following year, the plague appeared among the people and made it less. In the ine terim, he was sent by the elector to the prince of Orange's army, during the unsuccessful campaign of 1568, and concinued his chaplain till the elector's troops returned home, when he resumed his church, and continued in it till 1573. He continued labouring, with the divine blessing, in the palatinate till about 1592, and, for some years before that period, had been engaged with the learned Tremellius, by ibe elector's command, in a new translation of the Old Testament into Latin; a work, which will do them honour, as scholars and divines, to the end of time.

About 1581, he had been appointed divinity' professor of the university at Heidelberg; and he continued in that station, till he took the opportunity of revisiting France, his native country, under the patronage of the duke de Bouillon. He was introduced to Henry IV. who sent him with a commission into Germany, when he took an opportunity of paying his grateful respects to the elector, and of resigning in form his professor's chair. In his return to France, he passed through Holland, partly for the sake of his children, and partly for the convenience of the way and facility of correspondence. When he arrived at Leyden, the university and the magistracy gave him a most earnest invitation to fix himself among them, and offered him the divinity chair; which, by the permission of the French king, (who had been a Protestant, and was then believed to be one in disguise,) he finally accepted in 1592. In this office he continned till his death, filling it with great repu. tation for ten years. At length, God was pleased to remove this faithful servant, after a life of trouble and diffi. culty, by the plague; which ravaged through Holland, and bad just before carried off his wife. He died October 13, 1602, and was followed to the grave, with the tears of the university and the concern of all good men.

In his last hours he had great composure and consolation. He died, as he had lived, full of faith in the salvation of Jesus. When the celebrated Francis Gomar, his friend and colleague, visited him near the end, and proposed several Scriptures to him by way of comfort; be answered, “ that he gave himself up entirely to God ; to that Q2


God who would graciously do what was best for bim and for his own glory." · He was four times married, and survived all his wives. He was deprived of the first by the ignorance of a midwife, wbo injured her so much in labour, that she lingered in constant pain for seven years, when she died. His second wife he lost suddenly by a fever. The third died of a dropsy; and his fourth was taken from himn, a little before his own death, by the plague. He had a son aod a daugh. ter by his second wife, which daughter was married to the learned John Gerrard Vossius ; and by his third wife be had another son, named Francis Junius, a very amiable and learned man, who spent most of his days in England,

especially at Oxford, his beloved residence, he died, in · 1677, upon a visit to his nephew Isaac Vossius at Windsor,

and was buried in St. George's chapel within the castle. · Nothing hardly can set Junius's literary character in a higher view, than the great panegyric which the famous Scaliger made upon him after his death. Scaliger had been highly piqued against him upon some occasion, and was known to be always extremely sparing in his commenda'tions of any body. He observes bowever of him, “ that Junius, who had so lately dealt his excellent instructions to crouded audiences, was unhappily snatched away by the plague; that his scholars bewailed his death; the widowed church lainented him as her parent, and the whole world as its instructor ; that they did not weep for hiin as the vulgar do, who are not sensible of the value of a thing, till they have lost it; but that every one knew the great merits of Junius in his life time, and therefore they were not more sensible of his value by his death, but were the more - grieved."

His works, nearly all written in Latin, were collected to gether, and published in two volumes folio,


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