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CHAPTER X-AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE
(Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk)
(This book contains Parts 1060-1089)
7 CFR, Part 900, the general regulations with respect to marketing agreements and orders, are herein set forth for convenience of users of this volume.
PART 900–GENERAL REGULATIONS Subpart-Rules of Practice and Procedure Gov
erning Proceedings To Formulate Marketing
Agreements and Marketing Orders Sec. 900.1 Words in the singular form. 900.2 Definitions. 900.3 Proposals. 900.4 Institution of proceeding. 900.5 Docket number. 900.6 Presiding officers. 900.7 Motions and requests. 900.8 Conduct of the hearing. 900.9
Oral and written arguments. 900.10 Certification of the transcript. 900.11 Copies of the transcript. 900.12 Administrator's recommended de
cision. 900.13 Submission to Secretary. 900.13a Decision by Secretary. 900.14 Execution of marketing agreement
and issuance of marketing order. 900.15 Filing; extensions of time; effective
date of filing; and computation of
time. 900.18 Discussion of issues, etc., of proceed
ing prohibited. 900.17 Additional documents to be pled
with hearing clerk. 900.18 Hearing before Secretary. Subpart-Rules of Practice Govering Proceed
ings on Petitions To Modify or To Be Exempted
From Marketing Orders 900.50 Words in the singular form. 900.51 Definitions. 900.52 Institution of proceeding. 900.522 Answer to petition. 900.52b Amended pleadings. 900.53 Withdrawal of petition. 900.54 Docket number. 900.55 Presiding officers. 900.56 Consolidated bearings. 900.57 Intervention. 900.58 Prehearing conferences. 900.59 Motions and requests. 900.60 Oral hearings before presiding officer. 900.61 Depositions. 900.62 Subpenas. 900.63 Fees and mileage. 900.64 The presiding officer's report. 900.65 Transmittal of record. 900.86 Argument before Secretary. 900.67 Consideration and issuance of order. 900.68 Applications for reopening hearings;
for rehearings or rearguments of proceedings; or for reconsideration of orders.
Sec. 900.69 Filing; service; extensions of time;
effective date of filing; and com
putation of time. 900.70 Applications for Interim relief. 900.71 Hearing before Secretary. Subpart-Procedure Governing Meetings To Ar
bitrate and Mediate Disputes Relating to Sales
of Milk or Its Products 900.100 Words in the singular form. 900.101 Definitions. 900.102 Filing of applications for mediation
or arbitration. 900.103 Application for mediation. 900.104 Inquiry by the Administrator. 900.105 Notification. 900.106 Assignment of mediator. 900.107 Meetings. 900.108 Mediator's report. 900.109 Mediation agreement. 900.110 Application for arbitration. 900.111 Inquiry by the Administrator. 900.112 Notification, 900.113 Submission. 900.114 Designation of arbitrator. 900.116 Hearing. 900.116 Award. 900.117 Approval of award. 900.118 Costs.
Subpart-Miscellaneous Regulations 900.200 Definitions. 900.201 Investigation and disposition of
alleged violations. 900.210 Disclosures of Information. 900.211 Penalties.
SOURCE: The provisions of this part 900 appear at 25 F.R. 5907, June 28, 1960; 26 F.R. 7796, Aug. 22, 1961, unless otherwise noted. Subpart-Rules of Practice and Procedure Gov
erning Proceedings To Formulate Marketing Agreements and Marketing Orders
AUTHORITY: $$ 900.1 to 900.18 issued under sec. 10, 48 Stat. 37, as amended; 7 U.S.C. 610. $ 900.1 Words in the singular form.
Words In this subpart in the singular form shall be deemed to import the plural, and vice versa, as the case may demand. $ 900.2 Definitions.
As used in this subpart, the terms as defined in the act shall apply with equal force and effect. In addition, unless the context otherwise requires:
(a) The term "act” means Public Act No. 10, 73d Congress (48 Stat. 31), as amended
and as reenacted and amended by the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937 (50 Stat. 246), as amended.
(b) The term "Department" means the United States Department of Agriculture.
(c) The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Agriculture of the United States, or any oficer or employee of the Department to whom authority has heretofore been delegated, or to whom authority may hereafter be delegated, to act in his stead.
(d) The term "examiner” means any examiner in the Office of Hearing Examiners, United States Department of Agriculture.
(e) The term "Administrator" means the Administrator of the Agricultural Marketing Service, with power to redelegate, or any oficer or employee of the Department to whom authority has been delegated or may hereafter be delegated to act in his stead.
(g) The term "FEDERAL REGISTER" means the publication provided for by the act of July 26, 1935 (49 Stat. 500), and acts supplementary thereto and amendatory thereof.
(h) The term "hearing” means that part of the proceeding which involves the submission of evidence.
(1) The term "marketing agreement" means any marketing agreement or any amendment thereto which may be entered into pursuant to section 8b of the act.
(1) The term "marketing order" means any order or any amendment thereto which may be issued pursuant to section 8c of the act, and after notice and hearing as required by said section.
(k) The term "proceeding" means a proceeding upon the basis of which a marketing agreement may be entered into or a marketing order may be issued.
(1) The term "hearing clerk” means the hearing clerk, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C.
(m) The term “presiding officer" means the examiner conducting a proceeding under the act. [25 F.R. 5907, June 28, 1960, as amended at 28 F.R. 579, Jan. 23, 1963] $ 900.3 Proposals.
(a) A marketing agreement or a marketing order may be proposed by the Secretary or by any other person. If any person other than the Secretary proposes a marketing agreement or marketing order, he shall file with the Administrator a written application, together with at least four copies of the proposal, requesting the Secretary to hold a hearing upon the proposal. Upon receipt of such proposal, the Administrator shall cause such investigation to be made and such consideration thereof to be given as, in his opinion, are warranted. If the investigation and consideration lead the Administrator to
conclude that the proposed marketing agreement or marketing order will not tend to effectuate the declared policy of the act, or that for other proper reasons a hearing should not be held on the proposal, he shall deny the application, and promptly notify the applicant of such denial, which notice shall be accompanied by a brief statement of the grounds for the denial.
(b) If the investigation and consideration lead the Administrator to conclude that the proposed marketing agreement or marketing order will tend to effectuate the declared policy of the act, or if the Secretary desires to propose a marketing agreement or marketing order, he shall sign and cause to be served a notice of hearing, as provided in this subpart. 8 900.4 Institution of proceeding.
(a) Filing and contents of the notice of hearing. The proceeding shall be instituted by filling the notice of hearing with the hearing clerk. The notice of hearing shall contain a reference to the authority under which the marketing agreement or marketing order is proposed; shall define the scope of the hearing as specifically as may be practicable; shall contain either the terms or substance of the proposed marketing agreement or marketing order or a description of the subjects and issues involved and shall state the industry, area, and class of persons to be regulated, the time and place of such hearing, and the place where copies of such proposed marketing agreement or marketing order may be obtained or examined. The time of the hearing shall not be less than 15 days after the date of publication of the notice in the FEDERAL REGISTER, as provided in this subpart, unless the Administrator shall determine that an emergency exists which requires a shorter period of notice, in which case the period of notice shall be that which the Administrator may determine to be reasonable in the circumstances: Provided, That, in the case of hearings on amendments to marketing agreements or marketing orders, the time of the hearing may be less than 15 days but shall not be less than 3 days after the date of publication of the notice in the FEDERAL REGISTER
(b) Giving notice of hearing and supplemental publicity. (1) The Administrator shall give or cause to be given notice of hearing in the following manner:
(1) By publication of the notice of hearing in the FEDERAL REGISTER;
(11) By mailing a true copy of the notice of hearing to each of the persons known to the Administrator, to be interested therein;
(iii) By issuing a press release containing the complete text or a summary of the contents of the notice of hearing and making the same available to such newspapers in the
area proposed to be subjected to regulation as reasonably will tend to bring the notice to the attention of the persons interested therein;
(iv) By forwarding copies of the notice of hearing addressed to the governors of such of the several States of the United States and to executive heads of such of the Territories and Possessions of the United States as the Administrator, having due regard for the subject matter of the proposal and the public interest, shall determine should be notified.
(2) Legal notice of the hearing shall be deemed to be given if notice is given in the manner provided by subparagraph (1) (1) of this paragraph; and failure to give notice in the manner provided in subparagraph (1) (11), (ill), and (iv) of this paragraph shall not affect the legality of the notice.
(c) Record of notice and supplemental publicity. There shall be filed with the hearing clerk or submitted to the presiding officer at the hearing an affidavit or certificate of the person giving the notice provided in (b) (1) (111) and (iv) of this section. In regard to the provisions relating to mailing in (b) (1) (11) of this section, a determination by the Administrator that such provisions have been complied with shall be filled with the hearing clerk or submitted to the presiding officer at the hearing. In the alternative, if notice is not given in the manner provided in (b) (1) (11), (111), and (iv) of this section there shall be filed with the hearing clerk or submitted to the presiding officer at the hearing a determination by the Administrator that such notice is impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest with a brief statement of the reasons for such determination. Determinations by the Administrator as herein provided shall be final.
(6) Hear oral argument on facts or law;
(7) Do all acts and take all measures necessary for the maintenance of order at the hearing and the eficient conduct of the proceeding.
(c) Who may act in absence of presiding officer. In case of the absence of the presiding oficer, or his inability to act, the powers and duties to be performed by him under this part in connection with a proceeding may, without abatement of the proceeding unless otherwise ordered by the Secretary, be assigned to any other presiding officer.
(d) Disqualification of presiding officer. The presiding officer may at any time withdraw as presiding oficer in a proceeding 11 he deems himself to be disqualified. Upon the filling by an interested person in good faith of a timely and sufficient affidavit of personal bias or disqualification of a presiding officer, the Secretary shall determine the matter as a part of the record and decision in the proceeding, after making such investigation or holding such hearings, or both, as he may deem appropriate in the circumstances. $ 900.7 Motions and requests.
(a) General. All motions and requests shall be filed with the hearing clerk, except that those made during the course of the hearing may be filled with the presiding officer or may be stated orally and made a part of the transcript
Except as provided in $ 900.16(b) such motions and requests shall be addressed to, and ruled on by, the presiding officer if made prior to his certification of the transcript pursuant to $ 900.10 or by the Secretary if made thereafter.
(b) Certification to Secretary. The presiding officer may in his discretion submit or certify to the Secretary for decision any motion, request, objection, or other question addressed to the presiding officer. $ 900.8 Conduct of the hearing.
(a) Time and place. The hearing shall be held at the time and place fixed in the notice of hearing, unless the presiding officer shall have changed the time or place, in which event the presiding officer shall file with the hearing clerk a notice of such change, which notice shall be given in the same manner as provided in $ 900.4 (relating to the giving of notice of the hearing): Provided, That, if the change in time or place of hearing is made less than 5 days prior to the date previously fixed for the hearing, the presiding officer, either in addition to or in lieu of causing the notice of the change to be given, shall announce, or cause to be announced, the change at the time and place previously fixed for the hearing.
(b) Appearances (1) Right to appear. At the hearing, any interested person shall be given an opportunity to appear, either in person or through his authorized counsel or representative, and to be heard with re
$ 900.5 Docket number.
Each proceeding, immediately following its institution, shall be assigned a docket number by the hearing clerk and thereafter the proceeding may be referred to by such number.
$ 900.6 Presiding officers.
(a) Assignment. No presiding officer who has any pecuniary interest in the outcome of a proceeding shall serve as presiding officer in such proceeding.
(b) Powers of presiding officers. Subject to review by the Secretary, as provided elsewhere in this subpart, the presiding officer, in any proceeding, shall have power to:
(1) Rule upon motions and requests;
(2) Change the time and place of hearing, and adjourn the hearing from time to time or from place to place;
(3) Administer oaths and afirmations and take affidavits;
(4) Examine and cross-examine witnesses and receive evidence;
(5) Admit or exclude evidence;