## Atmospheric Radiation: Theoretical BasisA complete revision of Goody's classic 1964 work, this volume offers a systematic discussion of atmospheric radiation processes that today are at the center of worldwide study and concern. It deals with the ways in which incident solar radiation is transformed into scattered and thermal radiation, and the thermodynamic consequences for the Earth's gaseous envelope, identifying aspects of the interaction between radiation and atmospheric motions as the central theme for atmospheric radiation studies. As a complete treatment of physical and mathematical foundations, the text assumes no prior knowledge of atmospheric physics. The theoretical discussion is systematic, and can therefore be applied with minor extension to any planetary atmosphere. |

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### Contents

1 | |

2 THEORY OF RADIATIVE TRANSFER | 16 |

3 VIBRATIONROTATION SPECTRA OF GASEOUS MOLECULES | 67 |

4 BAND MODELS | 125 |

5 ABSORPTION BY ATMOSPHERIC GASES | 189 |

6 RADIATION CALCULATIONS IN A CLEAR ATMOSPHERE | 216 |

7 EXTINCTION BY MOLECULES AND DROPLETS | 288 |

8 RADIATIVE TRANSFER IN A SCATTERING ATMOSPHERE | 330 |

Appendix 2 Spectroscopic units | 464 |

Appendix 3 A model atmosphere | 468 |

Appendix 4 Properties of water vapor | 470 |

Appendix 5 The Planck function | 472 |

Appendix 6 The exponential integrals | 475 |

Appendix 7 The Ladenburg and Reiche function | 477 |

Appendix 8 The Elsasser function | 480 |

Appendix 9 The physical state of the sun | 482 |

9 ATMOSPHERES IN RADIATIVE EQUILIBRIUM | 388 |

10 EVOLUTION OF A THERMAL DISTURBANCE | 426 |

Appendix 1 Physical constants | 462 |

Author Index | 497 |

503 | |

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### Common terms and phrases

absorber absorption coefficient AFGL approximation Atmos atmospheric bands average band models boundary carbon dioxide collisions computations constant continuum convective curve density dipole discussed distribution Doppler Doppler profile Elsasser emission energy equation flux frequency fundamental band heating rate important infrared integral interaction isotropic kernel function layer levels limit line intensities line shape line width line-by-line calculations Lorentz lines Lorentz profile Malkmus matrix mesosphere method middle atmosphere Mie theory molecular molecules observed optical depth oxygen ozone parameters particles path perturbation phase function photons polarization pressure problem radiation field radiative equilibrium radiative transfer random model region relaxation rate rotation band scattering shown in Fig solar radiation solution source function spectrum stratosphere surface symmetric temperature theory thermal radiation thermodynamic equilibrium transitions transmission troposphere two-stream variable vertical vibration—rotation vibrational Voigt profile water vapor wave wavelengths Wavenumber zero

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Page 1 - The transformation of the incident solar radiation into scattered and thermal radiation, and the consequent thermodynamic effects on the earth's gaseous envelope, are very complicated phenomena, requiring the most advanced methods of molecular physics and quantum mechanical calculations. Absorption along a real atmospheric path, where pressure, temperature and composition all vary, presents problems...