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affidavits.

REGULATIONS Governing the award of life-saving medals under

the foregoing Act. Made by the President of the United States on March 29, 1905, and amended April 22, 1913.

1. Applications for medals under this Act should be Applications for addressed to and filed with the Interstate Commerce made. Commission, at the city of Washington, D. C. Satisfactory evidence of the facts upon which the application is based must be filed in each case. This evidence should be in the form of affidavits made by eyewitnesses, of good repute and standing, testifying of their own knowledge. The opinion of witnesses that the person for whom an award is sought acted with extreme daring and endangered his life is not sufficient, but the affidavits must set forth the facts in detail, and show clearly in what manner and to what extent life was endangered and extreme daring exhibited. The railroad upon which the incident occurred, the date, time of day, condition of the weather, the names of all persons present when practicable, and other pertinent circumstances should be stated. The affidavits should be made before an officer duly au- Supporting thorized to administer oaths and be accompanied by the certificate of some United States official of the district in which the affiants reside, such as a judge or clerk of United States court, district attorney, or postmaster, to the effect that the affiants are reputable and creditable persons. If the affidavits are taken before an officer without an official seal, his official character must be certified by the proper officer of a court of récord under the seal thereof. 2. Applications for medals, together with all affidavits Committoe to

considor applicar and other evidence received in connection therewith, shall tions. be referred to a committee of three persons, consisting of the secretary of the Commission, the chief inspector of safety appliances, and the assistant chief inspector of safety appliances. This committee shall carefully consider each application presented, and after thoroughly weighing the evidence, shall prepare an abstract or brief Abstract or covering the case, and file the same, together with the committee's recommendation, with the Commission, which Recommendabrief and recommendation shall be transmitted by the Commission to the President for his approval. The com- Investigation mittee may, with the approval of the Commission, direct Commission. any inspector in the employ of the Commission to proceed to the locality where the service was performed for which a medal is claimed, and make a personal investi

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inspector for

Secs. 1 and 2

gation and report upon the facts of the case, which report shall be filed and made a part of the evidence considered

by the committee. How recom. 3. Upon final approval of the committee's recommendar

lotion by the President the Commission shall take such measures to carry the recommendation into effect as the

President may direct. for 4. The Commission shall cause designs to be prepared

for the medal, rosette, and ribbon provided for by the Act, which designs shall be submitted to the President for his approval.

mendation made effective.

Designs for medals.

act.

HOURS OF SERVICE ACT (AS AMENDED). AN ACT To promote the safety of employees and travelers upon rail:oads by limiting the hours of service of employees thereon.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa

tives of the United States of America in Congress assem34 Stat. L., 1415. bled, That the provisions of this Act shall apply to any

What carriers common carrier or carriers, their officers, agents, and emare subject to ployees, engaged in the transportation of passengers or

property by railroad in the District of Columbia or any Territory of the United States, or from one State or Territory of the United States or the District of Columbia to any other State or Territory of the United States or the District of Columbia, or from any place in the United States to an adjacent foreign country, or from

any place in the United States through a foreign country Torm rallroad to any other place in the United States. The term “rail

road” as used in this Act shall include all bridges and ferries used or operated in connection with any railroad, and also all the road in use by any common carrier op

erating a railroad, whether owned or operated under a "Employees” contract, agreement, or lease; and the term "employees"

as used in this Act shall be held to mean persons actually

engaged in or connected with the movement of any train. Sixtoen , hours SEC. 2. That it shall be unlawful for any common carcontinuous serv- rier, its officers or agents, subject to this Act to require or

permit any employee subject to this Act to be or remain on duty for a longer period than sixteen consecutive hours, and whenever any such employee of such common carrier shall have been continuously on duty for sixteen

hours he shall be relieved and not required or permitted l'on consecu: again to go on duty until he has had at least ten consecu

tive hours off duty; and no such employee who bas been

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Secs. 2 and 3 on duty sixteen hours in the aggregate in any twenty- 24 four-hour period shall be required or permitted to continue or again go on duty without having had at least eight consecutive hours off duty: Provided, That no op- Proviso, as to

telegraph and erator, train dispatcher, or other employee who by the telephone operause of the telegraph or telephone dispatches, reports, transmits, receives, or delivers orders pertaining to or affecting train movements shall be required or permitted to be or remain on duty for a longer period than nine hours in any twenty-four-hour period in all towers, offices, places, and stations continuously operated night and day, nor for a longer period than thirteen hours in all towers, offices, places, and stations operated only during the daytime, except in case of emergency, when the employees named in this proviso may be permitted to be and remain on duty for four additional hours in a twentyfour-hour period or not exceeding three days in any week: Provided further, The Interstate Commerce Com- Commission mission may after full hearing in a particular case and per for good cause shown extend the period within which a pl common carrier shall comply with the provisions of this proviso as to such case. Sec. 3 (as amended May 4, 1916). That any such com- 39 Stat. L., 6L

Penalty. mon carrier, or any officer or agent thereof, requiring or permitting any employee to go, be, or remain on duty in violation of the second section hereof shall be liable to a penalty of not less than $100 nor more than $500 for each and every violation, to be recovered in a suit or suits to be brought by the United States district attorney in the dig. trict court of the United States having jurisdiction in the locality where such violations shall have been committed; and it shall be the duty of such district attorney to bring such suit upon satisfactory information being lodged with him; but no such suit shall be brought after the expiration tations for" bring of one year from the date of such violation; and it shall ing sul also be the duty of the Interstate Commerce Commission to lodge with the proper district attorney information of . any such violations as may come to its knowledge. In all to Canave de prosecutions under this act the common carrier shall be aceste deemed to bave knowledge of all acts of all its officers and agents: Provided, That the provisions of this act shall Propisomas to not apply in any case of casualty or unavoidable accident cidents, etc. or the act of God; nor where the delay was the result of a cause not known to the carrier or its officer or agent in charge of such employee at the time said employee left a

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196

ASH-PAN ACT.

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vided further, That the provisions of this act shall not apply to the crews of wrecking or relief trains. That nothing in this act shall affect, or be held to affect, any guit that may be instituted for recovery of penalty for violation of the act hereby amended occurring prior to the approval of this act, or any suit for such penalty or growing out of alleged violation of the act hereby amended which may be pending in any court at the time of the approval of this act. T UTO

) 34 Stot. L. 1415. SEC. 4. It shall be the duty of the Interstate Commerce Commission to ot." "Commission to execute and enforce the provisions of this

act, and all powers granted to the Interstate Commerce Commission are hereby extended to it in the execution of

this act. When Aot ef- Sec. 5. That this act shall take effect and be in forca

one year after its passage. de bois

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