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Sec.

MERCHANT MARINE ACT, 1920.

[Certain provisions from the Act of June 5, 1920.)

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41 Stat. L., 988. Investigation

facililies.

Extent of, des

Sec. 8. That it shall be the duty of the board (United directed for de- States Shipping Board], in cooperation with the Secrc. commerce trans- tary of War, with the object of promoting, encouraging,

and developing ports and transportation facilities in ignated. connection with water commerce over which it has

jurisdiction, to investigate territorial regions and zones tributary to such ports, taking into consideration the economies of transportation by rail, water and highway and the natural direction of the flow of commerce; to investigate the causes of the congestion of commerce at ports and the remedies applicable thereto; to investigate the subject of water terminals, including the necessary docks, warehouses, apparatus, equipment, and appliances in connection therewith, with a view to devising and suggesting the types most appropriate for different locations and for the most expeditious and economical transfer or interchange of passengers or property between carriers by water and carriers by rail; to advise with communities regarding the appropriate location and plan of construction of wharves, piers, and water terminals; to investigate the practicability and advantages of harbor, river, and port improvements in connection with foreign and coastwise trade; and to investigate any other matter that may tend to promote and encourage the use

by vessels of ports adequate to care for the freight Findings as to which would naturally pass through such ports: Prorates to be sub- vided, That if after such investigation the board shall be mission for ac- of the opinion that rates, charges, rules, or regulations

of common carriers by rail subject to the jurisdiction of

Secs. 8 and 19

the Interstate Commerce Commission are detrimental to the declared object of this section, or that new rates, charges, rules, or regulations, new or additional port terminal facilities, or affirmative action on the part of such common carriers by rail is necessary to promote the objects of this section, the board may submit its findings to the Interstate Commerce Commission for such action as such Commission may consider proper under existing

law.

ity of board.

partments to modify established rules

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Exceptions.

Sec. 19. (1) The board is authorized and directed in Special authoraid of the accomplishment of the purposes of this Act

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* (c) To request the head of any department, board, Request debureau, or agency of the Government to suspend, modify, modify estab or annul rules or regulations which have been estab- thereof. lished by such department, board, bureau, or agency, or to make new rules or regulations affecting shipping in the foreign trade other than such rules or regulations relating to the Public Health Service, the Consular Service, and the Steamboat Inspection Service.

(2) No rule or regulation shall hereafter be estab- Rules affecting lished by any department, board, bureau, or agency of trade subject to

(approvalof board. the Government which affect shipping in the foreign Exceptions. trade, except rules or regulations affecting the Public Health Service, the Consular Service, and the Steamboat Inspection Service, until such rule or regulation has been submitted to the board for its approval and final action has been taken thereon by the board or the President.

(3) Whenever the head of any department, board, Disagreements bureau, or agency of the Government refuses to suspend, submitted to the modify, or annul any rule or regulation, or make a new rule or regulation upon request of the board, as pro

as to rules to be

Sccs. 19 and 27

vided in subdivision (c) of paragraph (1) of this section, or objects to the decision of the board in respect to the approval of any rule or regulation, as provided in paragraph (2) of this section, either the board or the head of the department, board, bureau, or agency which has

established or is attempting to establish the rule or Action thereon. regulation in question may submit the facts to the Presi

dent, who is hereby authorized to establish or suspend, modify, or annul such rule or regulation.

transported
coastwise
in other

in trade than

to be forfeited.

Merchandise Seç. 27. That no merchandise shall be transported by coastwise trade water, or by land and water, on penalty of forfeiture American vessels thereof, between points in the Uņited States, including

Districts, Territories, and possessions thereof embraced within the coastwise laws, either directly or via a foreign port, or for any part of the transportation, in any other vessel than a vessel built in and documented under the laws of the United States and owned by persons who are citizens of the United States, or vessels to which the

privilege of engaging in the coastwise trade is extended Provision not to by sections 18 or 22 of this Act: Provided, That this secthrough routes tion shall not apply to merchandise transported between

points within the continental United States, excluding Alaska, over through routes heretofore or hereafter recognized by the Interstate Commerce Commission for which routes rate tariffs have been or shall herafter be filed with said Commission when such routes are in part

over Canadian rail lines and their own or other connecting Application to water facilities: Provided further, That this section shall

not become effective upon the Yukon River until the Alaska Railroad shall be completed and the Shipping Board shall find that proper facilities will be furnished for transportation by persons citizens of the United States for properly handling the traffic.

recognized by Commission.

Yukon River de layed.

Sec. 28

Sec. 28. That no common carrier shall charge, collect, loves tratt charges or receive, for transportation subject to the Interstate for transportation Commerce Act of persons or property, under any joint catentries by rate, fare, or charge, or under any export, import, or other pro ortional rate, fare, or charge, which is based in whole or in part on the fact that the persons or property affected thereby is to be transported to, or has been transported from, any port in a possession or dependency of the United States, or in a foreign country, by a carrier by water in foreign commerce, any lower rate, fare, or charge than that charged, collected, or received by it for the transportation of persons, or of a like kind of property, for the same distance, in the same direction, and over the By American

. same route, in connection with commerce wholly within the United States, unless the vessel so transporting such persons or property is, or unless it was at the time of such transportation by water, documented under the laws of the United States. Whenever the board is of the opinion, however, that adequate shipping facilities to or from any

Suspended by

Commission, if port in a possession or dependency of the United States no adequate faor a foreign country are not afforded by vessels so docu-by American mented, it shall certify this fact to the Interstate Commerce Commission, and the Commission may, by order, suspend the operation of the provisions of this section with respect to the rates, fares, and charges for the transportation by rail of persons and property transported from, or to be transported, to such ports, for such length of time and under such terms and conditions as it may prescribe in such order, or in any order supplemental thereto. Such suspension of operation of the provisions Termination, of this section may be terminated by order of the Com-forded, by Com. mission whenever the board is of the opinion that adequate shipping facilities by such vessels to such ports are afforded and shall so certify to the Commission.

vessels.

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Secs, 1-4

SAFETY APPLIANCE ACTS SAS AMENDED).'
AN ACT To promote the safety of employees and travelers upon

ruilroads by compelling common carriers engaged in interstate
commerce to equip their cars with automatic couplers and con-
tinuous brakes and their locomotives with driving-wheel brakes,
and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives

of the United States of America in Congress assembled, 27 Stat. L.,531. That from and after the first day of January, eighteen and train brakes hundred and ninety-eight, it shall be unlawful for any required.

common carrier engaged in interstate commerce by railroad to use on its line any locomotive engine in moving interstate traffic not equipped with a power drivingwheel brake and appliances for operating the train-brake system, or to run any train in such traffic after said date that has not a sufficient number of cars in it so equipped with power or train brakes that the engineer on the locomotive drawing such train can control its speed without requiring brakemen to use the common hand

brake for that purpose. Automatic SEC. 2. That on and after the first day of January, couplers required

eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, it shall be unlawful for any such common carrier to haul or permit to be hauled or used on its line any car used in moving interstate traffic not equipped with couplers coupling automatically by impact, and which can be uncoupled without

the necessity of men going between the ends of the cars. Carrier may re- SEC. 3. That when any person, firm, company, or corInterchangeable poration engaged in interstate commerce by railroad shall power

have equipped a sufficient number of its cars so as to comply with the provisions of section one of this Act, it may lawfully refuse to receive from connecting lines of road or shippers any cars not equipped sufficiently, in accordance with the first section of this Act, with such power or train brakes as will work and readily interchange with the brakes in use on its own cars, as required by this Act.

Sec. 4. That from and after the first day of July, quired. eighteen hundred and ninety-five, until otherwise ordered

by the Interstate Commerce Commission, it shall be unlawful for any railroad company to use any car in interstate commerce that is not provided with secure grab

luse cars without

brakes.

Grab irons and handholds re

1 See section 4, amendment to Judicial Code of September 6, 1916, post, page 189.

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