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CARD DIVISION

CENTER FOR CULTURAL AND TECHNICAL INTER-
CHANGE BETWEEN EAST AND WEST

(EAST-WEST CENTER)

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SUBCOMMITTEE ON STATE DEPARTMENT
ORGANIZATION AND FOREIGN OPERATIONS
S. Congress. House.

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

OF THE

EIGHTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS

DECEMBER 13, 14, 1961, JANUARY 8, 1962

Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Affairs

2-60524

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

78304

WASHINGTON : 1962

SUBCOMMITTEE ON STATE DEPARTMENT ORGANIZATION AND FOREIGN OPERATIONS

WAYNE L. E AYS, Ohio, Chairman EDNA F. KELLY, New York

FRANCES P. BOLTON, Ohio CLEMENT J. ZABLOCKI, Wisconsin

E. ROSS ADAIR, Indiana LEONARD FARBSTEIN, New Yor's

Ì ORACE SEELY-BROWN, JR., Connecticut D. S. SAUND, California JOHN S. MONAGAN, Connecticut

BOYD CRAWFORD, Staff Administrator

FOREWORD

Pursuant to congressional authorization and appropriation, the Department of State signed a grant-in-aid agreement on October 25, 1960, with the University of Hawaii

, providing for the establishment and operation of a Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange Between East and West. The Center became a reality a few days later with payment of the first installment of funds.

The Congress approved an initial appropriation of $10 million to get the Center started. The original appropriation authorization was included as a section in the Mutual Security Act of 1960, after consideration of a report submitted on this subject by the Secretary of State as required by provisions of the Mutual Security Act of 1959, which had called for a study and recommendations for the establishment and operation of such a Center in the State of Hawaii.

No formal hearings, with opportunity for debate within the legislative committees, had been held. The normal legislative processes had been held to a minimum. The concept was undoubtedly sound and merited approval, but the oversight responsibilities of the legislative committees concerned required a subsequent check to determine the extent to which congressional intent was being implemented and how efficiently.

During consideration of a second appropriation request last fall, members of the House Appropriations Committee expressed justified concern that the grant-in-aid agreement failed to provide adequate protection to safeguard the investment of Federal funds in the construction of buildings and other facilities for the East-West Center, as it had now popularly become known. There were also questions raised concerning the title to the land on which the buildings were being constructed.

All these considerations prompted the Subcommittee on State De partment Organization and Foreign Operations of the House Committeo on Foreign Affairs, to schedule a full review of the whole project.

Under my direction, the committee staff assembled, from files of the committee and of the State Department, all relevant background data and documents, and they were made available for further study by members of the subcommittee.

On-the-spot hearings were scheduled and held at the University of Hawaii on December 13 and 14, 1961, with four members of the subcommittee participating, myself as chairman, and Representatives D. S. Saund, Frances P. Bolton, and Horace Seely-Brown, Jr. The subcommittee also benefited by the participation of two members of Congress from Hawaii, Senator Oren E. Long and Representative Daniel K. Inouye. Senator Hiram L. Fong was prevented by illness from attending, but was represented by his legislative assistant. The subcommittee received testimony from officials of both the Center and

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