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the university and inspected existing facilities as well as those presently under construction. These hearings were followed by another in Washington on January 8, 1962, with Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs Philip H. Coombs. Other members of both the subcommittee and the full Committee on Foreign Affairs participated.

During the hearings in Hawaii the subcommittee had the benefit of interviews and discussions with a number of students of the Center, as well as community leaders and others interested in the Center. Much additional background data was received and is included in the appendix to these hearings, including a memorandum submitted by the students themselves, together with the reply and comments of the acting chancellor of the East-West Center.

It seemed apparent that the interim officials of the Center were deserving of praise for their zeal and their hard work in getting the project underway. That there had been some shortcomings was evident, and acknowledged-steps had already been initiated to correct the weaknesses in the grant-in-aid agreement. To many it seemed that the interim heads of the Center had not made all the mistakes that conscientious and hard-working people would be entitled to make in launching and guiding so large and complex an enterprise. It is hoped that these hearings, together with the report which will be submitted by the subcommittee, will prove useful as basic background data for further congressional consideration of legislation dealing with the East-West Center.

WAYNE L. HAYS, Chairman, Subcommittee on State Department Organization

and Foreign Operations.

CONTENTS

STATEMENTS AND MEMORANDA SUBMITTED FOR THE RECORD

V

APPENDIX

Page

Appendix A-Legislation.-

143

Excerpt from Mutual Security Act of 1959, Public Law 86–108_-

143

Excerpt from conference report on Mutual Security Act of 1959,

House Report 695, 86th Congress, 1st session.-

144

Excerpt from Mutual Security Act of 1960, Public Law 86–472.- 144-145

Excerpt from conference report on Mutual Security Act of 1960,

House Report 1593, 86th Congress, 2d session.

145-146

Excerpt from Departments of State and Justice, the Judiciary, and

Related Agencies Appropriation Act, 1961, Public Law 86-678--- 116

Excerpt from proposed supplemental appropriations, Senate Docu-

ment 106, 86th Congress, 2d session --

146

Excerpt from Departments of State and Justice, the Judiciary, and

related agencies appropriation bill, 1961, Senate Report 1777, 86th

Congress, 2d session----

147

Excerpt from Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1962, Public Law

87-332_

147

Excerpt from Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1962, House Report

1175, 87th Congress, 1st session----

147

Report submitted by the Department of State pursuant to the pro-

visions of the Mutual Securtiy Act of 1959, describing a plan and

program for the establishment and operation in Hawaii of a

Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange Between East and

West---

149–180

Report of the committee of consultants to the board of regents,

University of Hawaii, on the Center for Cultural and Technical

Interchange Between East and West, June 14, 1961..

181-190

First annual report, Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange

Between East and West, at close of fiscal year 1961 (prepared by

East-West Center for Department of State) --

191-231

Report on the operations of the Center for Cultural and Technical

Interchange Between East and West, fiscal year 1961 (submitted

by Department of State pursuant to provisions of Public Law

86-472, Mutual Security Act of 1960).

233-238

Appropriation request for fiscal year 1962—supplemental. Statement

of Hon. Philip H. Coombs, Assistant Secretary of State for Educa-

tional and Cultural Affairs on East-West Center, before House

Appropriations Committee...

239-248

Appendix B-Miscellaneous--

249

Excerpt from Hawaii State Government Reorganization Act of 1959,

relating to the board of regents, University of Hawaii----

249

Memorandum and report submitted to Dr. Laurence H. Snyder, presi-

dent, University of Hawaii, by East-West Center team visit to

Asia.

249–309

International Training Agency : A survey made for Center for Cul-

tural and Technical Interchange Between East and West by Dr.

Sudhir Sen, consultant, May 14–27, 1961---

309–328

Tables: Department of State, contractual fiscal report summary, for the

period October 25, 1960 to September 30, 1961.

329-334

Opinions about the East-West Center, report of consultations with Asian

and Pacific scientists attending 10th Pacific Science Congress, by W.

Edgar Vinacke, professor of psychology, project coordinator for East-

West Center,

334-346

Views on East-West Center student administration relationships (by Lee

B. Hughes and Caroline F. Will, counseling and testing center)-- 346-348

Memorandum relating to the East-West Center submitted by students,

and reply thereto by the acting chancellor -

348–355

Letter to Hon. Wayne L. Hays from Very Rev. Robert R. Mackey, S.M.,

president, Chaminade College of Honolulu, concerning the East-West

Center

355 356

CENTER FOR CULTURAL AND TECHNICAL INTERCHANGE BETWEEN EAST AND WEST

(East-West Center)

WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1961

SUBCOMMITTEE ON STATE DEPARTMENT
ORGANIZATION AND FOREIGN OPERATIONS,

Honolulu, Hawaii. The subcommittee met at 10:30 a.m. in the conference room of the board of regents, at the University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, Hon. Wayne L. Hays (chairman) presiding:

Chairman Hays. The committee will come to order. The Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on State Department Organization and Foreign Operations is meeting here in Hawaii today to hear testimony on the operations of the East-West Center, over which the Foreign Affairs Committee of the House and the Foreign Relations Committee of the Senate have legislative oversight. We are very happy to have with us Senator Long and Congressman Inouye, both of whom were original sponsors of the legislation setting this up. We regret that Senator Fong, who was also invited, is unable to be here. I only heard this morning that he is in the hospital, but his administrative assistant, Mr. Carson, is here sitting in for Senator Fong. We are very happy to have all you gentlemen here and I might say the purposes of this hearing are not at all hostile to the East-West Center. I notice there was an editorial in one of the papers this morning that said, among other things, they thought, after we had this hearing, the members of the committee would have an obligation to give strong support to the Center. Well, I realize Hawaii is a long way from Washington, but I can say that the members of this subcommittee have already given strong support to the Center. I personally had something to do with keeping it included in the conference report when it was inserted over on the Senate side. We have always favored the concept and we are hoping this visit will be useful in order to let us have a better knowledge of what is going on here, what has been done, and what needs to be done. Without any further remarks from me, we have a list of distinguished witnesses here, and I would like to call on, first of all, Dr. Laurence Snyder, president of the university. I might add, Dr. Snyder and I had some association—I won't say how long ago—when I was a student in his department at Ohio State University when he was head of the zoology department. It is pleasant seeing you again, Doctor, and we would be glad to hear from you now.

a

1

STATEMENT OF DR. LAURENCE H. SNYDER, PRESIDENT,

UNIVERSITY OF HAWAII

1

Dr. SNYDER. Thank you, sir. Mr. Crawford tells me it is permissible to remain seated.

Chairman HAYS. That's right.

Dr. SNYDER. Mr. Chairman, Representative Bolton, Representative Seely-Brown, and Representative Saund, I want to welcome you here in the name of the university and tell you how proud and happy we are to have you with us and to know of your concern for the East-West Center. We want to offer to you our complete cooperation and will be happy to put at your disposal any facilities, any information, which we are able to provide for you. You can be assured of our complete and thorough cooperation. We in Hawaii are deeply conscious of the fact that our State and its university have been given a remarkable opportunity to be of service to the Nation and, indeed, to the world. We have long hoped that one of our chief missions at the university might be to become a cultural and intellectual intermediary between the peoples of Asia and the peoples of America. We have worked toward that end for many years. Progress was slow at first but sure, but has accelerated tremendously within the last 3 years. This is due largely to two facts: One, the coming of statehood, which brought us into national prominence; and second, the increasing realization of the need for mutual understanding between the peoples of Asia and the peoples of America. The university has been impelled to pursue this mission for two major reasons: First, of course, is our geographic location out in the Pacific, midway between the two continents, the natural gateway between the East and West. We have here, of course, a tropical climate. We have volcanoes and ocean depths within a few hundred yards of each other. We have remarkably clear skies. These things give us the opportunity to carry on work in many fields, which can be done here uniquely and better than they could be done anywhere else. Such fields, for example, as tropical agriculture, as geophysics, which is involved with these clear skies in many ways; marine biology, tropical and subtropical public health affairs, sociology.

There are many of these areas in which we have a unique opportunity to be of service. The second reason that causes us to pursue this mission is the unique ethnic composition of our people. We have knowledgeable people of many cultūral backgrounds, each of which has important contributions to make. Along these lines, the university has, over the years, conducted a series of philosophers' conferences and conferences on race relations. We have had the opportunity and privilege of having orientation programs for all of the Fulbright scholars from Asia who were on their way to the mainland of the United States. We have been able, with the aid of the State legislature, to institute important programs in Asian studies and in overseas operations. We have conducted for the State Department a series of seminars dealing with many individual and specific topics to which we have brought people from all over the world. We conducted here last summer the 10th Pacific Science Congress at which there were nearly 3,000 participants from all over the Pacific basin, and we have had a long series of events in which the university has taken the lead in bringing together the peoples of Asia and the peoples of America. All these hopes and plans were given great impetus, of course, some 2 years ago when we

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