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TITLE XIV OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE ACT

SAFETY OF PUBLIC WATER SYSTEMS (SAFE DRINKING

WATER ACT)

787

TABLE OF CONTENTS FOR TITLE XIV OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE

ACT (“SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT") 1

TITLE XIV-SAFETY OF PUBLIC WATER SYSTEMS

PART A-DEFINITIONS

Sec. 1401. Definitions.

PART B-PUBLIC WATER SYSTEMS
Sec. 1411. Coverage.
Sec. 1412. National drinking water regulations.
Sec. 1413. State primary enforcement responsibility.
Sec. 1414. Enforcement of drinking water regulations.
Sec. 1415. Variances
Sec. 1416. Exemptions.
Sec. 1417. Prohibition on use of lead pipes, solder, and flux.

PART C—PROTECTION OF UNDERGROUND SOURCES OF DRINKING WATER
Sec. 1421. Regulations for State programs.
Sec. 1422. State primary enforcement responsibility.
Sec. 1423. Enforcement of program.
Sec. 1424. Interim regulation of underground injections.
Sec. 1425. Optional demonstration by Štates relating to oil or natural gas.
Sec. 1426. Regulation of State programs.
Sec. 1427. Sole source aquifer demonstration program.
Sec. 1428. State programs to establish wellhead protection areas.

PART D-EMERGENCY POWERS
Sec. 1431. Emergency powers.
Sec. 1432. Tampering with public water systems.

PART EGENERAL PROVISIONS
Sec. 1441. Assurance of availability of adequate supplies of chemicals necessary for

treatment of water.
Sec. 1442. Research, technical assistance, information, training of personnel.
Sec. 1443. Grants for State programs.
Sec. 1444. Special study and demonstration project grants; guaranteed loans.
Sec. 1445. Records and inspections.
Sec. 1446. National Drinking Water Advisory Council.
Sec. 1447. Federal agencies.
Sec. 1448. Judicial agencies.
Sec. 1449. Citizen's civil action.
Sec. 1450. General provisions.
Sec. 1451. Indian tribes.

PART F-ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS TO REGULATE THE SAFETY OF DRINKING

WATER Sec. 1461. Definitions. Sec. 1462. Recall of drinking water coolers with lead-lined tanks. Sec. 1463. Drinking water coolers containing lead. Sec. 1464. Lead contamination in school drinking water. Sec. 1465. Federal assistance for State programs regarding lead contamination in

school drinking water. 1 This table of contents is not part of title XIV of the Public Health Service Act but is set forth for the convenience of the users of this publication.

TITLE XIV OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE ACT (THE

SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT) 1

TITLE XIV–SAFETY OF PUBLIC WATER SYSTEMS

PART A-DEFINITIONS

DEFINITIONS

SEC. 1401. For purposes of this title:

(1) The term "primary drinking water regulation" means a regulation which

(A) applies to public water systems;

(B) specifies contaminants which, in the judgment of the Administrator, may have any adverse effect on the health of persons; (C) specifies for each such contaminant either

(i) a maximum contaminant level, if, in the judgment of the Administrator, it is economically and technologically feasible to ascertain the level of such contaminant in water in public water systems, or

(ii) if, in the judgment of the Administrator, it is not economically or technologically feasible to so ascertain the level of such contaminant, each treatment technique known to the Administrator which leads to a reduction in the level of such contaminant sufficient to satisfy the requirements of section 1412; and

(D) contains criteria and procedures to assure a supply of drinking water which dependably complies with such maximum contaminant levels; including quality control and testing procedures to insure compliance with such levels and to insure proper operation and maintenance of the system, and requirements as to (i) the minimum quality of water which may be taken into the system and (ii) siting for new facilities for public water systems.

(2) The term “secondary drinking water regulation" means a regulation which applies to public water systems and which specifies the maximum contaminant levels which, in the judgment of the Administrator, are requisite to protect the public welfare. Such regulations may apply to any contaminant in drinking water (A) which may adversely affect the odor or appearance of such water and consequently may cause a substantial number of the persons served by the public water system providing such water to discontinue its use, or (B) which may

"This title, commonly referred to as the “Safe Drinking Water Act”, consists of title XIV of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300f-300j-9) as added by Public Law 93-523 (Dec. 16, 1974) and the amendments made by subsequent enactments.

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