Annotation for the Semantic Web

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Siegfried Handschuh, Steffen Staab
IOS Press, 2003 - Business & Economics - 229 pages
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The Semantic Web aims at machine agents that thrive on explicitly specified semantics of content in order to search, filter, condense, or negotiate knowledge for their human users. A core technology for making the Semantic Web happen, but also to leverage application areas like Knowledge Management and E-Business, is the field of Semantic Annotation, which turns human-understandable content into a machine understandable form. This book reports on the broad range of technologies that are used to achieve this translation and nourish 3rd millennium applications. The book starts with a survey of the oldest semantic annotations, viz. indexing of publications in libraries. It continues with several techniques for the explicit construction of semantic annotations, including approaches for collaboration and Semantic Web metadata. One of the major means for improving the semantic annotation task is information extraction and much can be learned from the semantic tagging of linguistic corpora. In particular, information extraction is gaining prominence for automating the formerly purely manual annotation task – at least to some extent. An important subclass of information extraction tasks is the goal-oriented extraction of content from HTML and / or XML resources.
 

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Contents

Semantic Annotation in Mathematics and MathNet Wolfgang Dalitz WinfriedNeun
3
Annotating of the Shallow and the Deep Web Siegfried Handschuh and Steffen Staab
25
Collaboration through Annotations in the Semantic Web MarjaRiitta Koivunen
46
Semantic Markup of News Items with Lixto Robert Baumgariner Sebastian Eichholz
63
Using RDF Schema to Interpret XML Documents Meaningfully Michel Klein
79
Linguistic Annotation for the Semantic Web Paul Buitelaar and Thierry Declerck
93
Designing Adaptive Information Extraction for the Semantic Web in Amilcare
112
Contentbased Indexing and Searching of Multimedia Documenls Thierry Declerck
128
Supporting Semantic Image Annotation and Search Jan Wielemaker
147
Image Semantics without Annotations Simone Santini
156
Usesbased Annotation for the Semantic Web PierreAntoine Champin
180
Conceptual Open Hypermedia Service Sean Bechhofer and Carole Gable
193
Annotation for an Open Learning Repository for Computer Science Jan Brase
212
Author Index
229
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