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APPLICANTS
Affiliation with shipper, no chance for

discrimination exists 278
Interest in preserving traffic

handled, recognized 438
Locally domiciled, more responsive,

favored 391
Testifying regarding need for

service 232

APPLICATIONS
Protestant's

Identical, in separate proceeding 653

Pending, not relevant 15
Similar, repeated denied, shipper lacks

candor in supporting 469

ARBITRATION See BILL OF LADING

ARMORED CARRIER SERVICE

Common carrier authority granted 82

discrimination exists, granted 278
Supporting shippers, contract carrier

application, evidence required to show
which controls traffic 430, 432

AGREEMENTS
Rate bureau committee to promote rule

uniformity, permitted 684

AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES
Exempt traffic tonnage to be considered,

transportation of quantity of property
for nonmembers exceeding total
quantity transported by cooperative for
itself and members during fiscal

year 259

to

are

AUTHORITIES, INTERPRETATION
Advertising material moving with

authorized commodities, no authority

required 270
Authority transport various

commodities embraces by implication,
authority to transport parts and
accessories therefor, but only when
such parts or accessories
transported in connection with, and
intended for installation on, one of the
specifically authorized items being

transported at the same time 96, 818
Automobile dealers, traffic moving to,

restriction, includes leased and

repossessed vehicles 507
“Building and construction equipment

and materials (including those
requiring special equipment, when
transported to or from construction
sites, or between such sites, on the one
hand, and, on the other, buildings or
yards used for the storage of
construction equipment)," includes
imported building glass (language in

parentheses being surplusage) 489
Chemicals embraces acids 581
"Commercial automotive vehicles,"

excludes mobile homes 906
Confectionery includes candy 270
Expansion of, only pursuant

application and showing of need 809
Food business houses, such merchandise

as is dealt in by, includes products of
meat processing plant and frozen food

plant 468
General commodities, include irrigation

casings, bathing units, combines, bath
oil, shampoo, and germicidal

solution 9
“Gravel, sand, clay, ore, and slag, and

products composed of or produced
from such commodities," includes
brick, tile, and refractory

products 878
Heavy haulers cannot transport loaded
containers, but

transport
empty 352
"In trailers" v. "in containers" 352

“Los Angeles, Calif.," "the Los Angeles

commercial zone,” or “the Los Angeles
zone" authorizes service to Los
Angeles and all points within 20 miles

of its corporate limits 179
“Los Angeles Harbor zone," "Los

Angeles Harbor," or "Los Angeles

Harbor points," described 179
“Lumber"

Excludes composition board, flake-
board, particleboard, and woodchips
and shavings 808
Includes commodities processed by
sawing or planing mill operation after

falling tree is trimmed and cut 808
"Lumber products"

Excludes particleboard 809
Includes commodities manufactured
from lumber 808
Machinery, in transportation par-

lance 94
“New York, N.Y.," "New York City,"

"the New York exempt zone," "the
New York commercial zone as defined
in a particular decision," or "the New
York, N.Y., commercial zone"
authorizes service to New York City
and all points within 20 miles of its

corporate limits 178
“Petrochemicals," chemicals produced

from petroleum 30
"Petroleum products," includes treating

compounds containing 10 percent pe-

troleum 878
“Pizza ingredients" embraces ingredients

of complete pizza pie 559
Retail grocery stores, such merchandise

as is dealt in by
Excludes paint in regular containers of
| gallon or less 223
Includes named nonedible com-
modities, including paint in aerosol
cans, often sold and generally associ-

ated with 223, 224
"Wood products" embraces particle-

board 809

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Bonding of 301
Compensation differentiated from

profit 300
Household goods, denied 34
Licensed service must contribute

something of value 37
Protection of public, purpose of

regulation 301
Tour groups, independent organization

of, not for compensation, license not

required 300
Unauthorized, arranging motorbus tours

for compensation 301

BACKHAUL
Applicant fails to demonstrate real

economic or energy savings 27
Commission policy against inefficient

dead heading 391
Coordinated two-way service, showing

required 312
Deadheading, applicant's, offset by trip

leasing, will be less than private car-

riage 818
Operational feasibility, all applicants

must submit evidence concerning, of

proposed operations 439
Proposed operation feasible because

applicant can provide for 391
Recyclables to be utilized for 596, 603
Return-haul theory must be strictly

construed 312
Substitution of single-line for applicant's

prior joint-line service will
decrease, but will improve economy of

operation 439
Two-way operations, grant will enable

applicants to conduct economi-
cal 579

not

common

BURDEN OF PROOF
Applicant, to show need, even in absence

of opposition 248, 311
Common control of shipper and

applicant, on applicant to show no

unfair competition 459
Contract carrier burden less stringent

than that imposed on

carrier 75
Detention, proving carrier delay, on

shipper 726
Fitness

Freight forwarders less than motor
carriers 508

On applicant 117, 387
Loss or theft, where bill of lading shows

"Shipper Load and Count," on

shipper 736
Refuting import of past conduct,

applicant 118, 387
Supporting shipper, commodities

shipped, specific points, freight
volumes tendered, services used 311

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C

CANADA See ADJACENT FOREIGN
COUNTRY; LAND BRIDGE
EXEMPTION

BROKERS
Authority not required to arrange

transportation by
Intrastate motorbus transportation, not
subject to part II, in connection with
interstate air tours 451
Rail, water, and air lines, or by motor
carriers not subject to part II licensing
provisions 451

CEASE AND DESIST ORDERS
Agricultural cooperative transportation

beyond 15-percent limitation 260
Issued even if unlawful operations have

ceased or become lawful 29
Loss and damage claims, discouragement

of 503
Passenger broker operation, unautho-

rized 301

CEASE AND DESIST ORDERS-Con.
Petrochemicals, transportation of,

despite certificate restriction 30
Repeated violations of prior orders 117
Retail grocery stores, transportation of

merchandise not dealt in by 224
Suspension of authority and, not

exclusive 117

Lose validity while under common

control with multiple-State applicant,
but again valid if situation remedied,

unless formally revoked 279
State determines public need 844

CERTIFICATES OF SUPPORT See

NOTICE; SHIPPERS, SUPPORTING

CLEAN AIR ACT OF 1970

Transportation control plans 206

COLOR OF RIGHT See UNAUTHOR-
IZED OPERATIONS

CERTIFICATES
Commercial zone expansion not unjust

taking of 184
Commission cannot grant,

when
applicant does not intend to provide

service under 476
Interpretation, means what it says, need

not go behind it to determine

meaning 489
Issuance

Complementary Canadian authority,
condition 824
Duplicating clause, condition 97,
393, 446, 518, 581, 648, 830
Jurisdiction retained, to assure service
required is provided 658
Performance report, condition 593,
658
Registration See CERTIFICATES OF

REGISTRATION
Special, transportation of waste products
for

COMMERCIAL ZONES
“Arrangement for continuous carriage,"
applies to agreements between carriers,
not where shipper makes arrangements

and recycling, rules
adopted 594
Term certificates

Fitness, not issued 389
LTL service, to assure performance
of 658
Special certificates, recyclables
transportation 593

reuse

independently of carriers 491
Consolidated governments 174
Contraction of, factors discussed 173
History 133, 158
Individual determination of 138, 178
International boundary munici-
palities 180
Local pickup and delivery services

performed in connection with
unregulated carriers are not exempt
even though such transportation takes
place wholly within a single

commercial zone 348
Los Angeles, Calif., and harbor

179
Missouri law, in 845
National transportation policy and

expansion of 180
New York, N.Y., discussed 175
New York, N.Y., includes operations

between Newark piers and points in
N.Y., zone when traffic has prior or

subsequent water movement 491
Newark, N.J., and points outside Newark

ex-water movements dis-
cussed 491
Overlapping 166
Population-mileage formula, revised,
proposed 165

124 M.C.C.

zone

zone,

CERTIFICATES OF REGISTRATION
Conversion to certificate of public

convenience and necessity
Procedure described 276
Unlawful past operations, not under
color of right, inadequate

evidence 844
Interstate operations depend State's

interpretation of underlying intrastate
authority 843

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Portland and Vancouver, are

Existing carriage unavailable,
chance for unfair competition 861,
865
Freight forwarder and carrier,
proceeding held open to determine
nature of 478
Granted, protestant unable to provide
service 459
Opportunity for unfair competition
must be shown absent 861
Other shippers' continued support,
presumption of no favoritism 459,
477, 861
Other shippers' traffic, importance of
outweighs affiliate's 477, 861
Unaffiliated supporting shippers cus-
tomers of 863

COMPETITION
Applicant

Already substantially competitive,
grant will not harm protestants 802
And commonly controlled shipper,
grant will not harm existing carriers
unable to provide needed service 459
Now serves shipper exclusively, grant

will not change balance of 438
Existing carriers have no absolute

immunity against future 391, 446, 657
Heavy haulers and general commodity

carriers 743
New service supplementing adequate

existing service, denied 804
Protestants' additional, outweighed by

shipper's expanding need 11, 95, 580
Public interest not carriers', primary

590
Spur of, will benefit public 817
Supporting freight forwarder and

protesting common carrier 475
Temporary authority, under permanent

grant will not increase 346, 446

concern

COMPLAINTS See INVESTIGATIONS

COMPLETE SERVICE See SHIPPERS'
OR CONSIGNEES' NEED FOR
ADEQUATE SERVICE

CONNECTING CARRIERS
Nonprotestants, ability to provide joint-

contiguous 349
Short-haul carriers need not adhere to

published tariffs within 182
St. Louis, Mo.-East St. Louis, III. 178
Twin city concept 174

COMMODITY DESCRIPTIONS
Building and construction equipment and

materials 489
Chemicals embraces acids 581
Commission favors broad 647
Confectionery includes candy 270
Food business houses, such merchandise

as is dealt in by 468
Lumber 808
Lumber products 808
Machinery 94
Petrochemicals 30
Pizza ingredients 559
Protestants' applicant fails to prove does

not embrace traffic 878
Retail grocery stores, such merchandise

as is dealt in by 223

COMMON CARRIERS

Freight forwarders as 474
Loss and damage liability 411
Offer service voluntarily, with full

knowledge of responsibilities under
common law and the act 504

COMMON CONTROL, MANAGEMENT

OR ARRANGEMENT
Applicant fails to show adequate

safequards or special conditions

preventing preference 545
Certificate of registration carriers and

multiple-State carriers 279
Common carrier applicant, contract

carrier, and single-State certificate of
registration carrier found to be under

unlawful 277
Disregarding corporate forms and

veiwing substance to determine 276
Family relationship considered 277
Legal control by one person does not

prevent actual control by another 277
Supporting shipper and applicant

Burden on applicant to show no unfair
competition 459
124 M.C.C.

line service not considered 295

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