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USES

Development of CD Plans
Evaluation of alternative shelter

programs
Advice on location of government

survival supplies
Advice on location of facilities

to governments and industry

Emergency operating decisions including:
Direction and guidance to state and local

governments
Allocating military support to civil authorities
Relocation of survival resources, e.g.,

emergency hospitals
Relocation of population to reduce radiation

danger
Utility restoration to meet water and power

needs
Decontamination
Broadcasting information to public on radiation

levels, spreading fires and other hazards. CHART 8

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The continued development of the national civil defense system will demand a high degree of cooperative action particularly at the local level. The new shelter development activity, continuation of shelter survey, marking and provisioning, development of shelter space through private initiative and the effective utilization of this shelter will succeed only to the extent that local decisionmakers, e.g., local governments, school boards, business and industrial leaders, homeowners, choose to participate. The primary objective of public information is to assist the local civil defense officials to persuade local decisionmakers to act effectively in the development of the local civil defense capability.

The use of mass media is important to keep before the public an awareness of civil defense, that is, what it is, and why it is. However, experience shows for a complex program without popular appeal, such as civil defense, selective person-to-person contact is the most important ingredient in persuading individuals and groups to take specific actions. Accordingly, major emphasis is upon the development of information materials for direct use at the local level ; extensive use of radio and television in carrying out the public awareness activity; and specialized material to keep civil defense officials and other leaders constantly informed on the program and to provide technical guidance to professions, such as architects and engineers.

CHART 10
Public information, Distribution of funds by purpose

[In millions)

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FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO STATES This activity provides financial assistance to States for procurement of survival supplies, equipment, and training; construction of protected emergency operating centers for State and local governments; and personnel and administrative expenses necessary to maintain civil defense capability at all governmental levels.

The chart provides a breakdown of the fiscal year 1965 budget request for these purposes, including a comparison with prior fiscal years. Major program activities are more fully described in succeeding pages.

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SURVIVAL SUPPLIES, EQUIPMENT, AND TRAINING The facing page provides a distribution by purpose of contributions to States for civil defense supplies, equipment, facilities, and training under the authority of subsection 201 (i) of the Federal Civil Defense Act of 1950 as amended. The States and their political subdivisions are required to match Federal funds on an equal basis. This account is used to provide items required to meet the unique operational needs of a particular applicant. It does not include national programs for standard categories of supplies and equipment such as austere shelter stocks and radiation detection and monitoring instruments which can be more economically and effectively procured centrally by the Federal Government.

Fiscal year 1963 applications for supplies, equipment, and training far exceeded funds available and the number of applications during fiscal year 1964, through December 31, 1963, has increased over fiscal year 1963 by 17 percent. Notwithstanding the increased trend in applications, fiscal year 1964 and fiscal year 1965 estimated obligations are being programed at the fiscal year 1963 level of operations in line with the more rigid criteria within OCD for the approval of applications.

CHART 12 Matching funds for State and local equipment and operations (survival supplies,

equipment and training)

{In millions)

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Federal matching funds on a 50-50 basis are made available to State and local governments for the construction of emergency operating centers (EOC) which will protect against radiation fallout, and in some cases, against blast. Under current policy, States and localities are urged to build emergency operating centers close to the point of government so that operating personnel can reach them quickly. Construction plans for such emergency operating centers are approved on an individual case basis. As of June 30, 1963, a total of 39 emergency operating centers had been constructed.

As the chart on page 730 indicates, the fiscal year 1965 budget estimate provides for construction costs related to EOC's initiated during prior fiscal years as well as to new EOC's to be initiated during fiscal year 1965.

EMERGENCY OPERATING CENTERS

DESIGN STARTS ( PHASE 1 )

89

104

160

160

ESTIMATED CANCELLATIONS

10

24

24

53

12

39

9

6

80

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40

14

12

28

94

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FY 1962 and Prior Years

FY 1963

FY 1964

FY 1965

FY 1966 and Subsequent Years

Total Construction Starts

EOC's Completed

30 Jun 1963

Applicable to FY 1962 and

prior year design starts

Applicable to FY 1963

design starts

CASTECTION STARTS + PHASE 2)

Applicable to FY 1964

design starts

Applicable to FY 1965

design starts

58, 308, 444

FY 1967 & prior yt. const. Sosts

FY 1963 (onst. starts

$2, 165,501
4,434, 243

$2,071, 000

1,980,000
4,141,000

$1,380,000

1,704,000
2, 414,000
3,550,000
$9,048,000

FY 1964 const starts

5

0
3,976,000
12,780,000
15,762, 000
$32, 518,000

$13, 924,945
12, 102, 243
19, 333,000

FY 1965 const. starts

19,312,000 564,674, 188

TOIAL CONSTRUCTION

S8, 308, 444

56,599,744

58, 200,000

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PERSONNEL AND ADMINISTRATIVE Expenses

It is at the State and local level that the Federal civil defense program must be translated into specific actions—getting agreements from building owners for use of shelter space, stocking the space with emergency supplies, recruiting and training radiological monitors, shelter managers, and other personnel to man shelter areas, installing and maintaining warning systems, organizing for recovery operations.

The goal of the personnel and administrative expenses program is the establishment of professionally staffed State and local civil defense organizations by the application of merit plans for personnel administration. The effect of placing civil defense organizations under a merit system is to establish stability of organization and to provide for quality and continuity of staff. With the financial assistance given by this program, the States and cities have built an organizational and operational capability upon which we must depend for accomplishment of the local part of the job of developing a working shelter system.

Funding in fiscal year 1965 will continue to support those States and political subdivisions currently participating in the program and will add an estimated 470 subdivisions. The number of personnel employed under the program is expected to increase to 6,769.

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