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The Commission wishes to acknowledge its great debt to the Veterans' Administration, Department of Defense, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, and Department of Labor, for their wholehearted cooperation. These agencies all furnished valuable background information, made extensive studies, and loaned personnel. We wish also to acknowledge the valuable assistance received from other agencies, including the Bureau of the Census of the Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Budget, Civil Service Commission, and General Accounting Office, and from the chairman, Committee on Veterans' Affairs, House of Representatives, and the committee staff, in the printing of the report. Respectfully yours,

OMAR N. BRADLEY, Chairman.
CLARENCE G. ADAMY.
WILLIAM J. DONOVAN.
PAUL R. HAWLEY.
MARTIN D. JENKINS.
THEODORE S. PETERSEN.

JOHN S. THOMPSON.
THE PRESIDENT,

THE WHITE HOUSE.

PART II

THE COMMISSION'S FINDINGS AND RECOM

MENDATIONS

Page

CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION: A NEW ERA IN VETERANS' BENE

FITS.

23

25

26 31 33

33

35 49 62 62

THE PRESIDENT'S ASSIGNMENT TO THE COMMIS

SION ON VETERANS' PENSIONS...
HOW THE PRESIDENT'S COMMISSION ON VETER-

ANS' PENSIONS APPROACHED ITS TASK...

THE COMMISSION'S PHILOSOPHY. CHAPTER II. VETERANS BENEFITS: PAST AND PRESENT.

THE DEVELOPMENT OF VETERANS' BENEFITS IN

THE UNITED STATES..
THREE PERIODS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF Vet-

ERANS' PROGRAMS IN THE UNITED STATES...

THE VETERANS' BENEFIT PROGRAMS TODAY..
CHAPTER III. VETERANS IN OUR SOCIETY.

THE VETERAN POPULATION.
THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS

OF VETERANS.
Is MILITARY SERVICE A HANDICAP: WHAT DO

THE VETERANS THINK? ....
ASSISTANCE TO VETERANS FOLLOWING THEIR

SEPARATION From MILITARY SERVICE.....
ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL STATUS OF VETERANS

AT PRESENT....
CHAPTER IV. THE Cost OP VETERANS' PROGRAMS.
CHAPTER V. GUIDELINES FOR THE FUTURE.

Basic FACTORS.

GENERAL PRINCIPLES.
CHAPTER VI. COMPENSATION FOR SERVICE-CONNECTED DISABIL-

75

90

91

92 98 127 127 134

TIES.

146 164 170 181

GUIDEPOSTS FOR IMPROVEMENT.
EVALUATION AND RATING OF DISABLEMENT..
OTHER FEDERAL DISABILITY PROGRAMS.
RELATIONSHIP OF REHABILITATION AND COM-

PENSATION.
MILITARY DISABILITY RETIREMENT BENEFITS..

186 190

Page

197 197 202

208 211

THE

214

219 228

231

232

234

CHAPTER VII. SERVICE-CONNECTED SURVIVOR BENEFITS, INCLUD

ING INSURANCE.

PRESENT SITUATION OF SURVIVOR BENEFITS..
EVALUATION OF THE PRESENT SITUATION..
RECENT EFFORTS TO IMPROVE SURVIVOR

BENEFITS ..
QUESTIONS OF A GENERAL NATURE..
MILITARY COVERAGE UNDER SOCIAL

SECURITY AND OTHER CIVILIAN RETIREMENT

AND SURVIVOR SYSTEMS ..
DEATH COMPENSATION PAID BY THE VETER-

ANS' ADMINISTRATION.

BENEFITS FOR RETIRED MILITARY PERSONNEL.
CHAPTER VIII. READJUSTMENT BENEFITS FOR WAR VETERANS: THE

PROGRAM AS A WHOLE.
SCOPE AND VARIETY OF THE BENEFITS PRO-

VIDED.
BACKGROUND, OBJECTIVES, AND UNDERLYING

CONCEPTS OF THE READJUSTMENT BENEFIT

PROGRAM.
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE READJUST-

MENT PROGRAMS, AND CHANGES BASED ON

OPERATING EXPERIENCE.
MAGNITUDE, TIMING, AND ECONOMIC IMPACT

OF THE READJUSTMENT BENEFIT PROGRAM..
RELATION OF GI BENEFITS TO VETERANS' RE-

ADJUSTMENT NEEDS AND PROBLEMS.
EFFECTIVENESS AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE RE-

ADJUSTMENT BENEFIT PROGRAM AS A WHOLE.
GENERAL CRITERIA FOR SOUND READJUST-

MENT BENEFITS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR

FUTURE PROGRAMS.
CHAPTER IX. REVIEW AND APPRAISAL OF THE MAJOR READ-

JUSTMENT BENEFIT PROGRAMS.
READJUSTMENT ALLOWANCES AND UNEMPLOY-

MENT COMPENSATION FOR VETERANS.
EDUCATION AND TRAINING BENEFITS.
LOAN AND Loan GUARANTY PROGRAMS.
READJUSTMENT BENEFITS RELATED TO EM-

PLOYMENT OR REEMPLOYMENT.

239

247

258

264

270

273

273 287 300

313

Page 320 322 323 324 325

330

333

333 338 338 338 339

CHAPTER X. BENEFITS FOR PEACETIME Ex-SERVICEMEN

DEMOBILIZATION...
ENTRY INTO SERVICE.
PROFILE OF THE PEACETIME Ex-SERVICEMAN..
CONDITIONS OF MILITARY SERVICE...
BENEFITS FOR PEACETIME Ex-SERVICEMEN:

BASIC CONSIDERATIONS...
SERVICE-CONNECTED DISABILITY COMPENSA-

TION AND DEATH BENEFITS.
VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION FOR SERVICE-

CONNECTED DISABILITY.
MEDICAL AND HOSPITAL CARE..
VETERANS' INSURANCE.
MUSTERING-OUT PAY..
REEMPLOYMENT RIGHTS.
EMPLOYMENT ASSISTANCE AND RELATED SERV-

ICES.
PREFERENCE IN FEDERAL EMPLOYMENT
UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION..
EDUCATION AND TRAINING BENEFITS..
LOAN BENEFITS FOR PEACETIME Ex-SERVICE-

MEN...

NON-SERVICE-CONNECTED PENSIONS.
CHAPTER XI. NON-SERVICE-CONNECTED PENSIONS.

THE GENERAL SOCIAL SECURITY PROGRAMS..
RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE VETERANS' AD-

MINISTRATION PENSION PROGRAM AND

GENERAL OASI PROGRAM..
VETERANS' PENSIONS AND PUBLIC ASSISTANCE.
THE ROLE OF VETERANS' PENSIONS.
METHODS OF COORDINATION.
LEVEL OF PENSION BENEFITS.
CONDITIONS OF ELIGIBILITY.
ELIGIBILITY FOR SURVIVOR PENSIONS.

CURRENT PENSIONERS.
CHAPTER XII. DISCHARGE REQUIREMENTS FOR VETERANS' BENE-

FITS..

SERVICEMEN'S READJUSTMENT ACT OF 1944..
DISCHARGES...
VETERANS IN PENAL INSTITUTIONS.

339 340 341 342

346 346 348 357

THE

364 368 369 373 376 385 389 391

393 393 394 398

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