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GEORGE D. AIKEN, Vermont
ELBERT D. THOMAS, Utah
JAMES E. MURRAY, Montana
CLAUDE PEPPER, Florida
JOSEPH H. BALL, Minnesota, Chairman
JAMES E. MURRAY, Montana
ALLEN J. ELLENDER, Louisiana
Marion B. Folsom, United States Chamber of Commerce.-----
Page 223 226 227 228 230
REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. 1 OF 1948
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1948
UNITED STATES SENATE,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON LABOR,
Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to call, at 10 a. m., in the committee room, Capitol Building, Senator Joseph H. Ball presiding.
Present: Senators Ball (presiding), Donnell.
Senator BALL. The committee will come to order. At this point there may be inserted in the record copies of the President's message transmitting Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1948, and House Concurrent Resolution 131.
(The documents referred to are as follows:)
MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES TRANSMITTING REORGANIZA
TION PLAN No. 1 OF 1948, UNDER THE REORGANIZATION ACT OF 1945 To the Congress of the Unted States:
I transmit herewith Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1948, under the Reorganization Act of 1945, which transfers the United States Employment Service and the Bureau of Employment Security to the Department of Labor. The United States Employment Service is now in the Department of Labor by temporary transfer under authority of title I of the First War Powers Act, 1941, while the Bureau of Employment Security is at present a constituent unit of the Federal Security Agency. This plan will place the administration of the employment service and unemployment compensation functions of the Federal Government in the most appropriate location within the executive establishment and will provide for their proper coordination.
I find that this proposed reorganization is necessary to accomplish the following purposes of the Reorganization Act of 1945: (1) To group, coordinate, and consolidate agencies and functions of the Government according to major purposes, (2) to increase the efficiency of the operations of the Government, and (3) to promote economy to the fullest extent consistent with the efficient operation of the Government.
The United States Employment Service was established in the Department of Labor by the Wagner-Peyser Act in 1933. It was later transferred under Reorganization Plan No. I, effective July 1, 1939, to the Social Security Board in the Federal Security Agency. After the creation of the War Manpower Commission, the United States Employment Service was placed under that Commission by Executive Order No. 9247 of September 17, 1942. Shortly after the Japanese surrender the Service was transferred to the Department of Labor by Executive Order No. 9617. Both of these transfers were made under the temporary authority of title I of the First War Powers Act.
The provision of a Nation-wide system of public employment offices, which assists workers to get jobs and employers to obtain labor, belongs under the leadership of the Secretary of Labor. Within our Federal Government the Department of Labor is the agency primarily concerned with the labor market and problems of employment..
The Department of Labor already has within its organization many, but not all of the resources needed for the full performance of this role. It has a broad understanding of working conditions and the factors in labor turn-over. Through