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POPULATION AND FINANCIAL CONDITION OF THE STATES AND TERRITORIES, 1890.
The following tabular exhibit gives in a concise form the official statistics for the last census year. It has been announced that they
are subject to revision in the final census volumes, but as each statement given was issued over the signature of a responsible officer, it is
not likely that any important changes will be made.

Population. New York State has the largest population among the States and Territories, the next in order being Pennsylvania,
Illinois, and Ohio.

Assessed Valuation. New York heads the list with more than 3% billions, Pennsylvania coming next with 24 billions, followed by
Massachusetts, Ohio, and California.

State Receipts.-The States showing the largest amounts of gross State receipts (considering the State as a unit in each case) are
New York, Massachusetts, and California, all over $10,000,000. Pennsylvania takes fourth place with 8% millions.

State Expenditures. The four States mentioned as standing highest in the matter of receipts hold the same relative rank in expenditures.

Bonded Debt.-Virginia has the largest bonded debt, and is closely followed by Massachusetts, the District of Columbia coming next
in order, then Tennessee, Pennsylvania, Louisiana, Maryland, and Georgia. The first two named have a bonded debt of nearly 30 millions
each; the remainder stand between 10 and 20 millions.

Floating Debt.-Virginia also stands first in floating debt (7% millions). Arkansas (6% millions), Michigan (5% millions), and Louisiana
(4% millions), are the next three in rank under this heading.

Sinking Fund.-Massachusetts has, by far, the largest sinking fund (21 millions). Pennsylvania, Virginia, and New York have each
between 5 and 10 millions in reserve. It must be understood that, so far in this summary, States are considered as units, not including
the accounts of counties, cities, and other civil divisions.

Aggregate of County Debt.-Leaving out New York, in which the city and county are co-extensive, the largest aggregates of county
debts are given for Kansas (14% millions), Illinois (11 millions), and Missouri (10% millions). These aggregates represent the total debt of
counties, less sinking fund.

There is no necessity to point out any particular instances as shown in the last two columns of the tabular exhibit. When the totals
were made up for the different States a considerable number of municipalities were yet to be heard from.
POPULATION, ASSESSED VALUATION, RECEIPTS, EXPENDITURES, DEBT AND RESOURCES OF STATES AND TERRITORIES,
WITH AGGREGATES OF COUNTY DEBT AND MUNICIPAL DEBT AND RESOURCES, 1890.

Total Debt Ol

Total
Assessed
State

of Counties Total Debt Available
States Popula- Valuation State Expendi- Bonded Floating Sinking less Sink. Ea of Munici. Resources
and
tion,
of Receipts, tures,
Debt Debt Fund

ing Fund. palities. of Munici-
Territories. 1890. Property, 1890.

1890. (State (State (State (Aggregate (Aggre- palities. 1890. (Gross.) (Gross.) only). only). only).

of

gates.) (Aggre-
Counties.)

gates.)
North Atlantic

Division.... 17,401,545 $10,614,691,637 $49,133,883 $46,963,039 $60,132,419 $1,712,537 $36,682,417 215 $27,587,137 421 $483,417,314 $219,472,025
Maine
661,086 $309,129,101| $1,090,000 $1,318,130 $2,748,800 $722,108

16 $434,346 43 $11,712,903 $5,385,147
New Hampshire 376,530 252,722,016 639, 492 488,629 2,520,700 170,319

10 559,054 17 4,338,687 1,211,860 Vermont 332, 422 161,551,328 818,507

14

5,108 7 747,927 177,640 Massachusetts... 2,238,943 2,154, 134,626 11,381,721 11,481,502 28,251,288 32,000 $21,015,939 14 4,051,830 123 97,237,392 39,979,182 Rhode Island... 345,506 321,764,503 1,053,549 937,095 1,283,000

16 14,462,795 2,747,863 Connecticut 746,258 358,913,906 2,201,203 1,893,901 3,740,200

8 30,547 37 10,893,303 2,640,073 New York ... 5,997,853 3,775,325,938 18,212,339 17,446,855 6,652,160 122,694 4,466,625 60 10,936,638 76 220,047,805 94,509,239 New Jersey. 1,444,933 688,309,187) 5,051,153 4,527,268 1,596,300

573,658 21 3,728,130 37 45,723,131 9,420.409 Pennsylvania... 5,258,014! 2,592,841,032| 8,625,9191 8,168,861 13,339,971 517,000 9,766,179 67 7,841,484 65 78,253,371 63,400,612

700,798

148,416

860,016 5

POPULATION, ASSESSED VALUATION, RECEIPTS, EXPENDITURES, DEBT AND RESOURCES OF STATES AND TERRITORIES,
WITH AGGREGATES OF COUNTY DEBT AND MUNICIPAL DEBT AND RESOURCES, 1890.-Continued.

Total Debt.

Total
Assessed
State

of Counties Total Debt Available
States Popula- Valuation State Expendi- Bonded Floating Sinking

less Sink

of Munici Resources and tion,

ing Fund. palities. of MuniciTerritories. 1890. Property, 18N.

1890. (State (State (State (Aggregate (Aggre- palities. 1890. (Gross.) (Gross.) only). only). only).

of

gates.) (AggreCounties.)

gates.)
South Atlantic

Division...... 8,857,920 $2,051,150,741 $22,399,113 $19,836,763 $85,104,691 $8,092,404 $7,090,465 495 $7,858,561 56 $90,379,243 $19,445,770
Delaware.. *168,493 *$74,134,401 *$126,500 *$125,000 $660,000 $239,750 $12,177

$618,400 3 $1,509,276 $281,176
Maryland.. 1,042,390 482,184,824 6,860,605 5,684,486 10,370,537

893,776 10 39,158,510 7,066,732 Dis.of Columbia 230,392 153,307,541 5,776,388 5,632,496 19,781,050

1 19,781,050 2,882,300 Virginia

1,655,980 362,422,741 2,887,527 2,695,660 28,687,604 7,521,652 5,142,119 100 1,807,535 12 14,301,906 5,876,427 West Virginia.. 762,794 169,927,587 1,206,414 1,040,543 135,511 49,000

54 1,197,462 2 88,000 30,308 North Carolina. 1,617,947 212,697,287 *938,405 *1,015,203 7,703,100

96 1,514,600 81 1,359,306 420,541
South Carolina. 1,151,149 132,182,638 1,190,036 1,112,092 6,375,049 191,800

86 1,062,750 4 4,961,545 174,206
Georgia.
1,837,353 377,366,784 8,979,694 2,131,793 10,359,340 90,202

187 4:29,380 11 9,117,350 2,710,680
Florida.
391,422 76,926,938 *432,544 *399,490 1,032,500

45 334,658 5 102,300

8,400
North Central

Division, 22,362,279 $7,365,312,440 $32,837,322 $33,872,613 $27,087,047 $17,604,242 $3,057,852 1,030 $65,765,737 306 $123,639,232 $38,032,678
Ohio..

3,672,316 $1,778,138,457 $5,863,678 $5,832,751 $2,796,665 $4,584,180 $245,040 88 $6,291,928 53 $43,053,283 $4,870,527
Indiana.
2,192, 404 782,872,126 8,737,195 4,471,948 8,540,615

93 4,753,455 30 5,559,585 1,075,810 Illinois.. 3,826,351 727,416,252 3,659,775 3,396,239 19,500 1,165,407

102 11,016,880 41 19,458,591 25,067,511
Michigan. 2,093,889 **945,450,000 8,877,239 3,342,168 31,993 5,315,039 38,738 83

1,257,698 36 7,093,717 2,813,274
Wisconsin 1,686,880 592,890,719 3,742,986 3,585,535

1,529,681 85 5,229,662 1,094,670
Minnesota. 1,301,826 *588,531,743 2,156,157 3,407,983 4,365,000

3,315,657 12 9,016,144 1,339,415 Iowa. 1,911,896 478,318,248 1,715,387 1,631,836

99 3,403,073 28 3,242,870 692,819 Missouri

2,679,184 786,343,753 3,757,852 3,260,096 8,533,000 3,680,000 453,168 115 10,244,232 33 24,346,594 323,251 North Dakota. 182,719 78,394,536 609,5121 504,720 689,807

48 1,372,261 31 874,057 94,877 South Dakota. 328,808 131,592,587 660,000 610,000 860,200

58 2,441,334 2

99,500 30,960 Nebraska. 1,058,910 184,770,305 *2,283,165 *2,518,159 449,267

195,388 90 5,546,287 6) 2,957,669 74,303 Kansas 1,427,096 290,593,711 *1,284,426! *1,311,178 801,000 318,791

106 14,593,751 27 3,207,110 555,261 * 1889.

of Receipts, tures, Debt Debt Fund

1,936,169

2,295,390

2,125,518

245,435

** 1886.

No. of
Counties.

No. Municipalt's included

POPULATION, ASSESSED VALUATION, RECEIPTS, EXPENDITURES, DEBT AND RESOURCES OF STATES AND TERRITORIES,
WITH AGGREGATES OF COUNTY DEBT AND MUNICIPAL DEBT AND RESOURCES, 1890.–Continued.

Total Debt

Total
Assessed
State

of Counties Total Debt Available
States Popula- Valuation State Expendi- Bonded Floating Sinking

less Sink

of Munici- Resources and tion, of Receipts, tures, Debt Debt Fund

ing Fund. palities. of MuniciTerritories. 1890. Property, 1890.

1890. (State (State (State (Aggregate (Aggre- palities. 1890. (Gross.) (Gross.) only). only).

only).

of

gates.) (Aggre-
Counties.)

gates.)
South Central

Division..... 10,972,893 $2,317,296,553 $15,541,486 $13,759,416 $45,697,335 $19,104,537 $724,180 510 $19,402,831 43 $42,000,072 $11,060,672
Kentucky 1,858,635 $512,615,506 $3,595,761 $3,578,240 $680,394 $1,705,947 $715,208 119 $5,948,652 9 $9,854,712 $3,407,813
Tennessee 1,767,518 347,510,103 2,120,093 2,082,097 16,787,474 705,000

96 2,185,459 6,368,541 1,029,744
Alabama
1,513,017 197,080,441 2,594,442 2,642,958 9,237,700 3,175,496

66 1,436,821 4 3,711,741 81,556
Mississippi. 1,289,600 *157,518,906 *1,151,055 *900,630 902,437 2,600,571

1,206,799 6 730,990 102,763
Louisiana 1,118,587 234,320,780 *2,120,027 2,105,742 11,759,500 4,249,085

59 177,798 5 17,113,254 4,505,596
Texas
2,235,523 695,842,320 3,115,765 1,869,242 4,237,730 79,784

6,893,714 13 4,083,834 1,920,152
Oklahoma

61,834
Arkansas.
1,128,179 *172,408,497 844,343 630,507 2,092,100 6,588,654 8,972

1.553,588 2 137,000 13,048
Western Divi-
sion

3,027,613 $1,911,138,436 $14,846,771 $13,645,037 $5,107,052 $1,290,292 $269,759 278 $21,336,579 80 $6,514,925 $1,813,270
Montana
182,159 $106,392,892 $149,317 $308,565

17 $2,004,513 Wyoming 60,705 *31,431,495 213,155 164,623 $320,000

10 1,083,790 2 $213,091 $18,845 Colorado 412,198 188,911,325 1,568,601 1,563,076 150,000 449.851

55 4,645,668 5 1,464,689 880,584 New Mexico. 153,593 *46,041,010 *274,327 *247,538 720,000 150,961

15 1,815,083 Arizona 59,620 21,434,767 280,000 268.000 633,000 124,158

10 2,006,094

31,530

122 Utah 207,905 104,758,750 5:23,794 523,794

24 49,859 1

37,000 5,000
Nevada.
45,761 24,663,385 356,708 546,129 182,000 380,000 $52,474 14 812,676 1

460
Idaho.

84,385 25,581,305 *117,556 *80,837 157,715 105,572 23,159 15 1,224,075 Washington.. 349,390 *124,795,449 348,189 327,929 300.000

34 1,507,786 1

20,000 Oregon 313,767 166,025,731 1,014,551 1,257,930

31 905,711 5

824,219 27,775 California 1,208,130 1,071,102,327 10,000,573 8,356,616 2,642,000 79,750 194,126 53 5,281,324 15 3,924,396 880,584 Grand Totals. 62,6:22,250 $24,249,589,804 $134,757,575 $128,086,868 $223,128,544 $47,804,012 $47.824,673 $141,950,845 858 $745,949,786 $290,575,846

* 1889.

** 1886.

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PARTY TENDENCY IN THE NEW STATES.

THE facts concerning the party tendency in each of the new States are briefly thus:

Idaho. There is a Republican majority of ten in the Senate and 26 in the House, the majority on joint ballot

being 36 in favor of the Republican party. At the election for Governor, 1890, Shoup, the Republican candidate, had a majority of 2,314 over Wilson, the Democratic nominee. The whole vote cast was 18,210, of which 10,262 were cast for Shoup. This was the first gubernatorial contest since the admission of Idaho to the Union. The State government and judiciary are entirely Republican. Since 1880 the Congressional majorities have been as follows: 1880, Democratic majority, 1,514; 1882, no record available; 1884, Democratic majority, 786; 1886, Republican majority, 426; 1888, Republican majority, 3,203; 1890 (short term), Republican majority, 2,112 (long term) 2,104.

Montana. There is a Democratic majority of 4 in the Senate and a Republican majority of 5 in the House, the Republicans having a majority of 1 on joint ballot. At the election for Governor, 1889, Toole, the Democratic candidate had a majority of 556 over Power, the Republican nominee. The whole vote cast was 38,552, of which 19,564 were cast for Toole. This was the first gubernatorial contest since the admission of Montana to the Union. The State government and judiciary, except the Governor, consists entirely of Republicans. Since 1880 the Congressional majorities have been as follows: 1880, 1,428, Democratic; 1882, 1,484, Democratic; 1884, 199, Democratic; 1886, 3,718, Democratic; 1888, 5,126, Republican; 1890, 283, Democratic

North Dakota. There is a Republican majority of 11 in the Senate and 18 in the House, the majority on joint ballot being 29. The minority in the Senate consists of 5 Democrats and 5 Farmers' Alliance, in the House, of 16 Democrats and 6 Farmers' Alliance. The 11 Farmers' Alliance votes are included with the Democrats in calculating the Republican majorities. At the election for Governor, 1890, Burke, the Republican candidate had a plurality of 6,449 over Roach, the Democratic, and Muir the Independent nominees. In 1889, Miller, the Republican candidate, was elected by a plurality of 12,632 over Roach. The State government is entirely Republican. Since 1884, the Congressional majorities have been as follows: 1884, 25,554, Republican; 1886, 8,027, Republican; 1888, 9,489, Republican; 1890, 6,535, Republican.

South Dakota. There is a Republican majority of 1 in the Senate and 4 in the House, the majority on joint ballot being 5. The minority in the Senate consists of 14 Democrats and 8 Independents; in the House, of 46 Democrats and 11 Independents. The 19 Independent votes are included with the Democrats in calculating the Republican majorities. At the election for Governor, 1890, Mellette, the Republican candidate, had a plurality of 9,896 over Taylor the Democratic, and Louks the Farmers' Alliance nominees. Louks received 24,591 votes out of a total of 77,607. Iu 1889, Mellette, the Republican candidate, was elected by a plurality of 30, 124, McClure being the Democratic nominee. The State government and judiciary are entirely Republican. The vote for South Dakota for Representatives, 1886 and 1888, was that of the counties of Dakota Territory, which now compose the State of South Dakota. This vote is as follows: 1886, Democratic, 22,339, Republican, 43,365; 1888, Democratic, 25,044, Repub lican, 44,906; 1891, Democratic, 7, 199, Republican, 17,614, Farmers' Alliance, 14,587. The Republican majorities or pluralities have been respectively 21,026, 19,862 and 3,027.

Washington. There is a Republican majority of 26 in the Senate and 44 in the House, the Republicans having a majority of 70 on joint ballot. At the election for Governor, 1889, Ferry, the Republican candidate bad a majority of 8,979 over Semple, the Democratic nominee. The whole vote cast was 58,443, of which 33,711 were cast for Ferry. The State government and judiciary are entirely Republican. Since 1880, the Congressional majorities have been as follows: 1880, 1,797, Republican; 1882, 3,008, Republican; 1884, 148 Democratic; 1886, 2, 192, Democratic; 1888, 7,371, Republican; 1890, 6,322, Republican.

Wyoming. There is a Republican majority of 9 in the Senate and 18 in the House, the majority on joint ballot being 27. At the election for Governor, 1890, Warren the Republican candidate, had a majority of 1,726 over Baxter, the Democratic nominee. The whole vote cast was 16,032, of which Warren received 8,879. The State government is entirely Republican. Since 1880 the Congressional majorities have been as follows: 1880, 147, Democratic; 1882, 1,111, Democratic; 1884, 1,639, Republican; 1886, 7, 146, Republican; 1888, 2,894, Republican; 1890, 2,859, Republican.

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