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The grievances of those not included within the circle of these beneficiaries, when fully realized, will surely arouse irritation and discontent. Our farmers, long-suffering and patient, struggling in the race of life with the hardest and most unremitting toil, will not fail to see, in spite of misrepresentations and misleading fallacies, that they are obliged to accept such .prices for their products as are fixed in foreign markets where they compete with the farmers of the world; that their lands are declining in value while their debts increase; and that without compensating favor they are forced by the action of the government to pay for the benefit of others such enhanced prices for the things they need that the scanty returns of their labor fail to furnish their support, or leave no margin for accumulation.

Our workingmen, enfranchised from all delusions, and no longer frightened by the cry that their wages are endangered by a just revision of our tariff laws, will reasonably demand through such revi steadier employment, cheaper means of living in their homes, freedom for themselves and their children from the doom of perpetual servitude, and an open door to their advancement beyond the limits of a laboring class. Others of our citizens, whose comforts and expenditures are measured by moderate salaries and fixed incomes, will insist upon the fairness and justice of cheapening the cost of necessaries for themselves and their families.

When to the selfishness of the beneficiaries of unjust discrimination under our laws there shall be added the discontent of those who suffer from such discrimination, we will realize the fact that the beneficent purposes of our government, dependent upon the patriotism and contentment of our people, are endangered.

Communism is a hateful thing, and a menace to peace and organized government. But the communism of combined wealth and capital, the outgrowth of overweening cupidity and selfishness, which insidiously undermines the justice and integrity of free institutions, is not less dangerous than the communism of oppressed poverty and toil which, exasperated by injustice and discontent, attacks with wild disorder the citadel of rule.

He mocks the people who proposes that the government shall protect the rich and that they in turn will care for the laboring poor. Any intermediary between the people and their government, or the least delegation of the care and protection the government owes to the humblest citizen in the land, makes the boast of free institutions a glittering delusion, and the pretended boon of American citizenship a shameless imposition.

A just and sensible revision of our tariff laws should be made for the relief of those of our countrymen who suffer under present conditions. Such a revision should receive the support of all who love that justice and equality due to American citizenship, of all who realize that in this justice and equality our government finds its strength and its power to protect the citizen and his property, of all who believe that the contented competence and comfort of many accord better with the spirit of our institutions than colossal fortunes unfairly gathered in the hands of a few, of all who appreciate that the forbearance and fraternity among our people which recognize the value of every American interest, are the surest guarantee of our national progress, and of all who desire to see the products of American skill and ingenuity in every market of the world with a resulting restoration of American commerce.

The necessity of the reduction of our revenue is so apparent as to be generally conceded. But the means by which this end shall be accomplished and the sum of direct benefit which shall result to our citizens present a controversy of the utmost importance. There should be no scheme accepted as satisfactory by which the burdens of the people are only apparently removed. Extravagant appropriations of public money, with all their demoralizing consequences, should not be tolerated, either as a means of relieving the Treasury of its present surplus or as furnishing pretext for resisting a proper reduction in tariff rates. Existing evils and injustice should be honestly recognized, boldly met, and effectively remedied. There should be no cessation of the struggle until a plan is perfected, fair and conservative toward existing industries, but which will reduce the cost to consumers of the necessaries of life, while it provides for our manufacturers the advantage of freer. raw materials and permits no injury to the interests of American labor.

The cause for which the battle is waged is comprised within lines clearly and distinctly defined. It should never be compromised. It is the people's cause.

It can not be denied that the selfish and private interests which are so persistently heard, when efforts are made to deal in a just and comprehensive manner with our tariff laws, are related to, if they are not responsible for, the sentiment largely prevailing among the people that the general govern, ment is the foundation of individual and private aid; that it may be expected to relieve with paternal care the distress of citizens and communities, and from the fullness of its Treasury it should, upon the slightest possible pretext of promoting the general good, apply public funds to the benefit of localities and individuals. Nor can it be denied that there is a growing assumption that, as against the government and in favor of private claims and interests, the usual rules and limitations of business principles and just dealing should be waived.

These ideas have been unhappily much encouraged by legislative acquiescence. Relief from contracts made with the government is too easily accorded in favor of the citizen; the failure to support claims against the government by proof is often supplied by no better consideration than the wealth of the government and the poverty of the claimant; gratuities in the form of pensions are granted upon no other real ground than the needy condition of the applicant or for reasons less valid; and large sums are expended for public buildings and other improvements, upon representations scarcely claimed to be related to public needs and necessities.

The extent to which the consideration of such matters subordinates and postpones action upon subjects of great public importance, but involving no special, private, or partisan interest, should arrest attention and lead to reformation.

CONGRESSIONAL ELECTIONS.

PLURALITIES OR MAJORITIES, REPUBLICAN, DEMOCRATIC, PEOPLE'S PARTY,

LABOR PARTY OR INDEPENDENT, RECORDED AT THE CONGRESSIONAL ELECTIONS OF 1886, 1888 AND 1890, IN EVERY DISTRICT OF THE UNITED STATES AND THE TERRITORIES.

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788/D

Alabama.. 1 4,240 D 4,489 D 7,623 D | Illinois

15 1,425 R 2,293 R 582|D 2 5,659 D 6,838 D 7,930 D Continued. 16 800 D 705 D 516 D 3! 4,660 D 10,478 D 9,138 D

17/ 3,380 D 4,610 D 6,939 D 4 11,387 D 13,153 D 4,664 D

18 1,162 R 16 D 750 D 5 4,783 D 5,736 D 5,518 D

19 4,344 D 2,471 D 4,797 D 6 3,569 D 8,672 D 8,720 D

20 1,172 R 1,819 R 1,307 R 7 2,941 D 8,439 D 3,999 D|Indiana. 1 1,357 R 20 D 855 D 83,015 D 4,321 D 4,745 D

2 1,209 D 1,884 D 2,701 D Arizona 1 1,883 D 3,834 D 1,196 D

3 2,604 D 3,076 D 3,940 D Arkansas. 1 6,092 D 1,348 D 603 D

4

729 D 1,740 D 2 4,232 D 846 D 875 D

5 532 D 704 D 2,695 D 3 4,740 D 6,493 D 12,824 D

6 8,144 R 9,122 R 6,249 R 4 3,237 D 5,515 D 5,272 D

71,874 D 1,727 D 5,313 D 5 4,839 D 10,645 D 7,734 D

8 1,097 R 69 D 3,068 D California...... 1

973 D
3:26 R
181 D

93,416 R 4,450 R 1,299 R 2 1,073 D 1,523 D 159 D

10 2,073 R 1,156 R 838 D 3 2,524 R 5,280 R 4,837 R

11 408 R

475 D 1,813 D 4 1,559 R 593 R 1,105 R

12 2,484 R 1,311 D 4,050 D 119R 51 D 2,972 R

13 1,018 D 355 D 2,704 D 6 55 R 5,961 R 4,618 R| Iowa...

1 937 R 874 R 1,061 D Colorado 803 R 12,895 R 8,382 R

2 6,707 D 5,032 D 9,010 D Connecticut.. 1 446 D 682 D 692 D

32,9:29 R 4,585 R 207 R 2 1,328 D 3,531 D 3,531 D

4 1,929 R 2,222 R 1,949 D 3 648 R 992 R 992 R

733 R 2,510 R 293 D 321 D 956 D 956 D

618 D

828 R 520 D Delaware. 1 5,444 D 3,451 D 668 D

926 R 6,397 R 2,545 R Florida.. 1 7,104 D 10,107 D 9,052 D

82,225 I 995 R 116 R 2 3,129 D 3,195 D 4,943 D

9 2,206 R 3,684 R 1,283 L Georgia... 1 2,044 D 6,620 D 7,778 D

103,899 R 5,868 R 1,311 R 2 2,411 D 11,000 D 6,413 D

11 4,437 R 6,259 R 907 R 3 1,704 D 6,124 D 6,790 DKansas. 1/ 3,515 R 6,243 R 1,380 R 42,579 D 5,673 D 6,171 D

2 2,619 R 9,663 R 5,440 R 5 2,999 D 5,930 D 5,080 D

3 3,789 R 12,759 R 4,431 6 1,722 D 8,809 D 2,860 D

4 6,255 R 14,515 R 4,999 P 7 3,056 D 5,847 D 2,571 D

5 6,417 R 8,301 R 5,484 P 8 2,267 D 5,182 D 3,405 D

6 8,348 R 11,136 R 8,644 P 92,34 D 1,480 D 6,228 D

7 9,445 R 14,318 R 7,422 P 101,944 D 5,780 D 4,859 D | Kentucky... 1 1,254 D 5,345 D 6,006 D Idaho. 1 426 R 1,747 R 2,104 R

2 3,020 D 3,451 D 3,391 D Illinois. 1 5,683 R 3,856 R 431 R

3 1,007 R 1,735 D 4,223 D 2 16 D 6,082 D 6,750 D

42,120 D 4,456 D 4,046 D 37,369 R$ 2,376 R 3,136 D

5 140 D 3,027 D 5,104 D 44,667 R 2,518 R 662 D

6 825 D 6,020 D 4,509 D 7,973 R 10,059 R 6,181 R

74,791 D 5,655 D 6,704 D 4,456 R 6,236 R 511 R

8 4,163 D 1,549 D 7,036 D 4,855 R 5,039 R 2,572

9

379 D 5,223 D 2,934 R 3,142 R 702 D

10 746 D

478 R 1,527 D 3,120 R 2,381 R 947 D

11 1,5-46 R 1,816 R 3,618 R 10 29 R 2,658 R 618 R Louisiana.... 1 9,701 D 4,052 D 4,669 D 11 335 R 2,077 R 1,873 D

2 1,393 D 174 R 4,636 D 12 5.963 D 5,310 D 7,569 D

3 3,090 D 12,503 D 11,270 D (13) 970 D 2,914 D 5,005 D

4 5,735 D 15,339 D 8,030 D (141 2,402)R 1,830 R 1,222 D

5113,123 D:20,124 D 11,116 D

188 R

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Louisiana, Con. 69,250 D 7,764 D 6,611 D New Jersey- 3 637 R 2,593 D 4,518 D Maine

1 1,326R 2,433 R 4,827 R Continued. 4 123 D 73 D 4,684 D 26,429 R 5,462 R 4,812 R

5 2,836 R 1,072 R 1,356 D 3 4,991 R 6,531 R 3,515 R

1,773 R 774 R 1,810 D 4 3,574 R 4,345 R 4,593 R

7! 4,253 D 6,074 D 5,114 D Maryland

1,151 D 482 D 2,380 D, New Mexico... 1/ 8,888 D 1,650 D 2,064 D 23,654 D 1,882 D 5,610 D New York, 1 926 D 1,603 D 4,914 D 3 10,334 D 5,289 D 5,611 D

2 11,099 D 5,872 D 6,581 D 47,524 D 80 R 6,634 D

3 172 R 2,871 R 18 D 52,729 D 181 D 1,618 D

4 3,628 D 6,927 D 9,762 D 6 413 R 1,634 R 165 D

5 472 D 2,144 D 5,656 D Massachusetts 1 3,648 R 9,485 R 9,485 R

6 13,433 D 3,246 D 4,596 D 2 1,822 R 3,684 R 3,681 R

75,923 D 1,914 D 6,504 D 3 1,761 D 1,558 D 1,558 D

8 380 D 5,049 D 12,118 D 4 7,372 D 8,031 D 8,031 D

9 5,495 D 10,947 D 9,790 D 5 3,358 R 1,464 R 1,464 R

10 5:27 D 1,733 D 8,596 D 6 728 R 5,294 R 5,294 R

11 24,201 D 4,454 D 8,183 D 7 1,374R, 4,572 R 4,572 R

12 5,206 D 13,273 D 12,073 D 8 532 R 3,220 R 454 D

13 3,672 R 9,168 D 16,448 D 9 211 D 2,036 R 131 D

14 2,436 D 4,129 D 6,180 D 10 751 D 1,915 R 700 R

15 461 D

74 R 1,579 D 11 4,562 R 3,816 R 150 D

16 4,002 R 12,542 R 9,046 R 815 R 2,027 R 382 D

17| 3,488 R 1,609 R 2,010 D Michigan.... 1 1,566 D 3,103 D 5,930 D

18 1,263 D 3,922 R 1,246 R 2 1,032 R 1,561 R 1,903 D

19 167 D 2,306 D 5,079 D 3 4,716 R 6,602 R 2,263 R

206,304 R 3,301 R 1,581 R 4 2,513 R 4,185 R 391

9,327 R 20,298 R 3,494 R 5 417|D 2,667 R 2,298

5,330 R 10,727 R 4,747 R 6 1,886 R 367 R 681

1,484 R 1,732 R 514 D 7 813 D 406 D 1,987 D

1,765 R 1,259 R 198 D 8 688 D 2,085 R 76

4,589 R 17,981 R 5,828 R 9 3,023 R 4,374 R 60 D

6,793 R 7,812 R 3,102 R 102,147 D 115 R 66 D

9,786 R 9,524 R 1,992 R 11 2,243 R 3,358 R 2,118

28 2,313 R 1,258 R 89 D Minnesota... 1 2,828 D 1,814 R 2,3:23

29 14,038 R 4,825 R 1,353 R 2 9,684 R 9,219 R 482

30 2,661 R 5,704'R 251 D 3 1,205 D 2,868 R 4,533 D

31 4,589 R 5,424 R 11,410 R 4 5,125 D 10,006 R 5,728 D

32 3,333 R 1,609 R 4.973 D 5 42,698 R, 7,519 R 2,142 P

33 1,133 R 564 D 1,792 D Mississippi 1 3,113 D 9,621 D 3,501 D

34 7,661 R 15,426 R 5,726 R 2 3,066 D 8,161 D 4,814 D North Carolina 11 2,755 D 1,158 D 3,753 D 3 2,136 D 7,010 D5,972 D

2 2,098 D 453 R 1,230 R 4 2,812 D 10,459 D 5,181 D

3 5,395 D 3,984 D 8,807 D 5 4,262 D 12,255 D 6,305 D

4 1,438 R 2,558 D 6,578 D 6 4,459 D 6,116 D 6,572 D

5 1,580 R 675 R 1,989 D 74,502 D 8,390 D 4,256 D

66,602 D 5,705 D 8,396 D Missouri... 2,868 D 3,510 D 5,154 D

9,164 D 2,997 D 3,966 D 730 D 4,659 D 7,389 D

4,672 D 3,108 D 7743 D 3 4,362 D 3,671 D 7,455 D

9 4,740 D 518 R 1,128 D 4 2,087 D 3,137 D 3,309 D, North Dakota 1

9,509 R 6,535 R 5 785 R 2,136 D 5,882 D'Ohio...

1 2,356 R 1,899 R 2,288 R 62,880 D 3,880 D 7,662 D

2 1,799 R 1,596 R 7,730 R 7 2,077 D 1,963 D 4,980 D

3 1,133 R 415 R 2.631 D 81 1,364 D 1,816 R 2,058 D.

46,206, D 7,796 D 1,410 D 9 100 D 2,450 R 3,614 D

5 11,973 D 5,994 D 4,206 D 101 1,018 D 2,091 R 1,649 D

6 1,377 R 93 R 1,719 D 11/ 2,598 D 2,259 D 4,106 D

2D 858 R 2,056 D 12 3,665 D 4,623 D 7,115 D

8 1,388 R 3,270 R 194 D 13 1,958 R 2,879 R 2,760 D

9 1,869 R 2,224 R 2,132 D 14; 7,866 D 5,739 D 6,275'D

101 1,588 R 1,141 D 8,781 R Montana 1 3,718 D 5,126 R 283 D

11 4,348 R 4,985 R 2,953 D Nebraska. 1 7,023 D 3,407 R 6,713 D

12 1,258 R 680 R 7,087 R 2 5,058 R 9,757 R 14,328 D

13 2,580 D 2,571 D 1,466 D 3 7,774 R 11,070 R 6,391 I

14 1,071 R 962 R 3,420 D Nevada.. 1 1,030 R 1,239 R 871R

15 1,470 R 2,307 R 3,748 D New Hamps'ire 1 205 D 359 R 1,138 D

16 3,974 D 4,625 D 802 D 2 1,166 R 977 R 354 D

17 3,613 R 5,004 R 704 D New Jersey.... 1 3,334 R 5,466 R 2,710 R

18 2,559 R 4,099 R 5,210 R 2 2,703 R 3,303 R 1,163 R

1191 9,876 R 11,900 R 7,447 R

1

Plurality or Majority

Plurality or Majority

State

State

99 | District

District

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Ohio

20 877 R 2,098|R 7,924 R Tennessee- 57,546 D 9,358 D 8,550 D Continuel. 21 1,433 D 616 R 3,390 Continued. 6 5,701 D 6,279 D 8,948 D Oklahoma

2,032 R

73,724 D 3,855 D 4,998 D Oregon.. 1 1,635 R 7,407 R 9,913

8 2,697 D 2,480 D 7,975 D Pennsylvania.. 1 6,399 R 5,685 R 7,669 R

94,338 D 7,090 D 8,232 D 25,633 R 4,408 R 6,539

10 3,996 D 8,419 D 6,146 D 3 11,320 D 17,530 D 3,084 D Texas..

1 6,500 D 4,996 D 8,045 D 4 11,509 R 9,639 R 12, 265 R

2 15,733 D 9,554 D 12,917 D 5 11,188 I 6,685 R 11,403

3 9,336 D 10,882 D 11,369 D 6 1,312 R 6,500 R 4,105

412,533 D 24,300 D 11,451 D 7 2,135 R 1,011 R 187 D

5 3,459 D 22,524 D 20,856 D 81 4,815 D 6,340 D 6,875 D

67,329 D 14,689 D 24,971 D 99,634 R 9,659 D 11,193 D

717,218 D 3,547 D 9,479 D 10 20,671 D 11,174 R 9,768 R

8 20,996 D 12,760 D 13,267 D 11 17,560 D 1,686 R 303 D

9 5,823 D 5,385 D 16,240 D 121 650 D 1,499 R 1,484 R

(10 19,317 D 11,828 D 29,763 D 13 774 R 688 D 1,480 D

11 14,236 D 23,231 D 37,470 D 14 2,631 R 6,262 R 3,487 R Utah...

1 19,673 D 6,643 D 9,441 D 15 5,660 R 6,339 R 2,222 R Vermont. 1 9,977 R 14,146 R 8,531 R 16 4,826 R 3,651 R 51 R

210,509 R 14,614 R 9,132 R 17 899 R 2,656 D 5,941 D Virginia 1 1,895 R 414 R 2,463 D 18 3,247 R 4,716 R 609 R

2 5,431 R 6,095 R 1,167 D 193,946 D 4,579 D 7,109 D

3 1,452 D 261 D 13,937 D 20 153 R 4,281 R 526 R

8,475 R 642 D 3,334 D 255 R 5,221 R 1,498 R

3,159 R 1,363 D 9,209 D 4,005 R 8,905 R 7,905 R

450 L 3,730 D 10,714 D 23 5,039 R 7,288 R 7,116 R

764 D 2,820 D 8,942 D 4,440 R 4,338 R 123 R

8 2,562 D 1,123 D 3,318 D 1,622 R 7,155 R 3,161 D

93,570 R 478 D 3,347 D 531 R 3,072 R 888 R

10 1,654 R 583 D 8,779 D 1,213 D 4,212 R 3,313 R Washington... 1 2,192 D 7,371 R 6,322 R

2,689 D 4,692 D West Virginia 1 827 R 19 D 648 D Rhode Island. . 1 1,145 R 2,090 R 1,008 D

90 D 378 D 2,065 D 577 D 2,891 R 16 D

3 895 D 1,313 D 4,655 D South Carolina 1 3,315 D 7,244 D 5,900 D

4 747 D

3 D 1,925 2 5,212 D 9,299 D 8,285 D Wisconsin. ... 1 573 R 4,314 R 323 D 3 4,402 D 8,758 D 8,139 D

2 4,228 R 2,954 D 8,560 D 4 4,470 D 11,410 D 8,114 D

33,510 R 2,929 R 1,002 D 5 4,696 D 4,532 D 8,111 D

4 3,710 L 1,527 R 7,074 D 6 4,411 D 8,386 D 6,670 D

5 5,548 D 4,226 D 9,615 D 7 5,961 R 1,355 D 476 D

6 4,457 R 3,764 R 2,164 D South Dakota. 1 19,860 R 3,027 R

7 4,803 R 4,485 R2,002 D Tennessee.. 1 5,440 R 7,171 R 747 R

8 10,435 R 12,007 R 2,348 R 2 8,057 R 13,524 R 5,382 R

9 2,763 R 4,753 R 5,330 D 3 347 D 288 R 523 D Wyoming... 1 7,141 R 2,894 R 2,859 R

4,649 D 8,094 D 6,884 D

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