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The following table shows the distribution of our commerce by leading countries and grand divisions of the globe, during the year ending June 30, 1891.

Exports.

Countries and grand

divisions.

Total ex-
Imports. ports and

imports.

Excess of exports +

or of imports

Domestic Foreign. Total.

COUNTRIES.

Dollars. Dollars. Dollars. Dollars, Dollars. Dollars. Great Britain & Irel'd. 441,599,807 3,814,219 445,414,026 194,723,262 640,137,288 +250,690,764 Germany

91,684,981 1,110,475 92,795,456 97,316,383 190,111,839 4,520,927 France

59,826,739 866,451 60,693,190 76,688,995 137,382,185 15,995,805 Belgium.

26,694,150 816,274 27,540,424 10,945,672 38,486,096 + 16,594,752 Italy.

15,927,274 119,651 16,046,925 21,678,208 37,725,133 5,631,283 Netherlands.

23,816,814 297,163 24,113,977 12,422,174 36,536,151 + 11,691,803 British North Ameri

can possessions. 37,345,515 2,038,240 39,443,755 39,434,535 78,878,290 + 9,220 Mexico

14,199,080 770,540 14,969,620 27,295,9922 42,265,612 12,326,372 West Indies

33,416,178 1,043,273 34,459,451 86,461,705 120,921,156 32,002,254 Brazil.

14,049,273 70,973 14,120,246 83,230,595 97,350,841 69,110,319 China.

8,700,308 700 8,701,008 19,321,850 28,0-22,858 10,620,842 British East Indies.. 4,399,514 5.59 4,400,103 23,356,989 27,757,092 18,956,886 Japan

4,800,650 7,013 4,807,693 19,309,198 24,116,891 14,501,505 All other countries. 95,809,970 1,164,966 96,074,936 132,730,638 229,705,574 35,755,702 Total

872,270,283 12,210,527 881,480,810 844,916,196 1,729,397,006 + 39,564,614

GRAND DIVISIONS.
Europe
North America.
South America..
Asia and Oceanica.
Africa
All other countries.

697,614,106 7,183,941 704,798,047 459,305,372 1,164,103,419 +245,492,675 92,388,252 4,160,877 96,549,129 163,226,079 259,775,208 66,676,950 33,226,401 481,889 33,708,290 118,736,668 152,444,958 85,028,378 43,813,519 361,590 44,175,109 97,893,356 142,068,465 53,718,247 4,738,847 19,050 4,757,897 4,207,146 8,965,043+ 550,751

489,158 3,180 492,338 1,547,575 2,039,913 1,055,237

Total

872,270,28312,210,5971884,480,810 814,916,196 1,729,397,000+ 39,561,614

It will be observed that the value of our total trade in merchandise with Great Britain and Ireland amounted to $640,137,288, of which the value of exports was $445,414,026, and the value of imports $194,723, 262, showing an excess in the exports of $250,690,764.

Our import and export trade with Great Britain and Ireland forms 37 per cent. of such trade with all nations, and about 55 per cent. of such trade with all Europe. Our trade with North America, including the West Indies, stands next in value, followed by that with South America, and that with Asia and Oceanica. Our trade with Germany showed an excess of imports of $4,520,927 ; with France, of $15,995,805.

In our local trade with Europe the excess of exports over imports was $245,492,675.

Our commerce in merchandise with North America, including Mexico, Central America, and West Indies, amounted to $259,775,208, of which the value of the imports was $163,226,079, and of the exports $96,549,129, an excess of imports of $66,676,950 ; but if our export trade by land carriage with Mexico and Canada had been correctly ascertained by means of an adequate law for that purpose, it is estimated that our imports with North America would appear upwards of $290,000,000, and leave an excess of imports of less than $36,000,000, instead of $66,000,000, as now appears.

Our total trade with South America in merchandise amounted to $152,444,958, of which the value of the imports was $118,736,668, and of the exports $33,708,290, an excess of imports of $85,028,378.

VALUES OF THE IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF MERCHANDISE OF THE UNITED STATES CARRIED IN CARS AND OTHER LAND VEHICLES DURING

EACH FISCAL YEAR FROM 1871 TO 1891, INCLUSIVE.

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Erports. The total value of exports of domestic merchandise was $872,270,283, an increase of $26,976,455 over the exports of the preceding fiscal year, 1890, and was greater than that of any year except 1881.

The material increase or decrease in value of the principal articles of domestic exports was as follows : Increase inCotton, unmanufactured....

$39,744,106 Sugar, refined....

4,237,360 Cotton manufactures..

3,605,580 Iron and steel, and manufactures of....

3,367,406 Provisions, comprising meat and dairy products... 2,752,965 Copper, and manufactures of, not including ore. 2,265, 205 Coal.

1,534,938 Mineral oil, refined..

1,491,428 Paraffine and paraffine wax...

1,305,940 Hops...

1,216,903 Copper ore.

1,207,657 Decrease inBreadstuffs

$26,804,271 Wood, and manufactures of..

2,004,489 Ore, gold and silver bearing..

1,939, 434 Fruits, including nuts..

1,624,754 Furs and fur skins...

1,425, 229 Vegetable oils...

1,369,505 Fish....

1,044, 205 There was an increase in the value of domestic exports toFrance.

$10,813,735 Germany

7,369,766 China...

5,756,518 Brazil...

2, 146,777 Spain...

1,871,620 British Australasia..

1,723,598 Mexico...

1,532,972 Central American States.

1,475,641 Netherlands.....

1,329, 226

And a decrease to-
Argentine Republic.

$5,604,552 Great Britain and Ireland.

2,859,202 Russia in Europe....

2,769,553 British North American Possessions..

1,198,939 The values of the principal articles of domestic exports during the three years ending June 30, 1891, were as follows:

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Dollars. Dollars. Dollars. Cotton, and manufactures of..

247,987,914 260,968,069 301,317,755 Provisions, comprising meat and dairy products... 104,122,444 136,261,506 139,017,471 Breadstuffs..

123,876,661 154,925,927 128,121,656 Mineral oils.

49,913,677 51,403,089 52,026,734 Animals.

18,374,805

33,638,128 32,935,086 Iron and steel, and manufactures of, including ore. 21,156,109 25,542,208 28,909,614 Wood, and manufactures of.

26,910,672 28,274,529 26,270,040 Tobacco, and manufactures of.

22,609,668 25,355.601 25,220,472 Leather, and manufactures of..

10,747,710 12,438,847 13,278,817 Coal......

6,690,479 6,856,088 8,391,026 Oil cake and oil-cake meal..

6,997,912 7,999,926 7,452,094 Copper ore...

7,518,258 6,053,236 7,260,893 Sugar and molasses,

2,117,533 3,029,413 7,099,788 Chemicals, drugs, dyes, and medicines.

5,542,753 6,224,504 6,515,354 Fish.....

5,969,235 6,040,826 4,996,621 Spirits of turpentine..

3,777,525 4,590,931 4,668,140 Copper, and manufactures of, not including ore.. 2,318,95+ 2,349,392 4,614,597 Vegetable oils.

1,585,783 5,072,441 4,302,936 Total......

668,178,092 777,627,661 805,429,124 Value of all domestic exports.....

730,282,009 845,293,828 872,270,283 Per cent. of enumerated articles to total.

91.50 91.99

92.34

The value of the domestic exports during the two years ending June 30, 1891, classified by groups according to character of production, was as follows:

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Imports. During the last fiscal year, the value of imports of merchandise was $844,916, 196, an increase of $55,605,787 over the imports of the fiscal year 1890.

The value of free merchandise imported was $366,241,352, and of dutiable was $478,674,844, an increase in the value of free merchandise of $100,572,723, and a decrease in the value of dutiable goods of $44,966,936, caused mainly by the transfer of sugar and certain textiles from the dutiable to the free list by the new tariff.

The material increase or decrease in value of the principal classes of free and dutiable imports during the year ending June 30, 1891, as compared with 1890, was as follows : Increase in Free of duty : Sugar and molasses, except from Hawaiian Islands (made free by new tarill).

$45,333,773 Coffee...

17,856,345 Textile grasses and fibrous vegetable substances 14,608,019 Hides and skins other than furs...

6,048,873 Chemicals, drugs, and dyes....

4,825,324 Fruits, including nuts.....

3,555, 144
India rubber and gutta percha, crude.

3,166,292
Dutiable :
Iron and steel and manufactures of.

11,575,966
Metals, metal compositions & manufactures of 2,988,588
Wool, unmanufactured.

2,967,289
Vegetables....

2,621,000
Decrease in
Free of duty :
Silk, unmanufactured....

$5,249,450
Dutiable:
Sugar and molasses (caused by transfer to free
list)......

36,942, 172
Wool and manufactures of..

15,522,352
Flax, hemp, jute, & other vegetable substances 13,863,081
Flax, hemp, jute, etc., manufactures of ...... 4,397,185
Hats, bonnets, and hoods, materials for (caused
by transfer in part to free list)...

2,725,722

There was an increase in the value of our imports in 1891 over 1890 from Brazil...

$23,911,839 The West Indies...

8,457,464 Great Britain and Ireland..

8,234,346 Mexico.

4,605,077 China.

3,061,379 British East Indies

2,552,670 British Australasia....

1,961,345 Central American States.

1,746,678 Hawaiian Islands...

1,581,689 And a decrease fromPhilippine Islands.

6,425,417 Netherlands

4,607,059 Japan...

1,794,126 Germany

1,621,300

Imports entered for consumption. The value of imported merchandise entered for consumption and the duty collected thereon, during the last five fiscal years, has been as follows:

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Our total imports of merchandise from Mexico, Central and South American states, British Honduras, and the West Indies, during the fiscal year 1891, amounted to $242,512,577, or 28.70 per cent. of our total imports of merchandise.

The value of our exports of merchandise to these same countries during the same period was $90,413,516, or 10.22 per cent. of the value of our total exports of merchandise.

Our total imports and exports of merchandise from and to these countries, during the same period, amounted to $332,926,093, or 19.26 per cent. of our total imports and exports of merchandise.

It will be seen that the excess of our imports of merchandise from these countries over our exports to them amounted to $152,099,061. In other words, our imports of merchandise were 72.84 per cent. and exports 27.16 of the total trade with these countries, and we imported merchandise to the value of $2.68 for every dollar in value exported to these countries.

The excess of imports over exports of merchandise for the fiscal year 1890 was $108,054,472. For the fiscal year 1889 this excess was $117,917,883.

A comparison of our commerce with this entire group of countries for the years 1870, 1880, and 1891 shows a gradual increase of both imports and exports of merchandise.

During the year 1870 the value of imports was $117,398,951 and of exports $55, 140,322, an excess of $62,258,629.

During the year 1880 the value of imports was $178,985,906 and of exports $61,546,474, an excess of $117,439,432.

The per cent. of our commerce with these countries, as compared with our total commerce, in 1870, was 20.82; in 1880, 15.99 ; and in 1891, 19.26.

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