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mercy towards him was pleased to visit Lord's Supper, having no doubt on my him with a sickness which was to be mind but that he was a proper subject. unto death, but not before he had made On this occasion I thought it right to it the means of imparting to his soul caution him against building his hope spiritual life. He became so ill while on the reception of this ordinance and at Alexandria, that it was determined to not on Christ; on which he immediately send him home. Before he left the said, "I do it, because Christ hath ship he was confined to his hammock, commanded it. This was on the Lord's and visited daily by the chaplain, while day previous to his dissolution. On every attention was paid to him by the Thursday a lady visited him, and Captain M.who sought to be instrumen found him alone. She inquired if she tal in bringing him to repentance, and should read to him? He said, 'Yes; faith in our Lord Jesus Christ; and I have been trying to read myself, but there is reason to believe, though no cannot.' She read to him the 25th immediate fruits appeared, that the Psalm, to which he paid the most admonitions he then received were as marked attention. She spake to him bread cast upon the waters to be found of the nature of true prayer, from the after many days. He arrived at Ports first verse of the Psalm, “ Unto thee, O mouth in the month of May, and Lord, do I lift up my soul ;” and on remained there some time in the Nazal her remarking that we might pray with Hospital : from whence he reached our hearts, without being enabled to Devonport in a very alarming state of utter our requests vocally, he said, health, though still entertaining hopes “Yes, this is what I do. This was of recovery. He now began to read his afterwards confirmed by his mother, Bible with attention, and appeared to who often found him engaged in that be concerned for his soul, and anxious exercise, as she judged, by the lifting up to see a minister; being informed of this, of his eyes and the moving of his lips, I lost no time in calling on him, and when no words were audible. His love found him very ill, evidently in the last to the word of God was another pleasing stage of a consumption. He did not evidence of the reality of his conversion. speak much, but I was led to hope His Bible was constantly before him, from the little he did say, and from his and when he could not read himself attention to what was said to him, and others read to him, and sometimes from an evident desire to be instructed, before day his father has been at his that a work of grace was begun in his bed-side reading the Scriptures to him soul. There appeared to be a deep at his request. Whenever I visited conviction that he was a great sinner, him, he spoke of himself as the greatest accompanied with a penitent believing of sinners, and repeatedly declared that view of the Saviour. On my encour his only hope was in Christ, who had aging him to believe that though his died for sinners. On this declaration sins were of a crimson and scarlet dye, he appeared simply to rely, and not to yet with the Lord Jesus there was have a doubt on his mind but that the plenteous redemption; he said, Yes, I remedy provided in Christ was fully have read so in the parables of our adequate to the disease of sin. I could Lord, alluding to the 15th chapter not but admire the simple and full reof St. Luke; and added, with evident liance which he placed on the ability marks of joy, “He came not to call the and willingness of Christ to save. He righteous but sinners to repentance.” died looking for the mercy of our Lord At his desire I called on him the Jesus Christ unto eternal life. following Sunday, to administer the

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Notices and Stcknowledgments.

Received :--W. D.-M. K.-A. R--.-A COUNTRY GENTLEMAN.-Yy.-Scotus.-M. R. C.-MARY.-E. H. S.-FELIX.-AN OLD FRIEND AND YOUNG PoET.

If our correspondent will refer to the Notices and Acknowledgments of our last month, he will find the Amulet and Juvenile Forget Me Not, have not been neglected. We are unable to account for the lateness of their arrival, which must have arisen from some mistake.

CHRISTIAN GUARDIAN,

AND

Church of England Magazine.

FEBRUARY 1829.

MEMOIRS OF ENGLISH DIVINES.

BISHOP BEDELL. "Blessed are the meek,” said the in 1593, and took the degree of Saviour, “ for they shall inherit the bachelor in divinity in 1599. While earth.” Whatever may be the resident at Cambridge, he was enbigher and transcendent sense in gaged with Asheton of St. John's, which some divines understand and Gataker of Sidney, in preaching this beatitude, it is certainly accom- every Sunday in the adjacent counplished in the experience of many try churches, where the people were eminent Christians in the more in want of able ministers. simple mode of interpretation. The From the university he was meek are such as in patience pos- removed to St. Edmundsbury in sess their souls; are gentle towards Suffolk, where his ministry was all men ; are lowly followers of a with great acceptance. He was lowly master; and such have the associated with a preacher of such promise of the life that now is. opposite character, that it was obThey see in the light of truth the served of them, Mr. Bedell made dealings of Providence; they behold the most difficult passages of Scripnatural objects with a spiritual ture appear plain, while his colleague mind and a scriptural reference; made the plainest passages appear they overcome evil with good; and difficult. The chief subjects of his God makes even their enemies to discourses were taken from parts be at peace with them. This was of Holy Writ, not easily understood much exemplified in the life of the by common readers, which he hanlearned and godly diocesan of Kil. dled in a way of comparison with more, Doctor William Bedell. other Scriptures, and of serious and

He was born at Black Notley in practical application; which method Essex in the year 1570, a younger was followed by several other leadson of ancient lineage, and edu. ing theologians of the day, such as cated at Emanuel College, Cam. Bishop Usher, Dr. Jackson, and bridge, where he soon established a Mr. Mede. He discovered in this reputation from his attainments charge a conscientious determina. and behaviour. The graces of the tion of character, which is not Spirit appear to have shone beauti- unfrequently united with meekness fully in his character, while yet a of spirit. When the Bishop of young man, and he was often Norwich made some proposals at appealed to in different controver- a meeting of his clergy, with which sies which arose in the university. they were generally dissatisfied, he He was chosen Fellow of his college undertook to represent the objec

FEB. 1829.

tions of his brethren ; which office known to posterity as the historian he performed with such strength of of the Council of Trent, who was argument as well as discretion, that in great popularity, with whom many obnoxious particulars were Mr. Bedell formed a close intimacy. withdrawn. To the commendations The contention lasted for almost of the clergy, or the success of his two years between the Pope and the advocacy, he replied, I desire not Venetians, the latter acquainting the praises of men.'

the English monarch with their When Sir Henry Wotton was proceedings, and soliciting his adsent by King James ambassador to vice, which caused great alarm the Venetian State, he was attended among the more zealous Romanby Sir Albert Morton his nephew ists. The Pope at length saw it as his Secretary, and Mr. Bedell as to be his interest to offer them his Chaplain, 'a man,' says Isaac absolution on very easy terms, Walton, of choice learning and which was received by them in so sanctified wisdom.' Venice at this slighting a manner that they directed time was under the displeasure of the common people to abstain from the Pope. The republic persisting all public rejoicing on the occasion. in an injunction against the aliena. Father Paul becoming in the course tion of lands to the Church by lay of this dispute known to King men without licence from the civil James, drew up his famous work magistrate ; Paul the fifth excom. principally, it is said, for the inmunicated the Duke, the Senate, formation of that prince; which and all their dominions, and shut up was sent, as fast as it was written, all their churches; ordering the in letters by Wooton and Bedell, whole clergy to forbear all sacred to the monarch and the Archbishop offices to the Venetians, till their of Canterbury, and first published obedience should render them capa- in England. ble of absolution. The sturdy spirit Father Paul assisted Bedell in of the Republic could not brook acquiring the knowledge of Italian, this affront, and proclamation was in which he made such progress, immediately made, that whosoever that he spoke it as a native, and hath received from Rome any copywrote all the sermons he then of a papal interdict, published there; preached in Italian or Latin. In as well against the law of God, as return for this favour, he drew up against the honour of this nation, a grammar of the English tongue shall presently render it to the for the use of his friend, and others Council of Trent, upon pain of who were desirous of learning it, death. Moreover it was decreed, that they might understand the that whoever spoke in behalf of the writings of the Anglican divines. Jesuits should lose his estate and He also translated the Commonnobility. They recalled their repre- prayer Book into Italian ; and sentative from the side of the Pontiff, Father Paul, with the seven priests, and suspended the Inquisition; who, during the interdict, were while the coinmon people were commanded by the Senate both to allowed to indulge their wit against preach and write against the papal ecclesiastical tyranny. It was a despotism, liked it so well, that critical and interesting season in they resolved to have made it their which to arrive at Venice, and such pattern, in case the difference characters as the ambassador and between them and the Romish See his chaplain could not behold, with had proceeded to a complete sepaout sensible emotion, a whole state ration. ripe for protestantism. There was During his stay at Venice, the an enlightened ecclesiastic in par- famous Antonio de Dominis, Arch. ticular, Father Paul Sarpi, well bishop of Spoleto, came thither,

who showed Bedell his ten books without points, and a small Hebrew De Republicà ecclesiasticâ,” which Psalter, in which he wrote some he afterwards printed in London. sentences expressing his esteem The English chaplain took the and friendship. To these pleasing freedom, allowed him by the author, testimonies of regard, he added the of correcting many ill applications manuscript of the History of the of texts of scripture and quotations Council of Trent, together with the from the fathers. This was an History of the Interdict and of eminent piece of service rendered the Inquisition. But among other to the continental theologian, who papers given by the interesting was ignorant of the Greek language, foreigner were some of importance, and which was thankfully accepted which were afterwards missing; by that prelate,

for in a letter of Mr. Bedell to Dr. On the termination of the dipute Ward, he mentions a collection of with Rome, Father Paul, whose letters which were sent weekly sentiments on religious subjects did from Rome during the contest benot coalesce with those of the tween the Jesuits and Dominicans, majority of his countrymen, wished concerning the efficacy of divine to go to England with Mr. Bedell; grace ; of wbich Father Paul prebut the senate would not allow him sented him with the originals, with to quit their territory, because his an understanding that they should political counsel was so necessary, not be printed. and he was acquainted with the Bedell had taken the opportunity, most important secrets of state. during his stay at Venice, to imHe therefore complied as far as he prove himself in the Hebrew could with the established mode of language, under the tuition of worship, quieting rather than satis- Rabbi Leo, one of the chiefs of the fying his conscience, by omitting synagogue; from whom he learned many parts of the canon in saying their way of pronunciation, and mass, and in particular those some other particulars of Rabbinical prayers in which that sacrifice is instruction. In return he com. offered up to the honour of saints municated to the Jewish teacher the In private confessions and dis- true understanding of many passacourses, he drew off the attention ges in the Old Testament, with of the people from the abuses of which he often declared himself Christianity, and endeavoured to highly satisfied. In a dispute give them purer notions, hoping to which they held together on the sow the seeds of reformation in a controverted points, he pressed the succeeding age. When one of his “master in Israel” with such clear friends remonstrated with him on proofs of the Messiahship of Jesus this line of conduct, and objected of Nazareth, that he and several of that he still held communion with his brethren had no other refuge an idolatrous church, and gave the but to say that their Rabbis were sanction of his personal influence accustomed to expound those proto its unscriptural tenets and cere. phecies otherwise, according to the monies, his only reply was, ‘God tradition of their fathers. By the has not given me the spirit of a instrumentality of Leo, he purchased Luther!” He expressed much a beautiful manuscript of the Bible, tenderness and concern on parting which he presented to Emanuel with his friend Bedell, saying that College, and for which he is said to he and many others would have have paid down its weight in silver. gone with him, had it been in their After staying eight years at power. But that he might never Venice he returned to his native be forgotten by him, he gave him land, and employed the intervals his portrait, with a Hebrew Bible of his ministerial labours at Ed

. mundsbury in translating Father but was so strict in examining all

Paul's works into Latin. He vagabonds, and so dexterous in dedicated them to the King, but discovering counterfeit passes, that did not affect court favour by they seldom troubled bis parish a leaving his rural charge for metro- second time. politan engagements, or paying His correspondence with the attendance to persons in power. Reverend James Wadsworth is Sir Thomas Jermyn, however, a here deserving of notice. At the privy counsellor and vice-chamber- time that Wotton was sent to lain to King Charles the first, who Venice, taking Bedell for his was known to patronize men of chaplain, it happened that Joseph integrity and devotion, entertaining Hall, who was afterwards ada high esteem for his character and vanced to the see of Norwich, and abilities, presented him to a con- Mr. Wadsworth, both of them siderable living in the year 1615. friends of Bedell, of the same The Bishop of Norwich required College, and beneficed in the same large fees for his institution and diocese, were appointed, the former induction ; but he declared he would to attend the embassy to France, give no more than was sufficient to and the latter that to Spain. pay for the drawing up his title, Wadsworth, who had been prethe wax, and the parchment. His viously reckoned a zealous Pro. reason for this refusal was grounded testant, was induced, during his on a conviction that the conduct residence on the continent, to of the diocesan was simoniacal, and conform to the Ronish tenets, contrary to the command of Christ, quitting his situation in the hotel who said to his apostles, Freely ye of Sir Charles Cornwallis, and have received, freely give. He entering the walls of a monastery. thought it a branch of that crime, Such a proceeding could not but to sell spiritual things to spiritual sensibly effect two such enlightened persons; and since any demand, divines as Hall and Bedell; the exceeding a decent gratification to former of whoin on his return to the secretary for his pains, was England, wrote to the new convert made from respect to the amount to persuade him to renounce of the grant, he could not but con- popery, or show the reason of bis sider it as unbecoming the gospel, apostacy. Though the epistle had and bringing guilt both on the much of the tenderness of friendgiver and receiver, as well as ship, it appeared yet to possess a undoubtedly contrary to primitive degree of harshness, which deterpractice. He resolved therefore to mined the person to whom it was addecline acceptance of the parsonage dressed to acquaint Mr. Bedell with of Horingsheath on the proposed his motives rather than the writer. conditions, and taking leave of The correspondence which ensued the Bishop, returned home. His between them was conducted in Lordship sent for him some days the spirit of meekness, and exhibited after, and gave him the title without a rare specimen of polemical liberexacting fees. He removed ac. ality. * Wadsworth remained uncordingly to his new preferment, moved by the arguments and where he continued twelve years, remonstrances of bis friend, rean honour to the church, and a ceiving a pension from the Holy pattern to all churchmen.

Inquisition of Seville, and was His habit and way of living were appointed to teach English to the very plain, and becoming the Infanta, in the expectation of her simplicity of his profession. He was very tender of those who were Copies of certain letters, &c between in circumstances of real distress; Wadsworth and Bedell. 1624.

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