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Summary of examinations for admission to the United States Military Academy for the

year 1885–86.

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Alabama ...
Arkansas
California.
Colorado
Connecticut.
Delaware
Florida...
Georgia
Illinois.
Indiana
Iowa.
Kansas.
Kertucky
Louisiana
Maine....
Maryland
Maefecheutta
Michig.....
Minnesota.
Mississippi.
Missouri
Nebraska
Nevad.
New Hampshire..
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina.
Ohio
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island.
South Carolina
Tennessee.
Texas
Vermont
Virginia....
West Virginia.
Wisconsin
Arizona
Dakota.
District of Columbia
Idaho
Montana
New Mexico......
Utah..
Washington..
Wyoming
Foreign
At large..

Tot:.l..

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Summary of examinations for admission to the United States Naval Academy for the year

1885–86.

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- Geography.

Grammar.

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Alabama..
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut..
Delaware..
Florida..
Georgia
Mlinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas.
Kectucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan..
Minnesota.
Mississippi.
Missouri
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
Now York
North Carolina.
Ohio
Oregon
Pounsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee.
Texas.
Verniont
Virginia...
West Virginia..
Wisconsin
Arizona
Dakota..
District of Columbia
Idaho
Montana
New Mexico......
Utah
Washington.
Wyoming
Foreign
At large

Total.......

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IV.-TRAINING FOR BUSINESS PURSUITS.

The institutions included in Table 63, colleges or schools, as the case may be, bave arisen in respoose to the general demand for Lusiness training. If they have excited less public interest than manual-training and technical schools it is because their utility bas not been questioned or the special equipment which they required has been more easily secured. The constant increase in the number and in the patronage of these institutions is sufficient evidence that they meet an important and growing demand. The total number reported for 1885–86 is 239, having 1,040 instructors and 47,176 students, as against 162 schools reported in 1880, having 619 instructors and 27,146 students.

With the increase of commercial business and relations the curricula of the business colleges will necessarily be widened, especially in the direction of foreign languages and foreign exchange. As the scheme of instruction is enlarged the material resources and equipment must be increased, and the time seems not far distant when the leadiug coinmercial cities of the United States must make provision for this special departmont of training on a similar scale to that which exists in foreign cities. A few cities, as will be seen by an examination of the detailed table, are already moving in this direction by the maintenance of commercial courses in connection with day or evening public high schools.

The studies included properly in the curriculum of commercial schools of the highest order are indicated in the following extract from the catalogue of Tulane Uni. versity:

“The need has long been felt in commercial circles throughout the United States for a more liberal education under higher auspices of young men intending to pursue a commercial career. The instruction given is too often inadequate in amount, superficial in character, and ill-adapted to the development of intellectual and proral power. An effort is made in this course to supply a want.

" The linguistic training embraces French, German, and Spanish; and these languages are taught not only colloquially, under the most favorable conditions, but in their higher literary and philological aspects. Mathematics is carried through analytical and descriptive geometry. The English literary and philosophical studies and the natural sciences are taught as fully as in the classical course. To these are added larger studies in political economy and commercial law, and in political and commercial geography, and in geology and astronomy. The practical book-keeping of the high school is supplemented by full courses and practice in type-writing and short-hand and telegraphy, and in life and fire insurance and baok and railroad accounts. The effort will be made to combine culture with practical business attainments."

The following is a comparative exhibit of colleges for business training as reported to this Bureau each year from 1376 to 1836, inclusive (1883 omitted):

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Number of institutions....
Number of instructors..
Number of students...

137 134 129 144 162 202 217

221 232 239 599 568 527 535 619 794

935

1, 015 1, 099 1,040 25, 234 23, 496 21, 048 22, 021 27, 146 34, 414 41, 831 44,047 43, 706 47, 17G

TABLE 62.- Summary of statistics of commercial and business colleges for the year 1885–'86.

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Alabama. Arkansas

500 150

1

57
3

800

24

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13, 100

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6, 250

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1, 123

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200 30

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201

2, 139

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345 1, 030

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25 213 123

90

(90) 1, 203

1, 121 40

18 285 122

33
113

(113)
286
245

41 4, 483 2, 661 1, 822

(310)
2,797 2,0781 411

(1,167) 3, 750 2,048 5353

(725) 1, 175 400 |

50 498

(408)

(318) 304

26

(150)
652
401

101
2, 489
1,751

738

(1,118)
1, 9333

65
511
410

101
128
1201

8

(498) 3, 698

2,513 | 687

(315)
995
365

115
415
201

124 1, 555 1, 323

232

(46) 6, 938

5, 457 | 1, 435

(1,367) 6, 593

1, 686 540
180
120

60

(300) 4,404

2, 805 1, 2993 376 303

73 654

580

(549)
875
276

50
167
159

8
180
151

29
335
275

60

(122) 1, 696

199 110

(110)

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Micbigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri.. Nebraska .. New Hampshire New Jersey.. New York .... Ohio Oregon.. Pennsylvania. Rhode Island Tennessce Texas.. Vermont.. Virginia West Virginia Wisconsin District of Columbia..........

5, 424

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Total

239

1, 040

47, 176

29, 970

9, 080

55, 592

TARLE 63. --Statistics of commercial and business colleges for 1883–86;

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1874

1 Marion, Ala.
Howard College Business School... J. T. Murfee..

1842 1842 2 Little Rock, Ark Little Rock Commercial College... M. A, Stone

1881 3 Auburn, Cal..... Sierra Normal College and Busi M. W. Ward

1883 ness College. 4 Oakland, Cal..... Oakland Business College and De Witt Clinton Tay. 1877 Normal School.*

lor, 5 Sacramento, Cal. (716 Sacramento Business College..... E, C. Atkinson

1873 I street). 6 San Francisco, Cal. (46 Barnard's Business College

G. B. Barnard

1875 1875 O'Farrell street). 7 San Francisco, Cal. Globe Business College* ..

H. C. Roeth

1881 (640 Clay street). 8 San Francisco, Cal ... Teald's Business Collego.

E. P. Heald and C. S. 1865 1865

Haley. 9 San Francisco, Cal. Pacific Business College*.

W. E. Chamberlain,

1865 (320 Post street).

jr. 10 San José, Cal.... Garden City Commercial College*. H. B. Worcester ....

1661 11 Denver, Colo Denver Business College..

John G. Pilsen....

1882 12 Hartford, Conn Hanaum's Hartford Business Col. Hannum & Stedman.. 1877

lege. 13 New Haven, Conn... New Haven Phonographic Acad John F. Gaffey

1884 emy. 14 Wilmington, Del Crabb's Business College

James H. Crabb, A. B.

1876 15 Georgetown, D.C.... The Linthicum Instituto

E. B. Hay

1875 16 Atlanta, Ga..... Moore's Business University B. F. Moore

1838 17 Augusta, Ga... Osborne's Basinoss College

S. L. Osborne.

1886

1882 18 Macon, Ga.. Macon Commercial College.

W. MoKay

1881 19 Champaign, Ill.. Champaign Business College.

J. B. McKee........

1883 20 Chicago, Ill. (77, 79, 81 H. B. Bryant's Chicago Business U. B. Bryant

1856 1856 State street).

College and Training School. 21 Chicago, Ill. (149–153 Metropolitan Business College..... 0. M. Powers.....

1873 State street). 22 Chicago, Ill. Soven Account System Business C. O. E. Matthern

1884 College. 23 Dixon, Ill.. Dixon Business College...

J. B. Dille

1882 1881 24 Galesburgh, III. Western Business College*

M. H. Barringer

1862 1862 25 Jacksonville, Ill. Jacksonville Business College and G. W. Brown

1866 English Training School. 26 Joliet, Ili

Joliet Business College and Eng. Homer Russell.... 1866 1866

lish Training School. 27 | Peoria, Ill. Parish's Business College and A. S. Parish.

1865 Telegraphic Institute. 28 Quinov, Ill. Gem City Business College.. D. L. Musselmau..

1870 29 Rockford, Ill Rockford Business College.

G. A. Wimans and H.

1865

A. Stoddard. 30 Springfield, Ill.. Springfield Business College.. Bogardus & Chicken.. 1864 31 Evansville, Ind. (cor. Evangville Commercial College... S. N. Carnick

1850 1850 Main and 3d sts.). 32 Fort Wayne, Ind Fort Wayne Business Collego...... Charles T. Lipes.....

1880 33 | Indianapolis, Ind... Indianapolis Business University.. E. J. Heeb, W. M. Red. 1986 1650

man, and E.B.Osborn. La Fayette, Ind.. Star City Business College*.

P. W.
Kennedy...

1866 35 La Fayette, Ind. Union Business College...

C. M. Robinson

1881 36 Logansport, Ind Hall's Business College.

E. A. Hall 37 Millersburgh, Ind C.M. Immel's Institute

C. M. Immel

1884 38 Richmond, Ind... Richmond Business College and John K Beck.

Telegraphic Institute. 39 Terre Haute, Ind. (cor. Terre Haute Commercial College.. W.C. Isbell...

1860 Main and 6th sts.). 40 Valparaiso, Ind... Northern Indiana Commercial Col. H. B. Brown

1878 1873 lege. 41 | Vernon, Ind Vernon Normal School and Basi. W. S. Almond.....

1882 1883 ness Institute.* * From Report of the Commissioner of Education for year 1884-'85.

34

1800

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