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"S3. Requirements. Injury potential shall material to reduce the likelihood of injury be minimized by constructing or locating to the occupant's head upon impact. Pad. forward compartment structures to elimi- ding shall be designed and placed so as to nato Impact or to reduce the forces generatod minimize loss OV visibilty. by front seat occupants wearing type 1 soat "(Federal Standard No. 516/3a) belt assemblies when impacting those struo- "ReCPSSDD INSTRUMENT PANEL INSTRUMENTS tures.
AND CONTROL DEVICES POR AUTOMOTIVE VE"S3.1 Impact areas. The bond impact
HICLES areas shall be established through tho uno af type 1 seat belt assembly restrained mani.
“Si. Purpose and scope. This standard
establishes the location and identication of wins or other test devices based upon the
automotive vehicle instruments and control equivalent to 'H' point to top-of-head dimonston, of 89 inches and 29 inches Ad.
devices to afford a reasonable degree of pro
tection for front seat occupants wearing type justable Seats shall be in the extremo for
1 seat belt assemblies in event of a collision. ward position for the indicated 33 inch dovice and in the extreme rearward position for tho
"82. Application. This standard applies to indicated 29 inch devico. The impact areas
sedans, carryalls, station wagons and ught shall be that included between the arca
trucks up to 10,000 pounds G.V.W. Excluded formed by the top-of-head point when each
aro stand-up walk-in package dellvory Vodevice 18 swung forward aud also 45 degrees
hicles with tut type drivers' seats. Also osto each side of the longitudinal axis through
aludod are utility vehicles of the throo-wboal each normal seating position. The knce and
"83. Requirements. Injury potential shall leg impact areas shall be established by the use of a type 1 seat belt restrained manikin
bo minimized by constructing, locating. or
Down or equivalent of approximately 95th percen- mounting control devices and instruments tile male dimensions and with the front
bezals in such a manner as to reasonably seat in midposition.
minimize contact by the hondo of occupants "S3.2 Location and construction.
woaring typo 1 seat belt assemblies. Injury "S3.2.1 The structure of the instrument poteaua
potential shall be minimized by the followpanel shall be such as to minimiza iniury ing means: to the head of an occupant upon impact or
"83.1 Location, construction, and mountto be outside the established impact area.
ing. If within the impact area the panel shall be
*$3.1.1 Al instrument panel mounted covered with energy absorbing cushioning
control devices shall be located within reach material applied over a crushable or collaps
of the driver wearing a type 2 or 2a seat ible metal backing that will deform and ex
belt assembly, except controls not essential pand the areas of contact. There shall be
to controlling a moving vehicle. The essenno protruding or sharp rigid edges in the
tial controls are the steering wheel, trans
mission selector lever, turn signals lever, igalimpact area and/or under the cushioning material in the impact area. Tests shall be
tion switch, headlight switch, and windshield
wiper and washer controls. Essential CODin accordance with SAE Recommended Prac
trols shall be readily identified. tice for Instrument Panel Laboratory Im
“S3.1.2 The impact area shall be estabpact Test Procedure, J921, and the decelera
Ilshed through the use of type 1 seat belt tion of the head form when impacting the
assembly restrained manikins or other test panel at 22 feet per second shall not exceed an effective maximum value of 80 gs in 60
devices having 'H' point to top-of-head di
mensions of 33 inches and 29 inches. Admilliseconds excluding all portions of the
justable seats shall be in the extreme fordeceleration time curve of less than 3 mill
ward position for the indicated 33 inch deseconds duration.
vice and in the extreme rearward position "188.8.131.52 The lower portion of the instru.
for the indicated 29 inch device. The impact ment panel shall contain no sharp or pro
area shall be that included between the truding edges within the knee and leg im
arcs formed by the top-of-head point when pact areas. The impact area structures shall
each device is swung forward and also 46 be constructed of material that will deform
degrees to each side of the longitudinal axis and expand areas of contact to absorb and
through each normal seating position. minimize injury when struck by the knees
"S3.1.3 Control devices and instruments or legs of front seat occupants.
positioned outside the established contact "184.108.40.206 The sun visors shall be con.
area or which cannot be struck due to steer structed of or be covered by energy absorb
ing wheel, column, or shielding are not reing cushioning material. The sun visor
quired to meet the specifications following. mounting shall be designed and located to All other control devices shall have provide a reasonable degree of head protec- tact area of not less than 1.0 square inch of tion.
flat surface with an edge radius of not less "83.2.4 The roof header impact areas shall than 0.125 inch and shall be mounted and contain no sharp or protrudiag edges. The constructed of materials which will defect impact areas shall be covered with 0.5 inch dush within 0.375 inch of the panel surface minimum of energy absorbing cushioning or are to be mounted in such a manner as material to reduce the likellbood of injury to to allow them to be pushed flush with tho the occupant's head upon impact.
panel surface or be detached by application “S3.2.6 The right and left front corner of a force not to exceed 90 pounds when posts shall not contain any sharp or pro struck from any position defined in 3.1.2. truding edges. The corner posts in the im. "S3.1.4 Instrument bezels not meeting pact areas shall be covered with 0.5 inch 83.1.3 and likely to be contacted by the head minimum of enregy absorbing cushioning of a belted occupant shall have an edge
radius of not less than 0.125 inch and shall wheel, or in the forward, impacting surface
anthropometric dummies, giving equivalent
There shall be no permissible complete penetration the SAE J850 barrier collision test, or equivaof the knob by the selector shaft, under a lent at 30 miles per hour, the upper end of head impact of 80 g8.
the steering control system shall not be dis"(Federal Standard No. 515/4a)
placed rearward, relative to an undisturbed “ENERGY ABSORBING STEERING CONTROL SYSTEM point to the rear of the steering wheel posle TOR AUTOMOTIVE VEHICLES
tion, more than 5 inches. "81. Purpose and scope. This standard
"83.4.1 The rearward displacement of the establishes requirements for energy absorb
steering control assembly shall be detering steering control systems installed on
on mined under dynamic conditions during tho automotive vebidlo.
barrier collision or equivalent test. "82. Application. This standard applies
“83.5 The steering control system ahall to sedans and station wagons.
be so constructed that there shall be no de"S3. Standard characteristics. The SAB
vices or attachments such as born actuating Recommended Practice for Barrier Collision
mechanism, trim hardware, etc., which can Tests, J850, forms the basis for section 83.4
897 catch in the operator's clothing during norof this standard.
mal driving maneuvers.
“Si. Purpose and scope. This standard ing column assembly that may contain an
establishes uniform test procedures and minenergy absorber for the purpose of dissipat
imum static load requirements for automoing energy upon impact.
tive vehicle side door latches and hinges. "83.3 Tho steering control assembly sball
"S2. Application. This standard applies to bo constructed so that when it is impacted
sedans, carryalls, station wagons, and light at a relativo velocity of 22 foot por second
trucks up to 10,000 pounds G.V.W., except with a torso sbapod body block as shown in
those light trucks with folding or cargo typo Aguro 1 (not shown in RECORDI. weighing doors or open body trucks with enclosures 78-80 pounds, and having a spring rate load
Sload made of canvas, aluminum, über glass, plasof 600-800 pounds per inch, the force devel. tic, and steel. The secondary latch load does opod during collapse of the system shall not not apply to allding doors. exceod 2,500 pounds. The spring rate us do
"83. Requirements. All applicable autotermined by loading the chest of tho torno motive vehicles shall be equipped with safety 14225 shaped body block with a 4-inch wido dat
door latches and bingos. The hinges shall contact surface so that it is 90 degrees to the
have ample strength to support the door and longitudinal ads of the body block, parallel
to withstand the longitudinal load and trans
verse load equal to or greater than that to the backing plate and within 16 to 20 inches from the top of the head form. The
specified in 83.1 and 83.2 for the door latch, load 18 measured when the dat contact sur
and striker assembly. All door release banface bas moved down 4 inch, and the spring
dles on each door shall be provided with a rate is determined by doubling this load
single positive locking device not subject to
accidental release. Interior or exterior banAgure.
dles need not be locked by this device I not "88.2.1 when the steering wheel is the
operable by accidental side, rearward or forprincipal energy absorbing element, the load
"83.1 Longitudinal load. Automotive vo
hiclo door latch and striker assembly, when mounted either directly behind the whoel or in the frontal surface of the body block, with
tested as prescribed under test procedures Its ads of primary sensitivity in the diroc
(83.8) aball be able to withstand a minimum tuon of body block travel at the time of
longitudinal load of 2,500 pounds who in impact. The steering wheel shall be
fully latched position, and 1,000 pounds mounted to the load cell by means of an
when in the secondary latch position.
“83.2 Transverse load. Automotive veappropriate nose piece at the same angle us it is to be installed in the vehicle.
bicle door latch and striker assembly, when
tested as prescribed under test procedures "89.2.2 When a component or components
(83.3) must be able to withstand a minimum other than the steering wheel, such as the stoering column, is the principal energy ab- fully latched position and 1,000 pounds wbon
transverse load of 2,000 pounds when in the sorbing element or contributes substantially
in the secondary latched position to the absorption of energy, the load call
"S3.3 Test procedures. Test proceduros shall be located between the steering wheel
and test ixtures shall be in accordance with and the remainder of the energy absorbing soction 4 of SAE Recommended Practice for system, preferably immediately under the Passenger Car Side Door Latch Systems, J839
and section 4 of SAE Recommended Practice strength to prevent the seat back frame as. for Vehicle Passenger Door Hinge Systems, sembly from folding forward under a boriJ934.
zontal static load equal to a minimum of 20 "(Federal Standard No. 618/8a)
times the woight of the fully trimmod soat "ANCHORAGE OF SEATS FOR AUTOMOTTVE
back Iramo, and with sumcient strength to VEHICLES
sustain a moment about the attachment of
the seat back Irame to the seat Irame ol 4,250 “S1. Purpose and scope. This standard establishes strength requirements for an
inch-pounds in a rearward direction. The
load required to attain this moment shall be chorage and construction of automobilo vohicle seat assemblies.
applied at the seat back Iramo upper cross"S2. Application. This standard applies to
bar location normal to the seat with the Bedans, buses, carryalls, station wagons, and
reat back frame in a locked position. Ught trucks up to 10,000 pounds G.V.W.
cluded are tut type drivers' seats installod "83. Standard characteristics. Tho BAE
in special purpose, stand-up, walk-in packRecommended Practice for Passenger Car
ago delivery vehicles.
"83.2.4 Pedestal seats. Pedestal mounted Front Beat and Front Seat Adluster. J879. forms a basis for that part of this standard
drivers' seats designed to pivot forward, 10which applies to front seats.
stalled in special purpose, stand-up, walk-in "S3.1 Definitions.
type delivery vehicles shall be equipped with "83.1.1 Automotive vehicle seat. A struc
raleasablo, sell-locking, pedestal restraining ture provided to seat the driver and/or one
devices. The restraining device or devices
shall be constructed with sun cient strengta or more passengers. "83.1.2 Seat frame. The structural por
to prevent the seat assembly from tilting fortion of a seat assembly.
ward under a horizontal static load equal "83.1.3 Seat back frame upper crossbar.
to a minimum of 20 times the weight of the
fully trimmed seat components. The load The uppermost horizontal member of & seat
sbal be applied with the seat pedestal in back Irame. "83.1.4 Seat adjuster. A device suitably
& locked position and at the level of tho
center of gravity of the seat assembly. anchored to the vehicle structure which sup
"83.3 Requirements, rear seats. ports the seat frame assembly and provides
"83.3.1 Rear seat backs and seat cushions. for seat adjustments. This includes any
Each rear seat back and scat cushion detrack, link, or power actuating assemblies
Bigned to provide rear passenger seating in necessary to adjust the position of the seat.
sedans shall be constructed and anchored "S9.2 Requirements, front seats. "83.2.1 Seat adjusters and seat frame
to the vehicle structure which supports it in combinations. Each combination of seat
such a manner as to sustain a horizontal
forward static load equal to a minimum of adjuster and seat frame, together with its
20 times the weight of the fully trimmod attachments, shall be constructed and an
component. chored to the vehicle structure which sup
"83.4 Requirements, other seats. ports it in such a manner as to sustain & horizontal forward and rearward static load
"83.41.1 Seat frames. Seat frame design
ed to be fastened to the vehicle floor without oqual to a minimum of 20 times the weight of the fully trimmed seat.
adjustment in sedans, buses, carryalls, and "83.2.2 Seat cushion and back frame com
station wagons shall be constructed and an
chored to the vehicle structure which supbination. Each seat cushion and back Irame
ports them, either permanently or by detachcombination, together with its attachments,
able Attings, in such a manner as to sustain shall be constructed and anchored to the vehicle structure which supports it in such
& forward and rearward static load equal to
20 times the weight of the fully trimmed seat. a manner as to sustain a rearward moment about the rear attachment of the seat frame
"83.4.2 Seat back frames. to the seat adjuster of 4,250 Inch-pounds for
"S220.127.116.11 forward facing seat back frames each passenger for which the seat back 18
designed to provide backs for intermediate designed. The load required to obtain this
Beating in sedans and buses and intermedimoment shall be applied to the seat back
ate and rear seating in carryalls and station upper crossbar location normal to the seat
wagons shall be constructed and anchored, back.
either permanently or by detachable ittings "NOTE: some energy absorption under im.
As specified, to the seat frame in such a manpact can be obtained through defection of
Der as to sustain & rearward (in relation to the seat back. Therefore, some deflection
the seat) moment, about the rear attachand permanent set of the seat back consist ments of the seat Irame to the vehicle strucent with rigidity requirements and normal
ture which supports It, equal to a minimum occupant accommodations 18 permissible.
of 4,250 inch-pounds for each passenger for "83.2.3 Folding seat back frames. Each
which the seat is designed. The load reBeat back frame designed to fold over the
quired to obtain this moment shall be apseat shall be equipped with a releasable, sell
plied to the seat back upper cross bar location
normal to the seat back (see note in 83.2.2). locking. restraining device or devices. The lock release shall be located 80 as to be
“S.18.104.22.168 Rearward facing seat back readily accessible to the occupant of the seat
Irames designed to provide backs for rear and, if applicable, to permit egress to rear
seating in station wagons shall be conseat passengers.
structed and anchored, either permanently "The release shall be 80 designed and/or
or by detachable fittings as specified, to the located as to minimize accidental release in seat frame in such a manner as to sustain a collision situations. The restraining device rearward (in relation to the seat) load equal or devices shall be constructed with sumclent to a minimum of 4,250 inch-pounds for each
passenger for which the seat is designed. structure which supports them in such a The load required to obtain this moment manner as to sustain an additional static shall be applied to the seat back upper cross- forward load equal to a minimum of 2,500 bar location normal to the seat back (see pounds for each lap belt and attached, og note in S3.2.2).
3,000 pounds for each combination lap and "22.214.171.124 Longitudinally mounted seats in shoulder belt end attached. station wagons, and when specified for in “S126.96.36.199 Passenger seats. Passenger seat stallation in trucks, shall be constructed and frames and seat back frames designed to anchored, either permanently or by detach- provide anchorages for seat belts shall be able Attings to the vehicle structure which constructed and anchored to the vehiclo supports them in such a manner as to sus- structure which supports them in such a tain & forward and rearward (in relation to manner as to sustain an additional forward the vehicle) static load equal to 20 times the
static load equal to a minimum of 2,500 wolght of the fully trimmed seat.
pounds for each type 1 or l& lap belt end "83.4.3 Folding seats. Seats designed to at
attached. pivot forward on their forward attachmont
“S3.6 Test procedure. Testing of front to the vehicle structure shall be equipped seats shall be in accordance with the prowith a releasable, sell-lockng, restraining
cedures set forth in SAE Recommended dovice. Tho lock release shall be located so Practice J879. Testing of intermediate and
to be readily accessible to the ocupant rear seats shall be accomplished by applying of the soat or, if applicablo, to permit osram similar procedures. Testing of seats designed to a passenger scated to tho mas. Too mu to provide seat belt anchorage shall be in lease shall be so designed and/or located on accordance with applicable procedures set to minimize accidental release in collision forth in 83.2.3 of Fed. Std. No. 616/18. situations. The restraining device shall bo
"(Federal Standard No. 515/9a} constructed with suficient strength to pre- "HYDRAULIC BRVICE BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR AUTO-. vent the seat assembly from folding forward
"Si. Purpose and scope. This standard
estabushes requlerments for hydraulic serytrimmed seat assembly. “S3.4.4 Folding seat back frames. For
Ice brake systems installed on automotive
"S2. Application. This standard applies to carryalls and station wagons and further de
sedans, buscs, carryalls, station wagona, and
to Ught truck, up to 10.000 pound, G.V.W. signed to fold over the seat shall be equipped with releasable, sell-locking, restraining de
“S3. Standard characteristics. The Nam vices. The lock release shall be located so as
tional Committee on Uniform Tramo LAWS to be readily accessible to the occupant of
and Ordinances, Uniform Vehicle Code; Tho the seat or, if applicable, to permit egress to Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., Brako & passenger seated to the rear. The release System Road Test Code Passenger Car, SAE shall be 80 located and/or designed as to J843a and Service Brake System Performance minimize accidental release in collsion aftu- Requirements Passenger Car, SAE J937, ations. The restraining device shall be con- form the bases for this standard. structed with sufficient strength to prevent "S3.1 Service brake system performance. the seat back frame assembly from folding The performance ability of the fully operaforward under a horizontal static load equal tional service brake system for sedans and to & minimum of 20 times the weight of the station wagons, shall be not less than defully trimmed seat back Irame, and with scribed in section D of SAE J937, tested in suficient strength to sustain a rearward accordance with the requirements of SAE moment about the attachment of the seat J843a. The performance ability of the fully back frame to the seat frame of 4,250 inch- operational service brake system for carrypounds for each passenger for which the seat alls, buses and light trucks up to 10,000 back is designed. The load required to at- pounds G.V.W. shall be not less than detain this moment shall be applied to the seat scribed in section 12-302 of the Uniform back trame upper crossbar location normal to Vehicle Code. the seat with the seat back frame in a locked “$3.1.1 Design. The service brake system position.
shall be of such design that rupture or fail"S3.6 Seats designed to provide seat belt ure of an actuating-pressure component in anchorage,
the system shall not result in complete loss "S3.5.1 Sedans, carryalls, station wagons, of function of the service brake system. and light trucks up to 10,000 pounds G.V.W. Actuating-pressure components are defined Seat frames and seat back frames designed to as, the brake master cylinder or master conprovide anchorages for seat belts shall be trol unit, wheel brake cylinder, brake lino, constructed and anchored to the vehicle brake hos0 or equivalent, as applicable. The structure which supports them in such a hydraulic fluid system shall be sealed in such manner as to sustain an additional forward & manner so as to provide protection of the static load equal to & minimum of 2,500 brake fluid from outside contamination. pounds for each lap belt end attached or "S3.12 Partial system performance. In the 3,000 pounds for each combination lap and event of rupture or failure to an actuatingshoulder belt end attached.
pressure component to any single brake, the “S3.5.2 Buses.
components of the unaffected portion of the "S188.8.131.52 Driver's seat. Driver's seat system sball continue to function. Mechaniframes and seat back frames designed to. cal linkage or other means of brake applicaprovide anchorages for seat belts shall be tion may be utilized to meet this requireconstructed and anchored to the vehiclo ment provided that continuation of the same
motion on the same brake pedal used to actu- "S3.3 Tests. All tests shall be in accordate the normal system applies or actuates ance with SAE Recommended Practice J909. the braking force.
"(Federal Standard No. 515/13a) "83.2 System effectiveness indication. Syotem effectiveness shall be indicated by means
"GLARE REDUCTION SURSACES POR AUTOMOTIVE
VEHICLES of an electrically operated red light mounted on the instrument panel. The light shall
"81. Purpose and scope. This standard eshave an area of not less than 0.196 square tablishes glare limits for appearance finishes inch. It shall wluminate before or upon ap
of vehicle components in and adjacent to plication of the brakes when an actuating
the operator's field of view to achieve the pressure component of the system has sug
most practical reduction of distracting retained & logg of Avid or pressure. The in. Rectance for automotive vehicles. dicator Ught system shall include a means "S2. Application. This standard applies to for the vehicle operator to perform a test to Bedans, buses, carryalls, station wagons, and assure the light bulb 18 operable.
Ught trucks up to 10,000 pounds G.V.W.
"83: Standard characteristics. Standard “[Federal Standard No. 616/128]
methods, tentative methods, and tentativo "WINDSHIAD WIPERS AND WASHS TOR AUTO- recommended practices and the American MOTIVE VEHICLES
Society for Testing and Materials, ASTM "Sl. Purpose and scope. This standard an- D 307, D 623, D 791, D 1535, E 97, and the SAE tablishes minimum requirements for auto Standard J826, form the basis for this Fedmotive vehicle windshield wiping and wash- eral Standard. ing systems.
"S3.1 Definitions. "82. Application. This standard applies to "83.1.1 Field of view. With the operator's sedans, buses, carryalls, station wagons, and seat in its rearmost position, the operator's Ught trucks up to 10,000 pounds G.V.W.. with neid of view 18 denned a tot area windshields of one piece construction of the of a Une extending to the sides of the vehiclo fixed type. Excluded are utility vehicles of from the point at which the back pan of the the three-wheel type.
SAE J826 three-dimensional manikin makes
Saturation (Munsell chroma). uous, operation and two or more frequencies Tho attribute of color perception that ex. of Interruptod operation. All requirements, presses the degree of departure from gray of other than those spacinod herein shall be in the same lightness. All trays have zero accordanco with SAS J903, Recommendod 8
saturation. Practice for Passenger Car Windshield Wiper "89.2 Instrument panels. The spocular Systems
gloss of the surface of the material used for "88.1 Wiped area. The minimum wipod
instrument panel top surfaces and appurarea of the windshield shall include the area tei
tenances thereon which can produco glaro of the windshield established by a horizontal, In we wiad
in the windshield shall not exceed 30 units dimension, protect
une from the ver maximum, measured by the 85-degree tional conter une of the eyo level of the 98th method of ASTM D 523, or equivalent. porcentile malo with seat in midsont position
"83.3 Luminous directional reflectanco and extending to within one and one-hall
(Munsell value). The luminous directional inches of each corner post and including tho
reflectance of the surface of the material center portion of the windshield. The min.
used for instrument panel top surfaces shall imum wiped area shall also include that por
* not exceed 30 percent (which is equivalent tion of tho windshield measured from the
to a Munsell value less than 6.0/-), whan horizontal eye level line in a vertical direc
Moasured as described by ASTM D 807, D 791, tion 10 degrees above and 10 degrees below
D 1536, E 97, or equivalente the horizontal eye level line at a point in
"88.4 Saturation (Munsell chroma). The front of the operator and a point in front of
Munsell chromna of instrument panel top mur. right seat occupant.
laces shall be no more than /6. "S3.2 Windshield washers. The windshield "83.5 Windshield wiper arms and Blados. washer system shall be provided with a con- Tho specular gloss of the surface of the man tainer with the capacity of at least 48 ounces terial used for windshield wiper arms and of fluid. The container shall be made of wiper blades in the operator's Deld of view such material that it will not crack or break shall not exceed 40 units maximum, moas. in the event the fuld freezes. The fluid ured by tho 20-degree method of ASTM D shall be applied to the outside of the wind. 623, or equivalent shield by vacuum pump or other method. "89.6 The specular gloss of the surface of 14227 The washer shall be actuated either man- the material used for instrument bezels, ually or automatically.
windshield molding, control devices, horn