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House Passed Act
"TITLE W—ACCIDENT AND INJURY RESEARCH
AND TEST FACILITY "SEC. 801. The Becretary of Commerce 18 bereby authorized to make a complete investigation and study of the neec. for a facilIty or facilities to conduct research, development, and testing in trafic safety (including but not limited to motor vehicle and highway safety) authorized by law, and research, development, and testing relating to the safety of agricultural machinery used on highways or in connection with the maintenance or highways (with particular emphasis on tractor safety) as he deems appropriate and necessary.
"Bec. 302. The Secretary shall report the results of his investigation and study to Congress not later than December 31, 1967. Such report shall include but not be limited to (1) an inventory of existing capabilities, equip
meat, and facilities, either publicly or privately owned or operated, which could be made available for use by the Secretary in carrying out the safety research, development, and testing referred to in section 301, (2) recommendations as to the site or sites for any recommended facility or facilties, (3) preliminary plans, specifications, and draw. · ings for such recommended facility or facilities (including major research, development, and testing equipment), and (4) the estimated cost of the recommended sites, facil. ities, and equipment.
"SEC. 303. There is hereby authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $3,000,000 for the investigation, study, and report authorized by this title. Any funds so appropriated shall remain available until expended.
Mr. TAYLOR. Mr. Chairman, does the bill give the Secretary authority to standardize operation control equipment on different kinds of new automobiles it safety performance is affected?
Mr. MACKAY. Yes, it does. The gentleman from Florida (Mr. ROGERS) presented an excellent amendment to provide an advisory council that will bring in all the interested parties-State and local oficials, automotive industry and equipment people to participate in the formulation of those standards.
Mr. TAYLOR. Mr. Chairman, will the gentleman yield further?
Mr. MACKAY. I yield to the gentleman from North Carolina.
Mr. TAYLOR. For instance, I drive a car made by General Motors. My wife drives a car made by Ford Motor Co. The gearshift on one is just the opposite from the other. It is difficult for me to drive her car in traffic when quick, automatic action is needed. The differences in gearshifts acld to the hazards of driving and could cause an accident. I
Mr. MACKAY. I thank the gentleman from California. Recognition is also due Senator Speno of New York and former Congressman Kenneth Roberts of Alabama for their contributions.
I believe we can see that the argument has been won that the time has arrived when national safety performance standards should be established and enforced. No one is seriously contending that in respect to standards for motor vehicle safety that we can function at any level effectively other than the national level.
Second. a new Federal role is our provision for comprehensive research. The great scandal revealed by our committee is that the Government has failed to collect the data needed and on which
we can base judgments as to the causes We know that one of the first results of deaths, accidents, and injuries. Con will be this: We are going to begin vigorgress shares the blame because we have ous comprehensive research so that we not heretofore explicitly assigned this can make our counterattack at the right responsibility to any department.
House Committee Report House Report 1776, Pages 33 and 34
Title III-Accident and Injury Research and Test Facility Section 301 of the reported bill authorizes the Secretary of Commerce to make a complete investigation and study of the need for a facility or facilities to conduct research, development, and testing in traffic safety, including but not limited to motor vehicle and highway safety, authorized by law, and research, development, and testing relating to the safety of agricultural machinery used on highways or in connection with the maintenance of highways (with particular emphasis on tractor safety) as he deems appropriate and necessary.
Section 302 requires the Secretary to report the results of this 34 study to Congress by December 31, 1967. This report is required to include (1) an inventory of existing capabilities, equipment, and facilities which could be used by the Secretary in carrying out this research, development, and testing; (2) recommendations for sites; (3) preliminary plans, specifications, and drawings; and (4) estimated cost of the recommended sites, facilities, and equipment.
Section 303 authorizes the appropriation of not to exceed $3 million for this investigation, study, and report.
The introduced bill included both an authorization of $3 million for planning and unlimited authorization for the construction of research and test facilities. The committee has limited this title to a planning program. It does not question that facilities in addition to those in existence may be needed but it does believe that both public and private existing facilities should first be considered. The provisions of this title will allow a full investigation and report and evaluation by both the Secretary and Congress before entering into a new construction program.
Senate Passed Act
TITLE 0-TRAJTIO ACCIDENT AND INJURY 23
SEARCH AND TEST FACILITY Authorization for research and testing
facility Sec. 201. The Secretary of Commerce is (8) statement by the Secretary that suite, heroby authorized, acting independently or able space owned by the Governmont is in cooperation with other Federal departo not avallablo and that suitable facilities aro ments or agencies, to plan, desiga, con- not avalable for acquisition or on a fee or struct, acquire, maintain, and operate a 1a- rontal basis at a price commensurato with cility or facilities, within the District of Co- that to be alorded through the proposed lumbia or elsewhere, in which to conduct action; and 80 much of the research, development, testo (4) a statement by the Secretary of the ing and evaluation provided for by this Act number of persons expected to be employed and other research, development, and testing
at the building or facility and an estimate in tramc safety authorized by law, as e may of its annual operating cost. deem appropriate and necessary.
(b) The estimated maximum cost of any Planning appropriations authorised project approved under this section as set SEC, 202. There is hereby authorized to be
forth in any prospectus may be increased by appropriated not to exceed $2,000,000 for tho
an amount equal to the percentage increase, planning of the facility or facilities author
11 any, as determined by the Secretary in ized by section 201 of this Act, including
consultation with the Administrator of the
General Services Administration, in construcnecessary foasibility studies.
tion, production, or alteration costs, as tho Limitations on appropriations for con
case may be, from the date of transmittal struction
of such prospectus to Congress, but in no Sro. 203. (a) No appropriation shall be event shall the increase authorized by this made to construct, acquiro, or alter any facil. subsection exceed 10 per centum of such estiity pursuant to section 201 involving an er.. mated maximum casts. penditure in excess of $100,000 1 such con (c) In the case of any project approved for struction, acquisition, or alteration has not construction, acquisition, or alteration by the been approved by resolutions adoptod by the Committee on Commerce of the Senate and Committee on Commerce of the Senate and the Committee on Interstate and Foreign the Committee on Interstato and Foreign Commerce of the House of Representatives, Commerce of the House of Representativosin accordance with subsection (a) of this and such approval has not been rescinded as section, for which an appropriation has not provided in subsoction (c) of this soction. been made within one year after the date of For the purpose of socuring consideration of such approval, either the Committee on Comsuch approval, tho Secretary shall trans merce of the Senate or the Committee on mit to Congress a prospectus of the proposed Interstate and Foreign Commerce of the project, including (but not limited to) - House of Representatives may rescind, by
(1) a brief description of the building or. resolution, its approval of such project at feciity to be constructed acquired. or any time thereafter beforo such an approalterod under this title;
priation has been made. (2) the location of the project, and an estimate of the maximum cost of the project;
Contains nothing helpful.
Senate Committee Report Senate Report 1301, Pages 16, 17 and 18
TRAFFIC ACCIDENT AND INJURY RESEARCH AND TEST FACILITY The Federal Government does not presently have an adequate research capability to meet the responsibilities which it would assume under this act. Its capability is inadequate both with respect to research facilities capable of single types of tests or test on single components, as in the National Bureau of Standards, or Department of Defense test tracks for military purposes, there is no test track where Federal scientists and engineers can make even the most elementary operational tests on vehicles, let alone conduct full-scale research on motor vehicles and the highway from a safety point of view. The Bureau of Public Roads has been forced to resort to testing on sections of highways and airport landing strips before these were open for public use.
In testing automobile odometers recently, the National Bureau of Standards had to use the public highways. There is no Federal facility or laboratory equipped and capable of testing the interaction of the vehicle interior and interior equipment with the occupants or a vehicle in the investigation of the "second collision,” the impact of the occupant with the vehicle.
Test facilities in industry are considerable, but are used primarily in connection with product development in which vehicle and passenger safety is only one of the elements considered. Results are proprietary and, for competitive reasons, are not generally available. Furthermore, manufacturers' facilities hardly seem the appropriate place for the Government to conduct its research and testing on vehicle safety performance standards as well as other aspects of highway safety.
Laboratory facilities are needed where the Government itself can conduct systematic scientific research and evaluation of all safety performance characteristics of motor vehicles and motor vehicle components. The facilities must be suitably equipped and staffed to evaluate standards already in effect, as well as proposed deletions, changes, or additions of wholly new standards. Facilities are required to carry out these responsibilities.
In addition to research, development, and testing related to motor vehicle performance standards, these laboratory facilities are needed for studying improved geometric design of highways for increased safety, improved paving materials that reduce dangerous skidding especially in winter driving, better traffic control devices that reduce the chance of accident-producing driver errors, improved highway lighting for increasing night visibility, and finally the wide range of problems associated with driver performance and skills. Clearly, proper performance standards for vehicles and design criteria for the highway network can only be realized by taking into account the physical and psychological capabilities of drivers.
lity stui million froof such facrifacilities y
In short, some type of Federal facility is needed where the Government can conduct systematic controlled research, development, and test activities related to all aspects of traffic safety. Title II would authorize a study of the needed facility or facilities and the planning, designing, and construction of such facilities. It would authorize appropriations of $3 million from the highway trust fund for planning and feasibility studies, and so much as is needed for construction subject to later congressional approval of appropriations requested.
For the traffic accident and injury research and test facility authorized by title II, the committee bill would authorize $2 million for planning, including necessary feasibility studies. Before any appropriation can be made for construction of the facility in excess of $100,000, the Secretary must submit a prospectus of the proposed project to Congress and obtain approving resolutions from the Committee on Commerce of the Senate and the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce of the House of Representatives.
Executive Communications Contains nothing helpful.
As H.R. 13228 in the House and S. 3005 in the Senate:
TITLE II-TRAFFIC ACCIDENT AND INJURY
RESEARCH AND TEST FACILITY 3 SEC. 201. The Secretary of Transportation is hereby 4 authorized, acting independently or in cooperation with 5 other Federal departments or agencies, to plan, design, con6 struct, maintain, and operate a facility or facilities, within the 7 District of Columbia or elsewhere, in which to conduct so 8 much of the research, development, and testing provided for 9 by this Act, and other research, development, and testing in 10 traffic safety authorized by law, as he may deem appropriate