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Obviously, the most important piece of equipment which comes to mind is the tire. The other body treated this subject in separate legislation, but it seems to me, and it did to our committee, that tire standards must be part and parcel of any legislation which seeks to impose standards of safety for the cars on the highway. Consequently, & portion of the bill was devoted specifically to this subject. It requires minimum standards for all tires, and then sees to it that the buyer will have all the information he needs to make a decision as to the tire he needs. He will know who makes the tire, the number of plies and the maximum load it should carry. Also, there will be a uniform grading system established.
Equally important to informing the buyer of replacement tires, is the re
quirement that the original equipment
Mr. MOSS. I should Uke to ask the the distinction between new tires and chairman a question. Because tire man- retreads. The National Bureau of ufacturing and retreading processes in- Standards has informed the committee volve different techniques, I should like that it is not now feasible to test retread to ask the chairman whether the Secre tires for performance in the manner in tary would have authority under this bull which the performance of new tires is to establish safety standards for re- tested. The committee report recognizes treaded tires in the form of minimum the existence of these technical problems. safe procedures for retreading tires ?
The usefulness of retread tires has been Mr. STAGGERS. I would like to call well established for various purposes, the gentleman's attention to the lan. and standards can be developed which guage on page 32 of the report, which will insure safety to the public. The states that in establishing standards for Secretary certainly would be empowered tires, the Secretary will have to consider to do so under the bill.
Mr. GIAIMO. Mr. Chairman, I rise in support of this legislation. I should like to commend the chairman of the committee and the committee for presenting it to the House. I believe it is legislation which is much needed and necessary.
I take this time to ask a question of the chairman or of the committee concerning section 201, which deals with tire safety. In my district we have a major tire manufacturer which manufactures tires and, in addition, makes brand name
tires for a major distributor and mer. chandiser. Actually, it makes tires for Sears. These tires are sold under the Sears name.
As I understand the legislation, section 201 provides:
Suitable identification of the manufacturer, ••• unless the tire contains a brand name other than the name of the manufacturer in which case it shall also contain a code mark which would permit the seller of such tire to identify the quanufacturer thereof to the purchaser upon his request.
Do I correctly understand that under this legislation the manufacturer of the
tire could still manufacture the tire,
Mr. GIAIMO. But that it will not have the manufacturer's name on it. Is that correct?
Mr. STAGGERS. That is correct.
Mr. GIAIMO. So in this case such manufacturers will be protected?
Mr. STAGGERS. That is true.
As one who introduced the Tire Safety being sold to unwitting customers throughAct, H.R. 11891, on the first day of this out the country. The dangers such tires hold session of Congress, I am proud that the for high-speed automobiles and to
for high-speed automobiles and their occumajor provisions of this bill have been pants is obvious." The White House enincorporated into the measure now be dorsement includes a plea for prompt fore us as title I. During my testimony passage of this legislation. before the House Committee on Inter
In addition to the important support of the
Administration for the Tire Safety Act, my state and Foreign Commerce, I said:
bil bas also received enthusiastic support With ever more trafic on our high speed from the American Automobile Association Interstate Highway System and other major and the American Trial Lawyers Association. arterial roads, the need becomes more urgent with such widespread recognition of the by the bour for standards which will assure
need for tire safety standards, I hope that I every motorist that his tires will in fact be can soon report the enactment of this bill sale under all driving conditions.
by Congress. I have brought the need for tire and On April 22, after our spring recess, I auto salty legislation before my con again sought constituent support for tire stituents on many occasions. On March safety legislation in the following 2. the day President Johnson sent his message: traffic safety message to Congress, I
(From the office of Congressman FRANK shared his message with my constituents
HORTON) in the following statement:
TEXT OF REMARKS PREPARED FOR BROADCAST (From the omice of Congressman FRANK HOR OVER TOM DECKER'S NEWS PROGRAM ON TON, Mar. 2, 1966)
WROC-TV (CHANNA 8) ROCHESTER, N.Y., PRESIDENT'S TRANSPORTATION MESSAGE TO FRIDAY, APRIL 22, 1966
CONGRESS SUPPORTS HORTON BILL ON TIRE Thanks, Tom.
Congress came back into session this week, I am pleased to report that in today's following Its Easter recess, and the calendar White House Message on Transportation, the
of legislation still to be considered 18 President specifically endorsed part of my
crowded. Many major items await debate own legislative program, the Tire Safety Act and decision before the 89th Congress can of 1966. My bill would establish Federal adjourn. safety standards for all motor vehicle tires The newsletter that now is in the mail to sold or shipped in interstate commerce.
all my 36th District constituents will highThe President's Message said, in part, that light both what has been done this year and "Most tires sold to American drivers are pro
what remains. duced and properly tested by reputable com There is one item that I hope the House panies. Nevertheless, evidence has shown of Representatives will soon take up and that increasing numbers of inferior tires are pass. It is the Tire Safety Act. Already
House Committee Report House Report 1776, Pages 32 and 33
Title II—Tire Safety
SAFETY INFORMATION Section 201 of the reported bill requires the Secretary in establishing his standards for pneumatic tires under title I to require that tires subject thereto be permanently and conspicuously labeled with such safety information as he determines necessary to carry out the purposes of the act. This labeling is to include
(1) Suitable identification of the manufacturer or retreader (unless the tire contains a brand name other than the name of the manufacturer) in which case the tire is required to contain
a code mark which would permit the seller of the tire to identify
(2) Composition of the material used in the ply;
(5) A recital that the tire conforms to Federal safety standards, except that in lieu thereof the Secretary may prescribe a mark
or symbol to be used indicating such conformance. The section also permits the Secretary to require additional safety information be disclosed to the purchaser of the tire at the time he buys it.
In a number of bills which have been introduced in both Houses as well as in a bill which has passed the Senate (S. 2669) the necessity for standards for tires was considered as an independent problem, and without reference to its relationship to the total traffic safety problem.. S. 2669 is confined only to the improvement of tires for passenger cars and station wagons. The committee decided that although tires are a highly important part of the total traffic safety problem they are, nevertheless, an integral part of it and should be dealt with in the context of the total problem and not in a piecemeal fashion. Therefore it is neither necessary nor desirable to grant separate authority for the establishment of standards for this one item of motor vehicle equipment when the Secretary has full authority to issue standards as to tires (as well as any other item of motor vehicle equipment) under title I of the reported bill. However the committee did feel that it was necessary to emphasize this aspect of the safety problem, and to establish certain specific requirements which should be contained in the Secretary's standards on tires. These requirements are set forth in section 201, and deal only with information to be given to consumers. The Secretary's authority to establish standards as to tire performance is contained in title I, and in establishing these standards he will have to consider distinctions between new tires and retreads.
TIRES ON NEW VEHICLES Section 202 of the reported bill requires the Secretary to establish standards under title I to require that each motor vehicle be equipped (either by the manufacturer or the purchaser) at the time of the first 33 purchase for purposes other than resale, with tires which will meet the maximum permissible load standards when the vehicle is fully loaded with the maximum number of passengers it is designed to carry and a reasonable amount of luggage.
The committee was advised that a number of new vehicles, particularly station wagons, have been equipped with tires which were less than adequate to meet the loads which such vehicles are designed and expected to carry. This section prevents that practice. At present, it is possible to purchase vehicles from manufacturers without tires or with the type and size of tire specified by the purchaser. The committee does not intend that the Secretary alter this possibility, except that the standards of the Secretary should insure that tires on a particular vehicle be adequate to safely carry the weight of the vehicle
together with the maximum number of passengers that the vehicle is designed to carry, together with a reasonable amount of luggage. Therefore, section 202 requires either the manufacturer or the purchaser to equip the vehicle with tires which at their recommended pressures meet such maximum permissible load standards.
UNIFORM QUALITY GRADING SYSTEM Section 203 of the reported bill requires the Secretary to prescribe a uniform quality grading system for motor vehicle tires within 2 years of the date of enactment of this title. The order establishing this system is to take effect 180 days after the date of its publication. The Secretary is further required to cooperate with industry and the Federal Trade Commission to eliminate deceptive and confusing tire nomenclature and marketing practices.
In the course of the hearings and in discussions in executive session it became clear to the committee that the user's and consumer's confusion as to the quality of tires is a problem of great magnitude. Although some have argued that quality grading is solely an economic problem, the committee is satisfied this is not so and that it has a direct relationship to safety. Standards as to grading are necessary to assure safety. Grading standards, as well as any other tire standards related to safety, are within the scope of the authority of the Secretary under title I of the bill. The Secretary has a maximum of 2 years to establish a uniform quality grading system. With the cooperation of industry it is hoped that the formulation of this grading system will be undertaken immediately and that it will be established promptly.
Senate Passed Act
Contains no comparable provision.
Contains nothing helpful.
Senate Committee Report
Contains nothing helpful.