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under this section to publish notices and information concerning defects in those situations where so doing will bring about a higher level of safety. In this connection, the committee is confident that the manufacturers will be active in notifying purchasers and users so that defects will be corrected as quickly as possible.

Senate Passed Act

Congressional Record-Senate
June 24, 1966, 14259

Notifcation Sec. 116. (a) Every manufacturer of motor secret or other matter referred to in section vehicles shall furnish notification of any 1905 of title 18 of the United States Code defect in any motor vehicle or motor vehicle unless he determines that it is Docessary to equipment produced by such manufacturer carry out the purposes of this Act. which be determines, in good faith, relates to (e) I through testing, inspection, investimotor vehicle safety, to the purchaser (where gation, or research carried out pursuant to known to the manufacturer) of such motor this title, or examination of reports pursuant vehicle or motor vehicle equipment, within to subsection (d) of this section, or othera reasonable time after such manufacturer wise, the Secretary determines that any bas discovered such defect.

motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle (b) The notincation required by subsec- equipment tion (a) shall be accomplished

(1) does not comply with an applicable (1) by certibod mal to the Arst purchaser Foderal motor vehicle safety standard pre(not including any douler of such manu- scribed pursuant to sections 102 and 103; or lacturer) of the motor vehicle or motor (2) contains & detect which relates to vehicle equipment containing a deroct; and motor vebicle safety;

(2) by cartilded mall or other moro ape- then he shall immediately notity the manuditious means to the dealer or dealers of such

facturer of such motor vehicle or item of manufacturer to whom such motor vehicle motor vehicle equipment of such defoct or or equipment we delivered.

fallure to comply. The notice shall contain (c) The notifcation required by subuec- tube andings of the Socretary and shall intion (a) whall contain a clear description of clude all information upon which the Andthe defect, an evaluation of the risk to tramc logo are busod. The Secretary sball attard safety measonably related to the defect, and such manufacturer an opportunity to pro* statment of the measures to be taken to

sent his views and evidence in suport thererepair the defect.

of, to establish that there is no fallure of (a) Every manufacturer of motor vehicles compliance or that the alleged defect does wall furnish to the Secretary a true or repre- not affect motor vehicle safety. II after rentative copy of all notices, bulletins, and

such presentation by the manufacturer the other communications to the dealers of such

Secretary determines that such vehicle or manufacturer or purchasen of motor vehicles

item of equipment does not comply with or motor vehicle equipment of ruch manu

applicable Federal motor vehicle safety facturer regarding any doroct in ruch ve

standards, or contains a defect which relates hicle of equipment sold or serviced by ruch

to motor vehicle safety, the Secretary shall dealer. The Secretary shall disclone so much

direct the manufacturer to furnish the notiof the information contained in such notice

Acation specified in subsection (c) of this or other information obtained under rub

section to the purchaser of such motor vemction 114(a) to the public as he deems

hicle or item of motor vehicle equipment as will munust in carying out the purposes of this

provided in subsections (a) and (b) of this Act, but he shall not disclose any infor

section. mation which contains or relates to a trade

Senate Debate

Congressional Record-Senate
June 24, 1966, 14247


Thank you.

I am particularly pleased to see in- When you bring your Buick in, this matter duded in this bill the fair warning will receive prompt attention; however, you amendment I proposed several months

may prefer to call us at

for a deinite ago. This provision requires every man

appointment, which will allow us to give you ufacturer of motor vehicles to notify the

preferred service.

Very truly yours, purchaser of any defect which the manufacturer determines in good faith relates

Please call our Service Department at 534 to safety. The manufacturer would

8500 for appointment. For your convenience have to furnish such notification within we will be open Saturday, June 11th, & 18th, & reasonable time after discovery. No especially for this modification. time limit is included in the legislative language because of the probability that

BRUCE LEISTER, such a limit would be unduly restrictive

Service Manager. and subject the manufacturer to a dvil Mr. MONDALE. Mr. President, the penalty. My original amendment set a recipient of this letter states: time to furnish notification, and I would

This letter 18 unique in that the concern hope that the Secretary would attempt of General Motors, or Buick Motor Division, to use this as a guideline.

or the dealer or the somebody who did not The bill also requires the manufac- elga the undated letter (except as a post turer to send the safety defect notifica- script)--this sudden concern over the brake tion by certified mall to the purchaser mochanism which “milght prove to be trouand by certified mall or more expeditious blonomo. pomo time in the futuro"-omas means to the dealer or dealers of the somo 18 months and 11,000 miles after tho vehicle or equipment in which there is a

car was delivered in January of 19651 safety defect. The notification must

Fortunately, the braking system, up to contain a clear description of the defect,

now, is one of the things that has not causod

troublo or inconvenience. Nonetheless, I am an evaluation of the safety risk involved

moved to sympathize with those other ownin the defect, and a statement of the ers of 1965 Losabre Convertibles who, bemeasures to be taken to repair the defect. latodly, may bave found "a bolt installation · I have always considered this latter re

troublesome some time in the past quirement an essential part of any type

18 months. Ono cannot help but wonder of fair warning to the consumer, but my

about the seriousness of the trouble that resolve on this matter

may have been experienced by such owners was greatly

and their families. Also, I am inclined to strengthened the other day when a re- speculate as to whether or not Buick and/or cent letter addressed to Ralph Nader GM, at this late date, would have incurred from a gentleman in Falls Church, Va., the expense involved in the modification of came to my attention. Enclosed was a carly 1966 models bad it not been for the letter from his Buick service manager

pressure of public opinion generated by your which I ask ananimous consent to have

excellent research and tireless determina

Hon. printed in the RECORD.

There being no objection, the letter The letter from the Buick service manwas ordered to be printed in the RECORD, ager, although it suggests corrective acas follows:

tion as soon as possible, makes no menDEAR BUICK OWNER: It has been called to

tion of the fact that the problem may our attention by Buick Motor Division that

endanger the We and limb of the occu& bolt installation on the brake mechanism pants of the car. On inquiry yesterday, of your particular Buick LeSabre, Serial or the service manager stated that the proba Vehicle No.

which we delivered to you lem involved the bolts on the brake lockmight prove to be troublesome some time

ing plate which he said were not selfin the future.

locking and might work loose. If they In order to forestall this possibilty, it

did work loose, he said, the wheel could would be appreciated if you would bring your car into our Service Department in the

fall off without warning. I do not conimmediate future in order that we may check

sider it necessary to speculate whether a this installation and make any necessary

wheel falling off without warning corrections.

is & safety hazard. Obviously, it is. Yet, the letter to the owner did not make the manufacturer furnish the Secretary clear either the problem or the great with representative copies of all notices, risk involved. Rather, it attempted, with bulletins, and other communications to clever wording, to conceal the nature of dealers of any defect, and authority for the problem and the danger involved. the Secretary to make public the infor

It is my view that the fair-warning mation contained in such notices. Also, provision is essential to make sure that in the same section of the bill is another the automobile consumer is warned of fine addition. I the Secretary deterhazards such as this.

mines, after allowing the manufacturer It is only fair, in view of the vast orga- chance for rebuttal, that a vehicle or nizations established for the sale and item of equipment does not comply with service of these automobiles, to notify Federal safety standards or contains & the owner in clear and unmistakable safety defect, he must direct the manuterms, once a safety defect is known facturer to notify the purchaser of this that a safety hazard is involved, what noncompliance or safety defect, as proit is, and what corrective steps can be vided in my fair warning amendment. taken.

These provisions, the fair-warning I compliment the members of the com- amendment, and other defect amendmittee for accepting my fair-warning ments which were adopted in committee amendment, so that this long overdue on the recommendation of several Seninadequacy in notifying owners can be ators combine to make a neat package corrected, as required by the provisions which recognizes the consumer's right of the bill.

to know about the hazards of the prod. I was pleased that the Commerce Com- uct he purchases and the manufacturer's mittee adopted other measures concern- obligation to inform him. ing defects, such as the requirements that

Congressional Record-Senate
June 24, 1966, 14254


Another aspect of this legislation, Mr. ened the administration's original proPresident, involves the important matter posal was through the inclusion of Senof driver notification. The hearings in- ator MONDALE'S amendment, which I was dicated that the industry had been se- pleased to cosponsor, which would reriously remiss in notifying car purchas- quire car manufacturers promptly to ers of safety defects discovered in cer- notify the purchaser of any vehicle which tain models after they had been dis- has been discovered to contain a safetytributed to dealers. One of the many related defect. ways in which the committee strength

Congressional Record-Senate
June 24, 1966, 14255


We are helping the driving public in another way-by assuring that he will be kept informed of faults in his car. Manufacturers will, under this legislation, have to inform the Secretary of safety defects, and, as proposed by Senator MONDALE in the amendment on which I joined him, new-car buyers

must be notified by manufacturers OI safety defects. The manufacturer is also to be required to repair any new equipment with defects affecting safety.

Mr. President, this legislation has been needed for some time. The facts which have been produced in the course of hearings on the legislation, both here and in the other body, show even more strongly the need for this legislation. The need for mandatory standards bas been shown. The need for the requirement that manufacturers notify pur

chasers of cars of defects has been shown.

We need this legislation. We need its mandatory provisions. The whole country will be thankful to us if we pass this bill.

Congressional Record-Senate
August 31, 1966, 21487


The Senate conferees accepted, as a most constructive addition, the House provision authorizing the Secretary to require manufacturers to disclose safety performance and technical data on their products to new car purchasers. For that purpose, the Secretary is authorized to require manufacturers to furnish him with such data so that he can determine what should be disclosed to purchasers. In so doing, the Secretary is not expected to divulge manufacturers' trade secrets, except to the extent that he determines such information should be in the hands of prospective purchasers.

insure that he is informed of the substance of all communications relating to significant defects.

In addition, the Senate notification procedure makes it clear that the Secretary can make public information concerning safety-related defects or noncompliance with standards where necessary for the public safety. As was stated in the Senate report explaining this procedure, the Secretary will be expected to avoid premature publicity, to check with the manufacturer, and to afford him an opportunity, wherever practicable, to accomplish the required notification and correction through the manufacturers' own procedures.

The House managers also accepted the Senate defect notification procedures to require that the manufacturer furnish the Secretary with the substances of oral As well as written defect communications to their dealers. While the manufacturer will not be required to advise the Secretary of every isolated telephone communication with a dealer concerning a possible defect in a car, the Secretary will be expected to adopt regulations to

Senate Committee Report

Senate Report 1301, Pages 8 and 9


In order to insure the uniform notification of car owners as to any safety-related defects and to facilitate the prompt curing of such defects, the bill provides that every manufacturer of motor vehicles notify the purchaser of any vehicle which the manufacturer determines, in good faith, contains a safety-related defect (sec. 116).

A "defect” is defined to include any defect in design, construction, components or materials in motor vehicles or motor vehicle equipment (sec. 101 (1)). The term "defect” is used in the sense of an error or mistake in design, manufacture or assembly.

Such notification must be accomplished within a reasonable time (sec. 116(a)) after the manufacturer has discovered the defect and formulated the corrective procedure (sec. 116(c)) and must be made by certified mail to the first purchaser and by certified mail or more expeditious means to the manufacturer's dealer (sec. 116(b)). More- 9 over, the notification must contain a clear disclosure of the defect, an evaluation of the risks to traffic safety reasonably related to the defect and a statement of the measures to be taken to repair the defect (sec. 116(c)).

In addition, every manufacturer is required to furnish the Secretary copies of all communications with his dealers relating to any defect, whether or not safety-related (sec. 116(d)).

The Secretary is directed to notify the manufacturer of any failure to conform to safety standards or any other safety-related defect which he determines to exist on the basis of evidence that comes to his attention through reports from manufacturers, Government research and testing, complaints or other sources, and to require that the manufacturer furnish the purchaser and dealer appropriate notification (sec. 116(e)).

This process would be in addition to and not in place of, nor a condition upon, taking any other enforcement action under the provisions of the act. The Secretary could elect to impose a civil penalty (sec. 110) for a violation and require notification of defects of noncompliance with a safety standard (sec. 116). The Attorney General could also seek an injunction to stop the sale of a noncomplying vehicle (sec. 111). These and all alternative enforcement techniques should be exercised within the administrative discretion of the responsible officials.

The Secretary is also authorized to make public information concerning safety-related defects or noncompliance with standards where necessary for the public safety (sec. 116(d)).

The committee expects that the Secretary would use this power to publish defect information as a last resport. It is the committee's expectation that the Secretary would promptly review the matter with the manufacturer and give the manufacturer an opportunity to accomplish the required notification and correction through the manufacturer's own procedures. Publicity would be invoked only if the Secretary concluded that the manufacturer's own actions would fail or had failed to provide car owners with adequate and prompt notice on the existence and safety significance of the defect and the procedure for correction.

The committee also expects that the Secretary will act with extreme caution to avoid premature publicity of unevaluated reports as to suspected defects, before the suspicions have been evaluated. Permature publicity of this type, of course, can cause undue public alarm, with a damaging and unwarranted effect on vehicle sales even though the suspicions may ultimately prove to be without foundation.

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