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MINIMUM WAGE

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES EIGHTY-FOURTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

Proposed Legislation to Increase the

Minimum Wage

HEARINGS HELD IN WASHINGTON, D. C., JUNE 1, 2, 3,

7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 17, 21, 22, 23, 24, 28, 29, AND 30, 1955

Printed for the use of the Committee on Education and Labor

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COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

GRAHAM A. BARDEN, North Carolina, Chairman
AUGUSTINE B. KELLEY, Pennsylvania SAMUEL K. MCCONNELL, JR., Pennsylvania
ADAM C. POWELL, JR., New York

RALPH W. GWINN, New York
CLEVELAND M. BAILEY, West Virginia WINT SMITH, Kansas
CARL D. PERKINS, Kentucky

CARROLL D. KEARNS, Pennsylvania
ROY W. WIER, Minnesota

HAROLD H. VELDE, Illinois CARL ELLIOTT, Alabama

CLARE E. HOFFMAN, Michigan PHIL M. LANDRUM, Georgia

ALBERT H. BOSCH, New York LEE METCALF, Montana

JOE HOLT, California JAMES B. BOWLER, Illinois

JOHN J. RHODES, Arizona EARL CHUDOFF, Pennsylvania

STUYVESANT WAINWRIGHT 2D, New EDITH GREEN, Oregon

York JAMES ROOSEVELT, California

PETER FRELINGHUYSEN, JR., New Jersey HERBERT ZELENKO, New York

SAM COON, Oregon
HARRIS B. MCDOWELL, JR., Delaware ORVIN B. FJARE, Montana
FRANK THOMPSON, JR., New Jersey
STEWART L. UDALL, Arizona

FRED G. HUSSEY, Chief Clerk
JOHN O. GRAHAM, Minority Clerk
EDWARD A. MCCABE, General Counsel
RUSSELL C. DERRICKSON, Chief Investigator

TI

CONTENTS

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(The tables and charts submitted by witnesses are listed under the subhead: "Statistical Information")

Statement of -

Bailey, Hon. Cleveland M., a Representative in Congress from the Pago

State of West Virginia.--.

Barkin, Solomon, chairman, Congress of Industrial Organizations Fair

Labor Standards Committee-----

419

Supplemental statement.------

Bennett, J. R., Jr., Greenville, Ala..

Blatnik, Hon. John A., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Minnesota.---

75

Borchardt, Selma, Washington representative, American Federation
of Teachers.

920

Canfield, R. E., New York City, on behalf of the American Pulpwood

Association..----

Carlson, Joseph, Iron River, Mich.----

Davidson, Hon. Irwin D., a Representative in Congress from the

State of New York.

Deweese, Tom, president, A. Deweese Lumber Co., Philadelphia,

Miss., on behalf of the Southern Pine Industry Committee; accom-
paned by S. P. Deas, Southern Pine Industry Committee, and

Henry Bahr, secretary, National Lumber Manufacturers Associa-

Dickason, Gladys, vice president, Amalgamated Clothing Workers of

America..-

------- 438, 449

Supplemental statement.-----

441

Dollinger, Hon. Isidore, a Representative in Congress from the State

of New York..

39

Esters, Bernard E., Holton, Maine, chairman, legislative committee,

National Editorial Association..

993

Field, Maxwell, executive vice president, New England Shoe & Leather
Association, Boston, Mass ------

1040

Flood, Hon. Daniel J., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Pennsylvania.-----

Frve, George W., Harrington, Maine...

787

Hale, Hon. Robert, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Maine..-

90

Hancock, Frank W., Jr., special counsel for Textile Manufacturers

for North Carolina...

Hawes, Robert N., general counsel, the Hardwood Plywood Institute. 1051

Hochman, Julius, vice president, International Ladies' Garment

Workers Union (A. F. of L.), accompanied by Lazare Teper, director

of research, International Ladies' Garment Workers Union (A. F.

of L.) and Kenneth Meiklejohn, legislative representative, Interna-

tional Ladies' Garment Workers Union (A. F. of L.)--------- 603, 629

Huddleston, H. H., vice president of the Mississippi Farm Bureau Fed-

eration, representing the National Cotton Council, Lamont, Miss.. 1139

Jobe, William T., general counsel, National Association of Ice Indus-
tries. -----------

------------------------------

-
Keeton, Herman A., Red Bay, Ala.--------------

889
Keller, Paul, representing the National Cotton Council & National

Cottonseed Products Association, Clayton, N. C....
Kellogg, Lawrence D., president, Southern Hardwood Producers, Inc..

Memphis, Tenn., and president, Kellogg Lumber Co., Inc., Alexan-
dria, La

667

King, Dr. Willford I., economist of the Committee for Constitutional

Government, Inc., New York, N. Y..

1158

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993

----

631

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1136

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------------

Statement of —

Larson, Hon. Arthur, Under Secretary of Labor, Department of

Labor, accompanied by Harry Weiss, Assistant Administrator,

Wage and Hour Division, and A. J. Wickens, acting commissioner Page

of labor statistics.----

----- 99, 131

Madden, Hon. Ray J., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Indiana. --------------

46

Mahon, Don, secretary, National Independent Union Council, and

president, National Brotherhood of Packinghouse Workers.----- 643
Muñoz-Marin, Hon. Luis, Governor of the Commonwealth of Puerto

705
Marshall, H. S., Reynoldville, Pa --

817
Martin, Ellis S., Ringgold, La.--

761

Matthews, Hon. D. R., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Florida.--.

955

McCoy, G. W., representing the National Cotton Council, Jasper,
Ala -----

1129

McFarlin, Clyde, president, Montezuma Mutual Telephone Co. 1019

Mock, Rufus, representing the National Cotton Council, Greenville,

Miss.

1133

Myers, J. Walter, Jr., executive director, Forest Farmers Association,

Atlanta, Ga---

845

O'Hara, Hon. Barratt, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Illinois ---------------------------

Oliver, Robert, assistant to the president and director of the Congress

of Industrial Organizations...

419

Supplemental statement.--

419

Ransom, Charles R., Harahan, La ----

694

Riggle, John J., secretary, National Council of Farmers Cooperatives. 905

Schnitzler, William F., secretary-treasurer, American Federation of

Labor, accompanied by Walter J. Mason, national legislative repre-

sentative, American Federation of Labor, Washington, D. C., and

Peter Henle, assistant director of research, American Federation

of Labor, Washington, D. C...

Washington, D. 0..------------------------

---- 363, 401

Supplemental statement.---

Schmidt, Emerson P., director of economic research, Chamber of

Commerce of the United States, Washington, D. C., accompanied

by Guy Waterman, research economist, Chamber of Commerce of

the United States. ---

-- 966, 1004

Sheskey, William, representing the National Shoe Manufacturers
Association, New York. --

------------

1031

Stallworth, John D., Pine Apple, Ala..

883

Tichy, George J., manager, in behalf of Western Pines Association and

Timber Products Manufacturers Association ---- - 770, 789, 797

Todd, John H., general Counsel of the National Cotton Compress and

Cotton Warehouse Association, Memphis, Tenn.

1147

Tower, Charles H., National Association of Radio and Television

Broadcasters -------------

1056

Townsend, Mark, Stuttgart, Ark...

696

Triggs, Matt, representing the American Farm Bureau Federation 1119

Triplett, J. E., president, Chesterfield Lumber Co., Monroe, N. C..--

Vanik, Hon. Charles A., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Ohio..

61

Vick, W. T., president, Alabama Forest Products Association ---- 871, 876
Voges, Alvin A., secretary-manager, American Veneer Package As-
sociation, Orlando, Fla.------

647

Weathers, Tom E., Waynesboro, Ga..

795

Whitfield, J. V., Burgaw, N. Ć., president, Forest Farmers Associ-
ation ----

701

Wilcox, R. D., Harris-Wilcox Timber Co., Laurel, Miss.

Winstead, Hon. Arthur, a Representative in Congress from the State

of Mississippi.-----------------------

757

Letters, prepared statements, articles, etc:

Addison Lumber Co., Jasper, Ala.----

903

Addonizio, Hon. Hugh J., a Representative in Congress from the State

of New Jersey -------

948

Agricultural Producers Labor Committee, Los Angeles. --------- 1172

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1112

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Letters, prepared statements, articles, etc-Continued

Allott, Hon. Gordon, a United States Senator from the State of Pago

Colorado. ----

Letter from Del Arbaugh, Pueblo, Colo.

1112

American Bankers Association

950

American Federation of Teachers, National Council of Jewish Women,
United Church Women, and YWCA..

1169

---
American Stamp Dealers' Association ----

1176
Arnold, J. N., Cullman, Ala ---

816
Arnold & Son Lumber Co., Phil Campbell, Ala --

816

Ashley, Hon. T. L., a Representative in Congress from the State of

586

Baggenstoss, Herman E., Forest Farmers Association, Tracy City,

Tenn.

858

Barden, Hon. Graham A., chairman, Committee on Education and

Labor, House of Representatives, to the editor, the Robesonian,
Lumberton, N. C.------:-

1101

Barkin, Solomon, Congress of Industrial Organization fair labor

standards committee

1192

Bayconde, San Juan, P. R

1099
Betancourt, R. and O., San Jaun, P. R.

1099
Bonds Sawmill, Haley ville, Ala ------

937

Boyle, Hon. Charles A., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Illinois.

600

Bridges Lumber Co., Jasper, Fla.

957

Buckmaster, L. S., United Rubber, Cork, Linoleum, and Plastic

Workers of America -----

576

Buettner Bros. Lumber Co., Cullman, Ala

816

Burke, Thomas H., chief of congressional liaison, UAW-CIO..

571

California Grape and Tree Fruit League, San Francisco, Calif.--- 943

Campbell, Guy, president, Motor Supply Co., Monroe, La ---

1171

Carlyle, Hon. F. Ertel, a Representative in Congress from the State

of North Carolina

1101

Carnes, Capt. J. R., United States Navy, letter to Hon. Graham A.

Barden

1182

Carr Lumber Co., Jasper, Ala..

904
Carroll, R. C., Gainesville, Fla---
Celler, Hon. Emanuel, a Representative in Congress from the State
of New York.-- -------

572
Chadbourn Veneer Co., Chadbourn, N.C...

965

Childs, W. A., Jr., Fernandina Beach, Fla.

958

Chudoff, Hon. Earl, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Pennsylvania

938

Resolution No. 64..---

939
Cleveland Lumber Co., Jasper, Ala---

903
Clothing Manufacturers Association of America

1111
Coalson & Pinion, Phil Campbell, Ala

816
Colette Manufacturing Co., San Juan, P. R.

1100
Corona Brewing Co., San Juan, P. R ----

1099
Cull, Bob, Frederick, Okla -----

360
Curran, Jack, vice president, Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers Union. 1195
Dennis Lumber Co., Guin, Ala ----

903

Denton, Hon. Winfield K., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Indiana -----

1073

Diggs, Hon. C. C., Jr., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Michigan -------

1076

Dixieland Stores, Fernandina Beach, Fla.

959
Dobbs Lumber Co., Haleyville, Ala.---

903

Dorn, Hon. Francis E., a Representative in Congress from the State

of New York..

70

Douglass, Edwin L., president, Augusta Hardwood Co., Augusta, Ga 760
Drummond, L. W. & Son, Chiefland, Fla.----

958
Dugan, L. W. secretary, Appalachian Mills Co-----

1069
Englander, B. J., Roslyn Heights, N. Y...

1075

Fine, Hon. Sidney A., a Representative in Congress from the State of

New York.-----

96

Fitzgerald, A. J., general president, United Electrical, Radio, and

Machine Workers of America

1106

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