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Casserly heard the cheering, and his heart Casserly entered, followed by the jailer. sank as the cry arose that the murderer was “Number 3, ain't it?” dead. He was greatly alarmed when he saw “Yes.” the crowd melting away, and his doubt chang- Casserly went straight to this cell, the door ed to certainty when a man came running back of which was open. The prisoner was not from the crowd in front of the hanging body, within. Casserly called: "Howard !” and gave Casserly the news. It was a terrible His voice reverberated from wall to wall, but surprise, though he was almost prepared to no answer came. Then was Casserly thoroughhear it.

ly alarmed. Hurriedly and anxiously he ran But after reflecting a moment, Casserly's from one cell to another. All were tenantless. face brightened. All was confusion in the The two men stared at each other, blank ascourt-house. The guard had abandoned the tonishment being depicted in their faces. windows, and flocked around their leader, who “Where is he?" asked Casserly. said:

“I don't know." “Somebody has fooled the mob.”

“You must know." “How?"

“Positively I do not." “I'll bet a hundred dollars it's a stuffed fig. They glanced around upon the walls, and reure."

flected upon the impossibility of scaling their This set them all to thinking.

smooth surfaces. Even should this be done, “I'll bet another hundred dollars,” con- the roof remained, and it was intact. tinued Casserly, “that Howard is in the Little Then did a suspicion, that had been growTank."

ing in Casserly's breast for the last few moThis was a doubt easily set at rest. Casser- ments, take shape; and, with a steady look ly proceeded to the jail. On being admitted, upon the jailer in a manner that admitted of he asked the jailer hurriedly:

no trifling or equivocation, he asked, sternly: “Where's Howard ?"

“Where is that man?” The jailer, evidently surprised, replied: “Upon my honor, I do not know.” “Why, in the Tank.”

Casserly nodded. His tone was quiet, but it "Are you sure?”

indicated danger. “Certainly."

“Did you leave him in here?" Casserly unconsciously drew a deep breath, “Yes." greatly relieved.

“When did you see him last?" “Do you know," he asked the jailer, "that it “About two hours ago." is reported he is hanged?"

Casserly again nodded, and asked no more "No."

questions. The jailer, stung by the look of sus“A man has just told me that he 'saw the picion that Casserly did not attempt to conceal, body."

said, with great earnestness: “Impossible. But let's go into the Tank, and “I tell you, Casserly, that I don't know how see."

he left this Tank. It is a terrible mystery." Casserly retraced his footsteps into the court- “Doubtless," replied Casserly, calmly. house, procured the keys, and returned.

Suddenly Casserly noticed the small door in Before opening the door of the Tank he ask- the south wall of the Tank. This door, like the ed, as if desirous of leaving no possible room other, was doubled, having a grating opening for doubt :

inward, and a plate-iron door opening outward. “Did you hear any unusual noise in the They were both closed. He approached closer, Tank?"

to examine them. He seized the grating, which “I heard him call out once, and would have yielded and swung open. He then pushed upon opened the door, but you had the keys. The the solid door, and it opened. He turned upon voice was very faint, but I'm almost sure I the jailer, who stood petrified with astonishheard it.”

ment, and, with raised voice and glaring eyes, Casserly swung open the plate-iron door, and he demanded: looked through the grated door. He saw noth- “How is this?" ing. Then he inserted his face in a depression The jailer could not reply. He was stifling. made in the grating inward, to allow one a Casserly stepped into the yard, followed by the larger perspective. Still he saw nothing. How- jailer. He saw several footprints on the ground. ard was in his cell, doubtless. As he unlocked Following them around the corner of the jail, the grated door he asked the jailer:

he found an opening cut through the wooden “Did you lock him in his cell?”

wall. Sick at heart, Casserly again turned upon “No."

the jailer:

“How came that door unlocked ?” he de- Casserly's interest was aroused. “What is manded, angrily

it?” he asked. “I don't know."

“Why, Garratt told me that he saw a woman “Where did you keep the key?"

helping the mob to hang the poor boy.” “I didn't know there was a key. The door Casserly's look betrayed some surprise. The has been locked ever since I took charge, near- old man approached closer, and whispered in ly two years ago. I never heard of a key.” Casserly's ear:

Casserly turned to leave, without saying an- “He said he recognized in that womanother word. He met Judge Simon in the yard. “Well?” The old man asked, in a deprecating tone: “—Howard's own mother." “Casserly, how is this?”

Casserly almost staggered under this revelaCasserly merely shook his head.

tion. His strong nature was shattered. Crush“There is a terrible report on the street about ed and humiliated, and almost overpowered by it, Casserly.” Casserly's look was inquiring, this mountain of mystery that bore him down, but his tongue was silent. “I don't believe it, he entered the court-house, cheated at every though,” continued the old man. “It is too turn, and outwitted like a fool. horrible—too unnatural.”



It is not pleasant, but really lamentable, to if you please-their bigotry and superstition, acknowledge, first, that sirens have wrinkles; their hastiness and superficialness of judgsecond, that the world is fairly crowded with ment, their morbidness of sentiment, their lack wrinkled sirens. But the language of facts is of sustained ardor for solid study or abstract incontrovertible; wrinkled sirens exist; there thought-all these deficiencies are usually left are plenty of them; there is a reason why they at the end of the most elaborate female educaexist, and there is a remedy for them. Educa- tion very much as they were in the beginning. tion, as all the world will admit, ought to have It is seemingly taken for granted that, while two ends. It ought to develop strength and to every defect or wrinkle in man is more or less supplement weakness—especially with wrinkled capable of cure, of being ironed out, in a womsirens. What is good, it ought to make bet- an it is hopeless of remedy. Perhaps the ter, and what is wanting, it ought to supply. cause of this anomaly is a lack of faith in the Some principle of this kind practically obtains possibilities of human nature; but I shall not in the education of boys; why not with girls? now inquire too deeply into these causes. PerNot only are the strong points of a boy's abili- haps the associations of ideas of what we most ties and character carefully noted, and afforded love in woman with so many of woman's weakfair fields of exercise, but his deficiencies also, nesses has endeared the weaknesses them. his stupidity in one or other line of study, his selves, even as some one has said that the sil. bodily indolence or awkwardness, his coward- liest custom and wildest belief, which had once ly, lying, or cruel propensities-all are noticed been associated with our religion, became dear by his tutors, and due efforts are made to coun- and venerable in our eyes. In any case, the teract them.

true faith in womanhood must needs include But in the case of girls, only one of these the conviction that the weaknesses, physical, two ends of education is commonly pursued. moral, and intellectual—so often attached to it, The peculiar gifts of women, their affectionate- cannot truly be an integral part thereof, and ness, piety, modesty, and conscientiousness, that, to relieve it from them, would not be to their quick apprehension, and brilliant intui- take aught from its beauty and its charm, but, tion, their delicacy of sentiment, and natural on the contrary, to increase them. love for poetry, music, and all things beauti. But before following out this line of thought, ful—all these qualities are drawn out by the it is needful to meet, at the outset, an argueducation usually given to them, to the very ment which, whether plainly expressed or siutmost of the teachers' powers. But the equal. lently understood, actually bars this whole road ly ordinary defects of women— their wrinkles, I of progress in the feelings of thousands. Bun

VOL. II.-26.

a man.

yan's Apollyon no more “straddled all across but it will never be remedied at all by a few the way of life" than does this argument the fashionable calisthenics. Perhaps the hints I life for women. Briefly, it is this: The end propose, or rather the remedies for wrinkles, and aim of a woman's life is to be beloved by may shock many lady readers, but they are

But men love the weaknesses of a remedies which will appeal strongly, if prejuwoman rather more than her strength. This dice is not allowed to block up the way of apfact raises more than half the antagonisms in proach. In the first place, the ladies of our man to the claim of the ladies struggling for best society on the Pacific Coast, like those of a Sixteenth Amendment to the Constitution. New York, London, and Paris, do not go to It makes men crowd the theater to witness bed early enough. It should be the habit to “Miss Multon,” or “Hamlet,” where Ophelia retire at half past ten, and this, as a habit, is passes in review, rather than go and listen to absolutely invaluable to vigor, freshness, and Portia. It was the myriad-minded Coleridge eyesight. If you do not want this vigor and who said, “Every man would desire rather to freshness and clear eyesight, sit up until midhave an Ophelia for a wise than a Portia." night, and your wish will be gratified. Another “Therefore, it is vain to seek to banish fem- typical female defect, and source of wrinkles, inine weaknesses, for, by so doing, we are de- is eating too little solid food-eating too much priving the spider of its thread.”

such rubbish as sweets and pickles, hot cakes, To this simple syllogism I have two answers. pastry, and drinking only water or tea, whereThe first is, that if some men, and even a ma- by a healthful appetite is spoiled. Nothing like jority of men, prefer a colorless Ophelia to the this will force a woman to the habit of falling rich, brave nature of Portia, yet the one man back on nervous excitement, for want of natural who prefers Portia is a million times more wor- strength. It would be a great blessing to womthy of love, and more qualified to make a wife en if they were more, as men are, sensible of happy, than the ninety and nine who prefer imperious hunger and thirst, and desire for Ophelia. Secondly, I am prepared to maintain, sleep, and less able to draw on their nervous that no outward gain whatever is equal in value capital when their daily income of strength is to the inward gain of a healthy and vigorous exhausted. One of the sad results of society frame, a highly trained intellect, a calm reason, swagger or ostentation is the checking of the a wealthy memory, well ordered passions, and appetites of young girls, and causing them to a heart lifted to the love of all things good and dwindle into what vulgar people consider "genholy. Make a comparison between a woman, teel” proportions. The remedy for this is to as a wife, like this, and one ignorant, silly, full commence at once to treat defective table duty of pitiful vanities and ambitions, a prey to her not as a feminine grace, but as a disagreeable, own temper and jealousies, and may a man not ghoul-like phenomenon. With its many evils parody Solomen's proverb, “Better a solitary and absurdities, it may be questioned whether life where wisdom is, than a house full of chil- some pounds of superfluous adipose matter be dren and folly therewith.”

not, on the whole, a pleasanter burden than a More than half the weaknesses of women are perpetual dyspeptic pain in the side. Naturalthe results of that imperfect physical health and ly, exercise follows here. Nobody wants ladies vigor, that petite santé, to which their habits com- to train like pugilists, but the truth is that, howmonly consign them from childhood, and which ever good and wholesome exercise may be, also they inherit from valetudinarian mothers. its occasional taking can never make a thorThe other part of these weaknesses appears to oughly healthy woman. It is the whole twentybe only the natural complements of their best four hours which need to be spent healthfully; qualities. Of the first of these classes I shall not one hour of vigorous exercise and ten of now speak.

sitting in overheated rooms, or walking in thin There is something radically wrong in the shoes on cold pavements. Of the two kinds of present state of things which makes the whole

strength, muscular strength and brain strength, upper class of the female sex—the sex least ex- it is the latter which it most concerns our womposed to toil or disease-- very little better than en to obtain. But the training for strength of the inmates of a convalescent home. Few la- brain includes a certain, although secondary, dies are able to do any real work of head degree of muscular training also. What a misor limb for a few days consecutively without erable sight is that of a man of great, perhaps breaking down deplorably. The chance of a feverish, mental activity, who has accumulated wetting in a shower, which ought to hurt them hoards of learning, and is full of generous aspino more than it hurts the roses, is a serious rations, but whose narrow chest, and drooping source of alarm to their friends. This state of and rounded shoulders, sunken cheeks, and things cannot be remedied in one generation; over-lucent eyes betray that the fleshy pedestal on which his soul is standing is crumbling | her to incur a penalty which may very probably beneath him. How almost invariably such a be the wreck of her whole life's happiness. man's thoughts come to us tinctured with sick- Men sneer at a woman so dressed, and, perness; how, in matters of judgment, he is apt to haps, allow themselves coarse jokes at her exlack ballast, to be carried away by prejudice, pense. But it is only the fault of public opinto waste moral energy on trifles, to ignore the ion that any penalties at all follow innovations, common principles which determine the action in themselves sensible and modest. To train of healthy human nature. We pity these things, this public opinion by degrees, to bear with and deplore them as exceptional failures when more variations of costume, and especially to we see them in a man, but when we find them insist upon the principle of fitness as the first in a woman-much more frequently, why do requisite of beauty, should be the aim of all we not attribute them to the same cause of un- sensible women. I ask any sensible woman if equal development of mind and body, and not, anything is in worse taste than to wear clothes as we do, take them for granted as weaknesses by which the natural movements are impeded, inherent in the feminine nature itself. A per- and purposes, of whatever sort, thwarted. Lafect woman, in the physical sense, is no more dies laugh at a Chinese woman's foot, and call crotchety, and credulous, and prejudiced, and the practice of making it small very cruel and vehement about trifles than a well constituted barbaric, yet it is not one iota more so than man. Some one has said that the belief in the wearing long, trailing skirts, when a woman gloomier doctrines of theology is inseparable wishes to take a brisk walk, or to run up or from a bad liver.

down stairs; no more barbaric than to wear It would be a curious table which gave the bonnets which give no shade to the eyes under proportions between dyspepsia, headaches, tight a summer sun, or pinching the feet into thin, lacing, and narrow chests, and the belief in cer- tight boots, which permit of fatal damp and tain follies, and the general instability of char-chill, and cramp the limb into a pitiful little acter and temper which have made women, for wedge of fesh. Not one Pacific Coast lady's ages, the butt of masculine cynicism. Exercise foot in five hundred could be looked at if placed is, no more than food, a thing to be taken and in an antique sandal. profited by vi et armis. The child who should The sooner our women learn that there is no be compelled every day to swallow a breakfast such thing as perfectly idle health, or perfect and a dinner composed of objects disgusting to health without hope, the better. Lives which it, would never be expected by any sane per- have no aim beyond the amusement of the hour son to thrive thereon. But it is often assumed are inevitably, after the first few years of youth, that the same child will obtain all the benefit valetudinarian lives. Women occupy themof exercise if obliged to walk solemnly up and selves with their own sensations, and quack down a lawn or path for so many hours, or to themselves, and fix their thoughts on one organ perform calisthenic exercises in a dull school- or another, until they can bring disease into the room. This is an error. Exercise, especially soundest part of the body; and all because, in youth, must be joyous exercise, spontaneous four-fifths of the time, they are idle dawdlers. ly taken, not as a medicine, but with the eager- There must be work, and there must be freeness of natural appetite. Supreme among all dom for women, if they are ever to be really penny - wise and pound-foolish policies, is that healthful beings. If the weaknesses of women, which grudges a girl of fourteen a rough pony, which arise from imperfect bodily health, were or a patch of garden, and lavishes on her, four removed by better systems of diet and exercise, years afterward, silks and jewels, and all the and hopeful employment maintained for a gencostly appurtenances of fashionable life. How eration, what weaknesses would remain? I beis it that Harriet Hosmer became the woman lieve there would be few beyond those which of whom America is so proud, England so may be reckoned as the natural defects or wrinfond? Because her father taught her to shoot, kles, the complementary colors of their special to ride, before Gibson taught her to model merits. Women are capable of the most in“Sleeping Fawns;" because she possesses phys- tense personal affection; therefore they are liaical strength, energy, and joyous animal spirits, ble to neglect abstract principles, and to regard faculties that win every prize and charm every persons too exclusively. Women are tenderheart.

hearted and merciful; therefore stern justice Naturally, this topic leads me to that of dress, and ver ity have less than due honor at their which is certainly the great stumbling-block in hands. Women have brilliant intuitional powthe way of exercise. To advise a lady to dress ers, and think with great rapidity; therefore herself with any serious eccentricity from the slow processes of argument are distasteful to prevailing fashion of day and class is to advise them, and their judgments are hasty and often erroneous. All these, and sundry weaknesses and graces, noble educations for both mind and besides, are easily explicable. Are they irre-heart; but the mock-music, mock-drawing, and mediable? Surely not.

mock-painting of young ladies to whom the Men also have defects and wrinkles. They simple groundwork—not to speak of the meanare strong, therefore rough; resolute, therefore ing and grandeur—of their art has never for an cruel ; slow of judgment and often stupid; instant been revealed, can these be called eleprone to exact justice and vengeance, there- ments of education? They are elements of fore apt to forget mercy and charity. We do nothing but pretentiousness and false taste. I not take it for granted that men cannot become have faith in a coming Arcadia, when our womgentle, and nimble-witted, and tender-hearted, en will expand with a physical and mental beaubecause the opposite faults are well nigh natu- ty hitherto unknown; when they will acknowlral to them. Still less do we cry out that they edge these defects and wrinkles as such, and will lose some of the charms of their sex, and correctable, and not mere little womanly péchés become effeminate, because they correct their mignons, that cannot be cured. Meanwhile, it defects or smooth out their wrinkles.

is the duty of all parents, teachers, and writers To recognize an error is already half way to to set themselves resolutely to the work of that remedy it; and if the parents, and educators of complete education which shall no longer conyoung girls, will look straight in the face the sist merely in making what is good better, but defects and wrinkles to which they are prone, | also in changing what is bad and weak into what and, instead of taking them as matters of course, is good and strong; an education which shall will set about resolutely to remedy them, the vic- give our girls their just social, moral, mental, tory is secured.

and physical power by securing that genial play It ought to be a very evident truth that, while of natural spirits which is their great, and somestudies which women most need in order to cor- times their almost mystical, prerogative; and rect their weak proclivities are commonly denied also by fixing them upon solid ground of purithem, they are, on the other hand, overworked ty and principle which prevails with the best with wretched attempts to acquire a multitude of of our men. Our girls have the future of Amerthings rather calculated, than otherwise, to in- ican society in their hands, and they need all crease their defects. Real art, real music, real that belongs to them to keep and to exalt their painting, real sculpture are magnificent gifts | powers.



Dear Liz:--I have just read your letter. 1, perstructure begins to wiggle and lean. I know larf, I do. I larf good. Oh, what a girl you I am not well. It don't agree with me to be are! Bound for glory through the medium of a shut up within four brick walls, where the sun yellow cover, are you? Well, sail in; I shall never shines, and I have turned pale, and my never overtake you, because I am not traveling hands and feet are always cold. Therefore, I in that direction.

have lost my attitude of proud (?) independence, Do you know, Liz (you invited my confi- and find myself in a leaning posture, dence), that I am the biggest fool outside of

You can fill in Bedlam? A motley fool, as Shakspere says; the space with the simile of the vine yourself. a durned, complicated fool, as Sut Lovengood And so—I wonder if I had better confess my expresses it; a piebald, pinto, Dolly Varden, weakness, or squnch up this piece of paper, and and measly fool. Put all these adjectives in, throw it in the waste-basket. No, I'll tell you, and even then you will hardly get the true in- if it bursts my corset - lace. I might as well wardness of my idiocy. And what do you come to the point at once. I have fallen in think I've been, and gone, and done? But I love. won't tell you just yet. I want to give you The cat is out of the bag at last, and a wretchsome idea of my physical state, hoping it may ed looking specimen it is. palliate the absurdity of the rest of me. You Now, if my "sweetness" would only make know the physical is the foundation of the men- love to me after the fashion of the average tal and moral, and if it gets into a shilly-shally, male creature, I should be cured of my infatuaslip-shod, weak-kneed condition, the whole su- tion in a week. But here is a sort of double,

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