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that in such a constitution of the Earth they could have no mean's nor instruments of Mathematical Knowledge; there is great reason to believe, that the period of the final Dissolution might overtake them, ere they would have known or had any Suspicion that they walked upon a round Bali. Must we therefore, to make this Convexity of the Earth discernible to the Eye, suppose a man to be lifted up a great height in the Air, that he may have a very spacious Horizon under one View? But then again, because of the distance, the convexity and gibbousness would vanish away; he would only see below him a great circular Flat, as level to his thinking as the face of the Moon.. Are there then such ravishing Charms in a dull unvaried Flat, to make a sufficient compensation for the chief things Deut. 33. of the ancient Mountains, and for the precious things of "s the lasting Hills? Nay we appeal to the sentence of Mankind; If, a Land of Hills and Valleys has not more Pleasure too and Beauty than an uniform Flat ? which Flat if ever it may be said to be very delightfull

, is then only, when 'tis viewed from the top of a Hill. What were the Tempe of Thessaly, vide Ælin fo celebrated in ancient story for their unparallelled Hip. lib. pleasantness, but a Vale divided with a River and terminated with Hills ? Are not all the descriptions of Poets embellish'd with such Ideas, when they



Nn 2

In Beds and curious Knots, but Nature boon

would represent any places of Superlative Delight,
any blissfull Seats of the Muses or the Nymphs, a.
ny sacred habitations of Gods or Goddesses ? They
will never admit that a wide Flat can be pleasant,

no not in the very Ely-
* Virg Æn.6. At pater Anchises penitus convalle virenti,
& ibid. Hoc Superate jugum. & ib. Et tumulum cepit. fian Fields *; but those

too must be diversified

with depressed Valleys + Flours worthy of Paradise, which not nice Art and swelling Ascents. Pour'd forth profase on Hill and Dale and Plain. They cannot imagint

Paradise Loft, lib. 4.

even Paradise to be a
place of Pleasure, nor
Heaven it self to be ||

Heaven without them.
Let this therefore be another Argument of the Di.
vine Wisdom and Goodness, that the Surface of the
Earth is not uniformly Convex (as many think it
would naturally have been, if mechanically form-
ed by a Chaos) but distinguished with Mountains
and Valleys, and furrowed from Pole to Pole with
the Deep Channel of the Sea; and that because of the
Bernov, it is better that it should be so.

| For Earth hath this variety from Heaven Of Pleasure situate in Hill and Dale.

Ibid. lib. 6.

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Give me leave to make one short Inference from what has been said, which shall finish this present Discourse, and with it our Task for the Year. We have clearly discovered many Final Causes and


Characters of Wisdom and Contrivance in the Frame of the inanimate World; as well as in the Organical Fabrick of the Bodies of Animals. Now from hence ariseth a new and invincible Argument, that the present Frame of the World hath not existed from all Eternity. For such an usefulness of things or a fitness of means to Ends, as neither pro. ceeds from the necessity of their Beings, nor can happen to them by Chance, doth necessarily inferr that there was an Intelligent Being, which was the Author and Contriver of that Usefulness. We Serm. V. have formerly demonstrated, that the Body of a Man, which consists of an incomprehensible variety of Parts, all admirably fitted for their peculiar Functions and the Conservation of the Whole, could no more be formed fortuitously; than the Æneis of Virgil, or any other long Poem with good Sense and just Measures, could be composed by the Casual Combinations of Letters. Now to pursue this Comparison ; as it is utterly impossible to be believed, that such a Poem may have been eternal, transcribed from Copy to Copy without any

first Author and Original: so it is equally incredible and impossible, that the Fabrick of Humane Bodies, which hath such excellent and Divine Artifice, and, if I may so say, such good Sense and true Syntax and harmonious Measures in its Constitution,


should be propagated and transcribed from Father te Son without a first Parent and Creator of it. An eternal usefulness of Things, an eternal Good Sense, cannot possibly be conceived without an eternal Wisdom and Understanding. But that can be no other than that eternal and omnipotent God; that by Wisdom bath founded the Earth, and by Under. standing hath established the Heavens : To whom be all Honour and Glory and Praise and Adoration: from henceforth and for evermore. AMEN.


Prov. 3:




SERMON I: *HE Folly of Atheism, and (what is now cal-

led) Deism; even with Respect to the Prefent Life.

Psalm XIV. v.1.
The Fool hath said in his Heart, There is no God; they

are corrupt, they have done abominable works, there
is none that doth good.

Pag. 1

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Matter and Motion cannot think: Or, a Confutation

of Atheism from the Faculties of he Soul.

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