Sources of the Self: The Making of the Modern Identity
In this extensive inquiry into the sources of modern selfhood, Charles Taylor demonstrates just how rich and precious those resources are. The modern turn to subjectivity, with its attendant rejection of an objective order of reason, has led—it seems to many—to mere subjectivism at the mildest and to sheer nihilism at the worst. Many critics believe that the modern order has no moral backbone and has proved corrosive to all that might foster human good. Taylor rejects this view. He argues that, properly understood, our modern notion of the self provides a framework that more than compensates for the abandonment of substantive notions of rationality. The major insight of Sources of the Self is that modern subjectivity, in all its epistemological, aesthetic, and political ramifications, has its roots in ideas of human good. After first arguing that contemporary philosophers have ignored how self and good connect, the author defines the modern identity by describing its genesis. His effort to uncover and map our moral sources leads to novel interpretations of most of the figures and movements in the modern tradition. Taylor shows that the modern turn inward is not disastrous but is in fact the result of our long efforts to define and reach the good. At the heart of this definition he finds what he calls the affirmation of ordinary life, a value which has decisively if not completely replaced an older conception of reason as connected to a hierarchy based on birth and wealth. In telling the story of a revolution whose proponents have been Augustine, Montaigne, Luther, and a host of others, Taylor’s goal is in part to make sure we do not lose sight of their goal and endanger all that has been achieved. Sources of the Self provides a decisive defense of the modern order and a sharp rebuff to its critics.
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But I also wanted to show how the ideals and interdicts of this identity—what it casts in relief and what it casts in shadow—shape our philosophical thought, our epistemology and our philosophy of language, largely without our awareness ...
This stance may go along with a sociobiological explanation for our having such reactions, which can be thought to have obvious evolutionary utility and indeed have analogues among other species, as already mentioned.
The framework of self-mastery through reason has also developed theistic variants, in Jewish and Christian thought. Indeed, it is one of them which first spawned the ideal of disengagement. But the marriage with Platonism, or with Greek ...
Even where I believe that I see a truth about the human condition that no one else has seen—a condition that Nietzsche seems to have approached sometimes— it still must be on the basis of my reading of others' thought and language.
And this challenge I can only meet by confronting my thought and language with the thought and reactions of others. Of course, there is a big difference between the situation, on one hand, where I work out where I stand in conversation ...
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LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - stillatim - LibraryThing
Don't tell my dissertation advisers that I hadn't read this before I finished- they might revoke my degree. On the other hand, they might say "well, you don't really need to read this unless you're a ... Read full review
LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - wonderperson - LibraryThing
Yesterday, early in the morning, I finished this book. This was a six month stint and it took a mighty effort just to finish it off, meaning that I lost much needed sleep in order to bring the reading ... Read full review
The Providential Order
The Culture of Modernity
Nature as Source
In Interiore Homine
Descartess Disengaged Reason
Lockes Punctual Self
Exploring lHumaine Condition
A Digression on Historical Explanation
God Loveth Adverbs
The Expressivist Turn
Our Victorian Contemporaries
Visions of the PostRomantic
Epiphanies of Modernism
The Conflicts of Modernity