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power, in accumulating from various and remote sources and periods, the requisite materials. The candid reader, who meets with several articles in this compilation, with which he has already been familiarized, will excuse its want of total novelty, when he reflects, that nearly all the youth, and a large proportion of adult-readers, will find it as new to them, and as useful, as if it were an entire original work. If the sentiments be correct and valuable, and clearly expressed, it is of no importance whether they were first committed to paper yesterday, or three thousand years ago.

One particular object of this work, is to inculcate the necessity and duty of general domestic and national economy and simplicity of manners. It may be confidently presumed, that if the idolatrous and slavish sacrifices of property, to Pride, Fashion, Custom, Tradition, Extravagance, and depraved Appetite, were abolished, Poverty, with its hideous train of calamities, might be expelled from society, and General Plenty, with its smiling train of blessings, substituted in their stead.

Embracing these important purposes, the work is respectfully submitted to the good sense of the people of the United States, for their adoption as a National Code of Morals in schools and families.

The Compiler does not delude himself with the vain hope that it will accomplish the maral reformation of the present hardened adult generations ;-but he does sincerely believe, that the universal dissemination of its impressive precepts among the tender, susceptible, rising generation, cannot fail to produce a salutary influence upon the future national, moral and political character of our Republic. That such may be the result, is the ardent wish of its devoted friend and servant,

J. T.
Philadelphia, Jan. 1824.

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CAAP. 1. Essays on the general Diffusion of Knowledge.

Sec. 1. Necessity and advantages of knowledge

2. A serious address to the rising generation of the United


CHAP. 2. Essays on the Use of Intoxicating Liquors.

Sec. 1. Public calamities produced by intemperance

2. The habitual use of spirituous liquors a violation of

3. Speech of the Little Turtle, an Indian Chief, on the

ravages of whiskey among the Indians

CAAP. 3 Essays on Political and Domestic Economy.

Sec. 1. Ohservations on the use of tea, coffee, sugar, and to-


2. Observations on extravagance, fashion, causes of pov-

erty, war, &c.


CHAP. 1. Selections from the Old Testament

CHAP. 2. Extracts from the Wisdom of Jesus

CAAP. 3. Selections froin the New Testament.

Sec. 1. Instructions oë Jesus Christ

2. Instructions of Paul the Apostle

3. Extracts from the Epistles of James, Peter, and John


CHAP. 1. Abridgment of the life and precepts of Confucius

CHAP. 2. Abridgment of the life and moral discourses of Socrates.

Sec. 1. Character of Socrates

2. Dialogue between Socrates and Glauco, on ambition

3. Discourse of Socrates on the beneficence of God

4. Accusation, defence, condemnation and death of So-


5. Discourses of Socrates on filial and fraternal affection

6. Dialogue between Socrates and Critobulus, on friendship

CAAP. 3. Abridgment of Seneca's Morals.

Sec. 1. Abridgment of Seneca's discourse on beneficence

Abridgment of Seneca's Treatise on a happy Life.

2. On a happy life, and wherein it consists

3. Humạn happiness is founded upon wisdom and virtue

4. There can be no happiness without virtue

5. Philosophy is the guide of life

6. No felicity like peace of conscience

7. Contemplation of Providence, remedy of misfortunes

8 Of levity of mind, and other impediments to a happy


9. A sensual life is a iniserable life

10. Avarice and ambition are insatiable and restless

11. The blessings of temperance and moderation

12. Constancy of mind makes a man happy, &c.

13. Our happiness depends on our choice of company

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Sec. 14. The blessings of friendship


15. He that would be happy must take an account of time 90

16. Happy is the man that may choose his own business 91

17. On immoderate sorrow for the death of friends


18. Mediocrity the best state of fortune


Abridgment of Seneca's Treatise on Anger.

19. Anger described: it is against nature


20. Anger is a short madness, and a deformed vice


21. Anger is neither warrantable nor useful


22. Advice in cases of contumely and revenge



CHAP. 1. Abridgment of the Law of Nature.

Sec. 1. The law of nature defined and illustrated by examples 103

2. Characters of the law of rature


3. Principles of the law of nature, as they relate to man;

importance of instruction and self-government 105

4. Of the basis of morality; of good, of evil, of crimes,

of vice and virtue


5. Of private virtues; of knowledge, temperance, indus-

try, cleanliness


6. Of domestic virtues; economy, parental affection, con-

jugal love, filial love, brotherly love


7. Of the social virtues; of justice, charity, probity, sim-

plicity of manners, patriotism


Chap. 2. Abridgment of the Economy of Human life


Sec. 1. Duties that relate to man as an individual


2. The Passions; joy and grief, anger, pity


3. Woman


4. Duties of children and brothers


5. Wise and ignorant, rich and poor, masters and servants 125

6. Social duties; benevolence, justice, charity, religion 127

7. Man considered in general



CRAP. 1. Abridgment of Penn's Reflections and Maxims relating

to the conduct of Human Life; and his advice to his



CHAP. 2. Abridyment of Paley's Moral Philosophy.

Sec. 1. Definition and use of the science


2. Human happiness


3. Virtue


4. The Divine benevolence


5. Promises : contracts of sale : of lending of money: of



6. Lies: revenge: duelling : slander


7. Of the duty of parents. Education


CRAP. 3. Abridgment of Knigge's Practical Philosophy.

Sec. 1. General rules for our conversation with men


2. On the conversation with ourselves


3. On the conversation with people of different tempers 160

4. On the conversation with people of a different age


5. On the conversation between parents and children 164

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CAAP. 1. Selections from the Life of Franklin.

Sec. 1. His early diligence in improving his mind, &c.

2. - His temperance and frugality while a journeyman, &c.

3. He resolves on the inflexible practice of truth, &c.

CAP. 2. Selections from the continuation of the Life of Franklin,

written by himself.

Sec. 1. Letters from Abel James, &c. to Dr. Franklin

2. Continuation. He establishes a library in Philadelphia ;

his domestic habits

3. His project of arriving at moral perfection : Art of


4. His project of raising a united party to virtue, &c.
CHAP. 3. Abridgment of Cicero's Discourse on old age.
Sec. 1. A well spent life essential to a happy old age

2. Moderation in exercise and diet; science, &c.
CHAP. 4. Dialogues concerning Self-denial, Virtue, Pleasure.
Sec. 1. Reasonable self-denial, necessary to happiness

2. Government of the passions; doing good to others, &c.

CHAP. 5. Franklin's Way to Wealth.

Sec. 1. Industry: early rising: vigilance

2. Frugality, calamities of pride, extravagance, &c.

3. Advice to a young tradesmana

4. The way to make money plenty in every man's pocket

CHAP. 6. Selections from the Moral Essays and Letters of Dr.


Sec. 1. The handsome and deformed leg

2. The art of procuring pleasant dreams

3. On luxury, idleness, and industry

4. Extract of a Letter to George Whitefield, on practical



CHAP. 1. Selections from Woshington's farewell address

CHAP. 2. Miscellaneous articles on Education, &c.

Sec. 1. Sunday schools; education of the poor, &c.

2. The Spectator, on the benefit of labor and exercise

3. The Spectator, on the advantages of temperance

4. Belknap's address to the people of N. Hampshire

5. Dialogue on female education

6. Speech of Mr. White, in Congress, on education

7. Extracts from Mr. Madison's letter on education

8. Prospects of America, from the Address of J. Roberts,

Esq. to the Pennsylvania Agricultural Society


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