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NATIONAL DEFENSE ESTABLISHMENT

(UNIFICATION OF THE ARMED SERVICES)

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES
UNITED STATES SENATE

EIGHTIETH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

S. 758
A BILL TO PROMOTE THE NATIONAL SECURITY BY PROVIDING
FOR A NATIONAL DEFENSE ESTABLISHMENT WHICH SHALL
BE ADMINISTERED BY A SECRETARY OF NATIONAL DEFENSE,
AND FOR A DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, A DEPARTMENT OF
THE NAVY, AND A DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE WITHIN
THE NATIONAL DEFENSE ESTABLISHMENT, AND FOR THE
COORDINATION OF THE ACTIVITIES OF THE NATIONAL DE-
FENSE ESTABLISHMENT WITH OTHER DEPARTMENTS AND
AGENCIES OF THE GOVERNMENT CONCERNED WITH

THE NATIONAL SECURITY

PART 1

MARCH 18, 20, 25, 26, APRIL 1, 2, AND 3, 1947

Printed for the use of the Committee on Armed Services

STANFORD

LIBRAR)

MAY 12 1947

OCUMENTS

DIV.

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COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES

CHAN GURNEY, South Dakota, Chairman STYLES BRIDGES, New Hampshire

MILLARD E. TYDINGS, Maryland EDWARD V. ROBERTSON, Wyoming

RICHARD B. RUSSELL, Georgia
GEORGE A. WILSON, Iowa

HARRY FLOOD BYRD, Virginia
LEVERETT SALTONSTALL, Massachusetts LISTER HILL, Alabama
WAYNE MORSE, Oregon

HARLEY M. KILGORE, West Virginia RAYMOND E. BALDWIN, Connecticut

BURNET R. MAYBANK, South Carolina JOHN G. ADAMS, Clerk

CONTENTS

Statements of -

Page
Eisenhower, General of the Army Dwight D., Chief of Staff, United
States Army--

89

Forrestal, Hon. James V., Secretary of the Navy-

21

Nimitz, Fleet Admiral Chester W., United States Navy-

129

Norstad, Maj. Gen. Lauris, Director of Plans and Operations Division,

War Department-

235

Patterson, Hon. Robert P., Secretary of War.

53

Sherman, Vice Admiral Forrest, United States Navy-

154, 187, 221

Spaatz, Gen. Carl, commanding general, Army Air Forces -

116

Symington, Hon. W Stuart, Assistant Secretary of War for Air..

86

Zuckert, Eugene M., Special Assistant to Secretary of War..

86

CONTENTS BY DATE

March 18, 1947:

Letter of President Truman (January 16, 1947) to Secretaries Forrestal

and Patterson acknowledging receipt of their joint agreement on bill

establishing a single department of national defense..

2

Joint letter of Secretaries Forrestal and Patterson (January 16, 1947)

to the President containing agreement on bill establishing a single
department of national defense.

2

Executive order outlining functions of the armed forces..

3

Chronological statement of prior proposals, studies, and legislation in

connection with the establishment of a single department of national

defense

5

Summary of major proposals:

1944 War Department proposal -

7

Report of Joint Chiefs of Staff Special Committee for Reorgani-

zation of National Defense ---

8

Eberstadt Report recommendation.

8

War Department (Collins) plan.

9

President Truman's first plan..

9

Thomas-Hill-Austin bill (S. 2044, 79th Cong.).

President Truman's second plan..

10

Draft of proposed bill submitted by the President, February 26,

1947.

11

Text of S. 758.

12

Statement of the Honorable James V. Forrestal, Secretary of the Navy- 21

March 20, 1947:

Letter of Secretary of Navy Forrestal to Senator Gurney (March 19,

1947) in support of statement made to committee that consideration

has been given to adequate safeguards for morale and autonomy of

the Navy and its components.--

51

Letter of Secretary of Navy Forrestal to Senator Gurney (March 19,

1947) in response to questions put by Senator Tydings at committee

hearing regarding Cabinet attendance during wartime---

53

Statement of the Honorable Robert P. Patterson, Secretary of War.- 53

Original law establishing War Department -

70

Original law establishing Navy Department

71

Statement of W. Stuart Symington, Assistant Secretary of War for Air

(presented by Eugene M. Zuckert, Special Assistant to the Secretary

of War) -

86

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