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PREFACE.

WHEN the sense of the Legislature of the United Kingdom had, in the Session of the year 1805, been so fully taken, and decidedly expressed, as it then was, upon that which is called the Catholic Question, the general opinion seemed to be, that no further attempt to bring it forward again would soon be made. But notwithstanding the supposition, natural as it was, the appearance of The Considerations, a work of some extent and labour, nearly at the beginning of the following Sessions, and other proceedings of late, shew clearly, that so very far is the Question from having been given up, that, on the contrary, every effort will be sedulously made and persisted in to carry it.

In such answers to those who have written in favour of the Question, as have been seen

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by the Writer of the following pages, though the political and religious systems of the Romish church have been truly and forcibly represented, they have not been traced to their origin; neither have some mistakes, as to the primitive church of Britain and Ireland, and a presumed compatibility of the Romish religion with the Constitution of England, been cleared up.

These deficiencies he has endeavoured to supply; and he trusts it will appear, that his motives, for venturing to submit his sentiments to the Public, arise from a sincere wish to confirm what he believes to be the truth, and to oppose what he believes to be erroneous and dangerous ; and it has been his endeavour to express his ideas in the language which it becomes a Christian to use.

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In the Appendix, a few pages will be found in answer to some of the principal arguments of Bossuet in favour of the church of Rome, which, as they are generally resorted to and relied on by the members of that church, seemed to require thus much.

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CONTENTS.

Page

Opinions of the Latin Fathers Arnobius and Lactantius .. 62

The Doctrine of Infallibility of Pagan Origin

Forbidding the general Perusal of the Sacred Books, ditto, 76

Priests interfering in Testamentary Matters, ditto ... 77

Why the Heathen Converts acquiesced in these Respects,

and opposed sorne Christian Doctrines

80

The Doctrine of the Council of Trent, as to Transubstan-

tiation, inconsistent with the Doctrines of Justin Martyr,

Clemens Alexandrinus, and Theodoret, among the

Greeks; and of Tertullian and Arnobius among the

Latins

81

The Worship of the Host idolatrous

85

The Invocation of Saints not consistent with the Doctrine of

Arnobius

86

The Worship of the Cross of Pagan Origin .

87

The Doctrines of the Modern Church of Rome not the same

with those of the Ancient Saxon Church

93

Nor with those of the Ancient Britons

95

Nor.with those of the Ancient Irish

Why the Welsh received the Reformation so readily .... 108

How far we are indebted to the Romish Religion, as to Laws, 113

As to Science .

119

Of the Adaptability of the Romish Religion to different

Forms of Government

121

Of the Consequences of former Concessions to the Roman

Catholics

122

Horror of Popery in Englishmen accounted for

127

Doctrines of the Church of England truly impressive .. 131

The Restrictions on Roman Catholics induced by Necessity

only ....

132

Founded principally on the Romish Doctrines of Absolution

and Papal Supremacy

134

The Grounds of the Doctrine of Absolution considered Ib.

Of Oaths

152

Of the Coronation Oath

154

Henry VIII.'s Share, in the Reformation of the Church, a

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