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TABLE OF CONTENTS-Continued

TITLE V-GENERAL BRIDGE ACT
Sec. 501. Short title.
Sec. 502, Consent of Congress.
Sec. 503. Tolls.
Sec. 504. Acquisition by public agencies.
Sec. 505. Statements of cost.
Sec. 506. Sinking fund.
Sec. 507. Applicability of title.
Sec. 508. International bridges.
Sec. 509. Eminent domain.
Sec. 510. Penalties.
Sec. 511, Rights reserved.

TITLE VI-COMPENSATION AND RETIREMENT PAY OF MEMBERS OF CONGRESS
Sec. 601. Compensation of Members of Congress.
Sec. 602. Retirement pay of Members of Congress.

SEPARABILITY CLAUSE

(b) If any provision of this Act or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the Act and of the application of such provision to other persons and circumstances shall not be affected thereby. TITLE 1-CHANGES IN RULES OF SENATE AND HOUSE

1 RULE-MAKING POWER OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE SEC. 101. The following sections of this title are enacted by the Congress:

(a) As an exercise of the rule-making power of the Senate and the House of Representatives, respectively, and as such they shall be considered as part of the rules of each House, respectively, or of that House to which they specifically apply; and such rules shall supersede other rules only to the extent that they are inconsistent therewith; and

(b) With full recognition of the constitutional right of either House to change such rules (so far as relating to the procedure in such House) at any time, in the same manner and to the same extent as in the case of any other rule of such House.

PART 1-STANDING RULES OF THE SENATE

STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE SENATE

SEC. 102. Rule XXV of the Standing Rules of the Senate is amended to read as follows:

RULE XXV

“STANDING COMMITTEES

(1) The following standing committees shall be appointed at the commencement of each Congress, with leave to report by bill or otherwise:

(a) Committee on Agriculture and Forestry, to consist of thirteen Senators, to which committee shall be referred all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the following subjects:

“1. Agriculture generally.
“2. Inspection of livestock and meat products.
“3. Animal industry and diseases of animals.

“4. Adulteration of seeds, insect pests, and protection of birds and animals in forest reserves.

5. Agricultural colleges and experiment stations.

“6. Forestry in general, and forest reserves other than those created from the public domain.

7. Agricultural economics and research.
8. Agricultural and industrial chemistry.
“9. Dairy industry.
“10. Entomology and plant quarantine.
“11. Human nutrition and home economics.
“12. Plant industry, soils, and agricultural engineering.
“13. Agricultural educational extension services.
“14. Extension of farm credit and farm security.
15. Rural electrification.

reserves.

“16. Agricultural production and marketing and stabilization of prices of agricultural products. "17. Crop insurance and soil conservation.

“(b) Committee on Appropriations, to consist of twenty-one Senators, to which committee shall be referred all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the following subjects:

“1. Appropriation of the revenue for the support of the Government.

"(c) Committee on Armed Services, to consist of thirteen Senators, to which committee shall be referred all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the following subjects:

“1. Common defense generally. "2. The War Department and the Military Establishment generally. "3. The Navy Department and the Naval Establishment generally. 4. Soldiers' and sailors' homes. "5. Pay, promotion, retirement, and other benefits and privileges of members of the armed forces.

“6. Selective service.
7. Size and composition of the Army and Navy.
“8. Forts, arsenals, military reservations, and navy yards.
9. Ammunition depots.

“10. Maintenance and operation of the Panama Canal, including the administration, sanitation, and government of the Canal Zone.

"11. Conservation, development, and use of naval petroleum and oil shale “12. Strategic and critical materials necessary for the common defense.

“(d) Committee on Banking and Currency, to consist of thirteen Senators, to which committee shall be referred all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the following subjects:

“1. Banking and currency generally.

"2. Financial aid to commerce and industry, other than matters relating to such aid which are specifically assigned to other committees under this rule.

“3. Deposit insurance.
“4. Public and private housing.
“5. Federal Reserve System.
“6. Gold and silver, including the coinage thereof.
7. Issuance of notes and redemption thereof.
“8. Valuation and revaluation of the dollar.
9. Control of prices of commodities, rents, or services.

(e) Committee on Civil Service, to consist of thirteen Senators, to which committee shall be referred all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the following subjects:

“1. The Federal civil service generally.

2. The status of officers and employees of the United States, including their compensation, classification, and retirement.

“3. The postal service generally, including the railway mail service, and measures relating to ocean mail and pneumatic-tube service; but excluding post roads.

4. Postal-savings banks.
5. Census and the collection of statistics generally.
“6. The National Archives.

“(f) Committee on the District of Columbia, to consist of thirteen Senators, to which committee shall be referred all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the following subjects:

“1. All measures relating to the municipal affairs of the District of Columbia in general, other than appropriations therefor, including

"2. Public health and safety, sanitation, and quarantine regulations. “3. Regulation of sale of intoxicating liquors. 4. Adulteration of food and drugs. 65. Taxes and tax sales. “6. Insurance, executors, administrators, wills, and divorce. "7. Municipal and juvenile courts. “8. Incorporation and organization of societies. “9. Municipal code and amendments to the criminal and corporation laws. (g) (1) Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments, to consist of thirteen Senators, to which committee shall be referred all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the following subjects:

“(A) Budget and accounting measures, other than appropriations. "(B) Reorganizations in the executive branch of the Government. "(2) Such committee shall have the duty of

“(A) receiving and examining reports of the Comptroller General of the United States and of submitting such recommendations to the Senate as it deems necessary or desirable in connection with the subject matter of such reports;

“(B) studying the operation of Government activities at all levels with a view to determining its economy and efficiency;

"(C) evaluating the effects of laws enacted to reorganize the legislative and executive branches of the Government;

"(D) studying intergovernmental relationships between the United States and the States and municipalities, and between the United States and inter

national organizations of which the United States is a member. "(h) Committee on Finance, to consist of thirteen Senators, to which committee shall be referred all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the following subjects:

“1. Revenue measures generally.
"2. The bonded debt of the United States.
“3. The deposit of public moneys.
“4. Customs, collection districts, and ports of entry and delivery.
5. Reciprocal trade agreements.
“6. Transportation of dutiable goods.
7. Revenue measures relating to the insular possessions.
“8. Tariffs and import quotas, and matters related thereto.
“9. National social security.
“10. Veterans' measures generally.
“11. Pensions of all the wars of the United States, general and special.

“12. Life insurance issued by the Government on account of service in the armed forces.

“13. Compensation of veterans.

"(i) Committee on Foreign Relations, to consist of thirteen Senators, to which committee shall be referred all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the following subjects:

“1. Relations of the United States with foreign nations generally. "2. Treaties.

“3. Establishment of boundary lines between the United States and foreign nations.

“4. Protection of American citizens abroad and expatriation.
5. Neutrality.
“6. International conferences and congresses.
7. The American National Red Cross.
“8. Intervention abroad and declarations of war.
“9. Measures relating to the diplomatic service.

“10. Acquisition of land and buildings for embassies and legations in foreign countries.

“11. Measures to foster commercial intercourse with foreign nations and to safeguard American business interests abroad.

“12. United Nations Organization and international financial and monetary organizations.

13. Foreign loans.

“(j) Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, to consist of thirteen Senators, to which committee shall be referred all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the following subjects:

“1. Interstate and foreign commerce generally.
"2. Regulation of interstate railroads, busses, trucks, and pipe lines.
"3. Communication by telephone, telegraph, radio, and television,
4. Civil aeronautics.
5. Merchant marine generally.
6. Registering and licensing of vessels and small boats.
7. Navigation and the laws relating thereto, including pilotage.
8. Rules and international arrangements to prevent collisions at sea.
9. Merchant marine officers and seamen.

“10. Measures relating to the regulation of common carriers by water and to the inspection of merchant marine vessels, lights and signals, life-saving equipment, and fire protection on such vessels.

“11. Coast and Geodetic Survey.

“12. The Coast Guard, including life-saving service, lighthouses, lightships, and ocean derelicts.

“13. The United States Coast Guard and Merchant Marine Academies. “14. Weather Bureau.

“15. Except as provided in paragraph (e), the Panama Canal and interoceanic canals generally.

“16. Inland waterways.

"17. Fisheries and wildlife, including research, restoration, refuges, and conservation.

“18. Bureau of Standards including standarization of weights and measures and the metric system.

"(k) Committee on the Judiciary, to consist of thirteen Senators, to which committee shall be referred all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the following subjects:

"1. Judicial proceedings, civil and criminal, generally.
"2. Constitutional amendments.
"3. Federal courts and judges.
“4. Local courts in the Territories and possessions.
5. Revision and codification of the statutes of the United States.
“6. National penitentiaries.

"7. Protection of trade and commerce against unlawful restraints and monopolies.

“8. Holidays and celebrations.
“9. Bankruptcy, munity, espionage, and counterfeiting.
“10. State and Territorial boundary lines.

11. Meetings of Congress, attendance of Members, and their acceptance of incompatible offices.

12. Civil liberties.
"13. Patents, copyrights, and trade-marks.
“14. Patent Office.
“15. Immigration and naturalization.
"16. Apportionment of Representatives.
17. Measures relating to claims against the United States.
“18. Interstate compacts generally.

(1) Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, to consist of thirteen Senators, to which committee shall be referred all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the following subjects:

"1. Measures relating to education, labor, or public welfare generally. “2. Mediation and arbitration of labor disputes. “3. Wages and hours of labor. 4. Convict labor and the entry of goods made by convicts into interstate "5. Regulation or prevention of importation of foreign laborers under contract. “6. Child labor. 7. Labor statistics. 8. Labor standards. "9. School-lunch program. “10. Vocational rehabilitation.

“11. Railroad labor and railroad retirement and unemployment, except revenue measures relating thereto.

12. United States Employees' Compensation Commission.

“13. Columbia Institution for the Deaf, Dumb, and Blind; Howard University; Freedmen's Hospital; and Saint Elizabeth's Hospital.

“14. Public health and quarantine.
15. Welfare of miners.
“16. Vocational rehabilitation and education of veterans.
17. Veterans' hospitals, medical care and treatment of veterans.
“18. Soldiers' and sailors' civil relief.
“19. Readjustment of servicemen to civil life.

“(m) Committee on Public Lands, to consist of thirteen Senators, to which committee shall be referred all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the following subjects:

"1. Public lands generally, including entry, easements, and grazing thereon. “2. Mineral resources of the public lands.

"3. Forfeiture of land grants and alien ownership, including alien ownership of mineral lands.

"4. Forest reserves and national parks created from the public domain.

commerce.

“5. Military parks and battlefields, and national cemeteries.

“6. Preservation of prehistoric ruins and objects of interest on the public domain.

“7. Measures relating generally to Hawaii, Alaska, and the insular possessions of the United States, except those affecting their revenue and appropriations.

“8. Irrigation and reclamation, including water supply for reclamation projects, and easements of public lands for irrigation projects.

“9. Interstate compacts relating to apportionment of waters for irrigation purposes.

"10. Mining interests generally.
“11. Mineral land laws and claims and entries thereunder.
“12. Geological survey.
“13. Mining schools and experimental stations.

“14. Petroleum conservation and conservation of the radium supply in the United States.

“15. Relations of the United States with the Indians and the Indian tribes.

“16. Measures relating to the care, education, and management of Indians, including the care and allotment of Indian lands and general and special measures relating to claims which are paid out of Indian funds.

“(n) The Committee on Public Works, to consist of thirteen Senators, to which committee shall be referred all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials and other matters relating to the following subjects:

“1. Flood control and improvement of rivers and harbors.

“2. Public works for the benefit of navigation, and bridges and dams (other than international bridges and dams).

“3. Water power.
“4. Oil and other pollution of navigable waters.

5. Public buildings and occupied or improved grounds of the United States generally.

“6. Measures relating to the purchase of sites and construction of post offices, customhouses, Federal courthouses, and Government buildings within the District of Columbia.

“7. Measures relating to the Capitol building and the Senate and House Office Buildings.

“8. Measures relating to the construction or reconstruction, maintenance, and care of the buildings and grounds of the Botanic Gardens, the Library of Congress, and the Smithsonian Institution.

“9. Public reservations and parks within the District of Columbia, including Rock Creek Park and the Zoological Park.

“10. Measures relating to the construction or maintenance of roads and post roads.

“(o) (1) Committee on Rules and Administration, to consist of thirteen Senators, to which committee shall be referred all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the following subjects:

“(A) Matters relating to the payment of money out of the contingent fund of the Senate or creating a charge upon the same; except that any resolution relating to substantive matter within the jurisdiction of any other standing committee of the Senate shall be first referred to such committee.

“(B) Except as provided in paragraph (n) 8, matters relating to the Library of Congress and the Senate Library; statuary and pictures; acceptance or purchase of works of art for the Capitol; the Botanic Gardens; management of the Library of Congress; purchase of books and manuscripts; erection of monuments to the memory of individuals.

“(C) Except as provided in paragraph (n) 8, matters relating to the Smithsonian Institution and the incorporation of similar institutions.

“(D) Matters relating to the election of the President, Vice President, or Members of Congress; corrupt practices; contested elections; credentials and qualifications; Federal elections generally; Presidential succession.

“(E) Matters relating to parliamentary rules; floor and gallery rules; Senate Restaurant; administration of the Senate Office Building and of the Senate Wing of the Capitol; assignment of office space; and services to the Senate.

“(F) Matters relating to printing and correction of the Congressional Record.

“(2) Such committee shall also have the duty of examining all bills, amendments, and joint resolutions after passage by the Senate; and, in cooperation with the Committee on House Administration of the House of Representatives, of examining all bills and joint resolutions which shall have passed both Houses, to see that the same are correctly enrolled; and when signed by the Speaker of the House and the President of the Senate, shall forthwith present the same,

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